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'*- ll^' 



University ol Virginia Librnfy 



F72E7E6t V 8 1866 
ALD 



NX 00 



HMortcil BqlBcaon ol M 





this book is from a gift of 

McGregor fund to the 

general collection 

of the alderman ubrary 




J 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



OF TUB 



ESSEX INSTITUTE. 



voxiTjni^E VIII. 



\ 



SALEM : 

ESSEX INSTITUTE PRESS. 

1868. 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME VIII. 



INXTM^BER ONE. 

Page 

Introdactory, ■", . ^ 1 

The Manicipal Seal of Salem, 3 

Baptisms of the First Charch Jd Salem (continued), 10 

Papers relating to the Witchcraft Trials in Essex County. Communicated by James 

Kimball, 17 

Papers relating to a suit A. D. 1664, between John Pickering and thQ owners of the 

"New Mlil " (now the City Mills) in Salem. Communicated by W. P. Upham, . 21 

Almanacs and their Authors. Communicated by Matthew A. Stickney, ... 28 

Notices of Elder John Browne and some of his descendants. Communicated by B. F. B., 83 

Materials for a History of the Ropes Family. Collated by E. S. W. (concluded), . 49 

Essex County Court Records. Communicated by A. C. Goodell, jr. (concluded), . 68 

IVXJIdDBEIi TWO. 

A History of the Salem and Danvers Association for the Detection of Thieves and 

Robbers. Communicated by Henry Whipple, 65 

Notes on the Hull Family. By E. S. W., 78 

Editorial Notes on " Almanacs and their Authors," page 28, 75 

Baptisms of the First Church in Salem (continued), 75 

Bray Family of Salem. By E. S. W. (continued), 82 

A Letter by Rev. John Higginson to the County Court, 1670, 89 

Biographical Sketch and Diary of Rev. Joseph Green, of Salem Village. By Samuel 

P. Fowler, 91 

Opinion in re Winthrop vs. Endicott. By a Boston Lawyer, 96 

Almanacs and their Authors. Communicated by Matthew A. Stickney (continued), . 101 

Notice of some of the descendants of Joseph Pope, of Salem. By H. Wheatland, 104 
Some Notes on Chipman Hill. Read at the Institute by R. S. R., . . . .118 

Essex County Court Records. Communicated by A. C. Goodell, jr. (continued), 123 

BTCJItfllEIl THREE. 

The Cod in Massachusetts History. A Paper read at the Field Meeting of tlie Essex 

Institute, at Gloucester, Sept. 14, 1866. By R. S. Rantoul, 129 

Materials for a Genealogy of the Bccket Family, of Salem, 189 

Collation of Geographical Names In the Algonkln Language. By N. T. True, M. D., 144 
Baptisms of the First Church in Salem. Communicated by Henry Wheatland (con- 
tinued), 150 

Almanacs and their Authors. Communicated by Matthew A. Stickney (continued), 158 
Biographical Sketch and Diary of Rev. Joseph Green, of Salem Village. By Samuel 

P. Fowler (continued), 165 

William Fiske, of Wenham, Mass., with an Account of the Line of his Descendants 
through his Grandson TheophiluB ; which includes all his Posterity of the Name, 

who are now Residents of this County and Vicinity. By Alfred Poor, . . 175 

Essex County Court Records. Communicated by A. C. Goodell, jr. (concluded), 189 



IV 

PTUBilSIBR FOUR. 

Pa«e 

Almanacs and their Authors. Communicated by Mathew A. Stickuey (coutinued), 193 
Baptisms of the First Church In Salem. Communicated by Henry Wheatland (con- 4 

tinned), 205 ^^ 

Diary of Rev. Joseph Green, of Salem Village. Communicated by Samuel P. Fowler, 215 

Browne Family. By William P. Upham, 226 

A Journey to the West in 1817 ; Notes of Travel by a Salem Mechanic oo his way to 

the Ohio Fifty Years ago. Selected from his Journal by James Kimball, . . 226 
An Account of the Dwelling-houses of Francis Higglnson, Samuel Skelton, Roger 

Williams, and Hugh Peters. Communicated by William P. Upham, . 260 

Index of Names, 260 






.< 



.gOSTOt^' 

HISTORICATTTtFLLECTIONS 
ESSEX INSTITUTE. 



Vol. VIII. 



March, 1866. 



2sro. 1. 



INTRODUCTORY. 



In beginning the publication of the 
eighth yearly volume of the Historical 
Collections op the Essex Institute, 
a word touching the scope and purpose 
of the work may not be out of place. 

Antiquarian pursuits require no apol- 
ogy, it is to be hoped, in this day and 
generation. While the precept — " Hon- 
or thy father and thy mother" — remains 
in force, the study of genealogy will not 
lack its disciples. So long as the teach- 
ings of example are accepted as more 
weighty than those of precept, and hu- 
man experience is recognized as, after 
Religion, the best guide of human ac- 
tions ,and the heroism of the past is 
the inspiration of the present, he who 
endeavors to preserve and transmit 
whatever is note-worthy in his own or 
a former epoch will entitle himself to 
grateful regard. 

(1) 



Since the publication of these Col- 
lections began, America has entered 
upon a new career. Self-government, 
heretofore an experiment, has been vin- 
dicated and established. Our forms of 
society have shown themselves able to 
bear the severest shock and strain to 
which communities are ever subjected^— 
able to produce and bring into notice 
men equal to the highest exigencies, 
whether military or political. Under 
the most burthensome taxation imposed 
by the equal votes of citizens, some of 
whom bear much and some little ofthe bur- 
then, property is secure and wealth 
and its attendant comforts accumulate. 
It is shown that high average intelli- 
gence and close attention to the arts of 
peace, have not unfitted us for the rigid 
discipline of war. It is seen that stead- 
iness of purpose in a vital struggle is 
not more characteristic of a government 
of one absolute head or of a privileged 



2 



few, than it is of a government of the 
whole people, whose powers are wielded 
by a majority, discharging carefully cir- 
cumscribed functions, and acting within 
limits prescribed and agreed to in ad- 
vance. The chivalrous and the heroic 
are found to be not more the heritage 
of aristocracies than the oflFspring of 
equal laws and popular institutions. 

The history of America, therefore, is 
fast coming to be examined, not only for 
the instruction of Americans and for the 
gratification of national pride, but, in a 
philosophic spirit by the most advanced 
minds of Europe, whether hostile or 
friendly. The marked acknowledge- 
ment recently oflFered by the English 
nation, through their sovereign, to a son 
of Essex County, is only typical of the 
deference beginning to be shown by the 
intelligence of that nation toward Amer- 
ican ideas. Hence every fact bearing 
upon the origin of a society so consti- 
tuted, — every point of likeness or dis- 
similarity between the rising states of 
America and the historic governments of 
the old world has acquired a new sig 
nificance in our eyes as well as in those of 
students, who, before the war, never look- 
ed westward for a lesson. New England 
has contributed her full quota to the 
intellectual forces which have prevailed. 
And the history of no part of New 
England sheds more light upon the ori- 
gin of the ideas now dominant in the 
country, than does that of Essex County. 

The forthcoming volume will contain 
from two hundred and fifty to three hun- 



dred pages. It will be issued in quar- 
terly numbers, therein departing from the 
practice of former years. No other 
change in the form of publication is con- 
templated. It will be made up largely, 
as heretofore, of extracts from Church 
and Court Records and private memo- 
randa of a historical and genealogical 
nature. It will not be devoted wholly 
to the earlier colonial period, for the 
study of which the county affords so 
rich a field. Events of more modem oc- 
currence and of local importance, not 
likely to be otherwise preserved, will 
find a place in its pages. 

The curious fragments from which we 
reproduce to the imagination the life of 
the past, are often as insignificant to the 
contemporary observer as are, to the 
uninstructed eye, the disjointed bones 
from which the great naturalist revives 
the lost types of animal life. While 
Agassiz is willing to be a collector of 
materials for the use of future students, 
never aspiring to be himself the author 
of a system, it is an ambition not un- 
worthy of us, to hope to preserve some 
characteristic facts, perhaps too trivial 
for the pen of history, which shall help 
the future antiquary to a right under- 
standing of us and our times. 

A series of sketches. Historical and 
Biographical, of American Almanacs 
and their authors may be expected from 
a contributor whose collection of alma- 
nacs is admitted to be the most com- 
plete and interesting in the country 
An examination of the collection shows 



among other things, how insidiously were 
inculcated the doctrines of resistance to 
British Tyranny through the ingeniously 
designed medium of the Family Alma- 
nac 

A Parochial History of the County 
may safely, it is thought, be promised, 
since local historians of acknowledged 
authority in several of the older towns, 
some of them clergymen, long familiar 
with the aspect of parish records, have 
entered upon the preparation of such a 
work. Comment upon the value of re- 
search so pui*sued and in such a field 
would be superfluous. 

Finally the Publication Committee 
appeal to all those who have charge of 
ancient records in the perishable form 
of manuscript, or who, in the settlement 
of estates, are constantly sending old 
manuscripts to the paper-mill or the 
fire-place, which cannot, when once des- 
troyed, be replaced. It is the plan of 
the committee to make this work a re- 
ceptacle for such material. It is not 
their plan, such was never the purpose 
of the work, to fill it with original mat- 
ter of their own, but merely to edit the 
contributions of others, which if possess- 
ing value, will be welcome, however frag- 
mentary their condition. Genealogies 
and Historical papers are too often laid 
aside to be completed in some indefinite 
future. The readiest way of eliciting the 
information needed to complete them is, 
oftentimes, to print that already gath- 
ered. A paper carefully put away is like- 



ly to be forgotten as is its hiding-place. 
To lock up a valuable manuscript is not 
the best way to secure it. The only 
safety lies in multiplying copies, and this 
can best be done by the aid of printing. 
It is not too much to say that whatever 
gets into print, is indestructible. The 
History of the Christian Church, in its 
efi'orts to suppress obnoxious publica- 
tions, is significant as to the impossibil- 
ity of destroying what has once been 
printed. With so ready a means for 
preserving them at hand as is here of- 
fered, there will be little excuse for the 
loss of valuable records in this county. 



THE MUNICIPAL SEAL OF SALEM. 




Thirty years have now gone by since 
this ancient settlement took its place 
among the cities of the Earth. ^An 

; act to establish the City of ScUem" ap- 
proved March 23d, 1836, by Edward 
Everett, Governor of the Commonwealth, 
and signed also by Horace Mann, then 

I President of the Massachusetts Senate, 



was immediately accepted with due for- 
mality, by the legal voters of the town,* 
and went into operation in the follow- 
ing May. The City of Salem is, accord- 
ingly, a generation old. 

On the ninth day of May, A. D. 1836, 
the first city government met in the 
Tabernacle Church, where, after prayer 
by the Rev. Dr. Brazer, the oaths of 
office were administered by Judge Cum- 
mings to the several members. An ad- 
dress was delivered by Hon. Leverett 
Saltonstall, Mayor elect, and, as the 
record says, they then retired to their 
own rooms in the Court House.- Hon. 
John Glen King was chosen President 
of the Common Council. 

The corporate seal of a city is, in 
modern times, almost its only badge of 
municipal character. Our first City 
Government, however, being fully occu- 
pied perhaps with the necessary changes 
incident to the beginning of civic life, 
did not concern themselves about pro- 
curing a city seal. And it was not un- 
til the official term of our second City 
Government was far spent, that the mat- 
ter received the attention it deserved. 
Once entered upon, it seems to have 
been prosecuted with vigor and enthu- 
siasm. 

The design upon the seal of a city 
should be imique, that it may not re- 

^Charter adopted Monday, April 4th, 1836, at 
a town meeting holden at the Town Hall, of which 
Hon. Benj. MerriU was moderator. &02 votes were 
cast, of which 617 were for the charter, and 185 
against it. 



scmble that borne by the seal of any 
other city. It should, if possible, be 
characteristic also^ so that it could not 
fitly be borne by the seal of another 
city. For it is an enduring link between 
the past and the future. It may bear 
upon its face an epitome of the City's 
History, which it carries down to a re- 
mote posterity. While books perish 
and monuments crumble, the seal is 
among the most imperishable of memo- 
rials. Being multiplied in large num- 
bers and in a variety of lasting mate- 
rial, a desiern perpetuated in this form 
is well nigh indestructible. Thus we 
have seals which time has spared us from 
the earliest civilizations, and collections 
of such works, commemorating eminent 
men and great events, form a most val- 
uable chapter in the history of civic 
progress as well as of art. 

The seal of Salem seems to meet the 
conditions of a historic work. Its de- 
sign was not adopted without discussion, 
occupying many sessions of the City Gov- 
ernment, sometimes protracted beyond 
midnight, and resulting in repeated .ref- 
erences of the subject to committees^ 
in the making up of which, the scholar- 
ship of the infant city was well repre- 
sented. We put on record, while there 
are those living who were contemporary 
with the origin of the work, and who 
can correct any misapprehension as to 
its source and meaning, such documents, 
bearing upon the origin of the seal of 
Salem, as could readily be collected. 



The second City Government was or- 
ganized substantially like the first. 
Mr. Saltonstall was again Mayoi-, and 
Mr. King President of the council. 
On the 18th of December, 1837, an or- 
der originating with the Mayor, was in- 
troduced into the Board of Aldermen, 
which provided that two members, "with 
such as the Common Council may join, 
be a committee to consider and report 
on the expediency of procuring a City 
Seal." This was passed and sent down 
for concurrence, the Mayor and Alder- 
man Northey being the committee. 

In the Common Council, January 1st, 
1838, the order was concurred in, and 
the President, Genl Putnam, and Col. 
Oliver were joined. 

On the 19th of February, 1838, an 
order was introduced and acted upon 
as follows : 

City ot Salem. 

In the year of our Lord, one thou- 
sand, eight hundred and thirty-eight. 

An orduoancc to establish the City 
Seal. 

Be it ordained by the City Council 
of the City of Salem, that the following 
be the devise of the seal of the said city, 
viz: [In the centre thereof the word 
"SALEM" epclosed in an olive wreath, 
and in a circle around the margin the 
words, "FOUNDED, SEPT« 1628. 
CITY INCORPORATED, 1836."] 

Board of Aid" Feb'y 19, 1838. 
Read twice and passed to be ordained. 
Leverett Saltonstall. 

Mayor. 



In Common Council Febr. 19, 1838. 

Read and thenextmeetingof the Board 
at 8 o'clk assigned for the 2d Reading. 

In Common Council 
March 5, 1838 

Read and committed to the commit- 
tee on the part of this Board who re- 
ported said Bill 

Nath Cleaves Clerk 
of Common Council 

The matter having been thus referred 
to the Committee of the Common Coun- 
cil, we next have their report under date 
of March 12th, 1838: 

City op Salem, 

In Common Council March 12, 1838. 

The committee of the Board te whom 
was committed a Bill in the Second 
Reading entitled "an ordinance to es- 
tablish the City Seal" have had the same 
under consideration, and ask leave to 
Report ; 

That a diversity of opinion seems to 
exist among the members of the city 
council as to what might be a suitable 
devise for the City Seal, and particular- 
ly as to the expediency of adopting that 
which is described in said Bill. As the 
seal of the city, when once engraved, 
will probably be used by the corpora- 
tion as long as it shall continue to 
exist, without alteration, your conmaittee 
are of opinion that the subject should 
be carefully and fully considered before 
the city council act finally in relation to 
it ; and, as it is a matter of some pub- 
lic importance, and of no immediate ur- 
gency, they respectfully recommend that 



6 



the further consideration of this Bill be 
referred to the next City Council 
for the Committee 
Jno. Glen King. 
Ch«^ 

In Common Council 

March 12th 1838. 
Bead k accepted 
Nath Cleaves Clerk of 
Common Council. 

On the fourth Monday of March, 
1838, the third City Government was 
inaugurated, and found the matter as 
the above report left it. But it was 
not neglected. April 9th, it was ordered 
^that the report relating to the adop- 
tion of a City Seal, which was referred 
by the last City Council to the present 
Board, be now taken from the files and 
referred to a special Joint Committee." 

In Common Council April 9th, 1838. 

Bead and passed, and Messrs Oliver; 

Putnam and Hunt were appointed, with 

such as may be joined by the Mayor 

and Aldermen. 

Nath. Cleaves 
Clerk of the Common Council. 
In the Board of Aldermen, April 9th 
1838. 

Passed in concurrence, and Aldermen 
Peabody and Holman joined. 

Jos. Cloutman, City Clerk. 

We hear nothing from this new com- 
mittee until near the close of their offi- 
cial term, when a report was offered, 
proposing a wholly new design, the his- 
tory of which has become interesting 



from the fact that, with a few modifica- 
tions, it has been adopted. 

The following communication was re- 
ceived from "Alderman Peabody," bear- 
ing upon the subject. 

Jan> 26th, 1866. 
Robert S. Rantoul Esq., 

Dear Sir : 

The Records probably contain the 
Report of the Committee appointed to 
procure a Design for a City Seal, and 
the action of the City Council thereon. 

I was chairman of that committee, 
and the only design ofi*ered was my own 
which was accepted by the committee 
without any modification and reported, 
I think, by Gen. H. K. Oliver to the 
Common Council with a description and 
full explanation of the emblems, motto, 
&c. 

The Latin form in the outer circle of 
the seal is the style in general use for a 
similar purpose. 

The commonly received Historical 
date of the origin of the town, viz 1628, 
was changed by a vote of the council to 
1626 and Scdem was substituted for 
Sdyma, 

With these exceptions, the design of 
the present City Seal remains as it was 
made by me, viz. its Form, Shield, Crest, 
Emblems, and Motto. 

I find that I have still in my posses- 
sion my original drawing which was 
submitted to the City Council and from 
which the seal was engraved. I have 
also the first impression in wax taken 
by the engraver. 

I am happy that it is in my power to 
give you the facts in relation to the 
subject, although it did not occur to mo 



at the time it was made, that the origin : 
of the "City Seal" might be a matter j 
of interest in the future. 

Respectfully Yrs. j 

Geo. Peabody. j 

The Record is as follows. | 

City of Salem, I 

Feb. 25, 1839. ! 

The committee to whom was referred j 
the subject of a City Seal, have had that 
subject under consideration & beg leave 
to submit the following report, witli the 
ordinance accompanying it. 

They have given the subject a full & 
careful consideration, & in selecting a 
des^n & device, were entirely of opin- 
ion that an allusion to the chief source 
of our commercial prosperity, would be 
the most appropriate, as well as, per- 
haps, tlic only feature which could be 
well chosen. They concluded also that 
an allusion to the name of the city, as 
the dwelling place & City of Peace, 
would be appropriate. They therefore 
submit a drawing of the seal & the ac- 
companying oidinance. For the Com^*®. 
H. K. Oliver. 
Ch" on part of Com. Council. 

City of Salem, 
In the year of our Lord, one thou- 
sand, eight hundred & thirty-nine. 
An ordinance to establish the City 
Seal. 

Be it ordained by the City Council 
of the City of Salem, that the follow- 
ing be the device of the Seal of said 
City — To wit — In the centre thereof, 
a shield, bearing upon it a ship under 
full sail, approaching a coast, designated 
by the costume of the person standing 
upon it & by the trees near him, as a 
portion of the East Indies; — beneath 



the shield, this motto, "Divitis Indiae 
usque ad ultimum sinum" — Signifying 
"To th: farthest port of the rich east" 
& above the shield, a dove bearing an 
olive branch in her mouth — In the cir- 
cumference encircling the. shield, the 
words, 

5 Solvma condita 1628 > 

I Salem founded 1628 $ 

C Civitatis regimine donata 1836 
I Incorporated as a city 1836 

In Common Council Feb'y 25, 1839. 

Read a first time and recommitted 
with instructions to ascertain the cor- 
rect date of the settlement of the city ; 
sent up for concurrence. 

Nath. Cleaves Clerk of C. Council. 

In the Board of Ald^' Feb^ 28, 1839, 
recommitted in concurrence. 

Jos. Cloutnian, City Clerk. 
In Common Council 
March 11, 1839. 
Read a 2"* time and passed to be or- 
dained with an amendment, striking out 
the date "1628" and inserting in lieu 
thereof the date "1626," and striking 
out the word "Solyma" and inserting in 
lieu thereof the word "Salem". 
' Rich. S. Rogers. 

Pres'. C. Council. 

In the Board of Aldermen, March 11, 
1839. The amendment was adopted, 
read twice & passed to be ordained. 
S. C. Phillips, Mayor. 

These reports show that the central 
figure of the seal was intended to be a 
male figure, and so it was drawn in the 
original colored designs by Mr. Pea- 
body, now kindly deposited in the col- 
lections of the Institute. The substi- 
tution by the engraver of a female fig- 



8 



ure was without authority, so far as has 
been discovered. It is not easy to see 
upon what ground the word "Salem" 
was preferred to "Solyma". If a par- 
tiality for the vernacular were to pre- 
vail over the behests of harmony, the 
form, it would seem, should have been 
made wholly English. The final ar- 
rangement of the legend is less congru- 
ous as well as less euphonious than the 
first, which had almost the universal 
usage of other cities to sustain it. The 
inevitable question as to the date of the 
founding of Salem, the Banquo of the 
feast, was finally disposed of by vote of 
the City Council, but was not laid to 
rest without a report from the conmiit- 
tee to which it was referred February 
25th, which was as follows : 

The committee to whom was recom 
mitted the subject of a City Seal for the 
purpose of ascertaining the correct 
date of the settlement of Salem, beg 
leave to report "That they have inves- 
tigated the subject and do not find any 
reason for changing the date as at 
present affixed to the proposed seal. 
As the history of the settlement of this 
town is so well known, they do not think 
it necessary to bring forward all the 
fa<5ts in relation to it. The whole ques- 
tion seems to turn upon the point 
whether the settlement is to date from 
the time when Roger Conant, Peter 
Palfray and others came here in 1626, 
and built a few houses, but without the 
means of remaining, or the tune in 1628 
when Endicott came out with colonists 
and all the means necessary for found- 
ing a colony. The subject may admit 



of some argument, but the committee 
are of opinion that it would be better 
to fix the period of foundation of the 
town as it has been generally regarded, 
and will be found stated in many of our 
valuable gazetteers and other similar 
books in 1628, as this was undoubtedly 
the ^rst permanetit settlement". 

Geo. Peabody. 
Chairman. 

This seems to have been "accepted 
but not adopted ". 

The seal as amended, and* at present 
used, was finally adopted, we have seen, 
March 11th, 1839, and was at once en- 
graved, so that the first impression in 
wax, now presented to the Institute, 
was in the hands of the chairman of 
the committee on the 23d of April. 
But questions were still raised in con- 
nection with the matter, and in the next 
city government there seems to have 
been a disposition to review the action 
of their predecessors. April 1 5th, 1 839, 
in the Board of Aldermen, an order 
came up for concurrence, appointing 
Messrs Roberts, Lakeman and Sprague 
a committee with such as may be joined, 
to consider what alterations, if any, shall 
be made in the ordinance to establish 
a City Seal. Concurred, and Aldermen 
Putnam and Emerton joined. 

Upon this, the following action was 
had, and the matter rested. 

City op Salem, 
In City Council, April 29, 1839. 
The Joint Special Committee to 
whom was referred an order to consider, 
if any, what alteration is necessary to 



be made in an ordinance to establish a 
City Seal, and to report what measures 
are necessary to carry said ordinance 
into eflFect. 

Respectfiilly Report, that it is inex- 
pedient to make any alteration in said 
ordinance, and for the purpose of car- 
rying the same into eflFect, the commit- 
tee recommend the adoption of the fol- 
lowing order. 

By order of Committee. 

David Putnam Ch^ 

Order for procuring a City Seal. 
In City Council, April 29, 1839. 
Ordered, — That the Mayor be, and 
hereby is, authorized and requested, to 
procure for the use of the City, a City 
Seal, agreeable to, and corresponding 
with, the Device provided in an ordi- 
nance passed March 11th, 1839. 

In the Board of Aldermen, April 29th, 
1839, passed and sent to the Common 
Council for concurrence. 

Jos Cloutman, City Clerk. 
In Common Council, 

April 29, 1839. 
Passed in concuri'cnce. 
Nath. Cleaves, Clerk of C. 0. 
In Common Council. 

May 13, 1839. 
The above vote of concurrence recon- 
sidered. 

Nath. Cleaves, Clerk of C. C. 
Thus it will be seen tliat the seal 
adopted and now in use, earned the en- 
dorsement of still another City Gov- 
ernment, namely that inaugurated in 
March *39, after passing the ordeal of 
two former years' debate. It has come 
down to us substantially as designed by 
the taste and ingenuity of the gentle- 

(2) 



man whose donation aflTorded the occa- 
sion for this paper. Sitting m judge- 
ment upon the work to-day, how shall 
we amend it ? Our claim to antiquity, 
distinguishing Salem among the cities 
of the United States, would hardly be 
recognized throughout the continent of 
America, and would be scouted beyond 
that limit. This claim is made promi- 
nent enough by the place given to the 
date of our origin. The ecdesiaetical 
History of the town, exciting the inter- 
est of students and travellers, is com? 
mon to many a New England village, 
though none has profited so largely by 
the diligence of the Analyst and the 
glowmg pen of the Romancer. This 
feature of our history, too, is in some 
sense recognized in the dove and oUve- 
branch surmounting the design. 

Was not the then recent and almost 
unparalleled commercial prosperity of 
the place fitly chosen as its one peculiar 
distinction among the cities of the 
earth? It was the enterprise of her 
merchants, well commemorated in the 
motto, from whatever source derived, 
Divitis Indian usque ad ultimum sinum, 
which made Salem what she has been and 
made her known to the world. Denied the 
best natural advantages for commerce, 
and tacking lai*ge accumulations of capi- 
tal, they made her the emporium of Eas- 
tern trade. It was her shipping, fitly 
typified in this design, carrying the fame 
of her merchants as well as the flag of the 
country into unknown seas, that made her 



10 



name in the first half of this century, a 
synonym for commercial honor, enter- 
prise and success, throughout the other 
hemisphere as well as this. It is the old 
lesson, never to be too often repeated 
and enforced, — the triumph of intelli- 
gence and resolution over obstacles. 
It is well the lesson should be perpetu- 
ated upon the seal of Salem. Upon 
this seal we read what the fathers did. 
Let us see to it that we can read with- 
out self reproach. Already it has been 
copied in many forms and wears the 
familiar aspect of a friendly face. It 
will soon appear, let us hope, in the more 
enduring tracery of stone or bronze, 
when the people shall discharge their 
debt to the memory of their heroic dead, 
by raising a lasting memorial to the sons 
of Salem who lately perished that tlie 
nation might live. 



Theodore 
Mary 



BAPTISMS OF THE FIRST 
. CHURCH IN SALEM. 



COMMUNICATED BY HENBT WHEATLAND. 



Continued from vol. vii. page 271. 



1731. 

Mch. 

Ap. 



7. Anue dau. of ^;|'Jii-,. Gale. 
18. Mary dau. of V/.S',,, Bick- 
ford. 

Abigail dau. of ;S;'u. Ward. 

May 2. Deborah dau. of {1;;^," 

Ward. 

Mary dau. of !;,";;,;';|„ Need- 

liam. 

9 • Sai-ah dau. of !|.-;,';;j;;'"' Symuies. 



July 



V. anna /\f Jonathan Jr. 
> 80UB Ul Tabilha 



RIcIiard 
Mary 



June 6. Elizabeth dau. of 
Atkinson. 
Joseph son of Jj^Jl^gS, Dear 

land. 
Joseph son of ^--U «y 

monds. 
Esther dau. of i^^^f Mars- 
ton. 
13. Nathaniel son of SJ?;»°^*» 
Andrew. 
Isaac son of If "Sah Hacker. 
20. John son of JJ;j'«'^y Orne. 

4. Jonathan 
Samuel 

Glover. 
William son of 

Dowce. 
Jonathan son of i^^^f Gav- 

ett. 

1 8. Jonathan son of J;';!;f^*" Peal. 
John son of if^ZA' Punch- 

ard: 
Hannah dau. of ^^l"^}^}' Estes. 
25. Jane dau. of ^l^lVJ. Mugford. 
Aug. 1. Mary dau. of jyi',!]''"' Mickle- 
Roy a stranger recom- 
mended. 
8. Sarah dau. of J;;;';, West. 
16. James son of J^JiT ^*®^- 
22. Daniel son of JS^ Ha- 
thorn. 

5. Mary dau. of f;;|- if; Chap- 
man. 

12. Edward son of J^i^""* Rose. 

19. Eunice dau. of ScS'^" 
Brown. 

Jonathan son of SargaJett 
Cook. 



Sept. 



11 



1731. 








30. 


Mary dau. of i™'' Carter. 


Oct. 


3. 


Mary dau. of JS"' Kitchen. 






Sarah ) dau. , , 
Elizabeth J twins "^^ »"*^ 






Priscilla dau. of f.?^™ 










Woodwell. 






Adams. 






Abigail dau. of ^H^^'p"" Hen- 


Feb. 


13. 








derson. 






Bootman. 




17. 


Margarett dau. of Si^^,„„ 
Cheever. 




27. 


Mercy dau. of ^^^^^^ Mun- 

iOD. 




31. 


Lydia dau. of "j^Jj;""" Gale. 


1732. 










Joseph son of Samuel Ma- 


Mch. 


5. 


Elizabeth dau. of Benjamin 






sury. 






Marston. 


Nov. 


7. 


Abigail wife of Thomas 
Gilpin & their infant 
John. 






Abraham son of SJgiJith 

Ropes. 
Elizabeth ^ 




14. 


John son of ^-Jgi^beu. Wol- 
cott. Baptised on ac- 
count of its grandmother 






Hannah V dau. of ^ff;Siih 
Mary ) 
Gillingham. 






Mary Wolcott who pub- 




19. 


Elizabeth dau. of gj,*;,^ 






lickly promised to edu- 






HoUiman. 






cate the child in Chris- 




26. 


Stephen son of gJ^SS^ In- 






tian manner as God 






golds. 






should enable and give 






Abigail dau. of ^S^^^ 






oppurtunity. The father 






Ward. 






who held up the child, 


Ap. 


16. 


Robert son of Sfibeth Scol- 






allowing (as his wife also 






ly. 






did) by mother should 






Thomas son of ^g'JTig Mon- 






have power and oppur- 






gomery. 






tunity therefor. 




23. 


Benjamin son of ij^^lg 


Dec. 


12. 


Ruth dau. of g'S;-""'- Ruck. 






Gillingham. 




19. 


Sarah dau. of ':iZ{Z"' Good- 




30. 


Samuel son of gfSeth Field. 






hue. 


May 


7. 


Martha dau. of \Y.I^Si*" -AJ. 




26. 


Elizabeth dau. of f.';|'j;,„„ Sy- 






lin. 






monds. 




21. 


John son of ^^f^f^ Smith. 


Jan'y 


2. 


Abigail dan. of Sriil 






John son of 'j^JJ^,, Seas. 






Glover. 


June 


11. 


Benjamin son of £f{Sibeih 




23. 


Ursula dau. of Z"'^n Mor- 
ton. 






Bickford. 
Philip son o{^^i^^' Saunders. 



12 



1732. 
July 2. 



16. 
Aug. 6. 

13. 



Eichard son of «2*£*^,„ Meek. 
Hannah dau. of g^^'^'- 

Cook. 
Sarah dau. of gJSiei Buchier. 
James son of g^Jnah Grant. 
Sarah dau. of gjj^'- Giles. 

John 
Provlcled 



son of 



20. 



Oct. 8. 



Jonathan 
Cairyl. 

William son of JJJ™ Slu- 
man. 

Mary dau. of SS??e^„eo Al- 
lison. 

Darid son of ^^^, Glover. 

Edward son of ^^^ Pick- 
ering. 

Love dan. of g^^""*" Rck- 
man. 

Hannah dau. of ^l^^,^ Sil- 
ver. 

Andrew son of ^^^ Mil- 
lett. 

15. Huldah dau. of fi*^ Hol- 

man. 

Samuel son of Jg^»» Glover. 

22. Tabifcha dau. of ggifi,. 

King. 

Jonathan son of ^^^j«>^'* 

Archer. 
Amos son of ^^]^^^,^ Butler. 
Nov. 12. John son of KSim Pelton. 
Matthew son of 
Waugh. 

26. Elizabeth dau. of ^m/^ 
Hunt. 

John son of i'Ztht^^'' Glov- 
er. 



Matthew 
Susannah 



Dec. 3. 



17. 



Feb. 



24. 



Jan'y 7. 



11. 



1733. 
Mch. 



18. 



Ap. 



rtf Ramnel Jr. 
"* Elizabeth 



Bonjamln Jr. 
Mary 



Mary dau. of i^'' Verry, 

Hannah dau. 
Foot. 

Mary dau. of gj^hlth Bow 
ditch. 

William son of 5*^1;, Mug- 
ford. 

Mary dau. of 
Lynde. 

Samuel son of SSSSh Gar- 
diner. 

Francis son of J*;5f^^ Hig- 
ginson. 

Peter son of J^^^^ Chee- 
ver. 



Dudley son of StS^**"'" Wood- 
bridge. 

♦Abigail dau. of S^^^Srett 
Felt. 

Ann dau. of .l;*^'^?"'' Symmes. 
Joseph son of ll^' Chap- 
man. 

Mary dau. of Jf^** Gavett. 

James son of £"^2^ Mae- 
chum. 

Mary dau. of JSSJ**'^ Pick- 
ering. 

Elizabeth > , ^^,,„^ 

Margarettr^''-''^^'^'^^"- 
Stokes. 

Mary dau. of ^^^^^^ An- 
drew. 



* This child was one of three at one birth. The 
other two were sons & dyed one some hours after 
the other the next day after their birth. 



13 



1733 






Not. 


11. 


Jane dau. of iSSrf*"** Tewks- 


Ap. 


29. 


Elizabeth dau. of •il'';^,^,.^ 

Hill. 
Mercy dau. of 'S^"'^" Lam- 






bury. 
Sarah dau. of f{J;;;,J[; Chap- 
man. 






bert. 




18. 


Hannah dau. otH'^i"^ Peal. 


May 


13. 


Anne dau. of f^^,^ White. 




25. 


Martha dau. of "^"{tJa*" 




20. 


Mary dau. of i*';;'if Marston. 




• 


Goodhue. 


June 


3. 


Lois dau. of j;;;i"'" Bright. 


Dec. 


2. 


Nathan son of J,*^;;^ Glover. 




17. 


Mary dau. of -JlSX Hicks. 




16. 


Samuel son of £»^»^' Moses. 


July 


8. 


Edward son of *^^^ Rose. 






Mary his wife. 




15. 


Thomas son of X^JVinii* Gil- 
pin. 






Elizabeth dau. of J[iV" Mug- 
ford. 




22. 


Jonathan son of 15;;',;^" 
Ward. 




23. 


William son of 5{^Jff Need- 
ham. 


Aug. 


5. 


Joshua son of 'l^^'' Graf- 






Richard son of jf^ah Lang. 






ton. 


Jan'y 


20. 


William son of «lf/'S? Cash. 




12. 


Sarah dau. of J,';«^»™ At- 
kinson. 


Feb. 
1734. 


24. 


Sarah dau. of ^j^f^fi Oliver. 






Mary dau. of ;jf;;,ffi"- Peal. 


Mch. 


10. 


Samuel scm of J^^.'S Adams. 




19. 


Edward son of ^'Ji"* Kit- 
chin. 




31. 


Mary dau. of &?» Ha- 
thoriie. 




26. 


John son of STiai" Cruft. 
Elizabeth dau. of SkIih 






John son of tJiJlir ''"'• Ar- 
cher. 






Reeves. 


Ap. 


14. 


Sarah dau. of g^'ilSStll Boot- 


Sept. 


2. 


Jonathan son of ||SS.,.Sy- 






man. 






monds. 


May 


12. 


Ebenezer son of {,Xraii 




9. 


Mary dau. of Ui';;!'"" Gale. 






GoodaLL 




16. 


Eunice dau. of fSS"" Mack- 






Mary dau. of E«Sir*" Gale. 






mallon. 


June 


9. 


Wills son of JUJIj^, Morton. 




23. 


Ahijah son of ii'^}f' Estes. 

William son of {i'^Hi^; Pun- 
chard. 




16. 


Lydia dau. of l^^W^^' Da- 
vis. 

Elizabeth dau. of ^^'^^ 
Henderson. 


Oct. 


14. 


Benjamin son of Ki","" 




23. 


George son of «^.?^.f, Pelt. 






Felt. 




30. 


Henry son of ^^Jl^^ Smith. 




21. 


Bethiah dau. of ^Ij^'fi-"- 






John son of JJ^J Massey. 






Ruck. 


Aug. 


11. 


Mary dau. of 2'i;.'i«" Coo^ks. 






(2*) 









14 



1734. 



1 8. William son of S^i?3?" Glov- 



er. 



John 
Provided 



Nathan son ofg,^JJ?eth Phelps. 

Eunice dau. of 'JjSS^i'^ Le'- 
gro. 

Mary dau. of ir^;^,. Silver. 

Thomas son of ^^^^ Need- 
ham. 

Elizabeth dau. of i»X Nor- 
rice. 

Rebecca dau. of ^S^^£ Gil- 
lingham. 

Eunice dau. of 22^'" Slu- 
man. 

Mary dau. of ^^'"^ Dowce. 

John son of S^^Jp Sanders. 

Elizabeth dan. of 
Carrill. 

Eunice dau. of ^^i\^ Stew- 
ard. 

Nathaniel son of J^\°^^ Hig- 
ginson. 

Eunice dau. of ^^^^^' Verry. 

Samuel son of ^j^^^ Chap- 
man. 

George son of i^^^ Glov- 
er. 

Jonathan son 
MiUett. 

Sergeant son of 2u3?^°tt 
Daniel. 

Daniel son of 

Glover. 

Eliezer son of ^^'' Moses. 

Feb. 2. Pascha son of |S?abith ' Foot. 



25. 
Sept. 1. 

15. 



22. 

Oct. 27. 

Nov. 3. 
10. 
17. 



Dec. 15. 
29. 

Jan'y 5. 

12. 
19. 



"* Mary 



Jonathan Jr. 
Tabltba 



16. 

1735. 
Mch. 2. 



16. 

23. 

Ap. 6. 

13. 

May 4. 

11. 
June 1. 

15. 
29; 
July 13. 
20. 
27. 



fkf James 
^^ Sarah 



Elizabeth dau. of gSah*" 
Peal. 

Joseph son )- ^ • ^ 

Abigail dau. j 
Nathaiitei Andrew. 

James son of J^J^Ij Cook. 
John son of iSSii Elkins. 
Timothy son of -^f^^^ 
George. 

Thomas son of {Jj^aii Seas. 

Elizabeth dau. of fSUfP^ranoe 

Allison. 

Niathaniel son 
Marston. 

Margarett dau. of 5jJ;[,;J,"* 
Ingolds. 

Samuel son of gi^J^ Pick- 
ering. 

Ruth dau. of ^Jgf^'' MiUett. 

Judith dau. of |f-|2tu 
Reeves. 

Sarah dau. of ^^^' Estes. 

Hannah dau. of SS;r^, Lang. 

Stephen son of ^^^f ^ Swa- 
zey. 

Jonathan son of l^'J^J^ Chap- 
man. 

Mary dau. of f^^^ Symmea. 

Samuel son of {JS^itth King. 

Joseph son of J^/;j,^* Grant. 

Daniel son of gSS^-jS*" Bray. 

John son of J^Jf^^ Cook. 

Mercy dau. of SS??*''® At- 
kinson. 

Abiel dau. of Jbonia* deceased 

Bright. 



16 



1735. 
Aug. 24. 
31. 

Sept. 7. 



14. 



28. 
Oct. 5. 

12. 
19. 

Nov. 2. 



Dec. 28. 



Jan. 4. 



Robert Jun. 
Butb 



Hamuet 
Susannah 



Mercy dau. of iS^^ White- 

Abigail dan. of 
Gray. 

Benjamin son of 
Symondfl. 

Mary wife of Samuel Chee- 
ver & their child Samuel. 

Esther, a molatto servant 
child of David Glover 
& Sarah his wife on her 
account. They promis- 
ing to give the child a 
christian education in 
the &oe of the assembly. 

Benjamin son of i°^^,J;- 
Punchard. 

Robert son of f Jjf '^ Kitch- 
en. 

Abigail dau. of SKth Gale. 

Mary dau. of JJIgSS Ward. 

Elizabeth dau. of ^^;;"^J" 
Meachum. 

James son of Jf^IJ* Pabins. 

JoiiMthau 
Mnry 



25. 

Feb. 15. 

1736. 
March 7. 

14. 
21. 



Benjamin 
Deborah 



of 



Timothy son 
Tewksbury. 

Daniel son of '^^^^i ^hee- 

ver. 
Sarah dau. of '^i';^, Glover. 
Willoughby son of S^i^l*'*^' 

Toppan. 
John son of j^^^. Mugford. 
Lydia dau. 
William son 

?b?gT Gilpin. 
Mary dau. of iV^^^*'"*" Blyth. 



twins oi 



Ap. 



28. 

4. 
11. 



25. 



May 



30. 



June 



nf Nathaniel 
^^ Hannah 



Edward 
Margarett 



Martha dau. of 

Ward. 
Mehitable dau. of f^ZZ 

Pelton. 

Lydia dau. of 2£;«>y Pick- 
ering. 

Lydia dau. of i^^^JJ' Chap- 
man. 

Nathaniel son 
Archer. 

Margarett dau. of 
Dimond. 

Richard son of ^^^ Ohee- 
ver. 

Sarah dau. of |^£ Adams. 

James son of {JJbJrah Good- 
ale. 

Samuel son of SS^^i'lJ^ Smith. 

Esther Trask adult. 

Mary Pdge adu1t< 

Elizabeth dau, 

Benjamin son 
Cook. 

Margarett dau. 
Cook. 

Mary dau. of JJgS, Bennett. 

Samuel son of I'^^r^ Smith. 

Jacob son of ^^1*^ Oliver. 

John son of S2!,"„^„ Battin. 

Jonathan Jr 
Abigail 



|. 



Rei^amln 
Eliiabeth 



fxP James. 
"* Kachel 



of 



Abigail dau 

Archer. 
Sarah wife of John Mack- 

mallon & Lydia their 

daughter adult. 
Elizabeth dau. 

Peal. 



yvf Jonathan 
^1 .Sarah 



16 



1736. 
June 6. 



20. 



July 4. 
11. 



f^f Joseph 



25. 

Aug. 29. 

Sept. 12. 

Oct. 3. 
10. 
17. 

Nov. 14. 
28. 

Dec. 26. 

Jan'y 2. 

9. 
16. 



Joseph son 

Elizabeth dau. / " "^^"^ 

Henderson. 
Mary dau. of 1""^^^ Gerrish. 



^f Bcuianiln 



Benjamin son 
Gale. 

William son of\^]';^^" Cocks. 

Alexander son of-^^^^'"'^''''^''^^- 
Hamilton. 

William son of iVary '"'^ Cris- 
pin. 

Elizabeth dau. of iScth 
Phelps. 

Mary dau. of ijj^-^''- Knap. 

Mary dau. of g;|||ij^ Stew- 
art. 

Jonathan son of £^y^ Glov- 
er. 

Hannah dau. of iJ'iUlSll*^' 
Archer. 

John son of 5jr,;»i|; Glover. 



John son of i^^ ^'«^- Flynt. 

Nathaniel son of 
Lang. 

Sarah Eempton adult. 

Elizabeth dau. of 
Silsby. 

Susannah dau. of 
Hoiliman. 

Abiel Marston adult 

Hannah dau. of 
Davis. 

Robert son of 5^^^'^ Peal. 

Paul son of l^}^'- Mans- 
field. 

Samuel son of Saiy^ Sanders. 



Jffn-y 
Uauiialt 



Jo8<;ph 
Mary 



John 
Susuitnah 



Tobias Jr. 
Lydia 



23. 

30. 



Feb. 6. 
13. 
27. 

1737. 
Mch. 6. 



13. 

20. 
27. 

Ap. 3. 
10. 

May 1. 

22. 

June 12. 
19. 

26. 

July 10. 



Benjamin son of SiiaJSh*' 
Silver. 

Margarett wife of Clement 
English. 

Benjamin son of J^'/^ Mas- 
sey. 

Mary dan. of it^.,,,^ Cai> 
rill. 

Nathaniel son of f^bijiiii Seas. 

Sarah son of ^i%r'^'' Blyth. 

Jonathan son of J'i';i, Web- 
ber. 

Sarah dau. of |ii;;iy Moses. 
Joshua son of ZIik»ii -'^^^" 

ton. 
John son of ii^;}?»» Wake- 

field. 
Margaret dau. of ^^--J,, 

English. 
John son of ^;^^ Cook. 
Elizabeth dau. of iJi^i'Jf 

Estes. 
John son of »-;;l:J,, Felt. 
Hannah dau. of iS!Zt Mars- 
ton. 
Ebenezer son of JS^^g^H"^ 

Curtis. 
William son of "Sfflu 

Bootman. 
Abigail dau. of liSiiJa/*" Felt. 
Deborah dau. of "a^lg 

Gillingham. 
Joseph son of i^^^^'"^ Mil- 

lett. 



Richard son of ffj;^ Bat- 
tin. 



17 



PAPERS RELATING TO THE 
WITCHCRAFT TRIALS IN ES- 
SEX COUNTY. 



COMMUNICATED BT JAMBS KIMBALL. 



The Petition op Philip English to 
the General Court for remuneration for 
goods seized by Greorge Corwine, Sher- 
iff, in 1692. Also the PBTrriON op 
George Hjerrick, Marshal during the 
Witchcraft persecutions, for relief, in 
1692. 

In the first and second volumes of the 
Historical Collections of the Essex In- 
stitute, for the years 1859 and 1860, 
may be found a series of interesting ar- 
ticles by G. P. Chever, Esq., upon the 
Commerce of Salem, from 1626 to 1733, 
and in connection therewith, a sketch 
of Philip English, "one of the mer- 
chants of the olden time" who, with his 
wife was imprisoned in the year 1692, 
for witchcralt in the Jail at Salem, from 
whence they were removed to Boston, 
where facilities were furnished them to 
make their escape. 

In the 2d Vol., No. 6, for 1860, Page 
268, Mr. Chever says— "He (English ) 
lost over £1100, value of goods taken 
from his warehouse" — and he refers to 
the traditions of the Family, it being 
conceded that there was no record of 
his particular loss. 

In a note on the same page, reference 
is made to an article by S. P. Fowler, 
Esq., Vol. 1, No. 2, Page 59, where is 
presented a portion of the Petition o 



Philip English for remuneration, but as 
this does not give us an idea of the 
mercantile transactions of Mr. E., nor 
of the value or kind of articles then in 
daily use, and as I believe there is no 
record of any claim made by Mr. Eng- 
lish to be found in any of the Court 
Papers on file in the County of EsseXi 
I have thought they might be of suf- 
ficient interest to present them, as cop- 
ied from the original files in the State 
Department. 

By comparing this Petition with that 
of Mr. Fowler there are found to be 
several inaccuracies, which can only be 
accounted for by supposing his to have 
been taken from some copy, rather than 
from the original. 

JAMES KIMBALL. 

Salem, March, 1866. 



Petition op George Herrick* of Sa- 
lem for services relative to Witchcraft, 
as Marshal & Deputy Sherife, in Essex 

County. 

To his Excelency S^ William Phipps, 
Knight, Capt Gen" & Gouemor of their 
Majesties Teritories & Dominion of y^ 
Massachusetts Bay In New England, 
And to the Hon''*^ William Stoughton, 
Esq., L:u^ Gouer"^ of said Province, 
and to the rest of the Honered Coun- 
cell. 



* George Herrick came from England to Sa- 
lem in 1685, — was appointed Marshal of the Col- 
ony, and Deputy Sheriff of the Connty of Essex, 
which offices he held to the time of his decease in 
1695. 

(3) 



18 



The Petition of yo' Pore Scr"' George 
Herrick most Humblj Sheweth 

That Whereas your Excellency & 
HoQ®^ Porre Pettitioner having been im- 
ployed as Marshall & Dept Sheriff for 
the County of Essex for the term of 
nine months and upwards in Seruing of 
warrants and Apprehending many pris- 
oners, attending examinations & Courts 
of Oyer & Terminer, as likewise by 
mittimus and Writts of habeas corpus 
haue often conueighed Prisoners unto 
Prison & from Prison to Prison it hath 
taken up my whole time and made me 
Incapable to gett any thing for the main- 
tainance of my Porre famaJly ; & by 
that means become so impoverisht that i 
necessity hath forced me to lay downe 
my place and must certainly come to 
Wante: if not in some measure su- 
plyed. 

Therefore I humbly beseech your 
Hon®* to take my case & Condition so 
fare into Consideration. That I may 



haue some supply this hard winter that 
I and my Porre Children may not be 
destitute of Sustenance & so ineuita 
Way Perish for I haue been bred A 
Gen* & not much used to worke and 
am become Despicable in thees hard 
times. And that yo'* Exce^ & Hon*'* 
may not immagine y* I am weary of 
Seruing my King <fe Country whare but 
my habitation Graced with plenty in y® 
room of Pennury: there shall be no 
seruice too dangerous & difficulte but 
your Pore Pettitioner will Gladly Ex- 
cept* & to the best of my Power accom- 
plish ; I shall wholely lay my selfe att 
your Hon^'^ feet for Reliefe & always 
pray for yo'^ Exce^J & Hon®* health & 
happyness and subscribe my selfe, hope- 
ing Returne. 

Yo' Pore & Humble Pettitioner 
GEORGE HERRICK. 

Dated in Salem this Eighth day of 
Decern*"* in the year of our Lord 1692- 



THE PETITION OF PHILIP ENGLISH. 



To the Honered Commitey Apointed by the Generall Court to In- 
quire in to the names proper to be Iiisarted in the Bill for Tacking 
of the Attander and 'What damages thay Sustaned by thare prosecu- 
tion. These are to Signify that I Philip English whas Imprisoned to- 
gather With my Whife in Salem Prison and then Carried to Boston 
Prison and thai*e Lay nine Weeks from whance Whe made oui' Escape 
in which time be sides our Charge in flying, had y^ Estate heareafter 
menshened Loast and Tacking a whay. 

In the Weare Hows att the Pint of Rocks 

To 20 hogsheds of Soalt 025 00 00 

qt«. lbs. 

To 32. 2. 17. of Spanish lorn bought of Cap^ John Brown 065 06 00 



19 



To 43 quntells of Bafedg Cod fish 
To 2 hogsheds of melases 
To 12 New axes 

In the Weare Hows behind Docktor Bonndejs 
To 500 butchells of Vorginiy Whet 
To 203 butchells of Engen Com 
To 3 pipes of "Whine 

In the Weare Hows in the Lane 
To 2 Bootts of Suger 
To 2 hogsheds of Suger 
To 4 hogsheds of melases 

[iUegAle] Uught lorn 

« Key 

" 181b of new Cordeg 

« of nialls 

To 1 Chist of Glass 

In the Weare Hows next to Cartors on the wharlf 

To 1 hogshed of Rum 

To 8 bundells of Twine 

To 160 butchells of Whet 

To 500 Whate of Rope 

To 5 Ketch Ankours Whate 6821b 

To 2 ShoUops Ankours Whate 641b 

To 1 Bots Ankour Whate 201b 

One the Wharf 

To 58 Thousands of Bords or more 

To 10 Thousands of Staves 

To 7 Thousands of Slit woork or more 

To 2000 of Clabbords 

To 28 Thousands of Shingles 

Brought ower from the other side heare 

In my dwelling Hows 
In a pine chist. 6 peses of Canton qt 31 anns 



025 16 00 


015 00 00 


002 08 06 


133 10 06 


150 00 00 


027 00 00 


027 00 00 


337 10 06 


024 00 00 


024 00 00 


030 00 00 


100 00 00 


036 00 00 


060 00 00 


024 00 00 


003 00 


638 10 06 


012 00 


014 00 


040 00 


012 10 


017 01 10 


001 12 


000 10 


736 04 04 


145 00 


012 10 


014 00 


005 00 


008 00 


920 14 04 


920 14 04 


005 00 00 



20 



To 5 duzens of Worsted Stockens 

To 40 yds of Broad Cloth 

To 3 gross of Thiuibells 

To 27 yards of Carsey 

To 14 yards of Ticking 

To 43 yards of hiy Brums 

In a nother chist 

To 2 half peses of fine Dowlis 

To 1 half pes of Luckrom 

To 8 peses of Kenton qt 40 anns 

To 2 Duzens of fine woosted stockens 

To 1 pesB of Sarge 

Luse in Shop Chamber 

To 13i yards of Sarge 

To 11 yards of Broad Cloth 

To 1 dnzen of Wimpns Shows 

To 3 Bamnants of fine hoUand at 45| 

To 1 pess of San^ Johns qt 92 anns 

To 24 yards of New England Canvis 

To 31 yards of Bast nialls 

To 35 yards of hambrow dowlis 

To 90 yards of Brinns is 9. 00. 

To 28 yards of Naralls 

To 74 yards of fagures 

To 20»»> of Brown Thread 

To 2 small Caske of stelle 

To 1 Thousand Whate of frantsh Lines at Lest 

To a bought a Thousand Whate of Ladd 

To 7 gross of Cod Hucks 

To 1500 of mackreU Hucks 

To 6 Swine Sold for 

To a Cow 



The forgoing is a true Account of What I had seized tacking 
away Lost and Embazeld whilst I was a prisoner in y^ yeare 1692 



010 10 





025 00 





001 10 





006 05 





002 02 





006 09 





977 06 


4 


015 00 





003 00 





007 10 





007 04 


10 


003 10 





1013 11 


2 


0002 14 





0001 02 





0002 08 





0004 18 





[UUgme^ 





0009 00 





0004 04 





0007 08 





0003 00 





0005 00 





0075 00 





0014 00 





0010 00 





0002 00 





0002 00 





0002 10 





jeil83 02 






21 

& whilst on my flight for my life beside a Considerable quantity of 
household goods & other things which I cannot Exactly give a per- 
tickolar AcC^ off for all which I neuer Beseved any other or further 
satisfaction for than Sixty Pounds, 3^ payd me by y^ Administrators 
of George Gorwine Late Sherife desesed, and the Estate was so seized 
& Tackin away Ghiefly by tne Sherife and his under offisers not witii* 
standing I had given fore thousands pound Bond with surety att Bos- 
ton* 

PHILIP ENGLISH. 



PAPERS RELATING TO A SUIT A. D. 1664 BETWEEN JOHN 
PICKERING AND THE OWNERS OP THE «NEW MILL" (NOW 
THE CITY MILLS) IN SALEM, 

OOMMUNIOATBD BT W. P. CPHAM. 

The following extracts from the Records and Files of the County 
Court give some additional information respecting the early history of 
the highways along the banks of the North and South Rivers. 

John Pickering at the time of this suit owned the << Governors 
Field/' and also some land bought of Matthew Woodwell which includ- 
ed the bank of the River where Mill Street now crosses over into 
Southfields. This last was part of four acres granted in 1630 to 
Samuel Skelton Pastor of the Church, which bounded north on the 
<«Cove or Creek" east <'on the river that runeth to Castle Hill" and 
south ''on the river and on John Pickering's land" and west on ''the 
Common." This Cove or Creek was where the Eastern Railroad 
Freight Depot now stands, and extended across what is now Mill Street 
westerly almost as £aj* as the corner of Norman and Summer Streets. 
It was called Sweet's Cove from John Sweet who lived on the north 
side of it near the present corner of Creek and Mill streets, in a 
house where Daniel Bacon, shipwright, afterwards lived. 

* There is no date to this Petition, but it was probably presented daring the yeu 1709, 
•■ there is another Petition, signed by twenty-one persons, npon which petition Philip Eng- 
lish was the first signer, dated May 25, 1709, in which they pray 

To "Restore ye Reputations to ye posterity of ye sufferers and remunerate tiiem as to 
what they have been damnified" 

Feh, in his list of Deputies & Representatives to the General Court for the year 1700, 
includes Philip English. 



22 

Previous to 1663 Captain Trask's corn mills on the North river 
had held the monopoly of this business in the town of Salem, but com- 
plaint was made of the ''bad grindinge" and of the delay which many 
inhabitants encountered, whereupon John Traske on behalf of his father 
agreed with the town that they would ''make as good meale as at 
Lin and that when they could not supply the towne for want of wa- 
ter or in any other respect then they would provide to sende it to 
Lin upon their own charge and have it ground there," upon which the 
town deferred the building another mill. It appears by the following 
that the complaints were renewed. 

"At A general! towne meetinge the 22*»» Q^ "^ 1663. 

ordered that there is libertie granted for building of a mill over 
the South river neare M' I^cks. 

This is a true Coppie taken out of the towne 
booke as ateste 

Henry Bartholmew, recorder/' 

"At A geuerall towae meetinge the 9^ of the 9^ «<> 1663 voted 
.that Walter Price, Henry Bartholmew,* John Qardner and Samuel Gard- 
ner have libertie to build a mill over the South river neare Mr Rucks 
provided that it be built in two yeares or to loose their priveledge. 

This is a true Coppie taken out of the towne booke as ateste. 

Henry Bartholmew recorder." 

When the Proprietors undertook to build the dam for this Mill 
(which was on the same spot as the present City Mills) John and 
Jonathan Pickering the sons of John Pickering, who were shipwrights, 
forcibly prevented them, and brought an action of the case against them 
"for damming up the Channel or river below their land and hindering 
them from coming by water to said land or improving of it for a 
building place for vessels." 

From this it appears that the business of ship building was car- 
ried on, before the Mill was erected, at that part of the South River 
which is now the Mill Pond. The remains of an old wharf were to 
be seen there not very long ago. Afterwards the same business was 
transferred to "Sweet's Cove" and quite a village of shipwrights gath- 
ered there, such as Daniel Lambert, Daniel Bacon, John Norman, Eleazer 
Gedney, Robert Nowell, John Andrews, <&c. It was called Ruck's Vil- 
• Sometimes written Bartellmew. 



23 

lage, the land having formerly been all owned by John Back. 

John Pickering also brought an action of tresspass. The follow- 
ing is the writ in this case. 

<<To the Marshall of Salem or Deputy or Constable of Salem or 
his Deputy. 

.You are required in his majesties name to atach the goods & for 
want thereof the bodyes of Capt. Walter Price, Mr. Henry Bartholmew, 
Mr. John & Samuell Gardner, partners in ye Building a milne, on ye 
South River in Salem & take bond of them to value of twenty pound 
with sufficient surety or sureties for theire apearance at the next 
County Court to be held in Salem, then & there to answer the com- 
playut of John Pickering in an action of tresspass on the case, for 
comeing upon his land & digging & carrying away much earth & land- 
ing theire Dam upon his said land & to his great damag & heareof 
make retume under your hand, da: 11: 9"*°- 1664. 

Per the Court HiUyard Veren 

The parties within mentioned arrested & bond taken for their 
apearance 11: 9: 64 per me Samuel Archard 

MarshaD." 

At the same time the Proprietors brought an action against Rck- 
ering ''for damage to them by pulling up the stakes that the Mill- 
wright bad set downe for placeing the mill, and throwing part of their 
timber into the River and other part of it a drift, and throwing their 
wheele-barrows and other working tools into the River by night and 
indeavoring after the mill was set down to tume it into the Channel 
by night, to their great damage'' &c. 

These actions seem to have been tried together and the following 
are the Depositions in the case. 

"The Testimony of Richard Davenport aged fifty-eight years sayth. 

That the sd Deponent haveing lived many years in this towne of 
Salem from the yeare 1631 untill the yeare 1643: it was the Custom 
of the towne to reserve in the lotts that bordered on the harbor or 
Rivers eyther South or North (I say) they mostly did reserve two 
poles length at the least betweene the ends of such lotts and the 
banke of the high water marke, fiirther that sd deponent sayth that con- 
cerning that land that was given to M^ Sami^ell Skelton somtime Pas- 
tor of the Church here by this towne lying betweene the (Jovemors 



24 

feild and John Sweet was by Sam\ Skelton Junior Bone and heiro to 
the sd M"^ Skelton sould anto this Deponent: the land being aocount- 
fower acres: the w** land was sould by this Deponent unto M^ Thom- 
as Bucke of Salem: It being always accounted to be layd out accord- 
ing as other lotts weere: that is: two poales length from the topp 
of the banke inwards for a Comon highwaye. 

Further this Deponent sayth that it was a very usual thing to 
make use of a highway along the South river side: And to that end 
there weere stepping stones layd- over a small Creeke which lay be- 
tweene the house of Jo^. Sweet and that side of the land that was 
Mr Skeltons: And further sayth not: 

Sworne in Court at Salem 30: 9: 64. 

Ateste Hillyard Veren Cleric." 
<^The testimony of Jefferie.Massey aged seaventie three yeares saith 
that for about 34 yeares that I have bene in Salem there was a way 
betweepe the land that M' John Ruck now liveth on and the river 
before bis house and went to the Gove called Sweets Gove and the 
way into the South feilds was over the sd Gove and went alonge .un- 
der the banke untill we com to a place comonly known by the step- 
pinge stones where we went over the River and further that since I 
have bene imployed in layinge out lands for the towne which is- now 
as I take it about 30 yeares we were alwayes been carefoU to reserve 
Imids free for hieways. 

Sworne in Court at Salem 30: 9: 64. 

Ateste Hillyard Veren Cleric." 
'^The deposition of William Traske Sen.^ aged 77 yeares saith, that 
to his knowledg the lotts on the South River side (soe called) in 
Salem Towne, from John Sweets lott & upward the river & severall 
downward, were layd out downe to the River & there was noe high- 
way alowed betweene the water & them^ I this Deponent being one 
of the layers out at that time, which was about 34 yeares agoe & 
was at the laying out of severall of those lotts & doe very well re- 
member it : for the Towne in those times, did not conceave of any 
need of a way by the water side of those lotts: & fiirther saith not: 

Taken upon oath 29th Nov. '64. 

before me Simon Bradstreet." 

* Capt. Wm. Traske owned a Mill on North River. 



25 

"This I W™ Hathorne do Testifie that it hath been Commonly sajd 
for neer SO years that there was a way of 2 rods broad upon the 
edg of the bank up the South River, against Mf Skcltons lott; & that 
for the same time for many yeares there was a constant use of a 
way below the bank to the Steping stons w^ is som rods above Dam. 
30: 9™*^ 64: Per me W^ Hathorne. 

Sworne in Court at Salem 30: 9: 64. 
Atteste Hillyard Veren Cler." 
"The testimony of William Allin Aged about sixty two yeares Be- 
ing an inhabitant in ye towne of Sallem for ye space of about thirty 
& eight yeares doe testifie that it was ye order of towne in the time 
when ye lotts was layd out upon ye North A South Rivers of Sallem 
to leave two polle betwene ye top of ye banks of ye sd Rivers & 
all sutch lotts for a hy way. 

Sworne in Court at Salem 30: 9: 64. 
ateste Hillyard Veren Cler." 
<<The deposition of Roger Conant being one of the first Inhabitants 
of the town of Salem do testify to my best knowleg that there was 
never any hi way layd out above the lott that was John Swets lott: 
becase then the town had noe nead of any hi waye ther: & that 
ther was no hi way layd out between the water side & the upland. 

Roger Conant. 
one of the layers out that then were. 
Sworne in Court at Salem 30: 9: 64. 
ateste HiUiard Veren Cleric." 
"Salem ye 1 Decemb^ 1664. Thomas Getch Aged about 30 yeares 
testifieth yt he saw John pickrin come downe to ye works and pluck 
up ye stakes by ye new mill by reason of which ye men were forced 
to leave of y* work and so great pt. of ye gravell carried away and 
furthermore yf ye shovells and wheelbarers were cast into ye River 
and soe aboute eleven men were forced to stand still untell 10 or 
elcaven of ye Clock untell ye shovells & wheelbarers were found, four 
of ye shovells A two spades and two wheelbarers were uterly lost, 
& much of ye Gravell misplaced by Rcson of ye stakes being plucked 
up. And further saith not. 

given in upon the oath before taken in Court 30 : 9 : 64. 
Ateste Hillyard Veren Cleric." 



26 

"Salem ye 30^ Novembr. 1664. Phylip Cromwell Aged abouto 
fifty years testifyeth that Abouto a fortnite since, beinge at Mr Prices 
house, there was John Pickrin, ye saide Price speakinge to ye said 
Pickriiige, aboute the turning ye wheelbarers into ye River, ye saide 
Pickringe made answer this was before the Agreement or writinge was 
made betwixt ye saide Price & Company and further this Deponent 
sayeth not. 

Swornc in Court at Salem 30: 9: 64. Ateste Hillyard Veren 
Clericus." 

The following was the plaintiflF's plea. 

1. That the land upon wliich the Trespass is don is the Plain - 
tiflfs do sufficiently appear first by his own bill of sale from mathew 
woodwall: mathew woodwalls bill of sale from Mr John Ruck & Mr John 
Rucks deed of sale from Mr Thomas Ruck : all w*** deeds are authentiq ac<?or- 
ding to law and are bounded upon and with the South River : now where 
mens lands are bounded upon a river and with the river then no 
Comon highway can ly between those lands and the River (pag. 20 
title. Conveyances, deeds & writings.) Moreover the law gives the bounds 
to low water mark to the proprietors of the land adjoining to any 
Creek or Cove or thor^e places where it ebs not above a hundred rod. 
(pag 50 liberty s, Comon.) 

2. These lands according to these bounds have been posesscd by 
the sd Plaint iflF and his Grantors before Ocbo: 19 1652 and was 
quietly Injoyed by them untill June or July sixty four: now our law 
sayth that where lands are so posesed and enjoyed by tliemselves; or 
theire grantors before octo: 19: 1652 and not claimed and the claims 
entered according to law and the same claims prosecuted to efect be- 
fore the 20 of May 1662: such proprietors and theire heircs shall 
enjoy the same but the Plaintif have by himselfe and grantors posesed 
as aforesaid therefor the land is his: It was posest by himself from 
May 1664: by mathew woodwell from octo: 60 and by Mr John Ruck 
from feb. 1651 and by Mr Thomas Ruck time out of mind at least 
20 or 30 yeares and layd out to Mr Skelton about 34 years ago 
who was the first posesor of it as is legally proved by the testimony 
of Capt. Wm. Trask and Mr Roger Conant. Tow witness is sufficient 
proof in law. ( law book pag 65 title posesion pag 81 title witness.) 

3. That those evidence do intend this land in question do thus 
appear; the evidence sayth the lotts from John Sweets upward & down- 



27 

ward; now the land in question is on of the next lotts upward, it is 
indeed the very next lott. 

If it be aledged that the land is the defendents by any agree- 
ment mad with the plaintiff: my answer is: no alinasion of land is 
good in law except it be under hand and seal and delivered acknowl- 
edged & recorded and posesion given by turf & twig: now if any 
such thing be produced by ye defendents the plaint, must be silent (if 
not) all such alegasioDS do nothing in law. (Law book pag 20 Con- 
veyancies deeds & writings.) 

4. That the defendents have so trespased upon the sayd land is 
proved by the testimony of John Horn Bartholmew Geedny and John 
Beeves. Thus having proved the land to be mine and the defendents 
to have comitted the trespass I humbly conceive my Action proved 
and crave releef of this honered Court. 

The defendants in their answer deny that the land ever belonged 
to thj plaintiff; they also argue that Captain Trask's and Mr. Conant's 
testimony is general in its character while that of Major Hathome is 
direct. They also refer to an agreement that had been already made 
between the parties. This agreemer.t is entered on the Town Records 
on the 18"» 6™*» 1664, viz. that John Pickering should be allowed 20<£ 
for his damage by stopping up the river below his land and the Pro- 
prietors of the Mill have "free liberty to set the Mill where now the 
dam is begun ", and John Pickering is to save them harmless against 
Matthew Woodwell or any other claiming damage. 

The various suits resulted in the following judgment. ''March 
28th 1665 John Pickering plaintiff against Capt. Walter Price, Mr. 
Henry Bartholmew, Mr. John & Samuel Gardner defendents in an action 
of review. The Jury found for the defendants ; costs 37*'\" 

The old road to Marblehead before this time passed round on the 
western side of the South river (now the Mill Pond) & so over Forest 
River, but after the erection of the new mill in 1664 a new road 
over the South river at the mill and through the Southfields was laid 
out. This new road comprised what is now Summer, High, Mill and 
Lafayette streets. »'30-ll. 1663, Major Hathorne, W'" Flint & Henry 
Bartholmew appoynted to lay out the way to the Cove to John Rucks 
which accordingly they have done." 

'*18th. November 1664" a highway was laid out "from the way laid 
out near Bartholmew Gedneyes to the new mill over the South River 



28 

and is laid out this daj from the place aforesaid ten foot above high 
water mark into the bank until we come near the mill to a stake 
and soe against the mill as it is bounded by four stakes in a range 
or right line." 

On the 24th of April 1666 the above road was continued through 
the Southfields from the mill dam, one rod wide^ to the little gate, 
in the Southfield fence" where it joined the old road to Marblehead. 

In 1686 a highway (now Mill Street) was laid out over *^Mr. 
Rucks Creek" viz. ''12 feet wide from the highway (now Norman 
Street) that leads from Dr. Emory's or Tawley's house towards Jno. 
Norman's, from thence over the mouth of the Creek to the highway 
that leadeth to the Mill." A bridge was afterwards built here and 
the tradition is that vessels were built on the cove as &r up as the 
upper end of Creek Street and that the bridge was a swing bridge 
so that they could pass out into the river. 



ALMANACS AND THEIR AUTHOBS. 



COMMUNICATED BT MATTHEW A. BTICKNBT. 



It is now over thirty years since the compiler commenced making 
a systematic collection of Almanacs, thus hoping to save from loss 
valuable materials for history. 

An Almanac was one of the first productions of the New Eng- 
land press (in 1639) and was considered almost as necessary as the 
Bible with the early settlers of New England. It was generally pro- 
cured when they first commenced house-keeping, and each succeeding 
year during the lifetime of the head of the family, they were carefuUy 
stitched together and preserved. They contained commonly fly leaves 
upon which were recorded the most important events occurring in the 
family, as births, marriages and deaths, with less important events relating 
to the private afiTairs of the family. 

I^any such files of half a century or more have come into the 
writer's possession, and in some cases almanacs which were in as 
good condition as when they were printed, a hundred years or more 
ago. Their good state of preservation can be attributed to the fact 
that frequently, on the birth of a child, they were laid aside, and they 
have descended from father to son for some generations. 



29 

This I have noticed in regard to coins. An aged person stated 
to me that he took, in 1793, one qf the cents issued that year, and 
it being the year of the birth of his son, he kept it, and it is now 
in the possession of that son in as perfect a condition as when it 
was issued. 

Thorndike Low, a native of Beverly, Essex County, had, it is 
supposed, a son Nathaniel, who was a resident of Ipswich Hamlet, now 
Hamilton, and married Jan. 31, 1739, (O. S.) Sarah, widow of Sam- 
uel Fellows. They had nine children. The eldest was Nathaniel, born 
in Ipswich, Dee. 23, 1740, (O. S.,) who was the author of the Al- 
manacs. He married Sarah Ann Carr, daughter of Dr. Moses Carr of 
Somersworth, N. H., and had two children. 

I. NathanieU who was born in South Berwick, graduated at Dart- 
mouth College in 1809, studied medicine, settled in the practise of 
his profession at South Berwick, removed to Portland and took the 
editorship of the American Patriot, (commencing 1825 and continuing 
four or five years). He was Post Master of Pbrtland just previous to 
the close of John Q. Adams's administration. He removed thence to 
Dover, N. H., Dec, 1831. 

He married Mary Ann, daughter of the late Hon. William Hale, 
(M. C. &c.), and has had seven children. After the death of his 
father in 1808, he continued the publication of the Almanacs. The 
last that was issued was in 1827. 

II. Sally^ who man-led Joseph Murphy and lived in Lyman, Me. 
He was a Physician, and settled at South Berwick, Me., continuing 

there the publication of the Almanacs which he had already com- 
menced at Ipswich in 1762. He died in September 1808. His wife 
died about 1841. 

The Almanacs of Nathaniel Low may be considered one of the 
most impoitant series ever published in New-England, both on account 
of the period in which they were issued, that of the Revolution, and 
for the number of years they were printed. 

His first Almanac is entitled "An Astronomical Diary or an Alma- 
nack for the year of Christian ^ra, 1762. by Nathanael Low, Pro- 
fessor of Astronomy in Ipswich. Boston r Printed and sold by D. & 
J. Kneeland, opposite to the Prison in Queen Street, 1762. Price 
4 Goppars single; and 12s. per Dozen, Old Tenor." 

Its preface is dated September 5, 1761, is verv modest and well 
4* 



30 

calculated to please the people aiuoug whom it was intended to circu- 
late. Mauy of the political articles which appear in these Almanacs 
are original, and show him to have been a man of talent, and a true 
friend of his country. While Otis, Adams, and others dared not to 
publish and sign their own names, Low came out boldly in his Alma- 
nacs, and signed his name to what might, if the Colonies had not 
succeeded, cost him his life. 

The Almanacs, which Jire now by many considered worthless, once 
exerted a great influence in New England, especially among the com- 
mon class, where the newspaper was never read, and the voice of 
the orator seldom heard. They made their way to tlie fireside of 
almost every family and inspired the young and the old with the love 
of freedom. 

The Almanac of 1763, like that of 1762, contains* but little more 
than the usual calculations, but its preface is dated from Ipswich 
July 15, 1792, and its price, 2 pistareens per dozen, and 5 coppers 
single. 

1764. Same as the last. 

1765. Dated "From my House in Ipswich, 24 August, 1764." 
Same printer, but opposite the Probate Office in Queen Street. 

1767. Printed in Boston, by D. Kneeland in Queen St., and 
Knee land & Adams in Milk St., for the Booksellers. By Nathaniel 
Low, a Student in Physick and Astronomy. In his Preface he notices 
that ''The perplexed state of publick Aifairs, was the chief Occasion 
of my not publishing an Almanack for last year." 

176^. Contains a short paragraph on Liberty. 

1769. Nearly all of the reading matter is of a patriotic charac- 
ter. 

1770, 1771. Contains a political article in regard to the duty on 
tea. Dated at Ipswich, Oct. 2, 1770. 

1772. T>vo editions printed at Boston, and reprinted and sold 
by Ebenezer Watson, near the Great Bridge at Hartford. 

1773. Frontispiece : head of John Du yden. 

1774. *' *' '' Olivek Cromwell. 

1775. ** ''The Virtuous Patriot at the hour of 
Death." Preface dated at Ipswich Sept. 15, 1774. After the date 
of Feb. 26, the following manuscript notes by the owner of the Alma- 
nac — "CoPf Lesly's Keginient Stopt by Histing the North River Bridge. 



He waa in pui'suit of Some Military Preparations on the North Side of 
the Bridge." 

March. 14. '^\ Great Muster of the Town Militia." 
April 20. "Regulars & Provincials fight from Concord to Charles- 
town." 

June 17. ''This day a terrible battle at Charlestown, and C'harles- 
town wa^s Burnt by the liegulai-s." 

1776. Contains ^'Addreiw to Ihe Mdierft of the Ainerican Army,^' 
Dated from Ipswich, Sept. 22, 1775, Massachusetts Bay: printed by I. 
Thomas, in Worcester, B. Edes, in Watertown, & S. & E. Hall, in 
Cambridge. Price 6 Coppers single, and 20 shillings the Dozen. 

1777. Contains 'VI view of the Present Seat of War at, and 
near New York,*' and an ^'Address to the Tories " dated Oct. 8, 1776. 
America. Boston: printed by J. Gill in Queen St., and T. & J. Fleet 
in Cornhill. 

1778. Contains ^^An Addre^vf to the People on the subject of Monojh- 
ohj and Extortion.''' 

1779. Two editions, one printed at Boston, the other "Massachu- 
setts State, printed by Powars & Willis, in Boston." 

1780. Boston; printed by N. Willis in Court St. and White & 
Adams, in School St. 

1781. Boston: printed by T. & J. Fleet in Cornhill, J. Gill & 
X. Willis, in Court St. Price $6 single, and £15 per dozen. 

1782. Boston: Commonwealth of Massachusetts, edited by T. & 
J. Fleet, in Cornhill, J. Gill & X. Willis in Court St. 

1783. A Rattlesnake encloses the date. It contains "^ Chron- 
ological Account of Battles, Sieges, and other remarkable Events, rel- 
ative to the present War,'* Also "^ Scale of Dep)*eA^iation." 

1784. Address by X. Low, Sept. 30, 1783. 

1785. Printed by T. & J. Fleet, in Boston. 

1786. 1787, and 1788, the preface of which gives his first no- 
tice of his removal to Berwick, Me. 

1789, 1790. Printed and sold by T. & J. Fleet in Boston. (The 
only Proprietoi-s of Dr Low's Copy Right). 

1791, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 1800, 1801, 1802, 3, 4, 
5, 1806, printed at Boston. 1807 printed at Boston. By Munroe & 
Francis, No. 7 Coui-l St. and Belcher & Armstrong, No. 70 State 
St. 



32 

1808, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 1814, '^Genuine Almanack^ &c. By 
Nathanael Low, M. D. 

1815, "The New England Farmer's Almanack & Repository." 

1816, "Low's Almanack and Agricultural Register," By Nathanael 
Low, M. D. South Berwick. 

1817, 1818, "Low's Aim. & Astronomical & Agricultural Register." 
1819. Contains ^^ Author's Address. Reader I again appear be- 
fore you in a character, which for 56 years, in connexion with my 
father, the most generous patronage has encouraged me to pursue," &c. 

1820- "Low's Aim. & Agric. Kalendar". Notice of "7%e Greai 
Marine Serpent as Seen at ^ahant and Gloucester in Aug. 181 9 J" 

1821. Contains ^^ Origin of Almanacks, The ancient Saxons uoed 
to engrave upon certain square sticks about a foot in length, the 
course of the moons for the whole year, whereby they could always 
certainly tell when the new moons, full moons, and changes should 
happen; and such carved sticks they called Al-man-aght^ (all-moon- 
heed) that is, the regard or observation of all the moons. Of these 
old tallies, sticks, or almanacks, many are still preserved in Europe." 

1822-1823. "Low's Aim. & Mechanic's & Farmer's Calender." 

1824-1825. Contains portrait & sketch of the Life of La Fayette. 

1826-1827.' Advertisement by N. Low, dated at Portland Sept. 1, 
1826. 

"With grateful thanks for past favours, the publick are presented 
with the 64th Number of this Almanack. 

The Calculations for the year 1827 have undergone a careful re- 
vision by the author, and the publishers have been at considerable 
pains to correct the tables of the sittings of Courts. The experience 
of many years in this work, under the flattering encouragement ot 
the publick, we think warrants the assertion, that it is as correct as 
any Almanack in New England. . N. Low." 

The Almanac was not continued after this period. 

Beside tlfe complete file, the writer has duplicates of the follow- 
ing years which he would be pleased to exchange for Almanacs not 
in his collection : — 

1764, 1774, 75, 78, 79, 80, 82, 83, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 
91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 98, 99, 1800, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 
12, 13, 14, 19, 21, 24, 26. 

[To be continued.] 



33 

Notices of Elder John Browne and some of his descendants. 



COMMUNICATED BY B. F. B. 



Johu Browne was an early resident of Salem, and was admitted 
a freeman in 1637, and joined the church the same year. He was a 
Mariner and Merchant, and traded extensively to Virginia and Mary- 
land, and appears to have been an active and influential man. He 
was chosen Ruling Elder of the Church, July 8th, 1660. He accepted 
this office on condition that he might be allowed to attend to his 
business in Virginia the following winter. He was selected at the 
special request of Mr. John Higginson, the pastor elect, in his answer 
to the call of the church. The ordination of Messrs. Higginson and 
Browne toolc phice the 29th of August following, and William Ha- 
thorne and the two Deacons imposed hands on the Ruling Elder. 

Tliis office was then considered an important one, and continued 
to be esteemed in the Churches of the Colony until the middle of 
the last Century. His duty was to preach in the sickness or absence 
of the minister, and to assist in cases of church discipline. His seat 
was with the minister in the pulpit. The inference therefore is, that 
Elder Browne was a man of good education and attainments. 

Rev. Mr. Higginson, in his answer to the call of the church, said 
"There is but one thing I would commend unto ye congregation that 
you would think seriously of a Ruling Elder, for though I should not 
be unwilling to doe wt ye Lord shall enable me, yet I am not free 
to undertake church work without ye assistance of a Ruling Elder 
the place being great, the people many, and ye work like to be much, 
especially in such times Jis these." A motion being made proposing a 
Ruling Elder, Mr. John Browne being nominated, after some considera- 
tion he wjis (in his absence) chosen l)y the church by general consent. 
On ye 8th of ye 5th mth. the call of the church was signified unto 
himself ])eing then present. 

From the Church Records, 1661, March 3d: 

"It pleased God to return home our Elder Mr. Browne in safety 
from Virginia in ye 3d mth, notwithstanding the casting away of his 
vessel and goods to his great loss, and great danger he was in after- 
wards bv ye Indians which preservation & danger was related by him- 
5 



34 

self and for which solemn thanks was rendered to ye Lord in ye con- 
gregation." 

16t)4. 5th, 4th mo., 1664. "Elder Browne, npon his retnrn from 
Virginia this Spring, finding by experience his occasions such as he 
could not attend to ye work of an elder with the constancy and 
expence of ye time yt ye work of it did rcipiire, and professing a 
need of attending his calling as a seaman, wherein he was to be 
much absent from ye Church, he desired ye church yt they would dis- 
miss him from his office, yt he might with more freedom of spirit 
attend the necessary duties of his calling, ye church after some time 
of consideration, consented to his desire, and accordingly, on the 5th 
day of the 4th mth. he was dismissed from his office." Mr. Felt in 
his Annals, p. 282, says he afterwards resumed the office and held 
it till his death. 

Elder Browne and his three sons were large traders to Virginia 
and Maryland, and had large possessions there, which were mostly lost 
by the untimely death of his son James, and he was involved in 
much trouble thereby, yet he left a good estate (for the times) at 
his death. I do not know who wjis his wife. He probably brought 
her with him. She was living in 1667, as appears by the letter of 
John Hull in these collections, Vol. 2nd, page 17. She died before 
1683. Elder Browne died before Nov. 1685, when his will wiis proved. 

SUBSTANCE OF THE WILL. 

Gives to his Grandson John, the house and Warehouse and that 
part of the Orchard which I have lett unto John Bullock, which is 
the lower division, next the house that John Bullock lives in, and 
also my half acre of Salt Marsh at Castle hill, he paying out unto 
his sister Abiel Browne twenty pounds in money, when she shall be 
18 years of age or at her marriage day. 

After debts paid, one half of the remainder to my son and daughter 
Gardner and the other half to the four children of my son James 
Browne deceased. That the cartway and wharf lie as they are, for 
equal use and benefit of those that shall live on my land, adjoining 
to them. My son in law, Samuel Gardner, to be my executor. 
Dated January 2d, 1683. Witnesses John Grafton, and John Buttolph 
who appeared Nov. 24, 1685, and gave oath that Mr. John Browne 
was of sound mind, &c. 



This property, oxceptiiig the Salt Marsh, extended from the present 
Elm Street, to Union Street, and the cartway leading to the wharf 
appears to have l)een the present Walnnt Street, which was formerly 
called Browne's lane. 

Inventory of the Estate, taken Nov. 16, 1685, by J. Higginsou Jr, 
and Timothy Lindall. 

The dwelling hou.se and land that John Browne formerly 
lived in, the orchard and garden adjoining, the little 
barn, a little yard before the house, a little yard by 
the well, the yard or way between the house and gar- 
• den and orchard, tlK3 warehouse that stands before the 
house and the hind whereon it stands and appurtenances £220 
Half acre of Salt Marsh by Castle hill. £4 

The dwelling house and land whereon it stands, that Jon- , 

athan Browne formerly lived in, with the garden and 
yard and that part of the orchard against said house 
and garden so far as the garden reaches Northward. £120 
The house called the kitchen with land nnder and yard 
from the Northeast* corner of the house to the South 
west corner of Dr. Swinnerton's house, barn &c. £90 

The Great Hall adjoining Dr. Swinnerton's house, with land, 
yard, c^c, adjoining John Archer's land, with appurte- 
nances. £150 
The highway leading from great Street to the river, and 
highway, before the house that Jonathan Browne lived 
in and the wharfs. £40 
Furniture in Great Hall and at Lt. Samuel Gardner's. 

Total £681 14s. 3d. 

John Browne (Grandson of Elder John) sold part of the prop- 
erty inherited from his grandfather Dec. 1688, to Samuel Gardner. 
S. G. gave it by deed to his son John, 7th Feb'y, 1705-6. John 
G. sold it the next day to Rev. Joseph Gerrish, of \\%nham. Joseph 
G. and Anna his wife, gave it to their son John Gerrish, as his 
portion of their est>ate, Oct. 21, 1707. John G. sold it to Col. 
John Higginson, 23d May, 1715. Col. Higginson had a Brewery on 
part of the land- It then p^issed to the Rev. Samuel Fisk and from 
him to his son, Gen'l John Fisk, who had an elegant mansion thereon. 
The brick Catholic Church is on part of tJie land. 



"36 

Secjond Generation. 
JONATHAN BROWNE, SON OF ELDER BROWNE. 

I find no record of his baptism in Salem, and thence infer 
that he WJis the eldest son and came with his parents to Salem, but 
whence I know not. Like his father and brothers he traded to Vir- 
ginia and Maryland and it seems unsuccessfully, as he died insolvent 
about 1667, and the settlement of his estate and several papers relating 
to it, may be seen in the second vol. of these collections, pages 16 
and 17. The petition of his father, of which the following is a 
copy, with other papers relating to the estate, is on tile in the 
Clerk of the Courts' office. 

"24th 6mth 1667. It pleased ye honord Court to appoint my darter 
Abiel Browne to administer (on estate of Jona Browne) and She 
•being a helpless widow and not able to act, and I being called away, 
I humbly desire the hon. Court that if they please, to desire and 
appoint some to see what will be every man's proportion, and what 
kind of pay it shall be. It shall be satisfied accordingly in kind 
and time the Lord willing." 

JOHN BROWNE, Sen'r. 
• * Jonathan was married, 28th 4th mo.. 1664, by worshipful Mr. 
Symonds to Abyhail (Abiel) Burrell. So her name appears on the 
2d book of Salem Marriages, but as the records are evidently tran- 
scripts of some previous ones, and the name is rather indistinct, I 
am inclined to think that it should be Burr, for in the letter of John 
Hull to his father, he speaks of '*niy servant Jeremy Dummer," as 
Jonathan's brother and Jeremy was a son of Rev. Jonathan Burr's widow 
by her second marriage to Richard Dummer of Newbury. 

It does not appear that Jonathan Browne left any children. None 
are named in his father's will, and no notice appears there of his widow. 

It appears in a list of marriages kept by Rev. Peter Hobart, of 
Hingham, (Genealogical Register, Vol. 2, P. 253,) that Samuel Shrimp- 
ton was married, August 1668, to Abiel Browne. This may have been 
Jonathan's widow, but if Samuel was (^ol. vSamuel S., she must have 
been his 2d wife, as Savage says he had by wife Eliza, daughter of 
widow Elizabeth Roberts, of London, a daughter Mary C, 4th Dec, 
1666. The genealogist of Col. S. makes no mention of his marriage 
to Abiel and there may have been another Samuel S., but I find no 
mention of another. 



37 

JOHN BROWNE, JR., SON OF ELDER JOHN. 

Baptized in Salem, July 16, 1638, was a Master Mariner, and like 
his father and brothers traded to Virginia and Maryland, He was 
married June 2d, 1658, by Lt. Lothrop to Hannah, daughter of the 
Rev. Peter Hobart, of Hingham. Her name on our town records is 
spelled Hubbard. They had children, John, Samuel, John again, Peter, 
Jonathan, and daughter Abiel. Of these, John, born 21, 12th mth. *61, 
and Abiel, born 21 March, 1672, survived him. John, Jr. died prev- 
ious to 1677, August 10th of which year, the inventory of his estate 
by his widow was rendered. 

Mr. Gobbet, the Minister at Lynn, relates in a letter written to 
Increase Mather, which is now in the Archives of the Historical Society, 
in Boston, "that some Dutch man-of-war, in the beginning of 1667, 
intending for New England for booty, on their way home from the 
West Indies, put into Virginia first, to see what booty they might 
get there, where they took and plundered 18 or 19 sail of vessels, 
and burnt an English Frigate which was there, the crew of which were 
on shore feasting. Among those captured was John Browne, son to 
Elder Browne, of Salem, to whom the Dutch captains declared, that 
if they had not fared so well for booty at Virginia, they had designed 
for New England." 

I have in my possession a deed from this John Browne to his 
brother James Browne, in which, for a valuable sum, he conveys 
to James, of Salem, Merchant, all debts, dues and demands whatso- 
ever, in any way or manner owing or belonging to me, within the 
Capes of Virginia except what is due me in Patuxent River, and also 
excepting half a tract of land lying in Baltimore County, containing 
in the whole tract, eight-hundred acres, and commonly known by the 
name of Farley; one hundred and fifty acres of the aforesaid eight- 
hundred acres, is commonly known and called by the name of Orchard's 
Garden. 

This deed is beautifully written, apparently by Edward Norrice, 
is dated 18th August 1663, and witnessed by Edward Norrice and 
Zerubabel Endecott. It is in a good state of preservation, and the 
ink, the seal and the initials I. B. in the seal, are as fresh and per- 
fect as if written one hundred and fifty years later. 

December 19th, 1666, by deed of which I have a copy, certified 
by the Clerk of the Court of Anne Arundel County, John Browne 
5* 



38 

sells to his brother James B., a parcel of land, lying in the County 
of Baltimore, in the Province of Maryland, lying on the South side 
of a Creek called Flandall's Creek, bounded East by said creek, West 
by the Bay, South by William CrowelUs land, surveyed by Mr. Clark, 
containing six hundred and fifty acres, with all the paths, passages, 
profits, commodities and advantages belonging thereto, with all the 
rights, titles and interests both of Slaves, Servants, Cattle and Hogs, 
and houseling, and all Chattels, moveable and unmoveable. This deed 
appears to have been executed in Maryland, and is witnessed by 
Samuel Withers and Elizabeth Withers. Acknowledged in Court by Mr. 
Samuel Withers, attorney to John Browne, to be the free act and 
deed of said Browne, March 12, 16(3(>, probably 1^66-7. 

* INVENTORY OF ESTATE 

* Of Mr. John Browne, Jr., of Salem, deceased, Christopher Babbidge, 
Jr., and Richard Croad, apprisers. 

A piece of land in Salem near the land of Mr. James Browne, 
by the Marsh, called Planter's Marsh, being about three acres, £50 00 00 

One-eighth part of a tract of land to the Southward, 
in partnership with others, the whole tract containing fifteen 
miles square £160 00 00 

A piece of land lying next to the land of Robert Blanfield, £20 00 00 

In bedding and what belongs to it, £34 08 00 

Other items, making a total of £334 00 00 

Beside what may be due him by his owners in London at his 
decease, but it cannot be proved by account as yet appearing, but 
according to my best information from my husband, and what I have 
heard, it may be £100 00 00 

Ipswich Records, Vol., 4, Page 144. 

In the same Vol., Page 290, John Browne Scn^ releases his 
daughter in law, Hannah, widow of his son John Browne, of £190, 
which his son owed him. Date Jan'y 16, 1678-9. 

Witnesses Wm. Brill and John Archer. 

Also Richard Croad is paid £49, Richard Flinders £50, and. anoth- 
er party £50. 

Of John's daughter Abiel, I know no more. His son John, as ap- 
pears by court records, chose his grandfather John as his guardian, 
married, August 1686, Rachel daughter of John and Pricilla Gardner ; 
they had children, Rachel, b. Dec. 16, 1687. Hannah, b. April 6, 



39 

1689 ; and Elizabeth, b. June 6, 1690, and perhaps Abiel. After 
her husband's decease, Rachel went to her father at Nantucket, and she 
there became the second wife of her cousin, James Gardner. 

JAMES BROWNE, SON OF ELDER JOHN. 
J^ Baptized July 4, 1640, and Married, 5th, 7, 1664, by Major 
Hathorne to Hannah Bartholomew, daughter of Henry B., who was 
a man of large eminence in the then infant Colony. He was several 
times a deputy to the General Court, was in many Colonial and town 
commissions, an officer of the troop of horse and had a large property. 
He died in 1692, aged 92. Felt says of Henry, that "few men be- 
lono-in^y to Salem had more frequently sustained its offices or more 
faithfully performed them. He did much to promote the interests of 
the town, and deserves to hold a place in the grateful remembrance 
of its inhabitants." He lived on the site of the late Col. Pickman's 
house, next east of Downing's Block. 

James was a Merchant and had a plantation and trading establish- 
ment in Maryland. His death was by violence, and the jury of in- 
quest returned a verdict of Fdo de «e, but it was subsequently ascer- 
tained that he was murdered by a negi-o. 

There is in my possession a very ancient copy of the verdict, and 
also of a petition of his father to the Governor and Council of 
Maryland 

The widow of James was again married March 8th, 1679-80, to 
Dr. John Swiunerton, an eminent physician of Salem, whose residence 
adjoined Elder Browne's. The fruit of this mairiage was a daughter 
Mary, born Dec. 24th, 1681. 

The children of James and Hannah were, Bartholomew born Slst 
March, 1667. EKzal)eth born 26th January, 1670, Hannah born 9th 
March, 1672, and James, born 23d May, 1675. The inventory of the 
estate taken the 7th April, 1676, by Joseph Grafton and Wm. Browne, 
Jr., was presented by his widow Hannah, April 26th, 1676. 

Amount £444 12s Od 
Debts £230 7 llj 

Sept. 24th, 1694. Hannah Swiunerton of Salem, widow of John 
Swinnei-ton, deceased, gives to her son Bartholomew Browne of Salem, 
7 or 8 poles of land in Salem, called ye little garden; bounded N'y 
and E'y by the great orchard which formerly belonged to John Browne, 



40 

Sen'r, deceased, and now in possession of said Bartholomew, and S*y 
by land of said John B., now in possession of Samuel Grardner, and 
W'y by a highway. 

Sept. 15, 1694. Agreement between Bartholomew, Elizabeth, Han- 
nah and James Browne, children of said Hannah Swinnerton. Said 
BartholZ shall have for his part of the estate of his father, James 
Browne, deceased, one third part of the pasture land lying near the 
Planter's Marsh, in Salem, bounded West by the highway, 7 poles, 
North by John Robinson, East by ye river and S by said pasture, 
Hannah and James to have the other §ds; Elizabeth shall have 30 
or 40 poles of land in Salem, called ye great garden, bounded North 
by Wm. Curtice, W by Samuel Phippen, S by Samuel Verry, E by 
a highway. Hannah Swinnerton, in consideration of disbursements, is 
to have the next housing, &c. 

COPY OF THE REPORT OF THE JURY OF INQUEST. 

An Inquisition by Indenture and taken at Farley Creek, in ye 
County of Cecil, on Monday, being the fifteenth day of November, in 
ye four and fortieth year of the Dominion of the right Honourable 
absolute Lord, and proprietor of the Province of Maryland, and Lord 
Baron of Baltimore, and in the year of our Lord God, one thousand 
six hundred and seventy five, before me Charles Jatnes, Gentle?, his 
Lord pi!! Coroner for the County aforesaid, upon view of ye body of 
James Browne, Gentleman, there dead lying, by the oaths of John 
Ireland, Foreman, - Wm. Chadboume, John Croach, Roger Sharocke, 
Wm. Tyson, Edward Becke, George Wharton, Edward Skidmore, Thos. 
Hawker, John Pyne, Isaac Harnel and Wm. Hudle, Twelve Good men 
of ye said County sworue, tryed and Charged to enquire in what 
manner and how ye aforesaid James Browne, ye twelfth day of Novem- 
ber last, in Farley Creek aforesaid, in ye County aforesaid, about 
the hours of Ten or Eleven of ye Clock in the afternoon of the 
same day, God before his eyes not having, but by instigation, Dia- 
bolically seduced and moved at Farley Creek, aforesaid, in his own 
Lodging Chamber then and there alone being with one pistole, of 
the value of Nine Shillings, which he then and there in his right 
hand had and held, being Loaded with Gunpowder and three swann 
Shot which Pistol 1 ye said James Browne, to his forehead he placed, 
and the same did Discharge, which gave him one wound mortal, very 



41 

brge, the one half of his skull beiug shott all to pieces, and his 
brains disparst, and himself then and there voluntarily and feloniously 
himself then and there murthered, and so the Jurora aforesaid, upon 
their oaths aforesaid, say that ye aforesaid James Browne in manner 
and form as aforesaid, voluntarily and feloniously and as a felon of 
himself slew and murthered and against the peace of the Lord Prop!, 
his rule and .Dignity, and the Jurors aforesaid, upon their .oaths afore- 
said, say that ye aforesaid James Browne, at tlie time of ye felony 
aforesaid, had Goods and Chattels to the value of one hundred Thirty 
four thousand six hundi*ed fifty and six pounds of Tobacco, and 
which arise by Household Goods, stock of Cattle, hogs and horses, and 
Bill, and also, by accounts, Nine thousiind Eighty and eight Pounds 
of Tobacco, also a Cargo of English Goods and New England Ware, 
as an Inventory will appear, as also Twelve hogs-heads of Tobacco 
and Twenty-Seven ranges of tobacco hangings, all which remain and 
is upon ye Plantation of ye aforesaid Browne, in the Creek and 
County aforesaid. In testimony of all &c. 

PETITION OF ELDER BROWNE. 

To the Hon^^* Governor and Corroncl of the Province of Maryland, 
ye petition of John Browne of Salem in New England Sheweth: 

That whereas there was a condition of Copartnership with account 
depending between me and my Son James Browne ye which account 
was Delivered to me by my Son not Long before his Death and 
thereon made due upon Copartnership Forty four thousand Eight hun- 
dred Sixty three pounds of dry Hides and also delivered a Shoar in 
Farley Creek five hogsheads and Six barraels of Sugar wherof a^ I 
am informed three hogsheads were in the Store when the estate was 
Seized by your officer, for all which goods as before Expresst I do 
intreat your Honour to order me satisfaction as being but just and 
Equitable which shall be acknowledged with thankfulness by your 
petitioner. 

And now, may it pleas your Honour, give me leave a little furth- 
er to add that since the death of my Son James I have found pro- 
ceedings in relation thereto very hard, whereby his wife and four chil- 
dren are much distresst, his Creditors disappointed who were to be 
paid at my Son's return to New England, and in perticular Mr. Shrimp- 

6 



42 

ton whose concerns are very Considerable, and myself very gi'eatly 
concerned, which may occasion it to be bard with me and prove a 
great Disappointment to me now in my Autient days : and having now 
been at five hundreds pounds charge or more, which has been occa- 
sioned by this Business, all which together make it an Extreme Suf- 
fering Especially unto us who are his real Relations : but yet I would 
hope that as it is in your Honour's Power so you will please to metti- 
gate it and not cause it to be more heavy by witholding that which 
may yield some Relief. 

When time was, in ye minority of this Province, it is not un- 
known (I suppose) to some of your Honours what Testimony of Love 
and good will I expresat towards this Province and many of ye In- 
habitants, putting myself upon great trouble and Charge on that ac- 
count, of which the Ancient Lord who then was did please to take 
notice: and in perticular at a certain time when as Capt. Tully had 
invited Divers Merchts, Masters of Ships, Freighters and who wei'e 
concerned in this province unto a Feast, his Lord was then pleased 
to take notice of me in way of Good Liking and to express it as 
his Pleasure That I should have all Good InCiMn-agcment Given me 
for the Futer, I took it as a Greatfiil acknowleilgement for ye An- 
cient Lord and held myself much obliged thereby. After which time 
I did further engage myself in the Province and have come oft* with 
much loss : and now since it has become my Lott to request your fa- 
vour I hope you will not deal unkindly with me but look upon me 
with a benign aspect. Extending your help soe fiir as may Consist 
with Righteousness and justice, the which will be your Honour's 
Interest, and Comfort to the widow and Fatherless and myself in per- 
ticular who am your Honour's to Command wherein I may. 

John Browne. 
The ninth day of April, 1678. 

April 13th, 1678. For Answer to this petition the Court doe say 
that as said Lands as for the Goods pretended to be Mr. Samuel 
Shrimpton's and that these may ye more speedily come to hearing the 
Court assigned them Counsel, viz: Christopher Roassly, Gentle., George 
Tasker, Gentleman and Nehemiah Blackinstone, Gentleman, one or more 
of them as the petissf should think fitt. 

Vera Copi<u Nicholas Painter. 



43 

ELIZABETH BROWNE, DAUGHTER OF ELDER JOHN. 

Bap. 14, 2, 1644, was married July 30th, 1664, to Joseph Grafton, 
Son of Joseph. He had been previously married at Hingham by Capt. 
Hubbard (Hobart) to Hannah Hubbard 29th, 8th, 1657; they had a 
son born 17, 6, 1658; died July 11th, 1709. Joseph died at Barbados 
February, 1670. Elizabeth was married again, 24th April, 1673, to 
Samuel Gardner, Jr., Son of George, and gi^andson to Thos. G., the 
first settler. Samuel was a very prominent Citizen of Salem and 
held many of its offices. He survived his wife Elizabeth, and married 
(2nd) a widow Daniels. He was born. May 14, 1648, and died 24th 
February, 1724. Their children were George, bap. 28, 1, 1674, and 
died the same year, Hannjih, bap. April 4, 1676, died June 24, 1713, 
md. Sept. 11, 1695, John Higginson 3d, see vol. 5 of these Collections, 
page 36 : also, vol. 3d, p. 5. George, bap. Sept. 9th, 1679. John 
bap. April 14, 1681, married Elizabeth Weld, Jan'y 4, 1704. 

He was a Selectman, Representative to Gen'I Comi; and was a 
Captain in the battle at Haverhill. He gave one tenth of his estate 
to the poor of Salem. 

THIRD GENERATION. 

CHILDREN OF JAMES AND HANNAH (BARTHOLOMEW) 
BROWNE. 

Bartholomew, born 31st March, 1667, died July 22nd, 1717, was a 
physician and probably studied his profession with his stepfather Dr. 
Swinnerton. I was informed that he lived in the house still stand- 
ing on the eiistern corner of Essex and Walnut streets, now owned 
by the family of the late Robert Stone. This information was given 
me by his descendant the late Benjamin Browne, and it was certainly 
the residence of his son John who sold it to Capt. John Turner and 
he to Edward Gibaut, from whom it came to the Stones. He mar- 
ried, 1693, Susannah Maul, daughter of Thomas M., the Quaker, who 
was a prominent man in that denomination. See vol. 3d of these col- 
lections, page 238. Bartholomew appears to have been a respectable 
man and physician. His widow niaiTied (2nd) William Mulhuish of 
Marblehead and died there. He left three Children, Bartholomew, John 
and Susannah. Bartholomew was a Cabinet maker and went to Beverly. 
A. Bartholomew Browne (probably he) married in Beverly Lydia 
Very, widow of Benjn. V. Jr., whose maiden name was Giles, April 



44 

19th, 1730, and they had BartholZ, baptized Nov. 12, 1732, and Jonathaii, 

bap. May 15, 1737, and I have no further knowledge of him or them. 

Daughter Susannah married James Gifford, a Merchant, and went to 

Boston. For an account of John see vol. 5 of these collections, page 

28. There are now no descendants of the Dr. in Salem, bearing 
the name of Browne, but probably some in Maine. 

February 28th, 1735. Wm, Melhuish of Marblehead, Miller, and 
Susannah his Wife, in consideration of Two hundred pounds, current 
money, of New England, convey to John Browne of Salem, Merchant, 
all claim of said Susannah to the estate of Dr. Bartholomew Browne, 
real, personal and mixed. 

Witnessed by Robert Lenox and John Bridges. Acknowledge be- 
fore Joseph Blaney, Jus. Peace. 

Elizabeth, of James and Hannah (Barthlomew) Browne, bapt. Jan'y 

29, 1670, married Nov. 13th, 1700, Joseph Stevens of Andover, and I 
know no more. 

Hannah, her sister, bom March 9th, 1672, married June 19th, 
1695, Capt. William Pickering, son of John and Alice (Flint) P. 
He was born 11, 11, 1670, and was a very respectable Ship Master, 
and commanded the Province Galley, 1709 and 1711, for protecting 
the fisheries against the French and Indians. He is said to have 
been a man of great firmness and courage. He died about 1724. 
Their children were Hannah, bom Jan'y 26, 1697, and died the 
following month. Hannah again, born July 6, 1699, and died in six 
months. William, bom August 3d, 1700. James, born Feb'ry 4, 170K 
2, married ThankfuU Hill, and died soon after marriage, and she mar- 
ried Rev. Mr. Champney, of Beverly. Sarah, born Jan'y 23d, 1703-4, 
died May 3d, 1711. Hannah, born July 8, 1708, married Adoniram 
Collins. Elizabeth, born Jan'y 5, 1712, md. Abraham Watson. He died 
July 6, 1790, and she Oct. 11, 1797. Mary, born Dec'r 18th, 1715, 
md. Ist, Ellis, 2d. Warwick Palfray, and 3d, Jonathan Gardner; she 
died Feb'ry 20th, 1804. 

Mrs. Wm. B. Parker, a grandaughter of Abraham Watson, has 
a silver tankard which belonged to Wm. and Hannah P., inscribed 

P 
W: :H 

James, of James and Hannah Bartholomew, Iwrn 23d May, 1675, 



45 

watt a manner in early life, but in 1717 he pui'chased from George 
Trask, Blacksmith, for forty pounds, land near Brown's Pond in Salem, 
(but which is now part of South Danvers) and became a husbandman. 
On this land some of his descendants now Uve. The Pond had been 
called Long Pond and Lmdsey's Pond. Family tradition says that he 
was taken captive by the Pirate Kidd, but made his escape by swim- 
ming. He married, Fob'ry 22, 1698-9, Elizabeth Nichols, widow of 
Samuel N. She waa a daughter of John and AUce Pickering and was 
born 7, 7, 1674. bhe had by Nichols a daughter Elizabeth, who 
was married to Thos. Brewer, Dec'r 8, 1715. By Browne she had 
sons James, Samuel, John and William, and daughters Mary and Han- 
nah. Hannah I think did not live to grow up. 

FOURTH AND FIFTH GENERATIONS. 

Mary, daughter of James and EUzabeth Browne, married, August 
20th, 1728, Samuel King. They had children, Hannah, bap. Nov. 
12th, 1732; Samuel, bap. April 6th, 1735; Stephen, bap. April 8, 
1788; Abigail, bap. May 15th, 1743; Jonathan, bap. April 7, 1745. 

James Browne, son of James and Elizabeth, baptized July 9th, 
1704. One James Browne (perhaps this one) was married by the 
Rev. Mr. Clark, July 22, 1724, to Martha Parnell; all the further 
knowledge that I have of this man or his family is, that his daughter 
Elizabeth died Feb'y 4, 1808, single, aged 73. ' 

Samuel Browne, son of James and Elizabeth, baptized Nov. 3d, 
1706. A deed from Samuel to his father, dated Nov. 4th, 1728, con- 
veys : — "All that my half part, viz: the Northerly half part of the 
messuage or tenement which was my said father's, situate in Salem, 
the whole consisting of a Dwelling house, Barn, outhousing, and about 
twenty acres of land, more or less, butted viz : Southerly on the Com- 
mon or highway, Easterly on the town pasture. Northerly on Shillaber's 
land and Westerly on the Common. With this provision, that Samuel 
his heirs &c., shall duly improve the premise according to the rules I 
of good husbandry, and shall pay to his father and mother Elizabeth, 
<>r the longest Uver of them, during their natural lives, the full half 
part of the produce, and also pay to his sister Mary, wife of Samuel 
Eang, her heirs, &c., within two years after the decease of his Father 
and Mother, fifty pounds, in good bills of the Province, or in Silver 
money, at eighteen shillings pr. oz. ; on failure the premises become 
the property of his father and his heirs." 

6* 



46 

Acknowledged, Feb'ry 22, 1733, before John Higginson, Jus. 
Peace. 

W*t i John Gardner. 

c Samuel Gardner. 

I am told that this man removed to Sutton, Mass., and I know 
no more. 

John Browne, son of James and Elizabeth (Pickering) Browne, 
married April 2nd, 1728, Susannah Masury. Lived near or on land that 
was his father's, and is represented as having been a very respectable 
man. He had a very numerous family of 11 children, who lived to 
be married. They were as follows, but I have not been able to learn 
their exact succession: — 

1. John, md. 1st, Walden, had children, John, Nathaniel, 

Dorcas and Polly; he md. 2nd, Nurse, had children, Joseph, 

William, Daniel and Hannah. His daughter Dorcas md. 1st, 

Hart, and had a son Charles, who md. a Wellington; she married 
2nd, John Day, July 31, 1796, and had a son Jeduthan; md. 3d, 
James Foster. 

2. James, married Ruth Buxton, daughter of Amos B. He died 
August 16th, 1793, aged 56. 

Children, James, died a Prisoner of War at Halifax, single. John 
went to Nantucket,* died 12th April, 1837, aged 76, has descendants 
at N. 

Ruth, md. Nurse. 

Susannah, md. Ingalls. 

Elizabeth, md. Dr. Isaac Williams, 1781. 

PoUy, md. John Marsh, 1798. 

Sally, md. Robert Peele, his 2nd wife. 

Lucinda, md. 1st, Josiah Austin, 2nd, her cousin Samuel Browne. 

Samuel, md. Mary Twist, 1798. He is still living, aged about 90, 
near Brown's Pond and has children living near him. 

3. William, went to Antrim, N. H. and has descendants. 

4. Joseph, died young. 

5. Polly, md. 1st, Eleazer Austin, Oct., 1772. 2nd, Jeduthan Upton. 

6. Betsy, md. Rhodes, children, Peter, Sally and Joseph. 

7. Isabel, (probably the oldest) md. 1748, John Silver: children, 
James, William, Peter, John, Mary who md. John Day, mother of 
Capt. John (now living), Samuel, Sally, Margarett and Betsy. Mar- 



47 

garett was the Ist wife of Richard Wheatland. Betsy md. Daniel 
Trask. Sally md. Aborn, and one md. a Symonds. 

8. Sally, md. Chantrell Collins, Dec'r 3d, 1760. Their daughter 
Sally was 1st wife of Abner Goodhue. 

9. Margarett, md. Isaac Very, 1775 ; she was his 2nd wife. 
Children, Jacob and Margarett. See 2nd vol. of these Collections, 
page 37. 

10. Samuel, md. Mary Getchell, dau. of Elijah Getchell, of Mar- 
blehead. His Son Samuel md. his cousin Lucinda (widow Austin). 
They lived on the road from Salem to M'head, nearly opposite the 
Lynn Road. He died recently, aged about 90 ; she survives. 

11. Judith, md. Cornelius Thompson, of Mt. Desert, Maine, 1778, 
and went there, where descendants remain. Some of the descendants 
of Dr. Bartholomew and of his brother James have dropped the final 
''e" in their names. 

Wm. Browne, son of James and Elizabeth (Pickering) , was a mari- 
ner, and was impressed into a man of war, or as another tradition 
has it, was a prisoner in a French vessel. He was killed by a Shark 
in attempting to escape by swimming. This was in the old French 
war. His wife w^as Mary, daughter of William and Elizabeth Frost. 
Wm. Frost, the father, married Elizabeth Searl, April 5th, 1706. Mary 
survived her husband and all her children but William, at whose house 
she died, April 11th, 1794, aged 80, having been born Dec. 2nd, 
1713. Children of Wm. and Mary (Frost). 

Wm., married 1st, Mercy White, daughter of John and Desire 
W., who was a daughter of Samuel Shelote or Cillote. She died 
July 11, 1785. He then married Phebe Ganson of Andover; her 1st 
husband was a Porter, her 2nd a Carleton ; she was born June 29th, 
1741, and died April 14th, 1805. He married 3d, widow Mary Orne, 
whose maiden name was Collins. She was a daughter of Adoniram 
and Hannah Collins, born May 14th, 1740, and died Feb'ry 13th, 1718. 

Wm. died 3d Sept., 1812. See 4th vol. of these collections, 
pages 86 and 87. 

His children, all by his 1st wife, were James, born May 12th, 
1759, died May 12th, 1827. Was a Ship Chandler and carried on bus- 
iness in connexion with his brother in law, Francis Roach, at the head 
of Union Wharf, and was afterwards a Weigher and Guager, in the 
Revenue Service, and was so at his death. He was for many years 



48 

Treasurer of the East Society, and succeeded his father as Deacon of 
the Church. He married 1st, Dec'r 14th, 1784, Sarah Masury, born 
Febr'y 12th, 1762, and died August 28th, 1797 ; md. 2d, Lydia Vincent, 
daughter of Joseph, born Dec'r 27th, 1772, and died June 27, 1853. 

2. Mary, born Feb'ry 6th, 1761, died Aug, 1, 1818, md. Wm. 
Ropes, a Shipmaster, he born May 3d, 1758, and died March 30th, 
1828. See 7th vol. of these Collections, pages 250 and 251. 

3. Benjamin, born Feb'ry 10, 1763, and died Feb'y 16th, 1838,' 
md. Oct. 4th, 1787, Elizabeth Andrew, daughter of Jonathan, born 
Sept'r 1, 1762, and died Jan'y 1, 1843. See vol. 4 of these collections 
p. 87. 

4. Mercy, born Febr'y 28, 1765, and died May 21, 1830, mar- 
ried Francis Koache, a Shipmaster and Ship Chandler, a native of 
Ireland. 

5. Elizabeth, born Nov. 2nd, 1767, died Aug'st 28, 1852, md. 
John Hill, a Tobacconist, and survived him many years. 

6. Anna, born June 22, 1770, and died May 19th, 1850, married 
Samuel Masury, a Shipmaster, who died April 4th, 1805. 

7. Hannah, born Feb'ry 26th, 1772, md. Aug. 12, 1798, Joseph 
Vincent, a Ropemaker, born Nov. 25, 1767, and died May 25, 1858. 
She died April 6, 1853. 

8. Sally, born Jan'y 15, 1774, and died April 24, 1853, married 
Timothy Wellman, a Shipmaster. 

9. Eunice, born Oct. 6, 1778, and died Feb'y 8, 1824, md. John 
Kehew, a Shipmaster. 

Benj'n Browne, son of Wm. and Mary (Frost), married, 1761, 
Margarett Osborn; he died in a few years,' and his widow md., 1765, 
Lemuel Holt, Miller. Benj'n lived in Andover Street; the house is 

lately demolished; had one child Mary who md. 1st, Bowder, 

and 2nd, Peter Crosby. By Bowder, had a sou Charles, who md. a 
widow Foster. He died Feb'ry, 1837, aged 51. Had by Crosby, a 
son John, and a daughter, who md. John Joseph, a Shipmaster. 

James, sou of Wm, and Mary, I know nothing of and .presume he 
died young. 

Joseph, son of Wm. and Mary, was a Shipmaster, married May 
4th, 1763, Mary Bullock, died May, 1790. Had sons Joseph and 
William baptized at the Tabernacle chm'ch. William died in youth. 
Joseph was a Shipmaster, and died Dec, 1822, aged 59. 



49 



MATERIALS FOR A HISTORY 
OF THE ROPES FAMILY. 



COLLATED BY E. S. W. 



Continued fi'om vol. vii. p. 255. 



(162) VII. Samuel,^ b. July 12, 
bap. Aug. 2, 1801, d. Sept. 4, 
1»22, abroad. 

(163) VIII. MAUYWiL80N,«b.Mch. 
20, bap. Ap. 10, 1803, d. Dec. 
31, 1847; she lived in the 
family of her bro. Henry. 

(164) IX. Nathan Millet,^ b. 
Oct. 11, bap. Nov. 3, 1805, d. 
Mch. 2, 1825. 

(92) TIMOTHY,^ by wife Sarah had 
issue — ; 

(165) I. TiMOTHY,« (277) b. Nov. 
1, 1797, m?June 10, 1829. 

Mary, dau. of James & Susan 
(Howard) Silver. He resides in the 
bouse upon the corner of Essex and 
Pine Sts., and has for many years been 
a prominent crockery and hardware 
dealer, upon the premises now occu- 
pied by the brick block bearing his 
name upon Essex St. nearly opposite 
Market Square. 

(166) II. Sauah Gkant.« 

(167) III. Thomas Holmes,^ b. 
Nov. 1, 1803, d. Ap. 25, 1845, 
at Louisville, Kentucky, unm^ 

(168) IV. Elizabeth Gkant,« b. 
Oct. 11, 1807, d. Sept. 7, 1855. 

(169) V. George,* (281) b. Jan. 
13, 1809, d. Dec. 6, 1842 ; md. 
Aug. 19, 1832, Charlotte, d. of 
Constant and Sarah (Green) 
(Hudson) Ruggles, of Hard- 

7 



wick, b. Mch. 1, 1807, d. Aug. 
27, 1861. He resided in Port- 
land, Me. where he died. 

(170) VI. Mary Anne,^ md. June 
27, 1848, John Bertram, Mer- 
chant of Salem, b. in the Isle 
of Jersey, Oct. 11, 1796. 

(171) VII. Joseph,^ (286) b. Nov. 
11, 1812, m? June, 1855, Mar- 
cia Elizabeth, d. of William 
D. Sewall of Bath, Me., who 
d. in Italy July 17, 1863. He 
is an artist at Rome. 

(172) VIII. David Nichols,* (289) 
b. Dec. 5, 1814, mf Oct. 6, 
1846 at Plymouth, Lydia Lau- 
relia, dau. of John and Mercy 
(Ruggles) Bisbe, b. at Hart- 
ford, Conn., Aug. 10, 1826 : he 
is in business in New York, but 
resides at Orange N. J., of 
which city he is Mayor, 

(172i) IX. Henry,« (295) b. Ap. 

3, 1817, m? at Brooklyn, N. 

Y., Oct. 10, 1855, Harriet, dau. 

of Levi and Mary (Malcher) 

Judson, of Hudson, N. Y. b. 

Mch. 28, 1823. He is also in 

business in N. Y. 
(93) NATHANIEL,* by wife Sarah 

had issue — ; 

(173) I. Nathaniel,* b. Aug. 1, 

1791, d. Aug. 21, 1791. 

(174) II. Nathaniel,* b. July 24, 

1792, d. Aug. 30, 1793. 

(175) HI. Nathaniel,* (297) b. 
Oct. 14, 1793, m^ July 10, 
1826, Sarah Evans Brown of 



50 



Ciuciiiimti ; he removed before 
his uuirrijige to Cincinnati, 
Ohio, where lie has l)een for 
iminy yenrs a inercliant, shar- 
ing in the gi'owing prosperity 
of that city. 

(17G) IV. Sally Fi8K,«m*! May Vj, 
1817, her consiu Joseph Orne, 
us before mentioned, who d. 
Sept. 1, 1818, by whom she 
liad I. Elizabeth Kopes,^ b. 
Feb. 27, 1818, d. xMch. 8, 
1842, unml Mrs. Onie re- 
sides in the mansion-house in 
Essex opp. CambridjJ^e St. for- 
merly of her grandfather Judge 
Ropes. 

(177) V. Abigail PiCKMAN,*b. Oct. 
20, 1796, d Ap. 23, 1839, 
umn'!. 

(95) JOHN,* by wife Abigail had 
issue — ; 

(178) I. Abigail, b. Sept. 25, 1784, 
d. Jan. 5, 1846, unm*J 

By wife Hannah he had issue ; 

(179) I. Nathaniel,* b. Nov. 27, 
1788, d. Oct. 13, 1789. 

(180) n. Nathaniel,* b, Mch. 14, 
1790, d. Sept. 29, 1811. 

(181) in. Hannah Haraden,* b. 
Sept. 30, 1791, d. July 16, 
1862. 

(182) IV. Mary,« b. Oct. 5, 1793, 
d. Dec. 27, 1795. 

•(183) V. Eunice Diman,« b. June 
87, 1795, d. Mch. 28, 1821. 



(184) VI. John Haraden,« b. Feb. 

15, 1799, d. Dec. 8, 1820, at 
sea, on board Ship Hercules. 

(185) VU. Jonathan HARAUEN,**b. 
Sept. 24, 1803, d. Aug. 16, 
1804. 

(186) Vni. Polly Pickman,^ b. 
Mch. 20, 1807, d. Ap. 20, 
1831. 

(101) JONATHAN,^ by wife Han- 
nah had issue — ; 

(187) I. Jonathan,^ ( ) b. June 

16, 1774, d. Oct. 29,1808? 

He was a master mariner and died 
at Havana; md., Dec. 25, 1802, 
Mary, dau. of James and Mary 
(Ropes) Hanscom, b. Feb. 16, 1774, 
who still survives at the advanced age 
of 92, in good possession of her fac- 
ulties : she lives in the family of her 
son Jonathan. 

(188) n. HANNAH,«b.July9,1776, 
d. , mlJan. 31, 1796, 
Lemuel Church of Scituate, 
and had issue. 

(189) III. Samuel,^ b. Feb. 4, 
1778, d. Jan. 14, 1781. 

(190) IV. MAKY,«b. Mayl7, 1781, 
d. , m^ William Stet- 
son of Scituate and had issue. 

(191) V. Samuel,* (309) b. Mch. 
25, 1784, d. July 11, 1854, 
m^ June 16, 1811, Hannah 
dau. of Nathaniel and Hannah 
(Reeves) Felt. 

(192) VI. SALLY,«b. Nov. 22, 1787, 
m? Feb. 6, 1806, AradPomroy 
of Warwick and had issue. 



51 



(193) VU. Betsy,« b. Sept. 24, 
1789, d. Sept. 13, 1790. 

(108) DAVID,*^ by wife Mary had 
issue : — 

(194) I. David,« (317) boru Nov. 
1786, bap. Mch. 6, 1787, d. 
after Feb. 18, 1834, in N. Y. ; 
mi* Mary Magouu of Pembroke, 
Mass. 

A mariner from Salem, afterwards 
lived iu the city of New York, where 
he is said to have m? a 2d. time. Feb. 
18, 1834, he executes a power of attor- 
ney to Benjamin Merrill Esq. of Sa- 
lem, Mass., to receive anv part of the 
estate of his late bro. Eben, or of his 
late grandmother Mary Hutchinson, 
widow. Signed before Henry G. 
Felton, Notary. Abraham S. W. 
Van Deusen. 

(195) H. Joseph,® ( ) bap. May 
2, 1790, d. at Havana (mate 
of Ship Susan) May, 1817 ; 
mf Nov. 10, 1812, Sarah Lang 
Alley, who d. abf 1827. 

(196) m. William,® (318) bap 
Ajjril 10, 1792, a mariner, sail- 
ed in a vessel from Salem, 
ab* 1820, and was never after- 
wards heard from. He iiid. 
Olive Flint, who d. in Lynn 
abt. 1861. 

(197) IV. Mary,® bap. Ap. 28, 
1794, d. in Danvers, ab* 1854, 
where she lived several years 
before her death. 

(198) V. Eben,« (319) b. Jan. 15 
or 25, 1796, bap. Mch. 2, 1801, 
d. at Majunga, Island of 



Madagascar, April 20, 1832, 
from exposure and over-exer- 
tion upon the ship of which he 
was Capt. , the Lady Sarah, be- 
longing to the Messrs Rogers ; 
m? 1826, Elizabeth, dau. of 
Christopher and Ruth (Ran- 
dall)* Babbidge, who sur 
vives him. 

(199) VI. Robert,® b. April 16, 
1799, bap. Mch. 2, 1801, re- 
moved to the Eastward, and 
was lost oil passage from Bath 
to Eafitport abt. 1829, unm? 

(200) VII. RuTH,« b. Feb. 12, bap. 
Mch. 2, 1801 : removed to 
Danvers and resided with her 
sister, where she died Nov. 
20, 1826. 

(112) JOSEPH,* by wife Sarah had 
issue : — 

(201) I. Sarah,® who m? William 
Henry, son of Jonathan and 
Hannah (Ward) Neal,t b. 
Mch. 8, 1799,d. Jan. 17,1851 ; 
and had no issue. She resides 
on the cor. of Chestnut and 
Cambridge Sts. 

(202) II. Ruth Makia,® who after 
the sale of her father's house 
in Washington St. built her 
present residence at the wes- 
tern end of Chestnut St. 

(116) DANIEL,* by wife Alice had 
issue : — 

(203) I. PmsciL.LA,'* bap. Aug, 6, 
1797, d. m? Sept. 

♦Of Old York, Maluc. iSee "Neal Family." 



52 



4, 1808, Benjamin, son of 
Paul Upton, by whom she had 

I. Benjamin,^ who m? Maria 
Francisca Corea Bulhau, of 
Para, Brazil, and had 1. Daniel 
Ropes Bulhau,® for some time 
a merchant at Gambia, Africa, 
where he md. Harriet Maria 
Lloyd of London, Eng., and 
had issue. 

He then removed to New York, 
residing at Staten Island, con- 
tinuing his business connection 
with the African trade, but 
overtasking his strength, which 
obliged a visit to the Isle of 
Wight for his health, where he 
died soon after his arrival, Nov. 
1865.» 2. John Bulhau,« for 
a time also in Gambia with his 
brother, now in the U. S. Na- 
vy. 3. Benjamin Ropes,® now 
residing at Rosario, Buenos 
Ayres. 4, Alice Ropes,® mar- 
ried and residing in the same 
neighbourhood. Mr. Upton for 
many years was a merchant 
and with his father in the South 
American trade, residing for 
some yeai's at Para afterwards 
in Salem, and then at Rosario, 
Buenos Ay res, where he was 
U. S. Consul ; he is at present 
a resident of New York. 

II. Daniel Ropes,' d. aged 



♦ A life-long acquaintance nwy warrant the 
addition of a word of testimony to his dili- 
gence in business, and his unvarying courtesy 
and kindness of heart. 



(204) 



(205) 

(127) 
(20<>) 



about 21, on the passage from 
Para to Salem, the vessel and 
all on board being lost. 

III. Alice Rebecca,^ m*! Fran- 
cis, son of Eben and Sarah 
(Fiske) Putnam, and died 
1859, leaving one son, Hemy 
Wheatland.^ 

IV. Henry Paul,^ m*! Harriet 
Ellen Savory, and has issue; 
engaged in business with his 
father and brother, and after- 
wards in Boston. 

V. Priscilla Lambert,^ m*! 
George Nathan Ropes (264) 
and ha^a issue. 

VI. George Franklin,^ m*! 
Emily De Silva of Salem, and 
lives in Rio Grande ; hjis issue. 

VII. Anna Maria, resident 
in the family of her brother Mr. 
Putnam. 

II. Daniel,^ Imp. Aug. 6, 
1797, d. a prisoner of war at 
Chatham, England, Feb. 9, 
1814, aged 19. "Taken in 
Ship Montgomery, carried to 
Halifax, then to England, died 
a prisoner at Chatham."* 

III. Sakaii Hodges,* bap. 
June 17, 1798, d. Sept. 25, 
1799, aged 15 months. 
WILLIAM,* by wife Mary, 
had issue : — 

I. WiLLiAAi,* (320) b. Jan. 
25, 1781, d. July 9, 1859, m? 
Dec. 19, 1802, Itachel, d. of 



♦Dr. Bentley. 



58 



Jonathan and Rachel (Wood- 
man) Archer, b. Nov. 20, 1782 
Col. Ropes lived in Andrew 
St., where his widow survives 
him. He was made a Deacon 
of the East Parish in 1842, 
succeeding his father-in-law. 
Archer, in that position, which 
had' been held too by his own 
grand-father, and uncle James 
Browne, before him. 

(207) II. JoHN,« (327) b. Dec. 26, 
1783, d. July 30, 1826, m? 
Mch. 21, 1813, Mary d. of 
Jona. and Rachel (Woodman) 
Archer, b. Jan. 18, 1787. He 
was a master mariner and lived 
at the head of Conant St. 

(208) m. ]VIary,« b. Ap. 28, 1785, 
d. Jan. 15, 1796. 

(209) IV. ^iERCY,«b. June 2, 1787, 
d. Dec. 24, 1795, her father 
being then absent at sea. 

(210) V. Sarah,« b. Mch. 6, 1789, 
d. m*! Oct. 8, 1809, 
Capt. Henry Tibbetts, b. Sept. 
27, 1786, and had I, Sarah 
Henrietta' ; H, Robert Abbott,' 
m^ Mary Olivia Proctor ; HI, 
Henry Hersey,' m*! Mary Jane 
Ru3t; IV, Francis Ropes'; V, 
William Ropes'; VI, Charles 
Carroll,' b. Oct. 22, 1831, d. 
May 20, 1832. 

(211) VI. Phcebe,« b. May 19, 
1792, d. Oct. 23, 1850. 

(212) VII. ILvNNAH Browne,^ b. 
Mch. 19, 1795, m*; Capt. Frank- 

7* 



lin Chase of Portland, Me., 
(where they resided) b. Oct. 

1790, d. June 21, 1838. 

(213) Vin. MARY,«b.Mayl8,1797, 
m*! Sept. 20, 1818, Robert, son 
of Robert and Hannah (Bray) 
Barr, b. June 1792, d. Jan. 15, 
1859, by whom she had I, Mary 
Eliza,' m* Caleb Buffum ; H, 
Hannah Louisa,' m*! William 
Perkins, HI, Robert Franklin,' 
who moved to St. Louis ; IV, 
Harriet Vaughn.' 

(214) IX. Francis,* b. May 11, 
1799, d. at Padang, May 22, 
1822. 

(215) X. MERCY,«b.Mch.20,1802, 
m*! Capt. Joseph, son of Joseph 
and Mercy (Devereux) Webb, 
b. Mch. 20, bap. April 11, 1802, 
d. at Penang, July 23, 1846, 
and had I, Joseph Mackay,'b. 
May 26, 1827, d. Mch. 28, 
1828. II, Joseph Henry,' b. 
July 16, 1831, m^ Sarah, dau. 
of Caleb Newcomb, and has 
issue ; IH, Francis Ropes,' m^ 
a dau. of Joseph Shatswell; 
IV, Mercy Louisa'; V, Mary 
Eliza ; VI, Augustine Forestier, 
b. Aug. 16, 1841, an officer in 
the army, and was killed in the 
service, in South Carolina. 

(128) JOHN TITCOMB,* by wife 

Jane had issue : — 
(215i) I. A daughter,^ b. May 20, 

1791, d. the next day. 



54 



(216) n. Lydia,« b. Oct. 16, 1792, 
d. Sept. 9, 1796. 

(134) BENJAMIN,« by wife Frances, 
had issue : — 

(217)1. Benjamin Gardner,^ (332) 
b. Nov. 6, 1804, m*? Oct. 1, 
1840, Ciiroline, dau. of Enoch 
and Alice (Needham) Silsby of 
Bradford, lost with her son on 
their passage from Liverpool 
to New York, by the wreck of 
the Steamer Arctic, ofT Cape 
Race, Sept. 1854; m^, 2dly, 
July 5, 1856, Mary Jane, d. of 
Nathaniel and Mary (Banks) 
Purdy, of Rye, West Chester 
Co., N. Y. 

(218) n. FANNYWlLKINS,^b. Sept. 

5, 1806, d. 1866, ml 

Dec. 1833, George, son of 
Manning, who 
d. by whom she 

had I, George Francis®. 

(219) m. Henry Jajvies,' ( ) b. 
Mch. 5, 1809. See Appendix. 

(219i) IV. Amelia,^ b. Feb. 19, 
1811, ml Aug. 23, 1831, James, 
son of David ahd Anna (Mars- 
ton) Diman, and had I, Fran- 
ces Amelia,® who m*! Jno. Stur- 
ges Beers, and had I, Elizabeth 
Jones^ ; 11, George Manning® ; 
III, James Henry ^ ; IV, Caro- 
line CampbelP; 5, Alexander 
Cunningham Walker® ; II, Ben- 
jamin Kopes,® ml Elizabeth 
Sloan Hardy of N. Y., and 
had I, Edw. Barnard® ; II, Jno. 



Sturges® ; IH, James Henry,® b. 
Dec. 18, 1836, d. 1854 ; IV, 
Charles Augustus Ropes,® b. in 
Fairfield, Conn., Ap. 27, 1841 ; 
he served with distinguished 
merit during the war. 

(220) V. Reuben WiLKiNS,^ (337) 
b. July 16, 1813, wfi Nov. 13, 
1845, Nancy W. Reed, in N. 
Y. who d. in BrooTdyn, Jan. 
18, 1850, leaving no children ; 
m*! 2dly Maria Lucinda Thomp- 
son, of Monson, Mass., Dec. 
22, 1852. 

(220J) VI. AlmirV b. Mch. 14, 
1816, d. Dec. 28, 1818. 

(221) Vn. Charles Augustus,^ 
(340) b. Mch. 14, 1818, m<! 
Nov. 16, 1843, Mary Anne, d. 
of Thomas and Mary (Hitch- 
ens) Barker, who died 

m^ 2dly, Ap. 12, 1854, 
Lucinda, d. of Jona and Mary 
(Cloutman) Whipple. 

(221J) Vm. Eleazer Wheelock 
Ripley,^ (called Ripley,) 
(351) b. Sept. 30, 1820, m^. 
Oct. 22, 1846, Elizabeth, d. of 
Samuel and Grace ( ) Graves. 
He with his bros. form the firm 
of R. W. Ropes and Co. of New 
York and Salem. 

(135) JAMES,^ by wife Lucy, had 



issue : - 



(222) I. LucY,^m^abf 1826 Samuel 
Church, andd. Aug. 8, 1863; 
no issue. 

(223) II. James,^ (360) b. Mch. 



55 



1st. 1805, md.Aug. 13, 1855, 
Susan Maria d. of Judge Si- 
mon Colby of Weare, N. H. 
He has held County and local 
offices, and is now Assistant 
Register of Probate. 

(224) III. Elizabeth Groce,^ d. 
July 27, 1833 unm^. 

(225) IV. Sarah,^ d. Feb. 1819, 
unm^ 

(226) V. Mary,^ m^ Daniel P. Gal- 
loup of Topstield ; no issue ; 
resides in Lowell. 

(227) VI. Samuel,^ d. abf 1836, 
on his passage from London to 
New York soon after leaving 
Port. 

(228) VII. Sarah Sophia,^ m^ 
James, son of Robert Upton 
and had issue; she d. Feb. 
12, 1865. 

(139) WILLIAM,* by wife Marl^hr, 
had issue : — 

(229) I. Mary Tyler,^ ml May 13, 
1834, William C. Gellibrand 
of Manchester, England, by 
whom she has no issue. 

(230) II. William Hooper,^ (366) 
.m*? in England, Ap. 23, 1840, 

Ellen H. dau. of John D. Hall ; 
they reside at Upper Clapton, 
near London, England. 

(231) III. Joseph Sa>iuel,^ b. Feb. 
6, 1816, d. Sept. 3, 1817. 

(232) IV. Joseph Samuel,^( )grad. 
at University of St. Petersburg, 
1841, m^ Nov. 16, 1848, Anna 
Rumsey, dau. of John W. and 



Margretta (Dunlap) Perit, and 
resides at Roxbury. 

(233) V. Sarah LouISA^ 

(234) VI. Benjamin REEDj^b. Sept. 
29, 1823, d. Aug. 10, 1825. 

(235) VII. Elizabeth HAfTNAH^ 

(236) VIII. Martha Reed,^ -m^ 
Oct. 9, 1849, Charles. Hooper 
Trask, by whom she had, I, 
Mary Gellibrand®; II, Anna 
Hooper® ; III, Elizabeth Ropes ;® 
IV, Ellen Louisa,® b. Aug. 29, 
1858, d. Sept. 2, 1859; V, 
Charles Hooper,® b. May 13, 
1860 ; VI, William Ropes,® b. 
Jan. 9, 1862; VH, Henry 
Ropes,® b. Feb. 12, 1864. 

(237) IX. Edward Payson,' b. 
Oct. 27, 1828, d. Oct. 25, 
1839. 

(238) X. Benjamin TYLER,^b. Dec. 
22, 1829, d. May 31, 1830. 

By wife Mary Anne he had issue : — 

(239) XI. Catherine Codman,^ b. 
at St. Petersburg, Aug. 11, 
1833, d. there June 3, 1835. 

(240) XII. John Cod>i.vn,^ b. ^at 
St. Petersburg, Ap. 28, 1836, 
H. C. 1857, L. L. B., 1861, a 
member of the Suffolk Bar. 

(241) XIII. Francis Codman,^ b. 
in London, Oct. 7, 1837, H. C. 
1857, M. D., 1860. 

(242) XIV. Henry,^ b. in London, 
May 16, 1839, H. €., 1862, 
First Lieutenant in the 20'^ 
Mass. Vol., and died bravely 



56 



at Gettysburgh, July 3, 1863. 

(243) XV. MARYANNE,^b.atRo3t- 
bury. 

(141) HARDY,« by wife J^Iary had 
issue : — 

(244) I: William Ladd,^ b. July 
19, 1825, H. C. 1846, m:» Sept. 
5, 1865, Harriet Lawrence, 
dau. oi Abel Lawrence and 
Harriet Lawrence Peirson of 
Salem, a Congregational min- 
ister. 

(245) H. Sarah.^ 

(246) in. Mary Louisa. 

(146) HARDY ,«bywifehad issue: — 

(247) I. A son,^ 

(147) BENJAMIN,^ by wife Lucy 
Lad issue : — 

(248) I. Benjamin Hardy,' b. at 
Bradford, Vermont, Feb. 8, 
1814, m*! June 28, 1838, Aman- 
da P. Bowers. 

(249) n. Charles Baker,' b. at 
Barre, Vermont, Oct. 25, 1816, 
m? Nov. 21, 1839, Rebecca 
Stevens. 

(250) m. Francis,' b. at Orford, 
N. H., Aug. 14, 1818, d. 
at Philadelphia Oct. 4, 1845, 
unm?. 

(251) IV. Emily,' b. at Haverhill 
N. H., m^ Sept. 10, 1849, John 
W. Bowers. 

(152) GEORGE,* by wife Miriam 
had issue : — 

(252) I. Hannah Elson,^ ml 1851, 
George P. Cummings. , 

(253) n. Miriam Johnson.' 



(254) m. George,' ml June 17 
1860, Sophia A. Taft. An 
architect in Boston. 

(255) IV. Julia,' b. Jan. 1833, d. 
Mch. 2, 1834. 

(256) V. Julius.' 

(257) VI. LEVERETT,'b. Mch. 1837, 
d. Mch. 12, 1842. 

(258) VH. Arthur,' mn864, Mary 
Hutchins. 

(259) Vm. Ellen.' 

(155) WILLIAM HENRY,« by wife 
Hannah had issue : — 

(260) I. A child,' d. in infancy. 

(261) II. Edward E,' b. June 25, 
1837. 

(262) HI. A child,' d. in infancy. 

(263) IV. Alice Shephard,' m* 
Feb. 1866, Skinner; they 
live in Amherst. 

(157) HENRY ,« by wife Mary, had 
issue : — 

(264) I. George Nathan,' b. Feb. 
9, 1822, d. Sept. 1, 1865, ml 
Sept. 24, 1846, Priscilla Lam- 
bert, dau. of Benjamin and 
Priscilla (203) (Ropes) Upton : 
he was a shipmaster. 

(265) H. A son,' b. and d. Sept. 
15, 1824. 

(266) III. Henry Samuel,' b. Aug. 
18, 1825, H. C. 1846, d. Sept. 
1, 1850. He was a man of 
refined and cultivated mind, 
amiable disposition and prom- 
ising talents, and much beloved 
by his family and friends. He 
was a lawyer by profession. 



57 



(267) IV. Joseph Hardy,^ b. July 
20, 1827. 

(267i) V. Benjamin Augustus,^ b. 
Ap. 24, 1829, d. May 14, 1829. 

(268) VI. Benjamin Augustus,^ 
b. Ap. 14, 1830. 

(268J) VII. Mary Seeth.^ 

(269) Vm. Sarah Osgood,^ b. 
Mch.29, 1836, d. April 8, 1836. 

(269J) IX. Sarah Osgood.^ 
(161) JONATHAN MILLET,* by 
wife Mary had issue : — 

(270) I. James Miller,^ a Captain 
in the California Cavalry, and 
served during the whole war. 

(271) II. Martha Seeth,' mUune 
2, 1861, Charles Wilson, son 
of Ephraim and Elizabeth (160) 
(Ropes) Felt : they reside in 
Salem, and have I, Charles 
Frederic Wilson,® b. May 29, 
1864 ; II, Mary Miller,® b. Oct. 
12, 1865. 

(272) in. Sarah Nic3HOL8,^ mUo- 
seph Warren, son of John 
Crowell of Raleigh, N. J., 
and had one son, Jonathan 
Ropes, who d. aged 9 mos. 

(273) IV. William Buck,' m^ Sarah, 
dau. of Rev. Mr. Bailey of 
Norton,Mass., no issue: he is 
a physician at Yonkers, N. Y. : 
he was a member of the N. J. 
Cavalry in the war. 

(274) V. George Henry,' a Lieut, 
and served thro, the war. 

(275) VI. Elihu Harrison,' served 
in the Artillery service. 

8 



(276) Vn. Mary Augusta.' 
(165) TIMOTHY,^ by wife Mary had 

issue: — 

(277) I. Mary Silver,' b. AprE 1, 
1830, d. June 24, 1866. 

(278) II. Sarah Holmes.' 

(279) lU. Susan Howard.' 

(280) IV. Edward Delhonde,^ 
( ) m"! Mary dau. of Abner 
and Lucy (Luscomb) Goodhue. 

(169) GEORGE,^ by wife Charlotte, 
had issue : — 

(281) I. George,' b. June 8, 1833, 
a merchant in Salem, associa- 
ted in business with Capt. 
Bertram. 

(282) H. Eliza RuGGLE8,'b. Mch. 
19, 1835, d. Jan. 25, 1856, 
m^Mch. 19, 1855, Simon Boli- 
var, son of Abiathar and Fatty 
Wetherell of Taunton; they 
lived in Portland, Me. ; no 
issue. 

(283) HI. Charles Fordtcb,' b. 
Ap. 7, 1837, d. Mch. 15, 1842. 

(284) IV. Joseph Augustus,' b. 
May 4, 1839 ; lives in Boston. 

(285) V. Frederic,' b. Oct. 4, 
1841, d. Nov. 5, 1843. 

(171) JOSEPH,«by wifejMarciahad 
issue: — 

(286) I. A child,' who died an in- 
fant. 

(287) n. Horace.' 

(288) m. Elizabeth.' 

(172) DAVID NICHOLS,«by wife 
Lydia Laurelia, had issue : — 

(289) I. Charles Franklin,' b. at 



58 



Meriden, Conn., Dec. 11, 
1847. 

(290) n. Clara.^ 

(291) m. John BiSBE,^ b. at Meri- 
den, Conn., July 10, 1852, d. 
there July 14, 1853. 

(292) IV. Albert Barrett,^ b. at 
Orange, N. Y., July 7, 1862. 

(293) V. Edith,^ b. Aug. 11, 1863, 
d. July 25, 1864. 

(294) VI. Arthur,^ b. Aug. 27, 
1866. 

(172i) HENRY,« by wife Harriet, 
had issue : — 

(295) I. Matilda Judson.' 

(296) n. Elizabeth.^ 

(175) NATHANIEL,* by wife Sarah, 
had issue : — 

(297) I. Sarah Putnam.' 

(298) n. ISABELLABROWN,'d.NoV. 

11, 1834. 

(299) in. Elizabeth Cleveland 
Orne,' d. Aug. 27, 1832. 

(300) IV. Nathaniel,' H. C. 1856, 
resides in Salem with his aunt, 
Mrs. Orne. 

(301) V. William Augustus.^ 

(302) VI. Eliza Orne.^ 

(303) VII. John Kopes,^ d. Jan. 
16, 1842. 

(304) Vm. Abigail Pickman,^ d. 
Feb. 1, 1842. 

(305) IX. Mary Pickman.^ 
(187) JONATHAN,* by wife Mary 

had issue: — 

(306) I. A child,' d. young. 

(307) n. William,' d. young. 

(308) in. Jonathan,' b. Jan. 21, 



1804, m^ Jan. 1, 1825, Jane 
Baker, dau. of Benjamin and 
Sally Melzeard of Marblehead, 
b. June 23, 1805, d. April 11, 
1849. He is a shoemaker and 
lives upon the homestead in 
Ropes St. 
(191) SAMUEL,* by wife Hannah 
had issue: — 

(309) I. Elizabeth,' b. Dec. 14, 
1812, m*! Ap. 12, 1838, George 
Hodgdon, by whom she had 

I. Elizabeth,® m*! Nelson, 

and had a son' ; H, George f 
HI, Charles ;« IV, Ellen.« 

(310) II. Nathaniel,^ b. Feb. 24, 

1815, d. Nov. 12, 1817 : 

(311) m. Samuel,' b. Oct. 10, 

1816, d. Sept. 28, 1864, m^ 
Nov. 3, 1841, Berthia, dau. 
of Mark Pitmau, had no issue. 

(312) IV. SALLY,'b. May 25, 1819, 
d. Ap. 8, 1833. 

(313) V. Mary,' b. Dec. 23, 1820, 
d. Jan. 11, 1821. 

(314) VI. JoHN,^ ( ) b. Ap. 2, 
1822, d. Jan. 12, 1861, m* 
Oct. 14, 1847, Sarah Millett. 

<314i) Vn. Mary Jane,' b. Sept. 
21, 1824, d. Feb. 22, 1825. 

(315) vm. Joseph,' b. Jan. 30, 
1827, d. Feb. 20, 1833, from 
a blow from his sled in coast- 
ing. 

(315i) IX. William Henry,^ b. 
May 1, 1829, killed by a train 
upon the Eastern Railroad in 



69 



Swampscott, at the Stetson 
Farm, Sept. 7, 1841. 

(316) X. Edward,^ b. Sept. 12, 
1831, d. May 21, 1831. 

(316i) XI. Joseph,^ b. July 14, 
1833, d. Sept. 22, 1838. 

(194) DAVID,« by wife Mary, had 
issue : — 

(317) I. MARY,7whom1 Moon, 

in Boston, and d. there about 
1862. 

(195) WILLIAM,^ by wife Olive, had 
issue : — 

(318) I. William,^ who went to 
California and died there, leav- 
ing a widow and four sons in 
Swampscott, where he mamed. 

(198) EBEN,« by wife Elizabeth, had 
issue : — 

(319) I. Eben,^ b. and d. April 20, 
1827. 

(206) WILLIAM,* by wife Rachel, 
had issue : — 

(320) I. Rachel,^ b. May 21, bap. 
June 12, 1803, d. Jan. 25, 
1838, m^ Sept. 1, 1824, Tar- 
rant Putnam, son of John and 
Betsey (Putnam) Derby, b. 
Aug. 14, 1796, d. Mch. 6, 
1850, by whom she had I, Ra- 
chel Ropes,® ml Edw. A. Smith ; 
n, Mary Ann Brown,® m*! Jo- 
seph Stedman ; III, Elizabeth 
Archer,® d. 1832 ; IV, Tarrant 
Putnam ;® V, William Henry,® 
b. 1836, d. 1866, leaving a 
wife and two daus. in Boston, 
where he ml and resided. 



(321) n. William Archer,^ b. 
Nov. 23, bap. Dec. 16, 1804, 
d. at Batavia, July, 1833, mate 
of the brig Gov. Endicott, m* 
Aug. 6, 1826, Sarah d. of 
Joseph Saul, b. Nov., 1805, d. 
without issue, Feb. 20, 1847. 

(322) m. Mary Browne,^ b. May 
12, bap. 31, 1807, d. May 2, 
1846, m*! Asa son of Asa and 
Ann (Gill) Brooks, by whom 
she had issue. 

(323) IV. Jonathan Archer,^ b. 
Dec. 10, bap. 25, 1808, d. at 
Baltimore, Md., Oct. 2, 1855, 
(whither he removed in 1835) 
m^ Jan. 13, 1852, Emilie W. 
Tucker of that city, by whom 
he had no issue ; he was a law- 
yer, and graduated H.C., 1832, 
where his name is found 'Archer 
Ropes,' it having been legally 
changed : an incomplete manu- 
script history of the 'Archer' 
and 'Ropes' families was pre- 
pared by him. 

(324) V. John Titcombe,^ ( ) •>. 
Dec. 7, bap. 30*^, 1810, m^ Ap. 
28, 1834, Lucy, dau. of Robert 
and Lucy (Bowditch) Collins. 
He succeeded to the business 
of his father, and with his sons, 
is a large dealer in stoves and 
tin-ware. 

(325) VI. Henry TiBBETS,^ ( ) 
b. June 12, bap. Aug. 2, 1812, 
m^ (then of Lynn) Jan. 6, 
1836, Elizabeth Prentiss of 



60 



Marblehead ; he is a merchant, 
and for many years has lived 
in Liverpool, Eng. 

(326) Vn. Joseph White/ ( ) 
b. March 14, bap. Ap'l 21, 
1816, m* Ap. 8, 1840, Mar- 
garet Dale, dau. of Eben 
and Betsey (Webb) Putnam, 
of Dan vers, where he resides, 
and is engaged in the stove and 
tin-ware business. 

(207) JOHN,« by wife Mary, had 
issue: — 

(327) I. John Francis,^ b. Feb. 1 1 , 
1814, m^. Sept. 20, 1835, La- 
vinia Gage of Dover, N. H. 
He resides in N. Y., where he 
was for a time the Editor of 
the Sunday Atlas ; no issue. 

(328) II. Abigail Woodward,^ b. 
Feb. 23, 1815; resides with 
her mother in Williams St. 

(329) in. Eliza Archer,^ b. Sept. 
15, 1816, ml Jan. 25, 1836, 
Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel 
Chapman of Marblehead, who 
went to California, and is sup- 
posed to have died there, at 
the mines, about eleven years 
ago. 

She had I, Francis Ropes;* 
II, Eliza Woodman ;® III, La- 
vinia Gage,® m* Elisha Crosby 
of Bellingham and has, 1, Ger- 
trude;* 2, Elsada;* 3, Eliza 
Maud :^ they live in Belling- 
ham. 

(330) IV. Samuel Woodman,' ( ) 



b. June 15, 1821, ml Sept. 8, 
1842, Mary Torrey Wildermuth 
of Boston, where he resides. 

(331) V. Mary Archer,' b. Dec. 
7, 1822, d, Jan. 1, 1856, unm^ 

(217) BENJAMIN GARDNER,' by 
wife Caroline, had issue : — 

(332) I. Charles Henry,* b. Dec. 
31, 1844, lost by the wreck of 
the 'Arctic', Sept. 1854. 

By wife Mary Jane, he had issue : — 

(333) n. Charles Henry,® b. in 
the city of New York, May 7, 
1857. 

III. Marie Antoinette,® b. 
April 1, 1859, d. June 13, 
1862. 

IV. Marie Antoinette.* 

V . Helen Louise .* 

(220) REUBEN WILKINS,^ by wife 
Maria Lucinda, had issue : — 

I. Edward Wilkins.* b. in 
Brooklyn, N. Y., Oct. 7, 1853. 

II. Fanny.® 

in. William,® b. Jan. 2, 
1864. 

(221) CHARLES AUGUSTUS,^ by 
wife Mary Ann, had issue : — 

I. Anna Theresa.® 

II. Benjamin Barker,® b. 
June 11, 1847. 

III. George Augustus,® b. 
July 12, 1849. 

(343) IV. Charles Ripley,® b. 
March 3, 1853. 

By wife Lucinda, he had issue : — 

(344) V. Willis Henry,® b. March 
26, 1855. 



(334) 



(335) 
(336) 



(337) 

(338) 
(339) 



(340) 
(341) 

(342) 



61 



(345) VI. Mart Theresa.' 

(346) VII. Amelia.' 

(347) VIII. Reuben Wilkins,' b. 
May 10, 1861. 

(348) IX. Marian Cloxjtman,' b. 
March 17, 1863, d. Aug". 4, 
1864. 

(349) X. Charles," ) ^ j^^^ 36, 

(350) XI. Edwin," $ 
1865. 

(221i) RIPLEY,^ by Avife Elizabeth, 
had issue: — 

(351) I. Grace Frances.' 

(352) II. Lizzie Graves.* 

(353) III. Frederick Ripley,* b. 
at Salem, Oct. 11, 1850. 

(354) IV. Albert Gardner,* b. 
Ap. 29, 1852. 

(355) V. Alice,' b. Oct. 17, 1853, 
d. July 4, 1863. 

(356) VI. Charles Arthur,' b. 
March 21, 1857, d. June 20, 
1863. 

(357) Vn. Walter Peirce,' b. 
July 6, 1862. 

(358) Vm. Lincoln,' ) ^ 

(359) IX. Louis Wheelock' \ 
at Brooklyn, N. Y., June 2, 
1865. 

(223) JAMES,^by wife Susan Maria, 
had issue : — 

(360) I. Elizabeth Maria.' 
(361)11. jAMES,«b.Aug. 26, 1858. 

(362) in. Samuel George,' > , 

(363) IV. Susan,' $ ' 
Jan. 20, 1861. 

(364) V. William,' b. June 19, 
1863. 

8* 



(365) VI. Lucy Houghton.' 
(230) WILLIAM HOOPER,' by 

wife Ellen, had issue : — 

(366) I. Ellen Gellibrand.' 

(367) II. Mary Emily.' 

(368) III. Louisa Harriet.' 

(369) IV. William Hall,* b. Aug. 
20, 1845. 

(370) V. AiLiE Elizabeth.* 

(371) VI. Charles Joseph Hardy,* 
b. Dec. 7, 1851. 

(372) VII. Ernest Edward,* b. 
Feb. 12, 1854. 

(373) VIII. Anna Josephine.* 

(374) IX. Arthur Reed,' b. Dec. 
23, 1859. 

(264) GEORGE NATHAN,''by wife 
Priscilla, had issue : — 

(375) I. George Henry,' b. May 
30, 1847, d. May 27, 1848. 

(376) II. Priscilla Chever.' 

(377) HI. Mary Prince.' 

(378) IV. Alice Putnam,' b. Oct. 
12, 1856, d. Mch 9, 1858. 

(280) EDWARD DELHONDE,' by 
wife Mary had issue : — 

(379) I. Edward,' b. July, 1864. 
(308) JONATHAN,' by wife Jane, 

had issue : — 

(380) I. WiLLiAM,'b.Jan,22,1826, 
d. Sept. 24, 1827. 

(381) II. Jonathan,* b. March 19, 
1829, d. Dec. 4, 1863, m^ Abi- 
gail, d. of William and Eliz- 
abeth (Saunders) Burden, who 
d. Ap., 1861. 

(382) III. William,* b. July 10, 
1830. 



62 



(383) IV. Mary jANE,«b. Dec. 23, 
1832, m^. Benjamin, son of 
Benjamin Brown of Lynn, and 
has a dau. Sarah Jane :' they 
live in Salem. 

(384) V. Sarah,® b. April 5, 1834, 
ml Daniel, brother of the above 
Benjamin Brown, and has a 
dau. Harriet. • 

(385) VI. Benjamin,® b. March 7, 
1836, d. June 10, 1840. 

(386) VII. Edward,® b. Nov. 9, 

1838, d. May 18, 1840. • 

(387) VIII. BENJAMiN,®b. July27, 
1840. 

(388) IX. Elizabeth,® b. Aug. 6, 
1842, m^. Philip Atkins of 
Marblehead. 

(389) X. Edward,® b. Dec. 29, 
1844, d. Dec. 8, 1861. 

(314) JOHN,^ by wife Sarah, had 
issue : — 

(390) I. John.® 

(318) WILLIAM,' by wife , 

had issue : — 

(391) I. A son. 

(392) II. A son. 

(393) III. A son. 

(394) IV. A son. 

(324) JOHN TITCOMBE,' by wife 
Lucy had issue : — 

(395) I, John Collins,® b. Feb. 
13, 1837, m*! July 1860, Sarah, 
d. of Elias and Abigail (Kim- 
ball) Kimball. 

(396) n. William,® b. Dec. 26, 

1839, m^ March 1863, Harriet 
Adeline, d. of John and Ade- 



line (Reid) Blake, of St Johns- 
burg, Vt. 
(397) m. Lucy.® 

(325) HENRY TIBBETS,^ by wife 
Elizabeth, had issue : — 

(3d8) I. Rachel.® 

(399) n. Francis.® 

(400) m. Charles.® 

(401) IV. Son,® d. an infant. 

(326) JOSEPH WHITE,^ by wife 
Margaret, had issue : — 

(402) I. Mary Adeline,® b. Sept. 
1, 1841, d. June 20, 1866, m*! 
Sept. 20, 1864, Benjamin E. 
Newhall. 

(403) II. Joseph Edward,® b. Oct. 
28, 1843. 

(404) in. John Henry Archer,® 
b. Sept. 15, 1845, d. April 11, 
1863. 

(405 IV. Caroline Elizabeth.® 

(406) V. William Addison,® b. 
Mar. 15, 1850, d. June 13, 
1850. 

(407) VI. George Franklin,® b. 
Mar. 15, 1850. 

(408) VII. Margaretta Putnam.® 

(409) Vm. James Arthur,® b. Ju- 
ly 1, 1855, d. Sept. 6, 1856. 

(410) IX. Clarence White,® b. 
March 24, 1859, d. May 17, 
1860. 



' 63 
ESSEX COUNTY-COURT RECORDS. 



COMMUMICATBO BT A. C. QOODBLL. 



Continued from vol. tU. p. 280. 



(4) 



Defendta in an 
aco of trespas 
ypon the Case. | 



Thomus Ruck Henry Skerry 

Willia Browne I pi agt Thomas Olliuer 

Beniamin ffelton j &y^ Best of the Delinquents 

& Thomas Dixie J fo^ not making a fence on Darbie 

iforts side and damages therevpon 

Jury find for Tho : Ruck pi 3 bushells of Corne & for w™ Browne - 
10 bushells of Corne & to Beniamin ffelton- 5 bushells & i & to 
Tho : Dixie- in Corne i bushel And the Costs of Court ffower shil- 
lings. 

And M*" Humphreys pmised to find posts & Rails and to bring 
to place this winter, yea In Court 30*** of 4*^ moneth 1641, It was 
agreed And Henry Stephens and W°* Williams are to answe' The 
court in case y® stuff of the ffence of Mr Humphreys be not in place 
y* the workmen may not want matter to work vpon. | 
In Salem. More of 18'!" Quarter Court held S gJJ of 7^ m^. 1640. 

Action N*J 5. 

Michaell Spencer pi agJ John Pickering def ac7 defamac7 J^^y 
find for pi eighteene shillings damages & iiij^ costs, ordered for pi to 
demand & In Case of refusall to execut y® iudgm! fo' y™ 

(6) 

Robt Is bell pi ag? Ensigne Reade deff ac^ of Case. Jury find 

agf mr Read ninteene pounds whereof twenty shillings is damages be- 

sids iiij' Costs of Court. Out of which M** Gardener is to haue three 

shillings pd by Robt Isbell for his tyme spent in waiting att court. | 

(7) 
Josua Verrin pi ag? Richard Inkersell def in an ac^ of Case. 

Jury find for pi. x* damages & iiij^ Costs & Ric** Inkersell to niain- 

taine his sliare of the fence for one acre of ground. 

(8) 
Timothy Tomlins pi ag? John Pickering def* in ac^ defamac7 Jury 
tinde (vpon a double* reuiew) That y® sd Jn° Pickering shall not 

*This word is cancelled in the record. 



64" 

only pay flForty shillings damages & ffowBr shillings costs, But y* in 
some publik meeting att Lynn before next Court the sd Jn? Pick- 
ering shall publiklie ackno^ledg the wronge done y® sd Tomlins, or 
elce shall pay & make this £roi*ty shillings Tenn pounds. 

(9) 
John Bartall pi ag? Allen Yewe def. ac^ of debt. Jury find for 
pi. xxix" damages & iiij^ Costs, And the Court ordered & sent out 
an Attachm!' to Attach the Boat of Alien Yews being now iri*® Cus- 
tody of Jn*! Goit to thvse* of John Bartall for security vntill the sat- 
isfy this verdict^ Judgmf 

In Scdem. More of 18^ Quarter Cmri & ^\ of 7* ne, 1640. 

Action N? 10. 
Robt Adams pi. ag* John Skudder def. ac^ of trespase. Jury 
find for def!' sixe shillings for 2 witnesses waiting 2 days & iiij" 
costs. 

(11) 

flfirancs Lause pi. agf C Robt Isbell & ^ defs in an ac^ of debt. 

I Willi! Wake \ 

Though pi did not app' yet the def? acknowledged a iudgm* ag* 
them seines p Robt Isbell x4 ix*. viij* gr. execy pi of 11^ m^ 1643. 
memor bro : Tho : Smith saith y«;. Lyn men did rec. 2« 6d aps or weare to haue It made 
Yp by men of their T : nine shUlirgs \yas Laid on Table & Tho : Laythrop took vp of 
It 5« [J] : & mP Bartho : S* of it.§ 

Vpon a motion by William Lord in behalf of the twoe men that 
went for Ould England C Thomas Burwood 

^& Christophe' Berry 
The Court ordered y* John Woodbury & Pete*^ Palfrey measure & bound 
half an acre of Ground att Thomas Olliuer his new house. | 

The Court sent a warrant to m' Stephens. 

♦ The use. 

fThls word is canceUed In the record. 
\ Three marks in short hand thus : 3 9' § occur here. 
§ This entry appears closely written in the margin. 

[To be continued.] 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



OF THE 



ESSEX INSTITUTE. 



Vol. VIII. June, 1866. No. S. 



A HISTORY OF THE SALEM AND DANVERS ASSOCIATION FOR 
THK DETECTION OF THIEVES AND ROBBERS. 



COMMUNICATED BY HENRY WHIPPLE. 



In 1821, a store in Fi-anklin Building was entered in tlie night 
by a thief or thieves, and property stolen, to what amount the owner 
was never able to ascertain; he offered a reward for the detection 
of the thief or thieves committing the robbery, employed constables 
to be on the search and lookout, &c. While doing this, it occurred 
to him that if a society was formed to assist each member having 
property stolen from him, and relieve him from expense and anxiety 
in the search, it would be serviceable to all its membei*8 as well as 
to the public. He mentioned the subject to Dr. Seth Low, Rev. 
Thomas Carlile, Robert Manning, Isaac Newhall, and several others, 
all of whom were desirous that such a society might be formed. Pur- 
suant to public notice given in the newspapers, a number of citizens 
of Salem and Danvei-s met at the Coffee-house in Salem, Jan. 25, 
1822, to take into consideration the repeated depredations committed 
by thieves and robbers in the aforesaid towns, and adopt some meas- 
ures to prevent a repetition of them, or to detect and bring to pun- 

9 



66 

ishment the perpetrators. Mr. Isaac Newhall was chosen Moderator, 
and John W. Proctor, Esq., Clerk of the meeting. 
After discussing the subject, it was 

Votedy — That a Committee of three be appointed to consider the 
subject, and, when ready, to call a meeting and make their report. 
Dr. Seth Low, Isaac Newhall, and John W. Proctor, Esq., were ap- 
pointed this Committee. 

Public notice was given for those interested in the object, to meet 
at the Essex Coffee-house, on the evening of Feb. 7, 1822; at which 
meeting the Committee reported that they had discussed the subject 
referred to them, and recommend the organization of a Society, to be 
called ^The Saiem and Danvers Association for the Detection of Thieves 
and Robbers,^ and had drawn up a set of Articles for the consid- 
eration of the meeting, which were read, and, after discussion, — 

Voted y — To organize the Association, and adopt said Articles for 
its government.^ (See printed Articles.) And the following persons 
were chosen officers of the Association for the present year, namely : — 

President. 
Col. WILLIAM MANSFIELD, of Salem. 

Vice-Presidents. 
Gen. David Putnam, of Salem, 
Nathaniel Putnam, of Danvers. 

TVastees. 
John Andrew, of Salem, 
Stephen White, of Salem, 
James Brown, of Danvers. 

Directors. 
Henry Whipple, Thorndike Deland, 

Joel Bowker, Caleb Smfth, 

Robert Brookhouse, John Upton, Jr. 

In 1822, the first year of the Association, there were 159 mem- 
bers who paid their subscription of $1.00 each. Among these, several 
of them, to encourage the Association, subscribed as follows, namely : 
Joseph Peabody, $15.00; Henry Appleton, B. W. Crowninshield, 
Pickering Dodge, and Benjamin Pickman, $10.00 each ; Willard Peele, 



67 

$8.00; Dudley L. Pickman and Nathaniel Silsbee, $7.00 each; John 
Andrew, James Brown, and Stephen White, $5.00 each. 

In 1823, the second assessment was laid, and paid by 105 mem- 
bers only. 

In 1840, the third and last assessment of twenty-five cents was laid, 
for the purpose of ascertaining who the members were that paid 
the three assessments, as re<][uired by the Xlth Article of the Con- 
stitution. So few members had attended the Annual Meetings for the 
last fifteen years, that it was thought necessary to call for this small 
assessment; a number, however, declined paying it, thereby losing their 
membership. 

The last Annual Meeting of the Association was held at the Essex 
House, Jan. 4, 1860, when the following officers were chosen, namely : 

President. 
ELIJAH A. HANSON. 

Vict^Presidenta. 
Lewis Allen, 
Benjamin F. Browne. 

Secretary. 
Jonathan Pekley. 

Trustees. 
Henry Whipple, 
Abner Sanger, 
Robert Brookhouse. 

Directors. 
Joseph S. Leavitt, Jesse Smith, 

Alfred R. Brooks, William C. Barton, 

Samuel Day, Joseph Cloutman. 

The Secretary presented the following as the present list of mem- 
bers of the Association who had paid $2.25, being the amount of all 
the assessments laid upon the members, namely: — 

Robert Brookhouse, Gideon Tucker, 

Benjamin Balch, Jesse Smith, 

Benjamin F. Browne, Caleb Smith, 

Alfred R. Brooks, Henry Whipple, of Salem, 



68 

William C. Barton, Caleb Warner, of Salem. 

Joseph Cloutmau, Lewis Allen, 

John Dike, Moses Black, 

Samuel Day, Robert S. Daniels, 

Ephraim Felt, Benjamin Goodi-idge, 

E. A. Hanson, John Preston, jr., 

Abel Lawrence, Jesse Putnam, 

Joseph S. Leavitt, Abner Sanger, 

William Manning, E. S. Upton, 

Jonathan Perley, Benjamin Wheeler, of Dauvera 

David Putnam, and South Danvere. 

John Bead, 
Thirty members only remaining; — all others, who were formerly 
members, had either deceased, removed from the limits of the Asso- 
ciation, or declined paying the second and third assessments, and 
thereby lost their membership. B3* adjournment of the Annual Meet- 
ing the Association met at the Essex House, Jan. 19, 1^60,. fifteen 
members present. Lewis Allen, Pres. p. t. 

The want of such an Association now, as compared with the want 
at the time of its formation, was fully discussed, and the following 
Votes passed unanimously, namely : — 

That the Trustees receive from the Salem Savings Bank the amount 
of funds belonging to the Association, pay all bills against the Asso- 
ciation, and to each member his proportion of the funds (even dollars), 
and any balance remaining, pay to the Clerk of the Association ; — That 
after this meeting, the Association be dissolved; — That the thanks of 
this Society be presented to the officers of the Society for the satis- 
factory manner in which their duties have been performed. 

The Association paid between one and two hundred dollars to six 
members, in sums from fifty dollars down to $4.25 cents, being the 
amount of expenses they had paid in searching for property stolen 
from them. The Association was formed in 1822, and dissolved in 1860, 
and during its continuation, thirty-eight years, it is believed that many 
thefts were prevented; as the amount of funds on hand, ready to be 
expended in detecting thieves, was generally mentioned after the elec- 
tion of officers, and annually published in the newspapers. At one- 
time it employed two constables. I send you the only copy I have 
of the printed Articles and By-laws of the Association. Persons from 



69 

several States wrote to us for a copy of them, which were sent as 
requested. Large cities generally have a sufficient police to attend to 
such matters, but it seems to me that many towns and villages would 
be benefited by having societies similar to the above; it might pre- 
vent lads, and older persons, from finishing their education for the 
State Prison. In each place, the fact would soon be known that such 
a Society was formed, with funds ready to be expended in the detec- 
tion of thieves stealing property from its members. It would, also, 
relieve members having property stolen from them of the expense they 
are subjected to, by offering rewards, by advertising, employing, con- 
stables, etc. 

The 6th Article of the By-laws says, "It shall be the duty of 
the Board of Directors, to examine all cases of theft, or violation of 
the laws, that shall come to their knowledge by information of any 
member of the Society; to give suitable rewards for the apprehension 
of thieves, and make suitable compensation to members of the Soci- 
ety, who have been at expense and trouble in bringing offenders to pun- 
ishment." At the last meeting of the Association, Jan. 19, I860, the 
Trustees were directed to pay twenty-five dollars to each of the thirty 
members belonging to the Association. I retain the signatures of the 
thirty members, acknowledging the receipt of $25.00 from the Trustees. 

[The following note accompanied the historical sketch. —Ed.] 

Dr. Henry ^Yhkatland: — 

Sir, — Some time since, you requested me to give you an account of the formation 
of the late "Salem and Danvers Association for the Detection of Thieves and Rob- 
bers;" I now send you a short history of the Association, together with the Clerk's 
Book of Records, and his Book of accounts of money paid and received by the Asso- 
ciation, to remain in the £ssex Institute, a suitable place to deposit accounts of soci- 
eties of past years, and for safety (rather than to remain in the hands of any Indl- 
vidnal} should any one wish to examine them. 

Yours, H. W. 

[The "Abticlbs" above referred to are inserted entire. They shed light upon a 
singular and interesting application of the principle of Mutual Insurance to the pro- 
tection of property. We have now associations for mutual protection against the dis- 
couraging effects of sickness and of accident to life and limb. Live-stock is now in- 
sured against theft and death. We insure each other against riskvS by fire and ship- 
wreck, in various ways. In some fishing towns it is customary for owners to buy 
into many diflTerent vessels, mindfdl of the adage against putting all one's eggs into 
one basket. Instead of owning one vessel and Insuring her at an office, the capital- 
ist buys, for example, an eighth part in eight vessels, and Insures himself. The possi- 
• ble applications of this helpAil principle are as varied as they are curious. An ener- 
getic police force, seconded by the lightning which now patrols the world as a detec- 

9* 



70 

tiye, seems, now-a-days, to afford the most effective insurance against depredations 
upon property. Fire Ciabs, with the ever-ready bucket, bed-screw, and bag, are fast 
giving place to modern innovations; such, at least, is the case in cities, and in all 
but sparsely settled regions. But the principle of mutual protection is yet capable 
of an infinite variety of untried applications. *'Bear ye one another's burthens," is 
as good economy as it is good morals. 

The organization of this Society was as follows.— Ep.] 

ARTICLES OF THE SALEM AND DANVERS ASSOCIATION FOR THE 
DETECTION OF THIEVES AND ROBBERS. 

Article I. 

This Society shall be styled The Salem and Danvers Associaiion for the 
Detection of Thieves and Robbers. 

Article II. 

The oflScers of the Society shall consist of a Presideut, two Vice-Presi- 
dents, and Secretary; a Board of Trustees, consisting of three, and a Board 
of Directors, consisting of the President, Vice-Presidents, and six others ; 
all of whom shall be chosen by ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Article III. 

There shall be a meeting of the Society annually, on the first Wednes- 
day in January, and at such other times as the Pi-esident shall order. 

Article IV. 

It shall be the duty of the President to preside at all meetings of the 
Society or Directors ; to call special meetings of the Society or Directors, 
when necessary ; and generally to perform all the duties incident to his sta- 
tion. In the absence of the President, the duties of his office shall devolyo 
on a Vice-President ; and, in their absence, the senior member present, of 
the Board of Directors, shall be President ^ro tern. 

Article V. 

It shall be the duty of the Secretary to keep a correct record of all the 
proceedings of the Society and Board of Directors ; to give seasonable notice 
of all meetings of the Society or Directors ; to keep a correct list of the 
names of members, and an account of the subscriptions or donations in aid 



71 

of the funds ; to pay the current expenses of the Society, and in general to 
perform all the duties peculiar to that office. The Secretary shall receive 
such reasonable compensation for his services as the Board of Directors shall 
order. 

Akticle VI. 

It shall be the duty of the Board of Directors to examine all cases of 
theft, or violation of the laws that shall come to their knowledge by infor- 
mation of any member of the Society ; to give suitable rewards for the ap- 
prehension of thieves, or other violators of the law ; to employ such agents 
as may be deemed proper for the detection and apprehension of suspicious 
persons ; to take notice of petty thefts, often committed by boys, and suf- 
fered to pass unnoticed, and to bring the offenders to justice ; to make suit- 
able compensation to members of the Society, who may have been at expense 
and trouble in bringing offenders to punishment ; to have the entire direction 
of expenditures ; to make a detailed report of their doings at each Annual 
Meeting ; and, in the absence of the President and Vice-Presidents, to order 
special meetings, and iu general to perform such offices as will best promote 
the objects of this Society.* 

Article VII. 

The Board of Trustees shall have the care of the funds of the Society, 
and be responsible for their safe-keeping. They shall invest them in the 
Savings Bank, or in such other manner as they shall think expedient, always 
taking care that they yield an annual income of not less than five^er cent. 
Any one of the Trustees may pay the funds of the Society in answer to 
orders signed by a majority of the Board of Directors, and not otherwise. 
The Trustees shall report at each Annual Meeting the state of the fimds of 
the Society. 

Article VIII. 

Any person may become a member of this Society, by subscribing to the 
Articles of Association, and paying any sum, not less than one dollar, and all 
assessments that may have been laid by the Society. He shall then be enti- 
tled to a copy of the Articles, and all the privileges of the Society. 

♦ Two members of the Board of Directors shall be considered a quorum, in cases requir- 
ing immediate investigation. See Vote Jan. 7, 1857. 



72 



Abtigle IX. 

The Society shall have power to lay such assessments at the Anaual 
Meeting, not exceeding one dollar a year for each member, as by a majority 
of the members present shall be thought necessary for the piurposes of the 
Society* ^ 

Akticlb X. 

Any member may be honorably discharged from his obligations to the 
Society, on application to the Board of Dfrectors, paying all dues to the So- 
ciety, and relinquishing his right in the funds ; and any person removing 
from the limits of the Society shall be considered as relinquishing his in- 
terest and rights ; and no property out of Salem and Danvers is to be con- 
sidered under the protection of the Society. 

Abtiglk XI. 

Should any member refuse -or neglect to comply with the fair intent and 
meaning of these Articles, he may, by a vote of three-fourths of the members 
present at the Annual Meeting, be deprived of his rights and privileges in 
the Society. 

Article XII« 

The Board of Directors may, from time to time, delegate such powers 
to that part of the Board residing in Danvers, as shall enable them to pro- 
tect the interests of members residing in that quarter. 

Article XIII. 

Any person not wishing to become a member of the Society, but willing 
to assist the funds, may, by paying a sum not less than ten dollars, be enti- 
tled to the privileges of the Society. 

Article XIV. 

No alteration of the Articles shall be made, except at an Annual Meeting ; 
nor then, unless three-fourths of the members present are in favor of it. 



73 



GLEANINGS. 



BY K. 8. W. 



NOTES ON THE HULL FAMILY. 

Isaac Hull that came over in ye John 
of waimouth this year 63 is alowed 
of as an Inhabytant of this jurisdic- 
tion. Quarterly Court Records. 

Isaac Hull Sen. of Beverly makes 
his will Mch. 18, 1703, in which he 
makes his son George and grandson 
Isaac son of his sou Isaac, executors ; 
he gives property to his son George 
(land at Bald Hill) to his dan. Ruth 
liayment, to ''my daughter Sarah Hull 
my own daughter," to dan. Edith her 
children, to be equally divided among 
them, to son Isaac, and to dau. Edith. 
Will presented, June 3, 1706. 

Isaac Hull Sen. of Beverly buys 
of Jona. & Bethiah Herrick a piece 
of land in Beverly, lately bought of 
Capt Paul Thorndike by honored Fa- 
ther Henry Herrick & Uncle Joseph 
Herrick in partnership and is now in 
ptnrsp. with Jona. Dodge & Paul Ray- 
mond both of Salem ; a part of said 
land bounded N. by ye great pond 
called Wenham Pond, S. W. by land 
lately of Geo. Rayment dec? April 
30, 1715. 

Isaac Hull buys laud 1664; ditto 
1670. 

Ruth Rayment of Beverly, wid. of 
W*? R. and ad* to his last will, 
acquits her bro. George Hull of Bev- 
erly of her part of the estate of Hon- 
10 



ored Father Isaac Hull decl Before 
Edmund Rayment, Sarah Hull. May 
28, 1709. 

Peter Hull of Falmouth in ye Co. 
of York, in N. E. Adm! on est. of 
Sarah Hull of Wenham dec*!, for 
240£ pd. by John Dodge of sd. town 
sells to him a dwelling house & 7 acres 
bd. N. partly by the public burying- 
place. July 19, 1740. 

Inv^ of the est. of George Hull 
late of Beverly decl taken by his son 
Isaacofsd.town,Adm% June 10,1742. 
His only heirs are Isaac Hull & Anna 
his wife. 

Eliz':, his widow, wife of W"* Gro- 
ver mentioned June 11 1742. 

BURCHSTEAD. 

Dr. John Henry Burchstead of 
Lynn in 1685, was 'a German physi- 
cian from Silesia,' who m*! Apl 24 
1690, Mary, wid. of Nath. Kirtland, 
and died Sept. 20, 1721 aged 64, 
leaving a son Henry, also a physician 
there in 1720. 

He seems also to have had a sou 
Henry, a physician, as we find that 
Henry Burchstead Jr., Physician of 
Lyn sells land 'on Marblehead great 
Neck' assigned to heirs of *my late 
mother Sarah in division of the est. 
of late grandfather,Capt.Benj. James.' 
Sept. 5, 1753. 

In presence of Henry Burchstead. 
Anna Burchstead. W*? Collins, Benjl 
Brame Burchstead. 

Henry Burchstead of Lynn physi- 



74 



ciaii conveys land in Salem to Henry 
Blany of that place Apl 20, 1744.. 
Deed acknowledged Mch. 6, 1753. 

OAHTMAN. 

Francis Gahtman of Salem, Physi- 
cian, with wife Lydia, sells to Timo- 
thy Pickering Gent, a common right 
being ye new one that was allowed by 
ye commoners for ye house that was 
Sam. Pitman's ; also a Cottage right 
&c. May 13, 1740. Edward Cox, 
Elizabeth Callum. 

To Samuel Archer, Perukemaker, 
he also sells, Aug 19, 1740, for 30£ 
three quarters of a pew in the First 
Parish meeting-house in Salem afsd. 
in number 43, entered originally to 
W*" Hirst Esq. dcci, between the pew 
of Josiah Waleott Esq. dec*? on ye 
S. & the pew of ILibakuk Gardner, 
dec** on the N. John Higginson, 
John Higginson Jr. 

The above Dr. Gahtman, we find 
by the city records was born 'in y 
city of Hamburgh April 28 167-:' 
Feb. 7, 1708, he married in Salem 
Mrs. Lydia West, by whom he had, 
Samuel b. Mch. 16, 1710. Lidia b. 
July 15 1713. and Rachel b Feb 27 
1714. 

From the 'Old Norfolk' Records. 

Inv. Timotiiy Dalton teacher of ye 
Church att Hampton deceased 28, 
10m, 1661 

His widow and executrix Ruth 
sells real estate Mch. 22, 63 or 64 to 



Nath Bacheller, he to pay certain leg- 
acies after her death, among others, 
in the 2<» year 20£ to Elizabeth wife 
of Joseph Merrie, in the 7*** year to 
Timothy Hilliard 10£ to Benjamin 
Hilliard 10£ & in the 8^^ yeai- 10£ 
to Elizabeth Hilliard dan. of Elizabeth 
Merry. 

Joseph Merrie of Hampton sells 
unto Thomas Liffbrd- of Haverhill 5 
acres of laud lying in ye plain, Mch. 
17, 1648. 

Anthony Taylor took ye oath of fi- 
delitie before Mr. Wiggins ye 16"' of 
ye 2** mo., 1655. 

Anthony Staman acknowledges a 
bond from Joseph Merrie as paid Mch. 
13, 1655. 

Thomas Ruck buys i of a sawmill 
on Exeter Falls Mch. 10, 1653. 

Thomas Ruck of Boston, Draper, 
sells to Anthony Staman of Hampton 
i of mill &c with consent of wife 
Elizabeth? Nov. 27, 1654. 

LAMBERT FAMILY. 

Daniel Lambeit, Shipwright, of Sa- 
lem buys of Samuel Wood well. Glo- 
ver, for 4£ a piece of land containing 
seven poles. Aug. 24, 1691, and wife 
Tamesin gives her consent. 

Dan! Lambeii: sells Barque Olive 
Branch for 160£, Dec. 31, 1692. 
Dan! Lambert and wife Mary N(yv. 7, 
1692. Samuel Lambert of Salem 
buys of Mary Warner of Ipswich, 
adm'^ of Jona. Prince of Salem dec*! 
for 35£, a dwelling-house and land in 



75 



Salem bounded S. by ye street, W. 
by land of Benj"* Gerrish & N. by a 
small creek next ye co~on land. July 
23 1694 

Her husband John joins her in the 
sale Nov. 6 1694. John Lambert 
Sen. of Salem Shoreman sells land 
to Samuel West, April 20, 1691. 
John Lambert Jun. of Salem Fish- 
ennan buys land of John Ruck, Vint- 
ner, of same place. Oct. 7, 1664. 
John Lambert sell^ land to Darnel 
Lambert. Salem Jan 29 16^6. 



Editorial Notes on '* Almanacs and 
THEIR Authors," page 28. 

Note 1. The first printing-house 
in America was established at Cam- 
bridge, in 1638. The second issue 
from that press was an Almanac for 
1639, made for New England by 
Capt. William Peirce [or Peirse], 
mariner. He was master of the May- 
flower in 1629. This was the first 
American Almanac. See "Savage's 
Winthrop," passim. 

Note 2. "T. & J. Fleet" were, 
doubtless, sons of a historic couple. 
In the Record of Marriages at the 
City Registrar's office in Boston, we 
read: "1715, June 8, was married, 
by Rev. Cotton Mather, Thomas Fleet 
to Elizabeth Goose." T. F. had a 
printing-house in Pudding Lane [now 
Devonshire St.] , and took his bride to 
lodgings in the same house. He was 
an English printer of wit and talent. 



who had fled from an indictment for 
riot,' and reached Boston in 1712. 
Here he became acquainted with the 
"wealthy family of Goose," whose 
remains now rest in the old Granary 
Burial-ground in Boston, and mar- 
ried the eldest daughter, as above stat- 
ed, in 1715. In due time, the lodg- 
ings in Pudding Lane were enlivened 
by the prattle of a son (may it not 
have been one of our veritable alma- 
nac-printers, '*T. & J. Fleet"?) and 
the melodious ecstacies of the child's 
grandam, — '* Mother Goose," — sug- 
gested to the quick-witted and some- 
what needy printer, the first thought 
of "Mother Goose's Melodies." 
These were collected and published, 
and the earliest copy now known 
to be preserved was "Printed by T. 
Fleet, at his printing-house, Pudding- 
Lane, 1719. Price, 2 coppers." 

See letter of ^^ RequiescaV^ in Bos- 
ton Transcript. 



BAPTISMS OF THE FUtST 
CHURCH IN SALEM. 



COMMUNICATED BY HEKRY WHEATLAND. 



Continaed from vol. vUl., page 16. 
1737. 

Aug. 7. Richard of ^'^ Crispin. 

14. Joseph Pickering & his 

children Jane, Joseph, 

William. 

Sep. 18. Abigail wife of Samuel 

Cook & their cliildren 



76 



1737. 



Hen- 



Samuel 
Sasaana 



Oct. 



9, 
16. 
23. 
30. 



Nov. 6, 



13. 



viz. Abigail, Samuel, 

Margarett. 
Mary dau. of SJSbith 

derson. 
Susannah dau. of 

Smith. 
Daniel sou of jgfi£S,th King. 
William sonofgCff^^^'Gray. 
John son of ^«^ Millett. 
Samuel sou of ntSSu^u Chee- 

vers. 
Benjamin son of Benjamin 

Rhodes. 
Jonathan son of i^J^^ Glov- 
er. 
Elizabeth dau 



g.f Timothy 



Pickering. 



20, Charles son ofgij;^**'''- King. 

27. Benjamin sou of Iff^S'^'"- 
Grerrish. Baptised on 
account of its Grand Pa- 
rents Benjamin & Abi- 
gail Gerrish who pub- 
lickly promised to edu- 
cate the child in Christian 
manner, as God should 
enable them & give op- 
purtunity. The father 
of the child who held it 
up for baptism allowing 
(as did his wife) that 
their parents should have 
oppurtunity to educate it 
iis above. 
Dec. 11. Elizabeth Bray adult & her 
children Abigail, Mary. 

18. Joseph son of 'KfiS Cook. 



Jan'y 1. Abraham son of ^^'^ Smith. 
James son of |Si^^ Sy- 



22, 



29. 
Feb. 12. 

19. 
26. 

1738. 
Mch. 12. 

19. 

26. 



monds. 

John son of ig^'***" Tewks- 
bury. 

Anne dau. of ^;^ Glover. 

James son of f^S Norrice. 

Katherine dau. of S3!??ra«ce 
Ellison. 

Edward Cocks adult. 

Lydia dau. of i^^ Chap- 
man. 



Ap. 9. 

30. 

May 7. 



June 4. 
18. 

25. 

July 2. 



Samuel son of J^ff*^ Cur- 
tis. 

James son of ]^*^;i[- Pun- 
chard. 

Joseph son of ^^^^ Rob- 
ei*ts. 

Jonas son of i^^ Adams. 

Edmund son of g^^7» Muii- 
ion. 

Sarah dau. of ^\K, Gale. 

John son of ffS?''* Masury. 

Sarali dau. of {{3121" ^'- Ar- 
cher. 

Paul son of ^^^f'^- Mans- 
field. 

Mary dau. of itJ"^} Cook. 

Ann dau. of ^j^^^^'- Leach. 

Peter son of |S^«» Cheever. 

Thomas son of gS^*««» Top- 
pan. 

Gibson son of f^^*^^ 
Clough. 

Lydia Pease adult. 

Samuel son of ^f^ Oak- 
man. 



77 



1738. 






Feb, 


4. 


David son of j^ Fabins. 




9. 


Jeremiah sou of fe'^S^ Mea- 
chum. 




25. 


Angel son of f^T* 
Symmes. 




9. 


Elizabeth) ^ , , 

Mary ^ ^"''*''"* 
Short. 


1739. 




Susannah dau. of ^S 
Marston. 




16. 


Tobias son of l;^J!^^'' Da- 


Moh. 


25. 


James son of ^^SS^ Gil- 






vis. 






liugham. 






John son of ^i^^^^'- Leach. 


Ap. 


1. 


Sarah dau. of gJsS" ■"• K^'ng- 




23. 


John son of ^^,u, Short. 




8. 


Abigail dau. of Jj^ Seas. 






Ambrose son of g^J};"*'* Gale. 


May 


6. 


John son ) 

Jane dau. ) °* ^«^"» ^^^ 




30. 


Joseph Orne jr. adult, who 










was baptised in his uncle's 






ham. 






dwelling being so. weak- 




13. 








ened with a consumption 






er. 






as not to be able even to 




27. 


John son of |S55S» Oak- 






sit up in his bed. 






man. 






Joshua sou of 11^9^" Grant. 


Juue 


10. 


Nathaniel sou of j^S Massy. 






Mary dan. of }JSJS„,, Good- 




17. 


Priscilla dau. of p,^^ 






ale. 






Carrill. 


Aug. 


13. 


Haskett son of '^^ZHl^ Lang. 






Mary dau. of (g^* Glover. 






Joseph ) 

AVilliam \ ^^"' -^""^ "*■ 




24. 


John son of ^j^^ Elkins. 
Mary dau. of ^ Sanders. 






SS/-"- Cook. 


Sept. 


30. 






27. 


Mary dau. of gJK Coffin. 






Cook. 


8ept. 


17. 


Rachel dau. of i"™,^J, Cook. 


Oct. 


7. 


George Williams son of 


Oct. 


1. 


Mary dau. of SiJ^^'en i>i- 
moud. 






Elizabeth Chapman now 
Mills. 


Dec. 


17. 


William Hartol son of 
S^/»Peal. 






Elizabeth dau. of '^^^^ 
Mills. 




21. 


John sou iulluuti, Hollimau. 
Jane dau. of iSl^'y Mugford. 




14. 


Mary dau. of gSS5£4tt Felt. 
David son of gST Ropes. 






Beujamiu son of gfJ^Siitii Hen- 




21. 


Samuel sou of ^ Estes. 






derson. 






Sarah dau. of t^" Beadle. 






William son of Xw^i" ^J'" 


Nov. 


11. 


Jonathan son of SSgg'" 




• 


pin. 






Felt. 


Jau'y 


. 2. 


John son of K^ Picker- 
iug. 




25. 


Abigail dau. of |S*|SSl Boot- 
man. 



10' 



78 



1839. 










John son of SSSh""'"- P»«l. 


Dec. 


2. 


Eunice dau. of I'^J'.J? Glover. 






Samuel son of |SSSSL En- 




23. 


Naomi dau. of j^^^ 






glish. 






Tewksbury. 


July 


6. 


Mary dau. of Jg^Sf With- 




30. 


Eunice dau. of ^'^ Smith. 
John son of mSibeai Mills. 






erel. On account of 
its grandmother Dinah 


Jaii'y 


. 6. 


Sarah ) . , „ , ^ 
Mary \ *^"'^ *^*"' °^ ^^ 






Witherel who by its par 










rents desire baptised it 






Stevens. 






eugaging to educate it 




13. 


Hannah wife of Edward 






well. 






Britton jun. & their chil- 




20. 


Sarah dau. of g^^-*" Top- 






di-en Edward & Hannah. 






pan. 


Feb. 


10. 


William Deadman adult. 






Thomas sou of ^T Mil- 




17. 


Henry son of i'X Norrice. 






lett. 




24. 


William son of g'^ Dead- 
man. 




27. 


Sarah dau. of SS?"' Masu- 

ry- 


1740. 






Aug. 


24. 


Ambrose son of gjafi"'" 


Mch. 


2. 


John sou of ^,X"" Picker- 






Gale. 






ing- 


Sep. 


14. 


Lydiadau.of ?;}li:RS,Gale. 






Mary dau. of ^'i^'""" Ash- 






Susannah dau. of g'^„^ Bat- 






by- 






tiri. 




23. 


Margaret ) 

Hannah \ ^''"- "' «»— ' 






Sarah dau. of JSS^a, Heu- 
. derson. 






Pejil. 




21. 


Mary dau. of g^fJi'"' Cook. 




30. 


George son of Sarah Shat- 


Oct. 


5. 


Samuel son of S*' Fisk. 






tock. 




12. 


WilUam son of gSSL Need- 


Ap. 


20. 


Susannah Orne adult. 






ham. 




27. 


John sou of ^^Jl, Gerrish. 
^ dau. of '^^, Lang. 




19. 


Margarett dau. of ^X, 
Cook. 


May 


4. 


Thomas son of J^SSS, Mo- 






Mary dau. of ^.'■' Peal. 






rong. 


Nov. 


2. 


Gedney son of g^^''- King. 




18. 


William son of ^J?^ Ad- 




16. 


Samuelson of gSS"" Pease. 






ams. 




23. 


Benjamin son of Ku£l*«tii 


June 


1. 


Charles son of H^f'- Leach. 






King. 




22. 


Samuel son of ^^mJ^ ^*^<^- 
chard. 






Elizabeth dau. of gJIUlu, Ar- 
cher. 






Abigail dau. of &^ Cook. 


Dec. 


7. 


Mary dau. of gSigJa, dem- 




21). 


Joseph sou of ^;;Sl;.i.Hood. 






ons. 



79 



1740. 




^"^ ^ dau. of &^ Clout- 
man. 


Sept. 


6. 


Elizabeth dau. of SRHSSh'*'*- 

Davis. 
Sarah dau. of SSS* Sanders. 
Elizabeth dau. of fij^ Mug- 


Jan'y. 


4. 


Sarah dau. of ^^ Pick- 






ford. 






ering. 




13. 


Hannah dau. of |2S Chee- 


Feb. 


8. 


Hannah dau. of K?" Pick- 






ver. 




• 


ering. 


Oct. 


4. 


Mary dau. of '^•"'- Leach. 




22. 


Charies son of gJSJ" •"• King. 
Lydia dau. of t^"'- 




11. 


Nathaniel son of gS* Glov- 
er. 






Brown. 




18. 


John son of gJSi Cloutman. 


1741. 








25. 


Jonathan-son of j^^ Glov- 


Mch. 


1. 








er. 






Elizabeth dau. of i^'- 


Nov. 


1. 


Hannah dau. of i"^"" Ash- 






Webb. 






by- 




8 Bethiah dau, of iS^""- 




8. 


Nathaniel son of g^Jggh 






Archer. 






Mors. 




29. 


NathanieUon of ^*^ Estes. 






George son of |^"* 


Ap. 


19. 


Bachel Bates adult. 






Symmes. 






Ebenezer son of ^,V,t,',h Sy- 




15. 


Elizabeth ) , 

Sarah ] ""^ 






mouds. 






May 


10. 


David son of |S^{g "*•'"• 






Symonds. 




24. 


Gillingham. 
Mary dau. ofl^^'- Davis. 






Mary dau. ) ^„ ^ 
r^ i of a!Si?*Cum- 
George son ^ """y 




31. 


Mary dau. of ^£^ Emerton. 






mins. 




. 


Elizabeth dau. of iJS^S"'""- 


Dec. 


13. 


Margarett dau. of {^ 






Vinning. 






White. 


June 


6. 


of William Odle. 


Jan'y 


. 3. 


Benjamin son of g^lSkh i^y- 




13. 


of I«SS-"- Davis. 






monds. 




28- 


William son of i*^,^ Lang. 
Gabriel sou of §S^^"» Mun- 




10. 


John son of 'S^^ Morong. 
Henry son of gS?^ Grant. 






nion. 




17. 


Ebenezer son of ^aed Car- 


July 


19. 


Mary Masmy adult. 






rill. 






John son of ^^^i Cook. 




31. 


Samuel sou of gS?*'"" Sy- 




26. 


Sarah dau. of ^"*'„ Oak- 






monds. 






man. 


Feb. 


7. 


■Mehitabel dau. of gSS'""- 


Aug. 


23. 


Michael son of irihiui Pit- 






King. 






man. 




28. 


Margaret dau. of SSSfPeal. 



80 



1742. 

Mch. 28. 

Ap. 4. 

18. 



25. 

May 16. 
23. 

Jiiue 6. 
20. 

July 4, 

Aug. 1. 

8. 

15, 



Sep. 



Jaue dau. of gtS^ Cum 

mins. 
Esther Ruck adult. 
Mehitabel dau. of 

Smith. 
Sarah 
Mary 
Lois 
Eunice 



Robert 
Mary 



dau.ofgUSir»Moor. 



twins dau. of 



12, 



J!X"' Pickering. 

Daniel son of i^ij^ Adams. 

Roger son of hSSdVii Peal. 

George son of fSSgSS; Cook. 

Rachel dau. of gJSffeth Hen- 
derson. 

Susannah Te wksbury adult. 

Joseph son of i^^S" Bea- 
dle. 

Margarett dau. of g^?**^'''- 
Masury. 

Hannah dau. of ]|i£S»lh- Pun- 
chard. 

Abraham son of giiliKu, 
Gale. 

Mercy dau. of fij'^y Mars- 
ton adult & their young- 
er children John, Zech- 
ariah, Benjamin, Joseph. 

Mary 

Hannah 
Rich. 

Edward son 
Cook. 

Joseph son of i^J*-"- Cook. 

Ephraim son of S^SSU Sker- 

Edward sou of eiSLh L«uig. 



dau, of Mary 



,vf Josvpli third 



Nathaniel 
Elisabeth 



Hannah 



19. Jonathan son of ^^ Sy- 
monds. 

26. Mary dau. of ^J^*^- King. 
Mary dau. of ^23?**" Pease. 
James son of igSJ^^" Te wks- 
bury. 

Oct. 3. Nathaniel son of 
Yell. 
17. Benjamin 
Ebenezer 

Peal. 
Ebenezer son of ^^i Cook. 
Rachel dau. of gJSJS,th King. 
24. Sarah dau. of j^^ Fisk. 
Nov. 14. (jcorge son of giLnkh Arch- 
er. 
Dec. 12. Andrew son of S^^' Ste- 
phens. 
Jan. 16. Thomas son of ^"^^ Mil- 
lett. 
Sarah dau. of SJSS"'''* Viu- 
ning. 
23. Elizabeth dau. 1 
John son \. of 

Mary dau. 
Bullock. 
31. Samuelsonof J;g3f**' Pike. 
Feb. 6. Elizabeth wife of Edward 
Gillam. 
Stephen son of J^j^J^th Mills. 

27. Benjamin son of ^^ Pick- 



Joliu Jr. 
EltiabeUi 



1743. 
Mch. 13. 



Elizabetli wife of Benjamin 
Orne & their daughters 
Sarah & Elizal>etk adults 
also their son Benjamin 



a mnior. 



81 



1743. 
Mch. 20. 
27. 



Ap. 17. Jane dau. 



May 1 . 
June 5. 

12. 



Jonathan son of 5ag?i'*" Felt. 
Peter son of S^s^f^i" Glover. 
Mary dau. of i^^ttu Pit- 
man. 

of Tobias Jr. D^vig, 

Hannah dau. of gi«"„X Peal. 
Jeremiah son of ^^^y E»u^i- 

ton. 
Sarah dau. of ^1>J^' Estes. 
Margarett dau . of ^,1[J^*; Chee- 

ver. 
Mary dau. of ^T Pick- 



Rebecca dau. of g^LlJ^a Al- 



liu. 
Widow Mary 
Baptised in 
house. She 



July 10. 
17. 



Aug. 14. 



Sep. 11. 



18. 



Galium — 

her own 

being not 



of 



Jonathan 
Mary 



able to go to the House 
of God, by reason 
of consumptive sickness 
two years past, & ear- 
nestly desirous of bap- 
tism. 

Sarah dau. of Sfr?"" Gum- 
mins. 

Benjamin son 
Ashby. 

Elizabeth wife of Joseph 
Kempton. 

Hannah wife of David 
Smith & their son and 
child David. 

Elizabeth dau. of JJSSiti. 
Henderson. 

Abigail dau. of ^^^ Peal. 

Hannah dau. of jKIiV*"* Leach. 
11 



Oct. 2. 

9, 

■ 30, 

Nov. 13. 

20. 



1744. 
May 6. 



Susannah dau. of ^^^^f*"* 
Ruee. 

John son of 'i^jjjj.f • Webb. 

Abigail dau. of gS^^s;}^! Yell. 

Samuel son of ^^^^^^ Glover. 

John son of J|aUJ,*JJ Dead- 
man. Baptised by the 
Rev. Mr. James Diman 
in the Fourth Church in 
Salem. 

John son of JJliT;/*^"^^ Fisk. 
Baptised by the Rev. 
Nathan Bucknam (Pas- 
tor of Medway) in the 
First church in Salem. 

Aug. 14. Sarah dau. of giVVr^^'- King. 

1748. 

July 17. Joseph son > 

Elizabeth dau. \ ^^ 
(Pastor) Fisk. Baptised 
by the Rev. Peter Glark 
in his own church in Sa- 
lem village, which is the 
second church in Salem. 

The baptisms above recorded are copied 
from the first vol. of Records — and are by the 
foUowLng Pastors 

Francis Higginson Teacher & 

Samael Skelton Pastor settled aug. C. 1629 

Mr Higginson died ang. 1630 

Mr. Skelton " Aug. 2. 1634 

Roger Williams settled here about 1633 con- 
tinued about two years & with some of his 
church removed to Providence. 

Hugh Peters settled in 1635 — he went home 
as Agent in 1641— was there when King 
Charles was beheaded and in 1661 lost his life. 

John Fisk preached here ft?om M. Peter's 
going home on his agency Arom 1641. to 1653 
when he removed to Wenham. 



Samuel 
Anna 



Edward Norice was Minister here firom 1652 
to 1659. 

John Higginson settled 1659, died Dec. 1708, 
aet. 92 yrs 

Nicholas Noyes settled Nov. 14. 1683, died 
Dec. 13, 1717 

George Curwin settled May 19. 1714 died 
Nov. 23. 1717 

8amuel Fiske settled oct. 8. 1718 dismissed 
by his church ap. 18. 1735 — then preached to 
a number that went off with him till 1743 & 
then was dismissed by them, died april 1771 



BEAY FAMILY OF SALEM. 



BY E. 8. W. 



Continued ftom vol. vii. p. 247. 

(7) IV. Benjamin,* (14) b. Sept. 
27, 1692, d. m^ 

Nov. 8, 1716-7, Hannah, d. 
of John & Lander, 

b. ab.* 1694, d. Oct. 12, 1785. 
Her father John Lander 
owned the estate running from 
Essex to Bath Sts. next east- 
erly of the present Babbidge 
estate, and having for its west- 
erly boundary in 1765, ''the 
late homestead of Beuj. Gray," 
then deceased. The said 
Lander's land was divided 
into four portions, of which 
his dau. Hannah Bray, had 
the easternmost, with a front- 
age on Bath St. (then the com- 
mon or training-field land) of 
20 feet, his dau. Widow Mary 
Henderson in 1752, the next 
portion with a width of 17 
feet, his dau. Jane, Spinster 



in 1752, & dead in 1765, the 
next of the same width, and 
his dau. Wid. Sarah John- 
son the next and most westerly 
portion. The first three por- 
tions came into the possession 
of Benj. Bray, the fii*st as his 
wife's inheritance, and the two 
others by purchase from Jane 
and Mary, Nov. 9, 1752. 
Here probably he lived. The 
most westerly portion, *'my 
mansion house & part of 
homestead as set oflT to me," 
was sold by Wid. Johnson 
Aug. 15, 1765, to John Bray, 
the son of Benj", who lived for 
the rest of his long life, in the 
said house, which was situated 
at the south west corner, and 
was but recently demolished, 
as well as the barn on Bath St. 
to make way for the residence 
and grounds of Mrs. Geo. 
West, his grdau. At the 
southeasterly cor. on EJssex St. 
stood the apothecary's shop of 
the respected Dr. Benj. Webb, 
afterwards occupied by Mrs. 
Susan Brooks, and now made 
into a barn. 

Many a passer-by thro, old 
Bath St. will remember the 
gray decayed look of the old 
buildings, and the damp rank 
growth of the field adjoining, 
and note almost with regret 
how few of these suggested 



83 



of Salem's former life are 
left. 

Within too the hoiise was 
the abode of age, aud often 
was the aged form of "Uncle 
Daniel" seen slowly making 
his rounds about the place. 
The baptisms of Benj. Bray's 
children are from the First 
Church Records. 

I find no record of the date 
of his death, or of adm^ upon 
his estate.* 
(8) V. Christiana,* b. Mch. 19, 
1694, d. Feb. 1784, m*! June 
1st, 1715-6 William, son of 
W? and Sarah (Flinder) Cashe, 
b. Feb. 13, 1693-4 ; est. adrn^ 
upon Sept. 8, 1729. He wjis 
a master mariner and I believe 
owned a house and land on the 
W'y side of Turner near Derby 
St. which passed to his dan. 
Mary, & now forms part of 
the premises of the late man- 
sion house of Judge Waters. 

His inv^ contained ** a dw. ho. 
and 25 poles of land = 185£," 



♦Nov. 14, 1795, John Bray, Daniel & wife 
Mary, Hannah Foynion, Wid, & Sarah Dri- 
ver, Wid., each one fifth, & Thomas Poynton 
Ives of Providence, Merchant, & Elizabeth 
Ives of Salem, each one tenth, sell for £42 to 
Benjamin Henderson, mariner, their several 
rights to that real estate " late of BeiJ. Bray, 
Mariner, deed," bd. N. on Browne St. 40 f. 3 
in., E. by land of Daniel Bray 67 f. 7 in., S. by 
land of Capt. John Gardner 42 f., & W. by 
land of Wp Luscomb 09 f. 2 in. A descend- 
ant of Capt. H. stm holds it. 



"J part in the Brigantine 
Good Intent with her boat," 
&c. and was taken by 
Timothy Orne, 
Joshua Hicks, 
John Crowninshield 
and presented Jan. 2, 1729-30. 
She had two children I. Wil- 
liam,^ who prob. died young, 
and n. Mary,* b. ab? 1726, d. 
Feb. 20, 1794, ml Ap. 9, 
1754, Capt. Thomas, son of 
Thomas & Martha (Gilling- 
ham) Dean, b. aW 1722, d. 
July 8, 1802, by whom she 
had children, several of whom 
were born in Barbadoes, W. I., 
whither she accompanied her 
husband, remaining during the 
Revolution. They owned & 
lived in the three-story house* 
in Turner St. next north of the 
estate, of the late Capt. Joseph 
Waters who m^ her dan. Mary. 
Probably once Cashe land, and 
the house a gift from her 
mother at her marriage. She 
m*! 2dly. Jan 6, 1736-7 Capt. 
Clifford Crowninshield, b. in 
Boston, Dec. 10, 1699, d. in 
Salem April 4, 1776, by 
whom she had no children. 
By his will made in 1750, f 



♦ A house of very pleasing proportions until 
Its recent alteration. 

fit was witnessed by Jona., Priscilla, and 
John Webb, the former two of whom were 
dead at the time of its probate in 1776. 



84 



after bequeathing legacies to 
his two children by a former 
wife, and his dau-in-law Mary 
Cash, he gave all the rest of 
his estate to his widow, but he 
did not die until twenty-six 
years afterwards, and in the 
mean time accumulated much 
real and personal property, 
which of course was not cov- 
ered by the will of 1750. At 
his death however the widow, 
his executrix probated the will, 
and took undisputed possession 
of all the property except the 
legacies mentioned. 

So she enjoyed it until her 
death in 1784, when her will 
was probated in which she left 
it all to her dan. & her hus- 
band Capt. Thos. Dean, 
whom she appointed executor. 

John Orowninshield the son 
of Clifford seems to have ac- 
quiesced in the widow's dispo- 
sition of his father's property,* 
and probably no one of the 
parties imagined that there 
was any irregularity in the 
affair ; but some time after his 
death in 1777, his son Clifford 
took measures to have the mat- 
ter investigated, and it was 

* J have heard it stated that it was bought 
with her money, bnt the evidence hardly bears 
oat this statement. His property according 
to the City Tax books equalled here at the 
time of marriage, and some of his real est., 
was bought before then. 



apparent that of the propei-ty 
acquired after the date of the 
will, the widow had a right 
to a third share and no more, 
that the rest belonged to his 
two children by his first wife, 
the said John, and Mary, the 
wife of John Byrne. 

The case was brought before 
the Court of Probate, which 
granted adm*! (de bonis non) 
to Samuel (afterward Judge) 
Putnam July 9, 1792; in the 
words of the Court " the said 
Christina not having fully ad- 
ministered," and was finally 
settled by Capt. Dean's keep- 
ing the personal estate and 
paying therewith the debts, 
but deeding the real estate to 
the Crowninshield heirs. 

The affair involved the trans- 
fer of considerable real estate 
in the lower part of the Town, 
and from various causes pro- 
duced considerable local excite- 
ment at the time, there arc 
those now living who remem- 
ber it, aiid some hard feeling, 
but two at least of the descend- 
ants of the different parties 
were affected mutually by the 
decision, as the great-grandson 
of the one married the great- 
grand-daughter of the other. 
** Tempus omnia squat." 

Mrs. C. lived with her dau. 
in her house in Turner St., 



85 



which had- an open garden 
fronting on Derby St. and was 
somewhat noted for its display 
of what were then i*ai'e flowers, 
and here she died at the ripe 
age of ninety. 

(3) DANIEL,*^ by wife Hannah 
had issue : — 

(9) I. H.iNNAH,^ b. Dec. 20, 
1702, d. aW July 17G2, ml 
Nov. 2, 1721,* William Mans- 
field, "fisherman," by whom 
she hiid I, William,* who d. 
before June 1, 1762, leaving 
children 1. William ;^2. Ruth,^ 
II, Paul,* who also was dead at 
that time, leaving a son I, 
Paul ;^ III, Daniel Bray ;* IV, 
John ;* V, Hannah,* who m*? a 
Bay ley, and had a dan., I, 
Elizabeth,* who m*! a Sadler, 
& prob. others ; VI, Susan- 
nah.* June 9, 1762 Hannah 
Mansfield, widow, makes her 
will, giving unto her two 
grandchildren W™ and Ruth, 
child*? of son W? dec*! 2£ 13s. 
4d. each at the age of 21 ; to 
grdson. Paul, son of my son 
Paul dec*? 13s. 4d. at age ; un- 
to son Daniel Bray Mansfield 
13s. 4d., 3 mos. after decease, 
unto son John, a common right 



♦ Perhaps b. Jan. 2, 1696-7, the son of Paul, 
who in^ Sarah Carter prob. wid. of John. 
Paul had also a son Joseph, b. Mar. 20, 1704-5. 
who was probably the one, who m j Feb. 12^ 
1734, Hannah dau. of Sam. Foot, who d. Ap. 
16, 1791. See Ins. CoU. Vol. vU, p. 163, Note. 

11* 



(10) 



which came to me from the 
estate of Uncle Jos. Brown* 
decl unto Eliz^ Sadler eld. 
child of my dau. Hannah Bay- 
ley 2£ 138. 4d at 21 ; also all 
my wearing apparel except my 
black suit which I hereby give 
to dau. Hannah Bayley. "I 
doe also give iinto the said 
Eliz*I one bed upon which my 
two sons lies (when John 
comes to ye age of 21." Unto 
dau. Susannah Mansfield the 
best bed .and furniture there 
belonging, the best looking- 
glass, and all the linen except- 
ing it is all given before, & 
any handirons, tongs, fire-irons 
&c. hooks and trammels, & also 
my part in the pew in the East 
Meeting house. 

I give unto my four children 
Daniel Bray & John Mansfield 
Hannah Bayley and Susannah 
Mansfield all the rest of my 
estate equally. John Ives to 
be sole executor. 

June 9. 1762 
Timothy Welman 
Stephen Webb 
John IngersolL Presented July 

15, 1762. 
n. MARY,«b. Dec. 31, 1704; 
prob. the one who was m? 
Feb. 27, 1728, by Rev. Mr. 
Jennison of the East Parish, 

*Ue died about April 1756. 



86 



to Thomas Lisbell, and I sup- 
pose died before 1757, as no 
mention of her or her heirs is 
made in a deed of Hannah 
Mansfield's fourth part to her 
other sisters. 

(11) III. EuNicB,^ b. Mch. 9, 
1706-7, m^ Mch. 13, 1728 
Thomas Stevens, "joiner," who 
died before 1757. 

(12) IV. Elizabeth,^ b. Oct. 10, 
1710, m4 Nov. 27, 1740, John, 
son of Samuel & Sarah (Has- 
kett) IngersoU, "mariner, by 
whom she had I. John,* and 
II. Samuel,* who m^ at Hamp- 
ton, Oct. 19, 1772, Susanna, 
dau. of John & Susanna (Tou- 
sel) Harthorne ; he died of 
fever, at sea, on his passage 
from Guadeloupe, July 15, 
1804 aged 60, leaving a son 
Ebenezer,* who survived him a 
week, and died on board the 
vessell, in Quarantine aged 23, 
and Susanna,^ who died unm^ 
in 1858. Mrs. IngersoU d. 
Aug. 5, 1768. 

(13) V. Priscilla,^ b. May 11, 
1713, d. Sept. 1768, unm*? In 
her will dated Aug. 30, 1768, 
she mentions her two kinsmen 
John, and Samuel IngersoU, 
her uncle Joseph Browne dec"!, 
sister Eunice Stevens, kins- 
women Susannah Clough and 
Elizl* Saddcl, to whom she 
gives money and trinkets, and 



makes her sister Eunice Exec- 
utrix. Willpres*! Oct, 4, 1768. 
Jan. 8, 1757, W? Mans- 
field and w. Hannah, for 13£. 
6s. 8d., sold to Eunice Ste- 
vens, Wid., Eliz. IngersoU, 
Wid. and Priscilla Bray, Spin- 
ster, i part common and undi- 
vided of that dw. ho. and land 
being about i of an acre &c. 
formerly the homestead of 
Dan. Bray, dec*? ; and May 17, 
1768 an Indenture of Partition 
between the latter three was 
agreed upon ; 

Of the divided premises 
Priscilla red a strip on the 
Easterly side bounded N. o:i 
the main St. Ip. 5 links, E. on 
Becket's lane 6p. 19 links, until 
you come to a stake at 1 pole's 
distance northward from Mur- 
ray's land, S. on the part as- 
signed to sd. Eliz*! Ip. & Wy. 
on her pt. by a straight line to 
sd. Main St. saving also to the 
sd. Priscilla the dw. ho. which 
she built at her own expense 
at the N-Ey. corner of said 
premises. 

Eliz. IngersoU red the Sy. 
end of the dw. ho. and of the 
laud it stood on, with part of 
the land bd. Ny. on the front 
yard and other pt. of the house 
& Id. assigned to Eunice, E. 
by Priscilla's pt., then Ny. by 
same 1 pole, then Ey. by 



87 



Beckett's lane Ip, then Sy. by 
Id. of Murray to a pole's dis- 
tance fm. Wy. line, and Wy. by 
Eunice's part 5p. 14 links, with 
share in well, cellar, front- 
yard, & front door near the 
angle on the Wy. side of 
house, Eunice rec4 a strip on 
the Wy. side of 5p. 14 links 
long, and the Ny. end of house, 
bd. W. ptly. by Id. late of Sam. 
Carlton dec4, & ptly. Id. fly. 
of Webb, Sy. by do. of 
Murray, & E. by sd. Eliza- 
beth's, &c. 

Abraham Watson. 

Jane Turner. 

The above premises were on 
the Southwesterly cor. of Es- 
sex & Becket Sts., perhaps the 
house which still occupies the 
spot. 

FOURTH GENERATION. 

(7) Benjamin*^ by wife Hannah 
had issue : — 
(14) I. Hannah,* b. Oct. 26, 
1718, bap. Mch. 1, 1719, d. 
Aug. 1811 ; m^ Sept. 8, 1743, 
Capt. Thomas Poynton, b. in 
England abJ 1712, d at Shrews- 
bury, England, July 13, 1781. 
He was* a member of the 
Church of England as was also 
his wife, and one of the officers 
of St. Peter's in this town, ad. 
joining which he lived, in the 
*' Pineapple House" in Brown 



St.,* which descended to his 
wife's relatives the Bancrofts, 
He was a strong loyalist, and 
returned to England in the last 
vessel which sailed from Bos- 
ton, before actual hostilities 
commenced. 

The following extracts are 
taken from a parchment docu- 
ment in the Probate Office, 
sent there from Doctor's-Com- 
mons. 

To all and singular the faith- 
ful in Christ to whom these 
present Letters Testamentary 
shall come &c., John, by Di- 
vine Providence Archbishop of 
Canterbury, Primate of all 
England, and Metropolitan, 
sends Greeting in our Lord 
God everlasting, and wills that 
undoubted faith be given to 
these presents, &c., and here- 
by makes known to you, that 
on searching the Registry of 
our Prerogative Court of Can- 
terbury, we have found and 
plainly discovered among other 
things in the same, That on 
the thirtieth day of March 
1792, Administration with the 
Will annexed of the goods and 
chattels of Thomas Poynton 
formerly of Mass. Bay — in 
North America, but late of the 
town of Shrewsbury in the 



*ISee lus. Coll. Vol. vU. p. 162. Note. 



88 



County of Salop, deceased was 


In the mventory his dwel- 


granted to Lewis Deblois, the 


ling house with the adjoining 


lawful att'y of Hannah Poyn- 


land, and the barn and store 


ton, widow of the said Thom- 


standing thereon were valued 


as. &c, Thomas Lloyd Amm. 


at £550. 


& John Maddock the executors 


A lot of land North of the 


named in said will having re- 


garden bounding westerly [)urt- 


nounced execution thereof. 


ly on Church St. (so called), 


By said will he desired to be 


and Ny. on the North River 


interred in the Parish Church 


£60. About an acre in the 


of Fitz in the said County of 


South Field £15. Mrs. Poyn- 


Salop, and that all his real and 


ton survived her husband until 


personal estate should be given 


1811, dying at the age of 90 : 


to his dearly beloved wife Han- 


she had no children but was 


nah Poynton, but in case she 


the "Aunt" of a large circle of 


should be dead, then to divide 


attached relatives. 


the proceeds of it equally 


By her will dated Jan. 19, 


among his next of kin. 


1801, she leaves her property 


Thomas Bishop. 


to her relatives, giving her 


Richard Pickstock 


laud in South Fields to the 


George Bettou. 


three children of her brother 


June 30 1781. 


John, and making Thomas 


Letters testimonial &c. Giv- 


Poynton Bancroft, & the chil- 


en at London Mch. 13, 1792 


dren Thomas Poynton Ives, 


and "in the ninth year of our 


(once of Beverly, afterwards of 


Translation" 


Providence, R. I.) her residu- 


George Gostling 


Deputy 
Registers 


ary legatees : to the former of 


James Tounley 
R* Dodwell J 


these was left the dw. ho., & 
field adjoining in Brown St., 


Sworn under £100. Es*! by 


and the land extending there- 


G. Buckton in Doctor's' 


from to St. Peter's St. To St. 


Commons 


Peter's Church she gave $50.00, 


Administration with the Will 


and to its rector Dr. Fisher, 


annexed granted to the Widow, 


the same. Thomas Bancroft 


by Judge Greculeaf Sept. 3, 


& Thomas Poynton Ives, Ex- 


1792; bond given by Edw 


ecutors. 


Pulling Esq, & John Bray 


W"? Prescott. 


Sept. 3, 1792. 




Stephen Webb. 



89 



Jno. Osgood. 

Wm presented Feb. 3, 1812. 

(15) n. Benjamin,* (20) b. aW 
1722, d. prob. a few years 
after marriage, m^ July 11, 
1746, Sarah, dau. of Michael & 
Sarah Driver, bap. July 5, 
1724, d. before 1801. 

(16) m. John,* (21) b. ab* 1724, 
d. Nov. 19, 1803, m^ April 8, 
1750, Elizabeth, dau. of Mi- 
chael and Sarah (Gray) Driver, 
bap. Jan 11, 1727-8, d. abf 
1778. "A venerable man; 
died of a gradual infirmity, — 
his parents died aged. His 
wife a Driver long dead. Long 
infirm, — of the greatest indus- 
try and most peaceful temper. 
A Shoemaker. Essex oppo- 
site Herbert St." Dr. B. 

(17) IV. Robert,* bap. Jan. 15, 
1726, prob. d. umn? 

(18) V. Sarah,* bap. July 6, 1729, 
d. na? 

(19) VI. Daniel,* (30) bap. July 
20, 1735, d. June 24, 1798, 
ml May 15, 1760, Mary,* 
dau. of Ephraim Ingalls, b. 
ab^ 1737, d. Sept. 28, 1805. 

He was a master mariner, 
and lived in Brown St. near 
the cor. . of Newbury St, in a 
house built upon tliat spot by 



♦May 6, 1768 she joins with Jos. Scott, mar. 
& w. Margt , & Nathan Brown Jr. d., & w. Sa- 
rah, in selling to her bro Ephraim, tailor, part 
of a comer pew No. 6., in St. Peter's Church. 

12 



himself according to the fol- 
lowing deed, and afterwards 
for many years inhabited by 
his descendants. Benj. Bray 
& wife Hannah, for £13, 6s. 
to them paid by their son Dan- 
iel, mariner convey to him a 
piece of land of 6^ poles, 
bounded N. on a way leading 
from the Church to the Train- 
ing-field, 1^. 18 links, E by 
land of Jona. Grardner, 4 p. 3 
links, S. by said Gardner's 1 p. 
10 links, W. on their other land 
4 p. 1 link ^^on which he hath 
by my consent built a dwelling- 
house," with all claim for rent. 



A LETTER BY REV. JOHN HIG- 
GINSON TO THE COUNTY 
COURT, 1670. 



[I find on the files of the Croonty Coort the 
following original letter. w. p. u.] 

To y** Honoured & Worshipful Mr. 
Broadstreet & ye rest of y" magis- 
trates of ye Court at Salem Nov. 
30th 
Honoured S" 

Being very crazy & ill y* I cannot 
stirre abroad, I make bould to inform 
you in this way, y* I durst not but in 
duty & conscience set my hand unto 
those 2 writings wch were presented 
to your selves at Ipswich Court, upon 
the grounds there expressed against 
Mr Ashbyes being admitted an ordin- 
ary keeper in Salem. Entreating y* 
y® case may be seriously considered 
now, whether y* present ordinaries 



90 



may not rather be more strictly or- 
dered, then another be added to 
them ; Especially since Mr Ashby was 
judged an unfit man for such a place 
by a general vote of y® town when it 
was referred to them by y® Selectmen 
not agreeing in it. & y* some of y*-' 
Select men y* set their hands to his 
approbation have since frequently 
sayd they judg him unfit but yielded 
to y* importunitie of others, also di- 
vers of those y* set their hands to a 
writing for him, have said they were 
overcome by impoi-tunity. And m^ 
Ashby hath kept an ordinary here in 
y* towne without license & sold fre- 
quently for 3 pence a quart, both wch 
(is supposed) to be contrary to law, 
& he hath seemed to carry it with a 
high hand, aa if he was sure to be 
approved, when it may be feared in 
regard of his temper being so much 
addicted to Companionship, y^ his 
ordinary keeping may be a snare to 
ye looser sort of people in this place 
& a means to encreas drunkennes & 
prophane8 here, agst wch there have 
not wanted very sad & judiciall warn- 
ings, as y® drowning of severall per- 
sons at severall times occasioned by 
their excessive drinking, & others by 
frequent fudliug & company keeping 
undone in their estates or as m' 
Woodcock who dyed in horror com- 
plaining of ye snare of companie & 
drinking. 

But I doubt not but it is & will be 
your serious care to prevent such 
things as much as may be. thus rest^ 
iug in y® discharge of my own duty, 
& craving pardon for my bouldness 
I rest Your humble servant 

John Higginson. 



At a meeting of the Selectmen of 



Salem July 5"» 1670 Anthony Ashby 
was allowed " to keep a house of en- 
tertaynment to sell beare & ale cider 
for one yeare vppon try all.'' 

The following was the action of the 
County Court: 

Nov. 2yV» 1670. ''Whereas at the 
last Court at Ipswich there was a re- 
quest presented from the select men 
of Salem, for ye alowing of Anthony 
Ashby to keepe an ordinarye, & the 
Court vnderstanding at the same 
tyme that there had passed a voate 
against it, at a generall Towne meet- 
ing there, & y* seuerall of the cheofe 
Inhabitants was vnsattisfied as to his 
establishment in that employment, 
the further consideration thereof was 
refered to this Court, where wee find 
the like diferent desires continued, & 
withall it appeal's by a joint consent 
that there is need of another ordinarye 
to be settled, this Court doeth there- 
fore heareby alow & confirme such 
person to keepe an ordinary as the 
major part of y"" freemen & such other 
alowed by law to voate shall make 
choyce of at tlie next generall meet- 
ing about march next: hoepeing & 
exspccting y^ due care wilbe taken for 
the choyce & procuring of such an 
one as may conduce to the welfare ^of 
the Towne & uieete accommodation 
of strangers &c." 

The County Court having thus re- 
ferred the matter to the Town, Mr. 
Joseph Gardner was accordingly cho- 
sen at a general Town meeting March 
3d. 1671. Anthony Ashby, having 
failed to get the appointment, sold his 
house and removed from town. 



91 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH AND DIARY OF REV. JOSEPH 
GREEN, OF SALEM VILLAGE. 



BY SAMUEL P. FOWLEK. 



The Rev. Joseph Green was son of John Green,- of Cambridge, 
Mass., graduated at HaiTard College in 1695, and entered the ministry 
when twenty-three years of age. He was ordained as pastor of the 
church at Salem Village, Nov. 10, 1698. His salary, at the time of 
his settlement, was £80 a year, and thirty cords of wood. 

March 16, 1699, he married Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Joseph 
Gerrish, of Wenham, and died Nov. 26, 1715, having just completed his 
fortieth year. 

He left a widow and seven children, namely, Ann, born Nov. 27, 
1699. (The child born Jan. 11, 1701, said by Mr. Savage to have 
soon died, was still-bohi.) John, born Dec. 22, 1701, and baptized the 
Sabbath following, Dec. 28 ; Joseph, born Dec. 12, 1703, on the Sab- 
bath, at 9 o'clock, A. M., and baptized the same day; Edward, born 
Dec. 1, 1705; Elizabeth, born May 8, 1708, and baptized the day fol- 
lowing, which was the Sabbath; William, born Aug. 11, 1710; Benjar- 
min, born June 30, 1713, and baptized the Sabbath following, July 5th; 
Ruth, a posthumous child was born April 23, 1716. Mrs. Green mar- 
ried for a second husband the Rev. William Brattle, of Cambridge. 
None of the descendants of her former husband ever resided in Danvers. 
Very early in his ministry at the Village (where the devil but a few 
years before had his great triumph), Mr. Green made an effort (Nov. 
29, 1698) to induce his church to receive back into fellowship the three 
dissenting brethren who had given Mr. Parris so much trouble, nariiely, 
John Tarbell, Thomas Wilkins, and Samuel Nourse. His charitable en- 
deavors in behalf of these brethren were successful. 

Dec. 7, 1704, he brought before the church the case of Martha Cory, 
who was excommunicated for witchcraft Sept. 11, 1692, but no one 
moving in the matter, he himself, at a church meeting held the 14th of 
February following, moved that the name of this woman be restored to 
the church records. The motiim was carried, but against so strong 
opposition, that her name was suffered to remain unrestored. Mr. 
Green, on the 4th of May, 1707, jigain attempted to induce the church 
to revoke her excommunication, making a strong appeal that justice 



92 

should be rendered to the memory of a falsely accused member. He 
succeeded in this his third attempt to restore to the church records the 
name of this unfortunate woman. 

Ann Putnam, jr. (so called to distinguish her from her mother, the 
wife of Thomas Putnam, the parish clerk), was one of the most violent 
and persistent accusers in the circle of the bewitched girls, and the 
chief instrument in accusing and witnessing against Bebecca Nourse, 
Mary Esty, and Sarah Cloyce, two of whom were executed, and the 
' latter suffered imprisonment. Ann, upon confessing her sorrow that she 
had been deluded by Satan, and protesting that what she had said or 
done against any person was not in anger, malice, or ill-will, and desir- 
ing to lie in the dust for giving just cause of sorrow or offence to 
those relatives who were imprisoned or executed, was admitted to the 
full communion of the church. 

It is much to be regretted by those who desire to know the motives 
of the actors in this astonishing delusion (which appears the more 
astounding the further we recede from it),' that Mr. Green, who proba- 
bly prepared and wrote Ann's confession, did not question her, and 
bring out the true motives which actuated her and her companions; 
more especially since this is the only confession that has come down to 
us from these bewitched girls. But this confession, by way of justify- 
ing such strange and criminal conduct, will not satisfy us at the present 
day, however satisfactory it seemed to the believers in witchcraft iiS 
1692. Many reasons have been given for the conduct of these accused 
girls. The most plausible one to my mind was their love of sport and 
mischief, combined with the genend sympathy and pity expressed for 
them in their great supposed distress. I say suppoml distress, for wo 
should remember that in the indictments these girls were said to be 
'* wasted and pined" by witches, when, in fact, they were hearty and in 
health through the whole excitement. The love of notoriety, so com- 
mon to us all, was another motive for the conduct of these girls. This 
passion was especially strengthened in them by their being visited by 
clergymen, justices, judges, attorneys, and others who wished to obtain 
evidences of witchcrafts, and by their being called upon by distinguished 
persons, and sent to neighboring towns to discover witches. To carry 
forward this delusion, they had now a part to act, which was in accord- 
ance with the actions of witches as laid down in books. 

England, as is well known, was flooded at this time with works on 



93 

witchcraft, and many found their way to this country. Witch stories 
were the common discourse at the fire-side, and the antic gestures and 
tricks of Goodwin's children were probably known to these girls, as Dr. 
Cotton Mather published, in 1689, an account of the case under the 
title of "Late Memorable Providences, relating to Witchcraft and Pos- 
session." 

These accusing girls, as may well be supposed, were laboring under 
a teiTible nervous excitement, and related, day by day, what they had 
experienced by night while under the influence of dreams and night- 
mares, — their spectral evidences which were received as undoubted 
truths by the courts. It is related in one of the depositions in the 
court records, that such was the nervous excitement of one of these 
girls, that upon receiving a rebuke or scolding, she went immediately 
into a fit. Just as soon as sympathy and attention were withdrawn 
from these bewitched girls, they were quiet and nothing more was heard 
from them. It has been thought by some that if these girls had been, 
soundly whipped, this delusion might have been checked at once. But 
who were the ones to do it? John Proctor whipped one of them, his 
maid Mary Warren, and lost his life by the act (the girl accusing him 
of bewitching her) , and his wife escaped death in a way open only to a 
woman. 

Perhaps if to the discipline of the girls silence could have been 
enjoined upon Dr. Cotton Mather, Rev. Nicholas Noyes, and Mr. Parris, 
and the clamorous appeals of Sergeant Thomas Putnam to the magis- 
trates, Hathorne and Cur win, to hasten forward in their examinations 
and commitments could have been prevented, the witchcraft folly might 
have been checked upon its first appearance. 

In Mr. Green's character were combined many virtues and excellen- 
ces ; mild and forgiving, yet firm and persistent in his endeavora to allay 
the storm produced in the village by supposed witchcraft, and possess- 
ing a good show of common sense and more than usual knowledge of 
human nature, he was eminently qualified for the duties of his office. 
His intellectual acquirements, though not great, were considerable ; his 
piety sincere, and liis conversation on religious subjects was free from 
the affected langujige so prevalent in his day among clergymen. Ilis 
energy of character and love of labor can best be seen in his Diary. 
Indeed we have been led to think that his life might have been short- 
ened by excessive toil. 

12* 



94 

But he had his days of relaxation, being fond of sporting with his 
gun and fishing-rod. That he was a good shot is sufficiently evident by 
the record made in his diary of his killing eighteen pigeons at one dis- 
charge of his gun. lie erected a pigeon-stand near his house and caught 
niany dozen of these birds, keeping, during the year, in a cage in his 
kitchen his wild pigeons, to be used as flutterers or decoys. In one of 
his excursions he shot a Wild-cat, or Bay-lynx. He frequently visited 
the pond in Middleton for fishing, taking with him his three boys. Mr. 
Green was a good ciitzen and a public-spirited man. This was mani- 
fested by his establishing the first public school in Danvcrs, and by his 
contributing one-eighth of a year's salary to aid in building a new meet- 
ing-house. On the 29th of August, 1708, the Sabbath on which the 
Indians surprised Haverhill, Mr. Green left his pulpit for the scene of 
this Indian massacre. Upon retiching Haverhill and finding that the 
enemy had left the town, he joined in the pursuit on the morning of 
the 30th, but not oveilaking them, he returned to Haverhill. The next 
day he was a pall-bearer at the funeral of Mrs. Eolf, who, with her 
husband, was among the victims of this Indian attack. Mr. Green 
reached home at midnight, very weary. In his Diary, he refers us to 
his account of this Indian massacre, which I fear is lost. Mr. Green, 
in his Diary, informs us that in 1708, "Sept. 26th, Sabbath, at noon, 
we had news of 300 Indians having besett Haverhill. I went and we 
found that there was but 20 or 30 seen — no hurt done." Sept. 27th, "I 
walked with Major Turner and 20 men to several Garrisons in Haver- 
hill about 8 miles and dined at Mr. White's and then visited Mrs. 
Symes and came home." 

During the last years of Mr. Green's life, he was much engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. He had purchased land around the parsonage, and 
owned several parcels of land in Middleton, and a farm above Haver- 
hill. His stock consisted of four oxen, two horses, twenty-five sheep, 
and six swine. His orchard was large, furnishing him with forty bar- 
rels of cider per year, and ten barrels of winter apples. Many of his 
trees he grafted with his own hands, and showed much taste for horti- 
culture by planting plum-trees, surrounding his dwelling with elms, and 
erecting an arbor in his garden. 

He was genial and hospitable in the entei*tainment of his friends at 
the parsonage ; kind to the poor, who frequently came to him for relief, 
giving counsel to the perplexed, and legal advice and documents to the 



95 

uQlettered. If Captain Flint, commander of the company at the village, 
wanted a compass or chart in his campaigns against the Indians, Mr. 
Green was ready to furnish either of them, the work of his own hands. 
He frequently made note in his Diary of the pleasure he felt in being 
able to settle the difficulties in his church and society, and signified his 
aversion to the re-opening of old social wounds among his people. 

His Diary gives us a pleasing and instructive account of the life and 
every-day employments of a country clergyman at the period in which 
he lived. 

Mr. Green died Nov. 26, 1715, and was buried in the Wadsworth 
burial-ground in Dan vers. The following is the Latin inscription over 
his grave: — 

SUB HOC CiESPITE 

REQUIESCUNT IN SPE BEATiE RESURRECTION IS 

RELIQUIiE REVERENDI D. JOSEPHI GREEN. A. M. 

UUJUSCE ECCLESIiE PER XVIII ANNORUM 

FERE SPATIUM 

>PASTORIS VIGILANTISSIMI, 

VIRI SEMPITERNA MEMORIA TENENDI 

TUM GRAVITATE DOCTRINE TUM SUAVITATE MORUM. 

QUI DECESSIT EX HAC iERUMNOSA VITA 

QUINTA DIE ANTE CALENDAS DECEMBRE8, 

ANNO DOMINI MDCCXV. 
IMPLEVERAT JAM ANNUM QUADRAGESIMUM. 

TRANSLATION. 

Under this sod He, in hope of a blessed resurrection, the remains of the Rev. Joseph 
Green, A. M., deceased. For nearly eighteen years he was a most vigilant pastor of this 
church. A man to be held in perpetual remembrance both for the seriousness of his in- 
struction, aud the agrceableness of his manners. 

He departed trom this very laborious life on the 26th day of November, 1716. 

He had Just completed his fortieth year. 

The following Epitaph was written by the Rev. Nicholas Noyes, of 
Salem, upon the death of Rev. Joseph Green: — 

Under this Sorry Heap of Stones 
Rich Treasure lyes, dear Joseph* s Bones; 
From Salem Village^ Christ will move 
Them to His Salem that's above — 
When the Last Trumpet gives it's Sound, 
The Saints will Start from under Ground, 
Be Chang'd and Mount, with one accord, 
To Meet with their Descending Lord — 



Tho following letter upon the death of Rev. Joseph Green was writ- 
ten by his father-in-law, Rev. Joseph Gerrish, of Wenham, with the 
name of his wife appended to at, Anna Gerrish, the daughter of Major 
Richard Waldron: — 

9 10 1715 

Dear Sister, — You are nott ignorant of the cause of our deepe 
Sorrow on the account of our sore bereavement, the Soverainc Lord 
having taken from us our desire, Mr. Green who after many fears and 
some hopes, left us on the 26th of last month universally bewailed — 
He died comfortably had his seus's and reason to the last breath; 
leaving us to moui*u for our sins which provoked Grod to snatch him 
jfrom among us in the midst of his days, his breasts full of milk and 
bones of marrow, having served his people just eighteen years the last 
Sabbath he preached, and just forty years of age to a day or two — He 
quickley run his race, and did his works and is gone to receive his 
reward — The Lord fitt us on to follow him — He has left a mournful 
widow with seven children l)orn, and one not born, who bespeaks pitty 
and prayers from all friends &c — My wife was with him night and day 
about a fourtnight till he was buried, was wonderfully enabled to do 
for all — We are sorry to learn you are indisposed by a dizziness in 
your head as Mr. Cushin informed us — We are glad to hear of the wel- 
fare of your family to whome we give all due as if named — And also 
to our Brothers and Sisters Waldron and all theirs — 

We give you our best affections and wish your 

Sorrowful Brother and Sister 

Joseph Gerrish 
Anna Gerrish — 



OPINION in re WINTHROP vs. ENDICOTT. 



BY A BOSTON LAWYER. 



The question whether John Endicott was first Governor of Massachu- 
setts, may be answered "yes" or "no" according to the definition given 
to the words "Governor" and "Massachusetts." If by "Governor of Mas- 
sachusetts" is meant the chief officer and head of that organized body 
politic, which for some sixty years held and exercised a jurisdiction, 
derived from the Crown of England, over the greater part of what is 
now the State of Massachusetts, a government commonly known as that 
of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, to distinguish it from its more 
comprehensive successor, the Province of the same name, and generally 



1)7 

recognized iu the jurisprudeiico of the present Commonwealth tis the fii-at 
de /ado government within the territory it claimed to rule, then Eudi- 
cott has no pretension to the title. 

But if it is proper to call by that name a local superintendent and 
agent in America, who was at tu'st sent out while the body politic just 
mentioned was an unincorporated voluntary association, and whose au- 
thority was confirmed and continued by the incorporated body after it 
had acquired a Governor of its own, recognized in law as its official 
head, then Endicott's pretensions are undeniable. 

In the year 1628 it was necessary for any one who entertained the 
project of settling in the northern part of America, then known as New 
England, and as yet unapproached except by the Plymouth colonists and 
a few stragglers, to make application to a body officially entitled " The 
.Council established at Plymouth in the County of Devon for the plant- 
ing, ruling, ordering, and governing of New England." This was a cor- 
poration of august dignity u|)on paper, but styled by good authority as 
a '^carcass, iu a manner breathless," so complete a failm'e had it proved 
as far as the business of colonizing New England was concerned. How- 
ever that might be, the title to the whole of the North American conti- 
nent lying between the 40th and 48th pai*allels of latitude had been 
vested in it eight yeai-s before, n^nd several grants had been made by 
it prior to the 19th day of March, 1628,* on which day an association 
of knights and gentlemen of whom John Endicott himself was one, ob^ 
tained from the council a grant of territory, together with all "jurisdic- 
tions, rights, royalties, liberties, ireedoms, immunities, privileges, fran- 
chises, preeminences, and commodities whatsoever," which they the said 
council established at Plymouth, etc., then had or might use, exercise 
or enjoy in or within tlie said lands and premises by the said indenture 

*Two errors arc to be guarded agaiust which infect inaiiy otherwise good accoauts. 
ist, that the royal charter of 1G29 was granted in what, according to modern reckoning, 
is caUed 1G28; and 2d, that £ndlcott was originally sent out after that event, and by the 
incorporated company. The second error is doubtless a consequence of the first, as there 
is no dispute that Endicott arrived here iu September, lG2d. Prior to Ihc passage of 
Stat. 24 George II. c- 23, by which tlie legal year was made to commence Jan. Ist, it 
had begun on Marcli 25th, and all legal instnimcnts were dated accordingly. This had 
been the practice for several centuries including the 17th, so that the Idth of March 
would come at the end of 1C27, and not the beginuing of 1C28, as we should call it; and 
the 4th of March, the date of the royal charter, is called in that instrument, of 1G28, 
meaning our 1G21). See Chronology of History by Sir H. Nicholas, in Lardncr's Cab. 
Cyclop., p. 41. 

13 



98 

mentioned to be given, granted, etc. Very little is known of the terms 
on which this association came together, but there is no reason for sup- 
posing, that, in a legal point of view, they were anything other than 
what this deed, assuming its validity, would make them; that is to say, 
joint tenants of certain lands and of certain franchises to be exercised 
therein, with the legal right of survivorship in both. Franchises held in 
this way by a number of persons could of course only be exercised by 
concert of action on the part of all interested, and whoever undertook 
to govern his majesty's subjects within the limits of their territory must 
' do so as the agent of all, or at least of the majority of joint owners. 
Their deputy might be one of their own number or not, they might 
call him by what name they pleased, they might limit or enlarge his 
authority from time to time, they might lodge the whole government in 
one man or divide it among many, yet in any case the government exer- 
cised would be the government of the joint owners by deptdy. If their 
deputy were one of their own members, his position would be analogous 
to that of a partner of a fiim who undertakes an exclusive management 
of a certain part of the business, not in consequence of any stipulation 
in partnership articles, but by subsequent agreement of all the partners. 
He acts for himself, and is the authorized agent of all the others. 

Now it was such a governorship as this, that Endicott held from his 
arrival in September, 1628, to the incorporation of the Company on 
the fourth of March following. And he is called Governor by the 
author of the Planters' Plea, the earliest published narrative of the at- 
tempts at colonization in the Bay, written about two years after, who 
says that **Some men showing some good affection to the work, and 
offering the help of their piu*ses if fit men might be procured to go 
over, inquiry was made whether any would be willing to engage their 
persons in the voyage. By this inquiry it fell out that they lighted at 
last on Master Endecott etc. . . . Master Endecott was sent over 6rov- 
ernor assisted with a few men &c. . . . The good report of Captain 
Endecott's ffovernmerU &c." 

But on the 4th of March following, a totally different kind of Grov- 
ernor of Massachusetts came iuto being, and the office was created, 
which was subsequently filled by the line of Colonial Governors, com- 
monly so called. For the whole government of the territory, which 
had been granted in the year previous by the ''Council established at 
Plymouth," became, together with the property in the land itself, vested 



99 

ill a corporation styled "The Governor and Company of the Massachu- 
setts Bay in New England." In the charter of Charles I., which cre- 
ated this company, it was provided, as a necessary part of its machi- 
nery, that there should be one Governor and Deputy Governor, and 
eighteen Assistants, Who constituted a managing board corresponding to 
the President and Directors of more modern companies, who were to 
apply themselves to take care for the best disposing and ordering of the 
general business and affairs of, for, and concerning the said lands and 
premises, and the government of the people there. And the whole com- 
pany in general court assembled was empowered to make laws and 
ordinances for the good and wel&re of the said company, and for the 
government and ordering of the said lands and plantation and the 
people inhabiting and to inhabit the same. Matthew Cradock, a London 
merchant, was named in this instrument as the first Governor of the 
Company, and is justly to be considered the First Governor of Massa- 
chusetts, in the opinion of the present writer, although he never came 
to this country. Endicott was named as one of the first board of As- 
sistants. The Company held its meeting and transacted its business in 
London until the early part of 1630, and the relations which existed 
between it and Endicott very plainly a[)pear from its records and the 
General Letters of Instrut^tion which it addressed to him, in which he is 
called the "Governor beyond the seas" and the "Governor for London's 
Plantation," but the whole tenor of which shows that he was merely the 
Company's agenL And a plan was adopted, both at an Assistants' meet- 
ing and a general meeting, for the government of tlie plantation by a 
body of thirteen, of which Endicott was to be one. In their first letter 
the Company, after informing Endicott of the granting of the royal 
charter since his departure, go on to say, "we have confirmed you 
Governor of our plantation, and joined in commission with you" seven 
persons named, including John and Samuel Browne, who, with five 
others, the mode of whose appointment was laid down, were to consti- 
tute a body called the "Councell of the Mattachusetts Bay." '^And to 
the end you may not do anything contrary to law nor the power 
granted by his majesty's letters patents, ive have as aforesaid, sent 
you the duplicate of the letters patents under the great seal of Eng- 
land ordering and requiHng you and the rest of the council there not 
to do anything either in inflicting punishment on malefactoi*s or other- 
wise contrai'y to or in derogation of the said letters patents." 



100 

A Second Letter of the Company informs Endicott that at a full and 
ample court he had been appointed ''to the place of present Grovernor 
in our plantation there, and also some others to be of the Council 
with you." 

Higginson, who arrived in June, 1629, says of Endicott, ''the Gov- 
ernor sent a shallop," and "the Governor came aboai*d our ship." 

But the scheme for a council of thirteen was defeated by Endicott's 
own action in expelling the Brownes, who were told, on account of 
their fondness for the prayer-book and for ceremonies, that New Eng- 
land was no place for such as they, and were, with no ceremony what- 
ever, shipped home some five or six weeks after their arrival. Savage 
says that there is no evidence that Endicott ever took the oath of ofiice 
which the Company prescribed in their letter. Eudicott's agency, how- 
ever, was entirely superseded and done away with in the following year 
by the arrival in this country of his principal, the Corporation itself, 
which took at once the immediate direction of affairs. That is to say, 
Cradock having resigned and Winthrop having been elected his successor 
according to the provisions of the charter, the latter, together with the 
Assistants and a considerable number of the members of the corpora- 
tion, sailed for America, bringing the charter with them, and thencefor- 
ward held their meetings and elections, and transacted their business 
here. By a very easy transition (probably the result of a well-laid 
plan) the charter of an English company became the constitution of a 
Colony, its landed property became the public domain, its members and 
stockholders became the qualified voters (the excluding power being rig- 
orously exercised against all but church members), its president and di- 
rectors became the executive council, and its general meetings became 
its legislature, the last not however without something of a struggle be- 
tween the two bodies in consequence of the governor and assistants hav- 
ing at first exercised legislative functions without any opposition, until 
the question of taxation turned the attention of the freemen or quali- 
fied voters to their charter rights. Many provisions of the charter of 
inconvenient application were ignored or disregarded, but it continued in 
theory, at least, to be the fundamental law of the colony for two gener- 
ations, and under it were elected a series of governors, of which it is 
cei*tain that Endicott was not the fii*st, and equally certain that Win- 
throp, the second Governor, was yet the first that exercised his func- 
tions in Amcricii. 



101 



ALMANACS AND THEIR AUTHORS. 



COMMUNICATED BY MATTHEW A. STICKNEY. 



Continued ft*oin page 82. 

Amos Pope, was bom Feb. 22, 1771, in the first parish of Danvers, 
formerly a part of Salem. He was the son of Nathaniel and Mary 
(Swinei-tou) Pope, and the grandson of Nathaniel and ( ) 

Pope, whose ancestors were among the first settlers of Saletn. His father 
was a respectable farmer, and the subject of this notice was engaged in 
the same occupation, and received only such an education as the District 
School afforded. 

At the age of twenty he undertook to prepare an almanac for the 
year 1792, which, under great disadvantjiges both of education and from 
the opposition of his father, he accomplished. His son has told me that 
he has frequently heard him say that "His father was opposed to his 
studying, and that he used to do his part of the work with the other 
men, and improve every moment he could get, and that it was very bad 
for him when he began with figures and had to study nearly * all of it 
out alone : that he had sat many a night, without a fire in the room, 
when the ink would freeze in the stand." 

The Almanac which he first calculated was entitled "An Astronomical 
Diary or Almanack for the Year of our Lord, 1792. By Amos Pope, 

Philom. Boston, Printed and Sold by John W. Folsom, No. 30, 

Union Street. Sold also by the Booksellers in Town and Country." It 
contains an excellent selection of moral extracts from various Authors, 
but is not accompanied by any notice of the Author or the reason of his 
publishing. 

The title of the Almanac of 1793 is similar to that of 1792. This 
was also printed at Boston by John W. Folsom, and contains the fol- 
lowing modest address to the Reader : 

"Kind Reader — The favourable acceptance of my former Calculations 
hath encoui-aged me to make my appearance before a generous Publick 
another year. I have added, (more than is usual in works of this kind,) 
a Table of the Sun's Declination, with a Table to correct it for any 
degree of Longitude, and do judge it will be of service to the reader. 
I have aimed to render this work both entertaining and useful. The 



13 



« 



102 

Calculatious are made (with considerable labour and patience) from the 
Tables published by the best Astronomers in Europe, and which I have 
always found to agree very nearly with the truth. I have been very 
pai'ticular in the Calculations of the Eclipses of the Sun and Moon ; and 
to satisfy the curiosity of some particular friends, I have inserted a few 
Eclipses of Jupiter's first Satellite ; and only a few, because the Calcula- 
tion of a considerable number would cost time and labour, to little or 
no service to the reader ; for those that are not favoured with Telescopes 
cannot observe them, and those that are favoured with Telescopes, I 
trust, can calculate these Eclipses for themselves : therefore, J have in- 
serted that which appeared to be more beneficial to the Publick. That 
this work may prove useful, is the sincere wish of the Publick's most 
humble, and most obedient Servant, Amos Pope. 

"Danvers, May 24th, 1792." 

It also contains Thompson's Hymn on the Seasons, which forms the 
heading of each page. 

''Pope's Almanack" for the Year of our Lord 1794," contains "As- 
tronomical Calculations, with everything usual in such a work. Agri- 
cultural Directions for every month in the year. Weight and Value 

of Coins, agreeable to the late Act of Congress. Salaries of Public 

Officers &c. Printed at Boston, by John W. Folsom." This Alma- 
nac contains a closely written manuscript Journal kept by the author, 
Amos Pope. He was a constant attendant upon the preaching of Dr. 
Benj. Wadsworth, as appears by the notice he gives through the year 
of the texts of his Sermons. He was highly esteemed by his minister 
and was perhaps assisted by him in making the selections for his Al- 
manac, which are all of an unexceptionable character. 

Other nunutes : April 6, 1794, A. Goodale buried. July 25^ John 
W. Folsom Dr. to a copy of an Almanack for 1795. Aug. 25, I. 
Keed's wife died this forenoon. Sept. 25, Enlisted as Minute Men W^ 

Cross, Caleb Prince, Amos Prince, Giddings, Porter Putnam, S. 

Bodge, Job, Daniel, Joseph -and Abijah Hutchinson, Asa Putnam^ Jr. 
Oct. 5, Mr. Oliver Putnam died ye 3, and was buried this day. Oct. 
30, Computing Almanac for 1796. Nov. 13, Finished calculating the 
Callendar pages for 1796. Nov. 14, Milard and James Prince Jr. 
killed. Nov. 20, Thanksgiving Day : Contribution to Boston, on account 
of a fire, July 30, 1794. Dec. 2, Went to Beverly to keep school. 



103 

Title and printer of almanac for the year 1795, same as last. It 
contains an article upon the management of Hemp, and Sowing land 
proper for Flax. Advice respectfully submitted to the consideration of 
Farmers of these States : '* Follow not, pertinaciously, the agricultural 
practices of your forefathers. Consider that the world is more advanced 
in age now, than it was in the period in which they lived; that there- 
fore, enjoying greater opportunities to obtain knowledge, you should be 
better husbandmen than they were." 

This interleaved journal contains, among other items, the following : 
Jan. 1, 1795, Still at Beverly keeping school; Feb. 12, Samuel Bootman 
married in Beverly: Feb. 28, Smith Lovet, one of my scholars, died; 
Mch. 6, Finished my school at Beverly; Mch. 9, Writing Almanac; 
June 8, Uncle Eleazer Pope killed by the passage of the wheel of a 
cart over his head, and June 10, he was buried at his burying ground ; 
Aug. 2, Hannah Putnam died about 11 o'clock in the morning with a 
Consumption, te. 21, only dau. of Dea. Gideon Putnam. She was born 
Jan. 29, 1774, «he was buried Aug. 4; Oct. 1, Brigade training; Oct. 
25, Lydia Holt buried, iv. 18 yrs ; Oct. 17, Completed Almanac for 
1797; Dec. 1, Began my school at Beverly. 

Although he states in his Journal that he calculated an Almanac for 
1796, he did not publish it. From his manuscript Journal of that year, 
I extract this: Jan. 1, 1796, At Beverly keeping school. — Mch. 5, sent 
copy of an Almanac for 1797 to J. W. Folsom, for which he is indebted 
to me $10. — Mch. 11, Calculating Almanac for 1798. — April 23, Re- 
ceived payment of Capt. Richard Ober for 9 weeks schooling at Mack- 
erel Cove in Beverly at $17. per month. — He was foreman of the Jury 
at July terra of Court. — Dec. 1, Began my school, District No. 5, Dan- 
vers (?) Dec. 31, My brother Zephaniah Pope died at 3 o'clock in the 
morning, about 32^ years old. 

"Pope's Mass., R. I., Conn., N. H., and V* Almanac for the Year 
of our Lord 1797. By Amos Pope, Philom. Printed at Boston by 
John W. Folsom, No. 30 Union S^' ''To the Reader:— Kind Reader, 
I now make my appearance in my Astronomical labours before you 
another year. By a misunderstanding between me and my printer, (and 
before it was rectified) it was too late for the publication of my Alma- 
nac the last year. I now present this my fifth Almanac to the Public, 
trusting it will prove as accurate as common calculations of this kind : 
&c." It coutiiius Dr. Timothy Dwight's Poem, "Columbia." 



104 

From his mauuHcript journal I extract: — Jau. 25, Sa! H. Kettell 
buried, «. 18 yrs; — Nov. 11, Samuel Pututim died about 3 o'clock, 
P. M., 8B. 27; — Dec. 24, Pamelia Putuam died, le. 18 yrs; — Dec. 4, 
Begau my school, No. 5. 

I have his manuscript copy of the Almanac he prepared for the press 
for the year 1798, for which I am indebted to the kindness of his son, 
Mr. Zephaniah Pope. The title-page is like the last, and states that it 
"Contains everything necessary for an Almanac.'' From the interleaved 
Journal: — June 16, Mrs. Prince died, ai. 93 yrs; — June 30, Mentions 
brother Elijah Pope. 

From his Journal kept afterward, I tind that, Nov. 15, 1801, Dea. 
Daniel Putnam was interred, and Nov. 29, Rev. Mr. Wadswoith deliv- 
ered a Sermon on his death. — Oct. 18, 1801, Eunice Putnam interred. 
—Feb. 12, 1802, Widow Sarah Pope died at 6 o'clock A. M : buried 
Feb. 16. — Sept. 24, 1805, Surprised with the cry of tire at the Meeting 
house. The tire was discovered at about 4 o'clock in the morning, 
when it had not broken through the outside, but in ^ very short time 
the house fell to the ground ; a very calm, damp time, and the exertions 
of people prevented it doing any other material damage. Set on tirie 
purposely by some person or persons. — Nov. 20, 1806, Dedication of 
th« new meeting-house. Dr. Wadsworth preached from 2*f Chi'on., 15, 16. 

After 1797 he printed no Almanac, and, with the exceptions of a 
few winters after, spent the rest of his life upon the faiin which had 
descended to him from his Ancestors. lie married Sarah Goodale. He 
died Jan. 26, 1837. His son Zephaniah, a substantial farmer, still occu- 
pies the old estate. 

[To be continued.] 



NOTICE OF SOME OF THE DESCENDANTS OF JOSEPH 
POPE, OF SALEM. 



BY HENRY WBlfiATLAl^D. 



The following cursory gleanings 
from the various records and other 
sources relating to this family may 
be appropriately inseiled as an ap- 
pendix to Mr. Stickney's communi- 



cation on Amos Pope and his 
Almanacs. 

The study of the early history of 
this and the allied families leads to 
an interesting investigation into that 



105 



portion of our colonial history which 
relates to the persecution of the 
Quakers; several members having 
suffered punishment, fines, impris- 
onment, Ac, for their firm adhesion 
to the principles of this sect. 

This account is only a compilation 
of a few facts that have been gathered 
from various sources, without any ex- 
tended research, and should be con- 
sidered merely as mateHah for a his- 
tory of this family y which, I trust, 
some future antiquary will, ere long, 
be induced to prepare. Undoubt- 
edly, some omissions will be observ- 
ed, and any errors, that may be de- 
tected, will be cheerfully corrected in 
future numbers of these CJoUections, if 
due notice be sent to the compiler. 

Joseph Pope, the progenitor of 
the various families of the name 
now residing in this viciuity, is said 
to be the son of Robert Pope, of 
Yorkshire, England. He came to 
this country in the "Mary and John," 
of London, in 1634, was recorded a 
Church Member before 1636, made a 
Freeman in 1637, had lands gi*anted 
in 1637 and at other times in that 
portion of Salem now known as 
West Danvers, and some of it bor- 
dering on Ipswich River. He and 
his wife Gertrude were before the 
court in 1658 for attending Quaker 
Meetings, and in 1662 were excom- 
municated for their adherence to 
the opinions of that sect. He died 
about 1667. His will, dated Sept. 
14 



10, 1666, mentions wife Gertrude 
executrix. In court, 27. 4, 1667. 

The following children are recorded 
among the baptisms of the First 
Church, in Salem: — 

2. Damaris,* bap. 1643, 22. 2; 
mar. Joshua Buffiim. 

3. Hannah,«bap. 1645, 20. 5. 

4. Hannah,^ bap. 1648, 26. 1 ; m. 
Caleb Buffum, 26 March, 1672 ; had 
son Caleb, b. 14th May, 1673 ; Rob- 
ert, b. 1. 10, 1675. 

5. George,^ bap. 1649, 8. 5. 

6. Joseph,2bap.l650,27.8. {Vide 
infra,) 

7. Benjamin,^ bap. 1653, 17. 2. 
( Vide infra.) 

8. Samuel,*bap.l656,18.3. {Vide 
infra.) 

9. Enos,' mentioned in his father's 
will, not recorded among the bap«- 
tisms. 

II. Generation. 

(«) 

Joseph Popb,*^ bap. 1650, 27. 8, 
a farmer, lived at "The Village ;" m. 
Bethseda Folger, daughter of Peter 
Folger,* of Nantucket, one of the 
first settlers on that island, and in 
consequence of his valuable services 
at that period, his name has always 
been held in high esteem. Abiah, 
the sister of Bethseda, mar. Josiah 
Franklin, and was the mother of 
Dr. Benjamin Franklin, a name that 
stands high in the annals of science. 



* See an account of the Folger family in N. 
£. Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. 16, p. 269. 



10« 



Joseph Pope died in 1712, having 
had the following children : — 

10. Joseph,' b. ; d. young. 

11- Bethseda,' b. Ap. 9, 1683 ; d. 
unm. 

12. Gertrude,' b. Aug. 27, 1685 ; 
m. Ebenezer, third son of Thom- 
as Flint, a farmer, lived in North 
Reading, bom April 6, 1683, and 
died 1767 ; had six children, Na- 
thaniel, Ebenezer, Lois, Nathan, 
Amos, Eunice. See ''Flint's Gene- 

alogy>" P- IS- 
IS. Joseph,' b. June 16, 1687. 
{Vide infra.) 

14. Enos,'b, June 6, 1690. ( Vide 
infra.) 

15. Eleazer,' b. Dec. 4, 1693. 
(Vide irfra.) 

16. Jerusha,' b. April 1, 1695 ; m. 
July 9, 1713, George Flint, son 
of George and Elizabeth (Putnam) 
Flint, b. April 1, 1686; she died 
June 29, 1781 ; had seven children, 
namely, Susanna, Jerusha, Elizabeth, 
Abigail, George, Eliezer, Hannah. 
See ''Flint Genealogy," p. 15. 

17. Nathaniel,' b. Nov. 20, 1679. 
{Vide infra.) 

(7) 
Benjamin Pope,* bap. 1653, 17. 2, 
a farmer; mar. Damaris, dau. of 
Samuel and Hannah Shattuck,* of 

* Sanmel Shattnck, son of widow Damaris, 
was born in England about 1620. He was a 
hatter in Salem, where he died June 6, 1689. 
He was one of those who suffered persecution 
for being called a Quaker. For an account of 



Salem, b. Nov. 11, 1653 ; administra* 
tion on estate granted to his son Ben* 
jamin April 13, 1702; children, — 

18. Benjamin.* {Vide infra.) 

19. Samuel,' husbandman, lived in 
''The Village." Inventory of estate 
returned Sept. 26, 1753, nephew John 
Pope, administrator. Probably no is- 
Mue. 

20. Ebenezer ,' died without issue 
in. 1717 ; administration on his estate 
to his brother, July 12, 1718. 

21. Jerome,* mentioned in 1718, 
having been absent a long time at sea, 
and supposed to be lost. 

(8) 
Samuel Pope,* bapt. 1656, 18. 3, 

a mariner; m. Jan. 28, 1685, Exer- 



his connection with this persecution,- see 
'' Bessie's Collection of the Sufferings of the 
People called Quakers," "Bishop's New Eng- 
land Judged," <* Fox's Journal,'* and else- 
where. Shattuck went to England and pre- 
sented the subject of the suffering to the notice 
of Charles II., and by the assistance of Ed- 
ward Burroughs obtained, Sept. 19, 1661, "a 
mandamus," commanding the magistrates and 
ministers In New England ** to forbear to pro- 
ceed any farther " against the people called 
Quakers, — and he was appointed agent to 
carry this mandamus to New England. The 
General Court, Nov. 27, 1661, accordingly 
passed an order suspending the laws against 
the Quakers, and the Jailers were directed to 
release those who were In custody. Thus, 
principally through his Instrumentality, ter- 
minated one of the most extraordinary perse- 
cutions that this country ever witnessed. Af- 
terwards he was permitted to live In Salem 
undisturbed. He seems to have been a man 
Independent In his opinion, and unwilling to 
submit to oppression. — See ** Shattuck Me- 
morials," by L. Shattuck, p. 361. 



107 



cise Smith, dau. of John and Mai^- 
ret Smith,* of Salem. Children, — 

22. Damaris, b. Feb. 1686-7 ; d. 
li years aflter. 

23. Samuel,* b. June 11, 1689. 

24. Margaret,»b. Oct. 21, 1691. 

25. EnoB,»b. Feb. 1, 1694-5. 

26. Hannah,* b. Feb. 17, 1696-7 ; 
m. Nov. 25, 1714, Isaac Hacker, and 
had Hannah, b. Oct. 24, 1715 ; Sarah, 
b. Aug. 29, 1717 ; Eunice, b. Jan. 
24, 1719; Isaac, b. July 2, 1722; 
Jeremiah, b. May 27, 1725 ;t Isaac, b. 



*John and Margaret Smith were among 
those who were persecuted for their adherence 
to the opinions of the Qualcers. Bishop's 
** New England Judged " contains an account, 
of these persecutions, also letters addressed 
to Governor John Endecott, one signed by 
John Smith and delivered to him shortly after 
the death of Mary Dyer in 1C60 ; another sign- 
ed by Mary Trask and Margaret Smith, dated, 
** From your House of Correction, where we 
have been upjnstly restrained, from our Chil- 
dren and Habitations; one of us above ten 
months, and the other about eight, and where 
we are yet continued by you. Oppressors that 
know no shame. Boston, ite 21 st of the 20th 
month, 1660." Margaret Smith died at Salem, 
11. 11, 1677. Inventory of estate of John 
Smith, deceased, was appraised 16th April, 
1080. 

t Isaac Hacker, known as Master Hacker, 
was a son of this Jeremiah, and a native of 
Salem. He died very suddenly in September, 
1818, aged sixty -eight. He was a much re- 
spected member of the Society of Friends, 
and an instructor of youth for about forty 
years. He was the master of the "West 
School " in Salem, now known as ** Hacker 
School,'* ftom its institution in 1785, till with- 
in two or three years of his decease. This 
long continuance In the situation Is the strong- 
est testimony of the public approbation and 
respect. 



Nov. 28, 1727 ; Hannah, b. May 16, 
1729 ; Isaac, b. March 4, 1730. 

27. Elizabeth,* b. May 23, 1698. 

28. Eunice,' b. Aug. 12, 1700 ; m. 
Nov. 14, 1728, Joseph Cook, — had 
Eunice, b. Sept. 6, 1729 ; Hannah, 
b. June 19, 1732 ; John, b. July 22, 
1735. 

29. Ruth,»b. March 11, 1705; d. 
July 6, 1705. 

This is, without doubt, the Samuel 
Pope who married, in 1709, Martha, 
the widow of William Beane, jr., and 
dau. of Samuel and Martha (Haw- 
kins) Robinson, b. 1673, 11. 20. She 
m. Joseph Winslow, and by him had 
Joseph, b. Feb. 21, 1695-6; m. sec- 
ondly, Oct. 29, 1702, William Beane, 
and had WilUam, b. July 2, 1703, 
Caleb, b. Feb. 22, 1704-5 ; m. third- 
ly, Samuel Pope, and had the follow- 
ing, who were baptized at First 
Church, Salem. 

30. Martha,' bap. May 20, 1711. 

31. Mary,» bap. Aug. 30, 1713. 

32. Susanna,* bap. June 30, 1717. 

33. Abigail,* bap. Dec. 31, 1727, 
adult. 

Samuel Pope died before 1735. 

III. Generation. 
(13) 
Joseph Pofb,* b. June 16, 1687, 
a fanner, resided at " The Village " ; 
m. Feb. 7, 1715-16, Mehitable Put- 
nam, dau. of John and Hannah Put- 
nam, b. July 20, 1695. Will signed 
March 25, 1755, mentions wife Me- 



10« 



hitable. and appoints sous Ebeuezer 
and Eleazer executors. In Court, 
Oct. 13, 1755. Children,— 

34. Joseph,* bap. Sept. 1, 1717 ; m. 
Hannah Shaw, of Salem, Oct. 7, 1743 ; 
was living at Pomfret, Conn., in 1755. 

85. Mehitable,* bap. May 3, 1719 ; 
m. April 18, 1841, Joseph Gardner, 
son of Abel and Sarah (Porter) Gard- 
ner, and had Joseph, Mehitable, Na- 
thaniel, Eunice. 

36. Hannah,* bap. Sept. 3, 1721 ; 
m. June 30, 1739, Israel Putnam, son 
of Joseph and Elizabeth (Porter) Put- 
nam, b. Jan. 7, 1717-18 ; d. May 19, 
1790. In 1739, removed from Sa- 
lem to Pomfret, Conn. ; having pur- 
chased a tract of land, he applied him- 
self successfully to agriculture. He 
died May 19, 1790, widely known as 
a celebrated major-general in the Con- 
tinental* Army during the American 
Revolution. She died in 1764. 

37. Nathaniel,* bap. May 17, 1724. 
( Vide infra.) 

38. Eunice,* bapt. April 30, 1727 ; 
m. October, 1745, Col. John Baker, 
of Ipswich. She died at Ipswich, 
January, 1821, aged ninety-four. A 
contemporary says, "she was a re- 
markable woman, and retained her 
faculties to the last. She was a con- 
nection of the late General Putnam, 
and was fiill of the same ardor that 
possessed him." 

39. Mary,* bapt. May 31, 1730; 
m. Nov. 28, 1748, Samuel Williams, 
of Pomfret, Conn. 



40. Ebeuezer,* bapt. June 9, 1734. 
( Vide irvfra.) 

41. Eleazer,* bapt. Nov. 14, 1736. 
( Vide infra.) 

42. Elizabeth,* bapt. October 14, 
1739. 

(14) 
Enos Pope,* b. June 6, 1690, a 
clothier ; lived near the Fowler house 
on Boston street. In 1718, he built 
the house now occupied by Mr. John 
G. Willdns, 92 Boston street, where 
he, his sou Enos, and gi*andson Euos 
carried on the same business for u))- 
wards of a century; m. 1715, 1 mo. 
17, Margaret Smith, b. March 18, 
1691, a daughter of George and Hau- 
uah Smith, of Salem, who was the sou 
of John and Margaret Smith. (See 
No. 8.) He died Feb. 24, 1765 ; ad- 
ministration granted to Enos Pope, 
his son, Oct. 25, 1766; had, — 

43. Enos,* 1). 9 m^- 18, 1721. ( Vide 
infra.) 

44. Margaret,* b. 6. 7, 1723; d. 
25th of same month. 

45. Joseph,* b. 5. 29, 1724; d. 23d 
of y® 12 m**- following. 

46. Benjamin,* b. 10. 3, 1725 ; d. 
2d of y® 11 m**- following. 

47. Joseph,* b. 4. 5, 1728; d. 14. 
6 m®- following. 

48. Seth,* b. 11. 23, 1730; d. 5of 
8 m**- following. 

49. John,* b. 9. 17, 1732; d. 18 
of y® 5 m®- following. 

50. Hannah,* b. 4. 19, 1734; d. 
27 of y® 5 m®* following. 



109 



(15) 
Eleazer Pope,^ b. Dec. 4, 1693, 
cordwainer, m. April 3, 1718, Han- 
nah Buffington. He died 2. 5 m^- 
1734. Inventory of his estate taken 
Oct. 15, 1734, inchiding dwelling- 
house, land, and shop (near the Elm 
tree on Boston street, Salem) , Hannah 
Pope, his widow, administratrix. 

51. Stephen.* (Vide infra,) 

(17) 
Nathaniel Pope,^ b. Nov. 20, 
1679, a blacksmith, of Salem; mar. 
Dec. 17, 1703, Prisca Chatwell, dan. 
of Nicholas and Sara Chatwell, b. 22. 
2, 1679 ; died . The widow, 

April 14, 1711, m. John Meachum, 
of Enfield, Hampshire county, and 
removed to that place. Children, — 

52. Mary,* b. Feb. 27, 1704-5; 
m. Nathaniel Parsons, of Enfield, 
husbandman. 

53. Sarah,* b. ; m. Na- 
thaniel Meachum, of Enfield, hus- 
bandman. 

(18) 
Benjamin Pope,' husbaudman, m. 
June 24, 1710, Sarah Smith, of 
Cape Aun. Inveutory of estate re- 
turned Nov, 29, 1769, son John Pope 
admiuistrator. 

54. Mary,* b. January, 1711-12; 
died Sept. 8, 1712. 

55. John,* b. March 16, 1713-14. 
( Vide infra. ) 

(23) 
Samuel Pope,' b. at Salem, 1689, 
4. 11; d. 1769, 9. 21; m. Sarah 

14* 



Estes, of Lynn, November 20, 1714 ; 
bom at Salem, 1693, 3. 6 ; d. 1773, 
1. 10. Children,— 

56. Elizabeth,* b. 1716, 4. 16; d. 
1716, 5. 5. 

57. Robert,* b. 1717, 6. 9. ( Vide 
infra,) 

58. Ebeuezer,* b. 1719-20, 1. 23. 
( Vide infra.) 

59. Estes,* b. 1721-2, 12. 18 ; d. 
1725-6, 11. 16. 

60. Philadelphia,* b, 1723-4, 12. 
26 ; d. 1750, 8. 3. 

61. Sarah,* b. 1726, 5. 2 ; d. 1768, 
4. 4. 

62. Ruth,* b. 1728-9, 1. 6; d. 
1764, 1. 30. , 

63. Samuel,* b. 1731, 7. 27. 

64. Henry,* b. 1733, 6. 14; d. the 
same night. 

65. Hannah,* b. 1734, 7. 20. 

IV. Genebation. 
(37) 
Nathaniel Pope,* faimer, resided 
at ''The Village," Baptized May 17, 
1724 ; m. Mary, dau. of Jasper Swin- 
nerton, b. 1728 ; d. Dec. 20, 1773. 
He m., secondly, Dec. 23, 1784, Sa- 
rah, dau. of Rev. Peter and Deborah 
(Hobart) Clark, of Danvers. She 
was born Dec. 18, 1738 ; d. Feb. 12, 
1802. He died in Nov. 1800, and 
administration on estate granted to 
Amos and Elijah Pope, March 2, 
1801. Children,— 

66. Maryj'^b. Dec. 12, 1748; m. 
June 4, 1777, Aaron Gilbert. 



110 



67. Eunice,* b. Feb. 19, 1751 ; m. 
Sept. 16, 1773, James Putnam. 

68. Nathaniel,'^ b. March 22, 1753 ; 
d. unmarried, Feb. 10, 1778. 

69. Rebecca,* b. April 16, 1755 ; 
m. Jan. 27, 1784, Jonathan Proctor, 
of Dunstable. 

70. Hannah,* b. Aug. 21, 1757 ; d. 
at the age of twenty-one years. 

71. Jasper,* b. Oct. 10, 1759; d. 
at the age of nineteen years and two 
months. 

72. Ruth,* b. Nov. 7, 1761 ; d. at 
the age of two years. 

73. Zephaniah,* b. May 6, 1764; 
d. unmarried, aged thirty-two. 

74. Elijah,* h. J*n. 28, 1766. 
{Vide infra,) 

75. Mehitable,* b. April 3, 1768, 
d. June 2, 1837 ; m. Caleb Oakes, of 
Danvers. Was the mother of Wil- 
liam Oakes, of Ipswich, a very dis- 
tinguished botanist, who was born in 
Danvers July 1, 1799; graduated at 
Harvard College in 1820 ; died July 
31, 1848. See an obituary notice in 
American Journal of Science and 
Arts, vol. 7 (Second Series), p. 138. 

76. Amos,* b. Feb. 20, 1772. 
( Vide infra.) 

(40) 
Ebenezer Pope,* bap. June 9, 
1734 ; d. Nov. 4, 1802 ; m. Octo- 
ber 1754, Sarah, dau. of John and 
Mary (Eaton) Pope. See No. 113. 
She died in South Reading Octo- 
ber 12, 1832, aged 94 years. Chil- 
dren, — 



77. Lucretia,* m. Poole, of 
South Reading. 

78. John.* ( Vide infra.) 

79. Eben.* (Vide infra.) 

80. Lucy.* 

81. Oliver.* (Vide infra.) 

82. Mary,* m. Ananinh Parker, of 
South Reading. 

83. Elizabeth,* m. Thomas Swan, 
of South Reading. 

84. Jane.* 

85. Abmham Gould.* Removed to 
Maine, married and died there. 

(41) 
Eleazek Pope,* bap. Nov. 14, 
1736; m. Nanny Putnam, July 7, 
1757. 

86. Eleazer,* b. Feb. 4, 1758 ; m. 
April, 1780, Mary Gardner. 

87. Rebecca,* b. Dec. 31, 1759 ; m. 
Nov. 28, 1781, Thomas Gardner. 

88. Molly,* bap. April 16, 1762. 

89. Joseph,* b. June 28, 1764; m. 
Susanna Marsh, March 20, 1789. 

90. Mehitable,* bap. Nov. 8, 1767. 

91. Nanna,* bap. July 24, 1769; 
m. Jesse Leavenworth, of Danville, 
Feb. 20, 1791. 

92. Allen,* bap. July 12, 1772. 

93. Huldah,* bap. Dec. 5, 1773. 

94. Perley Putnam,* bap. July 9, 
1775; m. Jan. 13, 1799, Rebecca, 
dau. of Hezekiah and Esther (Coose) 
Flint, of North Reading ; removed to 
Danville, Vermont. 

95. Betsey,* b. Aug. 13, 1777 ; m. 
Sept. 25, 1795, Deacon Simeon Flint, 
who was bom in North Reading June 



Ill 



24, 1775; removed to Danville, Vt., 
1799, and thence in 1810 to Shipton, 
Canada East, where he died July 3, 
1857, having had nine children. (See 
•* Flint Genealogy," p. 46.) 

96. Jasper,* b. Jan. 1, 1780. 
( Vide infra.) 

97. William Walton,* bap. Oct. 31, 
1784; d. unm., at Salem, aged 
twenty-one. 

The members of this family re- 
moved principally to Vermont. 
(43) 

Enos Pope,* b. at Salem, 1721, 9. 
18; d. March 12, 1813,— the oldest 
man in the town of Salem, a clothier 
by occupation, and lived in the san^e 
house which his father built. He mar- 
ried Lydia, dau. of Joshua and 
Buffum, of Salem ; b. Oct. 10, 1726 ; 
d. Oct. 15, 1781. Children,— 

98. Lydia,* b. 1750, 1. 28. 

99. Margaret,* b. 1752, 6. 5. 

100. Eunice,* b. 1755, 5. 2; d. 
Sept. 1819, unmarried. 

101. Hannah,* b. 1757, 4. 2 ; d. at 
Salem, 1836, 9. 16. 

102. Enos,* b. 1759, 4. 27, a 
clothier ; lived in the house built and 
occupied by his grandfather Enos, 
also by his father Enos ; died unmar- 
ried Nov. 24, 1838. 

103. Damaris,* b. 1761, 8. 11. 

(51) 

Stephen Pope,* b. ; d. 

Oct. 9, 1765, cordwainer; resided in 

Salem, near the Elm Tree on Boston 

street; m. Mary, dau. of Joshua and 



BufTum, b. July 8, 1723, d. 
July 1788. Children,— 

104. Hannah,* b. May 31, 1746; 
d. May 20, 1840, aet. ninety-three; 
m. Thomas Nichols, of Somersworth, 
N. H., and Salem, son of David 
and Hannah (Gaskell) Nichols ; died 
at Salem December, 1805, aged 
sixty years. 

105. Mary,* b. March 24, 1748 ; 
d. young. 

106. Eleazer,* b. March 21, 1751. 
( Vide infi'a.) 

107. Gertrude,* b. Oct. 19, 1753; 
d. 1833, 9. 24. 

108. Folger,* b. Feb. 14, 1756. 
( Vide infra.) » 

109. Stephen,* b. June 6, 1769 ; d. 
young. 

110. Sarah,* b. Aug. 20, 1761*; d. 
1841, 10. 18; m. David Nichols, 
brother of Thomas, and lived at Ber- 
wick, Me. 

HI. Joshua,* b. Nov. 24, 1763. 
( Vide infra.) 

112. James,* b. Dec. 16, 1766, 
( Vide infra.) 

(55) 
John Pope,* b. March 16, 1713-14 ; 

m. April 22, 1736, Mary Eaton, of 
Lynn ; a yeoman ; lived in Danvers. 
His will was dated March 20, 1756. 
In court, June 5, 1756, Marj- Pope, 
the widow, was appointed executrix. 
This is probably the widow Mary 
Pope, who m. Jacob Sawyer, 
Oi" Reading, April, 1758. Chil- 
dren, — 



112 



113. Eben,* probably died young. 

114. Sarah,' d. 1832; m. Eben 
Pope. (See No. 40.) 

115. Mi^ry,* m. William Deadman, 
jr., of Salem, in 1758. 

116. Elizabeth,' m. Isaac Needham, 
of Salem, Jan. U, 17G9. 

117. Lydia,* m. Sept. IG, 17G2, 
Thomas Flint, who was born in 
North Reading Oct. 8, 1733, and 
died about 1800 ; a physician ; re- 
moved to Maine in 1770, and settled 
in Nobleborough on the Damariscotta 
River ; she died in 1784, having had 
ten children. See "Flint Genealogy," 
p. 32. 

(57). 
Robert Pope,* b. 1717, 6. 9; d. 
at Falmouth, Casco Bay, 1776, 2. 22 ; 
m. Phebe. She was b. 1716, 11. 8. 

118. John,* b. at Boston, 1740, 10. 
19. ( Vide infra.) 

119. Robert," b. at Boston, 1741, 
10. 14 ; d. 1742, 6. 9. 

120. Elijah," b. at Boston, 1742, 
12. 23. 

121. Abigail,* b. at Boston, 1743, 
12. 9. 

122. Phebe,* b. at Boston, 1745, 
8. 7 ; d. 1745, 8. 20. 

123. Phebe,* b. at Boston, 1746, 
8. 5; d. 1747, 11. 9. 

124. Robert Brown,* b. 1748, 2. 
5; d. 1748, 6. 4. 

125. Joseph,*!). 1748, 11. 19. 

126. Elizabeth,* b. 1750, 2. 20. 

127. Phebe,* b. 1751, 7. 

128. Robert,* b. 17.')4, 9. 3. 



(68) 
Ebenezeb Pope,* b. 1719-20, 1. 
23; m. Elizabeth, b, 1717-18, 
12. 5. 

129. Elizabeth,* b. 1745, 7. 6; d. 
1745, 7. 22. 

130. Robert,* b. 1746, 7. 1 ; d. 
1767, 8. 11. 

131. Ebeuezer,* b. 1748-9, 11. 4; 
d. 1749, 2. 16. 

132. Fourth child dead born 1750, 
4. 4. 

133. Estes,* b. 1757, 10. 2. 

V. Genekation. 
(74) 
. Elijah Pope,* b. Jan. 28, 1766 ; 
d. Feb. 16, 1846; in. June 20, 1791, 
Hannah Putnam. She died Sept. 10, 
1844 : lived in Danvers. Children, — 

134. Nathaniel,* b. Aug. 2, 1792. 
( Vide infra.) 

135. Hannah,* b. Sept. 29, 1794 ; 
m. Francis Fletcher, of Dunstable, 
and had three daughters, — Rachel, 
Hannah, and Mary. 

136. Betsey,* b. Feb. 18, 1797; 
m. Samuel Putnam, son of Eleazer 
Putnam, and removed to Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

137. Mary,*b. April 19, 1799; d. 
June 25, 1823, unmarried. 

138. Jasper,* b. July 14, 1802. 
( Vide infra.) 

139. Phebe,*!). Nov. 8, 1807; d. 
Aug. 25, 1830. 

140. Elijah,* b. July 13, 1809. 
( Vide infra.) 



113 



(76) 
Amos Pope,* born at Danvers, Feb. 
20, 1772; d. at Danvers, Jan. 26, 
1837 ; m. at Danvers, Jan. 16, 1806, 
Sarah Goodale, b. April 19, 1773; 
d. Sept. 7, 1832. The subjecC of the 
preceding article. Children,^ 

141. Zephamah,« b. Dec. 15, 1807. 

142. Eunice,* b. May 30, 1810 ; d. 
Oct. 20, 1834. 

(78) 
John Pope,* d. at Salem, Decem- 
ber, 1820, flet. sixty-three, a baker by 
trade, also a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion. His wife, Ruth Newhall, born 
at Lynnfield, died at Salem, Decem- 
ber, 1810, cet. forty-nine. He mar* 
ried, secondly, Lydia M. Tuunison. 
Children, — 

143. Sally,« d. March, 1808, wt. 
twenty-seven. 

144. Ruth,* m. Archelaus Fuller. 

145. John,* d. abi-oad. 

146. George,* d. at Salem, Aug. 
31, 1832. 

147. Sophia,* m. Oliver Parker. 

148. Thomas S.,* d. Nov. 29, 1844, 
aged forty, at Salem ; m. Rebecca 
Spencer, of Beverly. Children liv- 
ing in Salem. 

149. Eben,* d. Sept. 1811, «t. 
eighteen. 

150. Sarah,* m. Deland. 

(79) 
Eben Pope,* of Salem, baker, b. 
in Danvers, July 7, 1759 ; d. in Sa- 
lem Feb. 14, 1821, wt. sixty-two. 
He man'ied August, 1779, Mehitable 
15 



Carroll, dau. of Capt. Samuel and 
Mehitable (Williams) Carroll. She 
died in 1784. He m., secondly, Jan- 
uary 31, 1790, Lydia, widow of James 
Hayes, of Salem, and dau. of Wil- 
liam Darling, of Cambridge. She 
died Feb. 16, 1816, aged sixty-two. 

151. Samuel C* ( Vide infra.) 

(81) 
Oliver Pope,* resided some time 
in South Reading, afterwards moved 
to Salem, and resided on Dean street ; 
d. Oct. 23, 1825, set. sixty; m. 1st, 
; secondly, Jan. 26, 1819, 
widow Mary Holman, dau. of James 
and Sarah Fabens. She died at 
Salem, Jan. 26,- 1854, cet. 73J years. 
Children,^ — 

152. Oliver,* resides in one of the 
Western States. 

153. Lois.* 

154. Lucretia.* 

155. Samuel,* m. Nov. 2, 1828, 
Betsey Newhall. 

156. John,* resides in South Read- 
ing; m. Sept. 11, 1820, Harriet Hol- 
man. 

(96) 
Jasper Pope, a tailor, resided in 
Salem and sometimes in Danvers ; 
born in Danvera, Jan. 1, 1780; died 
March 2, 1850 ; m. Dec. 14, 1804, at 
Salem, Abigail Lander (b. June 11, 
1782, in Salem ; d. Jan. 12, 1837). 
Children, — 

157. Abigail Lander, b. at Salem, 
June 14, 1805 ; d. at Worcester, 
July 10, 1861. 



114 



158. Waiiam Allen, b. April 30, 
1808, at Salem; d. 1817. 

159. Ann Putnam, b. March 29, 
1810, at Salem; d. atDanvei's, April 
12, 1837. 

160. Caroline, b. Nov. 3, 1811, at 
Salem; d. July 22, 1845, atDanvers. 

161. Matilda, b. July 18, 1814, at 
Salem. 

162. Horatio Gates, b. at Salem, 
Dec. 7, 1815; engaged in business in 
Boston, resides in Maiden. 

(106) 

Eleazer Pope,* resided in Salem, 

yeoman, b. March 21, 1751 ; d. 1818, 

2. 5; m. Esther, dau. of Jonathan 

Buxton, b. 1760, 12. 9 ; d. 1818, 10. 17. 

163. Mary^« b. 1788, 7. 16; m. 
Joshua Buxton, of Danvers, who was 
bom July 17, 1-785, and had Joshua, 
b. Oct. 14, 1817; Mary Jane, b. 
Oct. 20, 1821, and Henry Vamey, b. 
July 23, 1824. 

164. Esther,* b. 1790, 10. 27 ; m. 
Henry Grant, of Salem. 

165. Eleazer,* b. 1793, 3. 14. 
( Vide infra.) 

16B. Stephen,* b. 1796, 3. 11 ; m. 
March 13, 1821, Abigail, dau. of 
Daniel Shehane, of Salem. She d. 
Aug. 6, 1844, ret. forty-one. He d. 
.it Liverpool, Eng., Jan. 25, 1837. 

167. Gertrude,^ b. 1799, 8. 14 ; m. 
Dec. 26, 1822, Jona. Barrett, b. at 
Salem, Dec. 11, 1790, and d. April 
18, 1829 ; had Eleazer Pope, b. Sept. 
29, 1824 ; Martha Osborn, b. July 9, 
1827. 



(108) 
FoLOER Pope,^ b. at Salem, 1756, 
2. 14, a saddler, shop on Washington 
street, opposite City Hall ; m. Theo- 
date, who was born at Salem, 1759, 1. 
1. Children, — 

168. Folger,* b. 1782, 9. 18, at 
Salem. 

169. Stephen,* b. 1784, 1. 11, at 
Salem. {Vide infra.) 

170. Lydia,* b. 1785, 10. 31, at 
Salem. 

171. Daniel,* b. 1787, 11. 11, at 
Salem. 

172. Hannah,* b. 1789, 12. 28. 

(Ill) 
Joshua Pope,* b. 1763, 11. 24; d. 
1842, 2. 25, a tanner in Salem; first, 
m. Bethiah, dau. of Dean. She 

was born 1764, d. 1817, 2. 14-; m. 
secondly, Lucretia, the widow of I. 
Johnson, and dau. of Zach. and Lu- 
cretia Collins, of Lynn. She was 
born at Lynn, and died at Salem, 
July 21, 1856, aged eighty-one. 

173. Jonathan Dean,* b. 1792, 8. 
8. ; d. 1846. 

174. Gertrude,* b. 1794, 9. 6; d. 
1796, 10. 

175. James,* b. 1797, 3. 12; d. 
June 6, 1852; a tanner, lived in 
Salem; m. Lucy M., dau. of Capt. 
Daniel Lord, of Ipswich. She died 
Nov. 29, 1823, wt. twenty-one. 

176. Peter,* b. 1799, 6. 25; d. 
1803, 7. 5. 

177. Lot,* b. 1803, 4. 27; d. at 
Salem, April 8, 1859, tanner. His 



115 



wife, Maria, d. at Salem, June 9, 

1842, aged twenty-nine. 

(112) 
James Pope,* b. Dec. 16, 1765 ; d. 
1830, 8. 7, saddler, place of business 
on Federal street, near Baptist Meet- 
ing-House ; m. Lydia, dau. 

of Daniel and Hannah Newhall. She 
was b. at Lynn, 1775, 3. 16 ; d. at 
Salem, 1830, 12. 8.' 

178. Jaraes,^ b. 1795, 3. 6; d. 
1796, 3. 11. 

179. Hannah,«b. 1797, 2. 15; d. 

1843, 1. 18. 

180. Jaraes,« b. 1799, 7. 21; d. 
1800, 12. 24. 

181. Daniel,« b. 1801, 11. 30; d. 
at Milwaukie, Aug. 10, 1852. 

182. Mary Ami,® d. May 13, 1852, 
aged forty-four. 

183. Lydia,® b. 1808, 2. 27. 

184. James,® b. 1810, 7. 25; d. 
1834, 7. 9, at Tobasco, Mexico. 

185. Elizabeth Hacker,® b, 1813, 

3. 17. 

186. Joseph,® b. 1816, 8. 22; d. 
1820, 9. 22. 

187. Sarah Nichols,® b. 1821, 6. 
2. 

(118) 
John Pope,* of Boston, b. 1740, 
10. 29 ; m. Hannah, dau. of James 
and Sarah Raymar, of Boston; b. 
1743-4, 12. 16. 

188. John,® b. at Boston, 1769, 

4. 8. 

189. James,® b. at Boston, 1770, 
12. 25. 



190. Hannah,® b. at Boston, 1772, 
8. 13. 

191. Benjamin,®b. at Boston, 1774, 
6. 11 ; d. 1774, 8. 24. 

192. Sarah,® b. at Boston, 1775, 

8. 25. 

193. Ruth,® b. at Boston, 1777, 

9. 30. 

194. Susanna,® b. at Boston, 1779, 

10. 13. 

195. Samuel,® b. at Boston, 1781, 
9. 15. 

196. Benjamin,® b. at Boston, 1783, 
3. 3. 

197. Betsey,® b. at Boston, 1786, 
2. 7. 

VI. Generation. 
(134) 
Nathaniel Pope,® yeoman, of Dan- 
vers, b. Aug. 2, 1792 ; m. Aug. 8, 
1815, Abi Preston, b. Feb. 13, 1791 ; 
d. March 1, 1841 ; m. secondly, 
March 9, 1848, Charlotte, dau. of 
Elijah and Elizabeth (Putnam) Flint, 
of South Dan vers. She was bom 
May 12, 1801. Children,— 

198. Elizabeth Putnam,^ b. .Feb. 
12, 1816 ; m. Andrew M. Putnam, of 
Dan vers. 

199. Harriet Adeline,' b. Sept. 8, 
1817 ; m. Henry F. Putnam, of Dan- 
vers. 

200. Mary Putnam,^ b. July 26, 
1819 ; m. Calvin Putnam, of Dan- 
vers. 

201. Aseneth Preston,^ b. Sept. 
19, 1821; m. Nathan Tapley, of 
Danvers. 



116 



202. Ira Preston,^ b. Sept. 11, 
1823 ; m. Eliza C. Batchelder. 

203. Daniel Putnam,^ b. March 8, 
1826 ; m. Lydia N. Dempsey, 

204. Hannah Putnam,^ b. June 2, 
1828 ; m. Dr. B. Breed, of Lynn. 

205. Phebe Mansfield,^ b. May 12, 
1830; d. Aug. 29, 1830. 

206. Jasper Felton,^ b. April 4, 
1832; m. Sophia J. Richards, of 
Townsend. 

(138) 
Jasper Pope,« b. July 14, 1802 ; 
m. Dec. 13, 1830, Harriet Felton. 
She was born Sept. 19, 1803; d. 
Nov. 24, 1843. He m. secondly, 
Feb. 9, 1846, Sarah Felton. She was 
born Jan. 4, 1807, had — 

207. Jasper Elijah,' b. Feb. 12, 
1847. 

(140) 

Elijah Pope,« b. July 13, 1809 ; 
m. December, 1831, Eunice Prince. 
She was born May 19, 1811. 

208. Francis Elijah,' b. May 29, 
1832. 

209. Nathaniel A.,' b. Dec. 24, 
1837. 

210. Samuel Putnam,' b. Dec. 16, 
1844. 

211. Mary Elizabeth,' b. June 14, 
1847. 

212. James Arthur,' b. July 29, 
1817 ; d. Jan. 9, 1852. 

(141) 
Zrphaniah Pope,* yeoman, of Dan- 
vei-s, b. Dec. 15, 1807; m. April 9, 



1835, Nancy Mudge; b, atDanvers, 
June 9, 1816. Children,— 

213. Amos Alden,' b. at Danvers, 
Feb. 16, 1838 ; d. at Danvers, Sept. 
15, 1864. 

214. Sarah Ann,' b. at Danvers, 
May 5, 1842. 

215. Caroline Eunice,' b. at Dan- 
vers, Feb. 2, 1847. 

(161) 

Samuel Carroll Pope,* b. at Sa- 
lem, Nov. 25, 1783; d. at Salem, 
Jan. 2, 1821; m. at Londonderry, 
Dec. 23, 1806, Frances Dinsmore, of 
Londonderry, dau. of Capt. Thomas 
Dinsmore. She was born in Boston, 
Sept. 28, 1785; d. in South Danvers, 
March 25, 1858. 

He was a baker by trade. In 1807 
was elected the first commander of 
the Salem Mechanic Light Infantry, 
but declined the position. In 1808, 
he was a Lieutenant in the Salem 
Artillery Company. Soon after the 
commencement of the war of 1812, 
he entered the U. S. service, and was 
1st Lieutenant in the 40th Begimeut 
of Infantry, and was stationed at 
Foil; Gurnet, Plymouth. (See Vol. 
III. of these Collections, p. 181.) 
Children, — 

216. Ann nall,^ b. Nov. 13, 1807, 
at Salem ; d. Nov. 3, 1831, at Salem^ 
unm. 

217. Samuel Lysander,^ b. Jan. 
20, 1809 ; d. July 29, 1829, at sea, 
off the coast of Timor, on board of 
ship Zephyr. 



Ill 



218. Orlatido Ebewesser,* b. March 
17, 1810, at Salem, now resident of 
South Danvers ; m. June, 1832, Re- 
becca S. Fairfield, dau. of Moses and 
Elizabeth Fairfield, of Salem. She 
was born April 10, 1810. Children 
born at Danvers, — Frances P. , b. Dec. 
19, 1832; Orlando Lysander, b. 
Dec. 10, 1834; d. Oct. II, 1839; 
George Stephen, b. July 29, 1836 ; 
d. Sept. 6, 1839 ; Elizabeth Mehita- 
ble, b. Sept. 11, 1838 -^ Orlando 
George, b. July 29, 1840; d. Dec. 
6, 1840; George O. H., b. Oct. 5, 
1844; Ellen M., b. Sept. 4, 1848. 

219. Frances Dinsmore, b. Dec. 
25, 1811 ; m. Stephen Palmer, of 
Lynn, Aug. 22, 1833. He died. 

She and her son, William L. Pal- 
mer, reside now in Salem. He served 
the country with honor during the 
recent rebellion. At the first call for 
troops, he went as a private in the 
Salem Light Infantry, April 18, 18()1, 
and served three months in that ca- 
pacity. At the organization of the 
19th Reg. Mass. Vols, in August, 
1861, he received the appointment of 
2d Lieut. ; 1st Lieut., June 18, 1862 ; 
April 16, 1863, Capt. ; April 8, 
1865, Major ; March 13, 1865, Brevet 
Lieut. Colonel. 

220. Mehitable Carroll,^b. Dec. 2, 
1815. 

(165) 
Eleazgr Pope,* b. at Salem, 1793, 
3. 14. Tanner, m. May 24, 1818, 
Mary Nimblet, dau. of Robert Nimb- 
15» 



l0t, of Salem. She died May, 1822 ; 
he m. secondly, April 27^ 1823, EstlWf 
Reith, dau. of Capt. John Reith^ of 
Salem. Oiildrcn, ^- 

221. Henry E.,*b. Feb. 16, 1819; 
during the recefnt war waft an aftfifet- 
ant surgeon in the 6th Reg. IndiaM 
Vols. ; now resides in Salem ; tti^ 
May 18, 1856, Catherine M., dau. of 
Munroe W. and Mary (Dole) Lee. 
She was b. at Madison, Lid., and d. 
at Salem, April 24, 1866, aet. thn-ty, 
having had William H., b. Feb. 22, 
1857, and Charles S., b. Sept. 1, 
1858. 

222. William A,^ a tanner, of Sa- 
lem, b. April 18, 1820 ; m. Elizabeth, 
dau. of Alexander and Jane McCloy, 
Oct. 31, 1844; she d. June 6, 1847, 
aged twenty-three ; he m. secondly, 
Mary D. Symonds, Sept. 25, 1852. 
Children, — William H., b. May 26, 
1845, d. Aug. 8, 1845; William H., 
b. April 14, 1847; Mary E., b. 
March 7, 1853; George, b. Jan. 7, 
1855; Frank A., b. March 27, 1857, 
d. Jan. 2, 1861. 

223. Mary,^ b. April, 1822; m. 
Lorcnus Warner, of South Danvers ; 
she died October, 1852, having had 
Mary E., b. April 8, 1852. 

224 John R.,^ a tanner, of Salem, 
b. Sept. 4, 1824; m. Mary J. 
Brown. Children, — Esther, b. Sept. 
11, 1849; JohnH.,b. Jan. 30, 1852; 
Mary Jane, b. July 21, 1854; 
Stephen F., b. Feb. 14, 1858. He 
died Nov. 22, 1861. 



118 



225. Esther,^ b. Nov. 28, 1826 ; m. 
Jan. 1, 1854, Andrew Mace; she 
died June, 1855. 

226. Stephen,^ b. Nov. 28, 1828. 

227. James,^b. 1830; d. 1831. 

228. James,^ b. March 29, 1839. 
July 6, 1761, he was commissioned 
Ist Lieut. Ist Reg. Heavy Artillery, 
Mass. Vols. ; Capt., June 10, 1862, 
discharged Oct. 18, 1864, resides in 
Salem. 

229. Frank,^ b. Jan. 18, 1841 ; m. 
Sarah Morison, Nov. 30, 1865 ; he 
was commissioned 2d Lieut., 1st Reg. 
Heavy Artillery, Mass. Vols., Feb. 



15, 1862 ; Ist Lieut., March 19, 1863, 
discharged on expiration of service, 
Oct. 7, 1864; Capt., March 17, 1865. 
He died Dec. 28, 1866. 
(169) 
Stephen Pope,* b. 1784, 1. 11; 
m. Sally ; b. 1788, 8. 7. 

Children, — 

230. Daniel,^ b. 1808, 11. 4. 

231. Sarah,^ b. 1811, 1. 11. 

232. Mary,^ b. 1813, 7. 21. 

233. Seba,^ b. 1816, 3. 9. 

234. AbelH.,^b. 1825,4. 13. 

235. George F.,7b. 1827, 3. 
d. 1828, 2. 8. 



23; 



SOME NOTES ON CHIPMAN HILL. 



RKAD AT THE IN8TITUTK BY R. S. R. 



Public Water Works have been objects of pride and enthusiasm with 
the populations for whose convenience they have been established, ever 
since Solomon brought water into Jerusalem, in earthen conduits, from 
the Pools of Bethlehem. Encyclopedias are full of the magnificence of 
these structures, in the perfection and extent of which modei*n art has 
hardly advanced beyond a remote antiquity. It is needless to encumber 
these pages with familiar accounts of what was accomplished by the 
Ttolomies, or even by the Roman Emperors who vied with each other, 
generation after generation, in the costliness and magnificence of their 
works, until, as Strabo says, whole rivers flowed through the streets of 
Rome. Our own country, — our own experience and times must suffice 
to show that if the people of this community were lacking in iutei*est 
in the system of water-works now building for their use, their case 
would be exceptional. No traveller has failed to sympathize in the 
pride with which the people of Chicago and of Philadelphia are wont to 
invite his attention to the water-supply of those cities ; in the grateful 



119 

recognition of the inestimable benefits of Croton water, heard on every 
hand in the city of New York; nor in the grand designs now on foot 
for the growth and embellishment of the water-works supplying Boston. 
No observer of contemporary events has failed to notice with interest 
the fact that the old Marcian water, formerly so renowned for its pure 
quality and the height of its level, is again to be conveyed into the 
Eternal City, from sources about thirty-one miles from Rome; nor to 
have read with satisfaction, if he knew anything of the inadequate 
appliances in vogue in the mother country to-day, the clause in the last 
address of the Queen to her Lords and Commons, on the opening of 
Parliament, where she says, — "Estimating as of the highest importance 
an adequate supply of pure and wholesome water, I have directed the 
issue of a Commission to inquire into the best means of permanently 
securing such a supply for the metropolis, and for the principal towns 
in the densely peopled districts of England." 

Chipman Hill, a commanding eminence upon which the City of Salem 
has placed the reservoir of its water-works, takes its name from a dis- 
tinguished family long resident in the North Parish of Beverly. This 
parish was incorporated in 1713, as the "Precinct of Salem and Bev- 
erly.'* Its first minister was John Chipman. He was "called to settle," 
after a season of fasting and prayer had been observed by the church, 
in 1715. He died in the ministry, at the age of eighty-five, in the 
eventful year 1775, having been settled over one parish sixty years. 
He drew up the covenant which is still used by the church. He was a 
native of Barnstable, Massachusetts, and a gi'aduate of Harvard College 
in 1711. His son John, graduated at Harvard and bred to the Law, 
died while arguing a cause in the Superior Court of Maine, in 1768. 
His son Ward, also educated at Harvard, was a distinguished Justice of 
the Supreme Court of New Brunswick, while his grandson. Ward Chip- 
man, Junior, son of the latter, left Harvard with the first honors of 
his class, and subsequently became Chief Justice of New Brunswick. 
Justice Gray, of our Supreme Judicial Court, is a son of Hoi'ace, who 
was a son of William Gray, the eminent Salem merchant, and of a 
daughter of Rev. John Chipman. 

The remains of the Reverend John Chipman repose in a secluded 
spot, long disused as a burial-gi*ound, neai* Wenham Lake. The grave 
is marked by a simple slab of slate-stone, which stands erect among 
tangled brier and drooping elm, and beare an Epitaph in scholarly Latin, 



120 

which ** decay's effacing finger" has made it hard .to read. Over the well«- 
cut lines appears, in place of the winged angel, or hour-glass, or full- 
faced sun usually found on ancient New England grave-stones, the half- 
length representation of a Minister arrayed in the robes of his oBSce, 
and the slab bears nothing more, besides the following inscription, which 
is almost hidden by moss : 

HUIC TIIMULO MANDANTUR RELIQUiB 

RRV1UUCNDI8 BT ADMODUM VRNRRABILIS 

JOHANNI8 CHIPMAN A M 

ACADRMIiE HARVARDINiE ALUMNI 

■T SBCUNDiE ECCLE8IA BRVSRLACENSI8 

PER AimOS QUINQUA6INTA NOVEM ET ULTRA 

PASTORIS FIDELIS 

TlRl UnSNTE SOLmA ET BRUDITIONE UTILI CON8PICUT 

UTK&AHUM 8ACRARUM PERTH A PR^CIPUB INSIONIB 

VERBUM PR^DICANDO GRAVIS ET PUNGENTIS 

JESU RELIGIONI8 AMORB PENETRATI 

Et PR^CEPTA EJUS EXEMPLO SUO ALIOS DOCENttA 

ECCLE8IJ& PRiSSIDEMDO VIGILANTI8 ET INTEORI 

TOTI GREGI BENEVOLEKTI8 ET iEQUI 

BONOS OMNIUM SECTARUM EX ANIMO COMPLEX! 

OFFICnS MUTUIS 80CIALIBU8 Q* FUNGENDO EXDfll 

DOMUT 8U-fi OMNI8 VIRTUTI8 CHRISTIANiE EXEMPLARtR 

PR06PERI8 MINIMS INFLATI 

IN ADVERSIS PATIENTI8SIMI 

QUI LONGiEVITATE 8ATURATU8 

FntMISSIMI 8PE BEATiE IMMOBTALITATIS 

ANIMAM EFFLAVIT XXIII DIE MARTH 
ANNO BALUTIS HUMANiE MDCCLXXV 
iETATIS Q* SU^ LXXXV 

The Hill family, from which the title to Chipman Hill passed, by 
purchase, to the City of Salem, is not unknown in history. 

Hugh liill came to America from the North of Ireland. He left his 
home at the age of fifteen, spent some yeai-s in the Naval Service of 
England, then came to Marblehead, and afterward to Beverly. In 1775, 
he commanded the privateer "Pilgrim" of twenty guns, the building of 
which, for the Messrs. Cabot, of Beverly, he superintended at Newbury- 
port. Scotch-Irish blood made him love fighting and hate England. 
He would "beard the Lion in his den." His favorite scene of action 
was the coast of Ireland. There he made many captures, greatly to the 
annoyance of British commerce, and the humiliation of that flag which 
arrogantly claimed the dominion of the sea. He fluhflequently com- 



121 

mnnded the "Cicero," In 1775, he took and brought into Beverly the 
"Industry," Capt. Francis Butler, and delivered her to the order of 
General Washington. 

Says Stone [History Beverly, p, 71-2], '* probably more captured 
vessels were brought into this port than into any other in New England, 
the cargoes of which furnished important and seasonable supplies for the 
Continental Army." Of these the ''Pilgiim" and the "Cicero" took 
their full share. Thus did their Commander cam, among the British 
men-of-war stationed near the channel, the soubriquet of "that notorious 
Hugh Hill." Thus did he make himself, what it was his ambition to 
be, the scourge of the British coast. 

In April, 1781, Hugh Hill brought to Beverly in the "Pilgrim" the 
Philosophical Library of the i^imous Dr. Kirwan, a distinguished English 
writer on science, which he had captured in the British Channel. These 
books, sold at auction, were purchased by the Rev. Joseph Willard, of 
Beverly, and other gentlemen of Salem and Beverly, and became, as 
appears from an item in the will of the late Dr. Nathaniel Bowditch, 
the foundation of the large and valuable collection of the Salem Athe- 
naeum. [See Hist. Coll. Essex Inst., Vol. IV. p. 175 et seq,] 

In 1784, Hugh Hill brought his father and mother in his vessel from 
Ireland to Beverly. 

In 1794, he bought Chipman Hill of the Rev. Daniel Oliver, of 
North Beverly, the father of Henry K. Oliver. He died at his farm, 
near the foot of this Hill, in 1829. He was as generous as he was 
brave, — as humane to his prisoners as he was terrible to his enemies. 

Hannah Hill, the daughter of Hugh Hill's brother James, whom, 
also, he brought to this country, was born on the passage from Ireland 
to America. She organized, at Beverly, the first Sunday School in New 
England. The fiftieth anniversary of this event was celebrated, at Bev- 
erly, on the 10th day of September, 1860, when Dr. Andrew P. Pea- 
body, of Cambridge, described his teaching her the Greek language, 
during a College vacation, after she was past the age of sixty. She 
accomplished, before her death which occurred in 1838, her life-long 
purpose of reading the Greek Testament. — [See Hist. Coll. Essex Inst., 
Vol. VI. p. 90.] 

Andrew Jackson, if he had the inclination, had not the usual means 
of tracing his father's connexions. He might well have lost sight of 
some of them, and have found trouble, in after years, to establish their 
16 



122 

consanguinity. His father had died before his birth. He was but four- 
teen when his mother died. At that age, tables of genealogy have faint 
attractions for boys. Of his two brothers, the elder, Hugh, was killed 
in battle when Andrew was but twelve, and the younger, Robert, died 
two years after. Andrew was brought up by his mother's relatives. His 
father had migrated from a distant country, — had lived but a short time 
where Andrew was born, and had no relatives among his neighbors. 
Hugh Hill was not living when General Jackson visited the North, in 
1833, but died soon after his elevation to the presidency. It is not 
strange, therefore, that we find no evidence that Jackson recognized Hill 
as his cousin. But such seems to have been the fact. 

Hugh Jackson was a linen-draper in Carrickfergus, nine miles from 
Belfast, in the north of Ireland, in 1660. So says Parton. And his 
youngest son, Andrew, the father of the seventh president of the 
United States, came from Carrickfergus to the Carolinas with a wife 
and two sons, Hugh and Robert Jackson, in 1765. Andrew, the third 
child, was born in 1767. 

There is very little doubt that this Hugh Jackson, the linen-draper 
of Carrickfergus, was the father of Elizabeth Jackson, who married John 
Hill, lived at Carrickfergus, had at least six children, and came with 
them all, by the assistance of her son Hugh, to America. 

Those six children were, — 

1. Hugh Hill, bom in Carrickfergus, in 1740. 

2. Jenny, married McNinch, of Baltimore, Md. 

3. Nancy, married Gardner, in America. 

4. Peter, married Jane Neilson, in Ireland. 

5. Elizabeth, mamed Porter, in America. 

6. James, married Elizabeth Walker, of Dromore, in Ireland. 

Their descendants are numerous. Peter was known among his neigh- 
bors as the counterpart of General Jackson. His daughter, Jane, sur- 
vives, and has in her possession, at North Beverly, a portrait of "Cap- 
tain Hugh," her uncle. 

Many of these persons have exhibited the Jacksonian energy "and 
will, as their family ti-aditions amply attest. Hugh Hill had a com- 
manding presence and bearing, but did not resemble Jackson in stature, 
being quite as tall and much heavier. He left a son, Jackson Hill. 
Peter Hill was living when President Jackson was in Salem, and the 
neighbors who returned from his reception declared that they "had seen 



123 

Peter Hill with his Sunday clothes on." Of James Hill's daughter Han- 
nah, mention has been made above'. His grandson and namesake is now 
Trial--JuDtice at Beverly. 

A family tomb in the burial-ground near the Common, in Beverly, 
contains the remains of the first generations of the family in America, 
and the curious student will find about it inscriptions possessing some 
interest. 



ESSEX COUNTY COURT RECORDS. 



COMMUNICATED BY A. C. OOODKLL. 



Ck>utlnued ft'om vol. viii., p. 64. 
fv; p. 38 thw ) Att the Iff'' Quarter Court att Salem Beyining 

booke ) 2ff^ of x'* m^. Anrf. D-;. 1640 \ , 

Heare being prsent George Inkersell fined Tenn shillings 

CoUo» : Endecott f^i- mistaking in his depotition touching y* 

?mI"enl"^CEs,r 7- A- Last Court. Though he did pW 

Mr wuiia Hathorne. *^^ acknowledgm? of his euill therein. | 

MrEdwiHoUiocke in Court, Att this tyme. | 

John Hardy haiieing l)een reproached or defamed by Joseph Gar- 
lick who had sd y* he heard Beniamin Hammon say that he heard 
Jn? Hardy sweare, & Curse & beat his man y* he Lay days 

after vpon examine" wherof The Court dismised Joseph Garlike vpon 
his acknowledgm* & submission to Jn^ Hardy. 

The Courts Sentence ag^ Beiamin Hammon [By warrant is*] 
vide copy of y* he shall in regard of his taking away the good 

Courts warantf name of his master Jn*? Hardy) shall seme him one 

* These words are interlined. 

tThls copy of order, or "warrant," I find recorded in the waste-book, as follows: 
Vera Copia of a Court ord^ dd''<^ Jo : Hardy. \ 29<a of the l(y* nioneth 1640 
Wheras Beniamin Haman being Convented before the Court att Halem for misde- 
mean" & there proued by two witnesses agt him that he scandalized his master John 
Hardy in dinars pticulars w^h when he the said Hamman came to tryaU did altogether 
deny And also the Court (finding him to be a yong rash and vnsetled & indiscreet yong 
man ready to run into diuers enonnities if Lett free to his owne lil)ertie) Therfore doth 
order that he shall serue the s^ John Hardy for the space of one whole yeare fro' the 
day of the date of these pi^sents & in the meane tyme bound hi Tenn pounds sterling to 



1^4 



tweluemonth Longe' And Bound in Recognizance of x" to be of good 
behaueo'' for 12m^ | 

Nicholas Pacie his p'sonall Confession of his offence touching A 
mariadg Contract. And his wyfe Katherin his* Confesi^ also in writting 
vpon record. 

John Cook [continues?] & stands bound in xl' Recog^ vntill next 
Cout, &, then vpon testimony of his good abbearing to be dismised. 



29^ 10^ 1640 



ffr; p. 48 More of 19^ Quarter Court 

Held ye 

Its this day ordered by the Court that m' ffog shall haue an 
Attachm^ against all such psons as are behinde in not paying theire 
fynes, and by vertue of thereof shall destreyine theire goods and after' 
one moneth of tyme put the same to sale for the satisfaction of the 
said fBnes. 

Joseph Hermitage fined 5" for absence being s~ond p. Jury. 

^ Thomas Olliuer pi ag? Charls 



fonnan 



Lieft. Dauenport 
Jacob Barney 
Jefferey Massy 
Henry Bartholomew 
Lawrence Leech 
Edm: Batter 
Jnr \ Tho: Gardene*" Jndiemt 
John Alderman 
Peter Palfrey 
Nicho: Browne 
Rich«> Walker 
George Keasar 
ag*. John Holgrauo def in a; 



Turne' def! in an a~ of Case. 
Jury finds for plantif dew for 
one q'te^'s Rent p hous 7? 6^ and 
4* for the seller &, 4? Costs and 
he to Continue 14 days paying 
for y* 14 days pportionable to 
30- p. a^. 

The worp* Jn*^ Humphreys pi 



of the Case Jury find for def. 12'* 
damages & iiij' Costs & Chardgs & y® remender of the salt is fo*^ 
m' Humphreys to be deliuered he sending fo"" it p'seutlie. | 

Ite There was a reuiew of an a~ entred Last Court betwixt 
Josua verrin Ric'hard lukersell & Edw : Giles 

Walter Knight pi ag? Ric^ Cook def in a~ of debt Jury find for 
pi. Three pounds iiij" damadgs & iiij" Costs. 



be of the good behaveour. | The s^ John Hardy finding to the said Bcniamin Hamon suf- 

fiilent meat drink, & cloathing. | 

Ji> : Endecott 
e*m : downingk 
William Hathornk 
Kdwakd Holyoke. 



125 

Mo7'e of W!^ Quarter Court hdd 29^- of a^ m\ 1640 

William Bowdish pi ag* John Norman def in an a~ of Case. 
The def deposing y* he serued y® warrant yesterday att Jeffreys Creek 
& witnesed, & he not Co~ing Court saith y' vnless he pay or secure 
the debt an Attachm* shall be gi'anted out. 

Daniell tfairetield pi ag* Zacheus Gould def a"^ trespase Jury find 
for pi ffower bushells of Corne and ffower shillings Costs. 

John Bartall pi ag* Jn*? Legg & Tho : S^s def in an a- of 6? 
10*. debt p bill. Court Reffered to m"" ffowle etc. 

Alt jSale?n. the 20^^ Quarter Court Begining the Sff^ of first m^ 1641. 

Coiioneu''Eudecott ^^^^^ Smith Junior being co vented 

Jno Humphreys Esqr before this Court for stealing of twoe 

Mr Ein: Dowuin^ fisluug lines etc. 

Mr Edw Hoiiiock i* l>«^"g Conlessed. 

Mr Tho: Willes The Courts sentence is y* he pay 2 

Lines fo"" one And Twentie shillings for Loss of their tyme. 

Ite. This Court orders, viz. That Thomas South is in regard of 
his adge etc exempted fj^ Trayniug paying 5* p A^ to this Court 
and freed f~ his former tines. 

Upon a Complaint made agf Ric^ ffowle*" p Obediah Holme That 
for ReproachfuU speeches ag? y*" ordenance of God Namely That haue^ 
ing (bepissed his bedd) sd you had best haue y' agit^d in your 
Church meetings. 

The sentence of Court is y* he is to pay a tine of 40* betwixt 
this & the next Court] | | 

Diners Complaints brought in f~ diners p sons ageanst Ruben 
Guppi, as for running away, to the Estward f~ his wyfe great w^** 
Childe ; for stealing & Blasfemie Lying & swearing etc. The Courts 
sentence That he shalbe seuerlie whipped & bound in 20" Recog- 
nizance for good behaueour & to app*" next Couii;. & bring in testi- 
mony of good behaueo"^ or be whipped ageane. 

A Complaint agf w*" Poole for stealing of stockiiigs and taking 
away a Canooe of m*' Eniereys. The sentence of Court, in regard 
of his Lying also is y* y*-* sd Willi; shall be wliipped, & returne the 
stokings to th owne*" 

1?ho : Rood was he that had the stockings but he 30'** of 4 m^ 
1641 was quit in Court. 



126 

Wili; Bowdish for niisinforming the Court & Causing Jn<? Stone 
to be amersed 5* iis in p. 44. Vniustlie. The Court theribre doth 
fine y* sd Bowdish in tenn shilling! 

More of the 20"^ Quarter Court: 30. of ImZ 1641 

[^Greorg Williams about an apprentis boy Matkew JeUet^ y' he should 
serue 2 yeTs Longer. But upon Jrancs Peiry his depotition y y* 
Couenant was made but fo'' seauen years & to end in March : wherfif the 
Court frees the youths but mous him to serue him fo*" vj MonetJisi S to 
agree them selues.^* 

' lGoody*2 The wyfe of Hugh Browne Convented for breking her 
husbands head & thretn^d y' she wold kill him, so y* her husband is 
eueh weary of his life, she threw stous at him, and haueing eaiised his 
face to bleed, wished him hanged & called him beast & wished he might 
neuer come home she Confesing she had brok his face w*** a Chambe' 
pott. The Courts sentence that she shalbe seuerlie whiped & being she 
hath beene an anoyance to neighbours she is bound to good behaueour 
vntill next Court. | 

William Wake doth acknowledg his fault in y* he w^as ho vaine as 
to defame m' pestor on so sleight grounds. [^;m Pigdon doth also*'] 

George Williams clayminge twoe yeares service more of his sevant 
Mathew Jellitt. was denyed it by the Court vppon the deposition of 
ffrancis Perry who swore the said Jellitt was bound but for seauen 
yeares where vpo** the said Jellet was freed from his service, but willed 
by the Court vpon his masters requests to serue him half a year® vpo" 
such wages as they themselues could agi*ee on 

generall Towno meeting appointed to be warned about a free skoole. 
the second day of the weeke. 

Widow Baker & Nathaneel Pittman there ac7 examined. & deposi- 
tions Concerning the same. | 

Vpon a generall request (arising fr^ m' flreind his damag in his 
Come,) through defect of mens fences. The Court ordered That all 
who weare defitient in their fencs on the south syde of the South ffield, 
shall make good Thirtie shillings vnto m*" ffreind & y' the ifencs are to 
be made good, both on that, p't next to the Towne & meeting house, as 

♦The entries in italics and within brackets are cancelled in the record. 



127 



well as those ffencs on the South side for the p'uenting of damages on 
one end as well as on the other. 



forma 



Jar 



Henry Bartholomew 
John Woodbury 
Thomas Lothrop 
John Geclney 
Peter Palfrey 
Elias Stilman 
William Knight 
Nicholas Potter 
Thomas Towensheud 
John Rainsdallf 
Thomas Parker 
Jenkin Dauis 



Att /Salem More of the 20"^ Quarter Court, if Sif^ of 1. moneth.' 1641. 

John Bartall reuiued an ac~ entred 
the Last Court ag* John Legg & Tho : 
Sams w*^** was reffered to m'^ ffouls. 
Now m' Downing pmised to see this 
matte' ended betwixt both pties. 

Ric^ Hollinworth pi agi Edmund 
Woodley defi in an ac";^ of Case. The 
d3f. not appring, & affidauit made 
that he was warned, Therfore grant 
out an attachm* ag* him, if you find 
not his pson yet to take his goods, gr: about an atachm^ to 

app** at the next Court. 

William Pester pi ag*. Ann Pigdon & will; Wake def* in an ae7 of 
deftamac" testis. Jury find for pi damages ag^ w"* wake Three pounds 
and ag? Ann Pigdon Thii-tie shillings And y* Costs of Court to be 
paid betwixt them. & furthe' to make their acknowledgm*? according to 
the discretion of le Court, but the Court orders y* it be pd betwixt this 
& next court. 

Mathew Williams pi ag5 Susan Greene vidues def* in an a~ of the 
Case. The Court- orders Jn*? Woodbury to put an end to this busines. 
William ffisk pi ag* Mathew Waler def* in ac~ of Case Jury finde 
for y*" pi for the house he hired Twentie shillings Three shillings wit- 
neses & flyve shillings Costs, and to finish the house within 14 days or 
elce by liable to all damages <& the breking of the axes to answe' w" 
lisks seruant Loss of tyme goeing so farr furthe'" to work y" he needed 
to haue done. | 

Joseph Harrington seruant to Cp. Keane pi ag! Thomas Keysar of 
Lynn def^ in an ac^ of debt of 32* 10^ viz 12* wherof being discounted. 
The def* acknowledge th a iudgm* for Twentie shillings 10^ & the Costs 
of Court. 

The Court respits y** execution for 14. days. 

Georg Willia7 p! ag* Jn^ Pickworth def* in ac^ of Case, Jury lind for 
p! 33* 4"! w*^^* they conceiue a 3** prt of the timber, & Costs of Court. 5" 



t«c. 



128 



The 21"" Quarter Court att tiaiem, held 29^ of 4 m' Ann'. 1641, 
B«t]ig prsent Thomas Gardener through Clemency of 

Jn* Humphreys Esqr ft i ^^^ Court but fined 2! 6* for absence fr^ 

C Sargant maior general! i Jury. 

mrEmanueil Downing Joseph Armetage had also 2t 61 of his 

M« Edw • HolUocke ^"® remitted, It being before 5? Ibid for 

MrTho: WUles. absence fr^ Jury) 29 of x*** m?. 1640. 

Mr. Walter Price brought In : 

A note or Invoice of certen Cloaths etc. Lefk by one John Wat- 
kins deseased (who was seruant vnto m' Walter Price.) was p'seuted in 
Court, And M' Price haueing beene att Chardgs of his passidg & other- 
waies And not haueing had any seruice of him to any vallew — The 
Court ordered y* the Goods of the s** John Watkins being to the vallew 
of ffiue pounds fibwer shillings & tenn pence shalbe to thvse, & be 
accompted the pp goods of the sd Walter Price in considered of the 
p'mises. 

William Knight Constable of Lynn brought in a complaint ffor a 
deifect in the Constabls of Lynn in not deliuering In Accompts. 

The Answer of the Court is that it cannot be vntill they haue Chose 
Townsmen to direct warrants vnto. 

John Cook (vpon his m*^ Clarks good report) is discharged of his 
recognizance for good behaueour. | 

The Court ordered Concerning ftenceing. That y'* Creeke Leading 
vp to Clay brooke ageanst m' Stilmans Lott, shall be forthwith mended 
in those places wher it is not sufiitient ageanst great Catle, & y^ what 
damadg shall come to any man })y their comeing ouer there, shalbe 
borne by [ye whole ffenca * of] all those who haue interest the Com^ 
ffencs. I 

^The words in brackets and italics are cancelled ijt the record. 
[To be continued.] 




HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



OF THE 



ESSEX INSTITUTE. 



Vol. VIII. 



September, 1866. 



No. 3. 



THE COD IN MASSACHUSETTS HISTORY. 

A PAPER READ AT THE FlELD MEETING OF ThE Es8£X INSTITUTE, 

AT Gloucester, Sept. 14th, 1866. 



BY BOBERT 8. RANTOUI.. 




If Massachusetts ever had a tuteUiry genius 
amongst the brute creation, it was the codfish. No 
member of the animal kingdom has been so conspic- 
uous in the civil history of the colony, — none con- 
tributed more largely to our early material success. 
Many a colossal fortune rested, for its foundation, 
upon the cod fisheries of the Banks and of Massa- 
chusetts Bay ; though not every successful adventurer made so con- 
spicuous recognition of the fact as did Col. Benjamin Pickman of 
Salem, — judge> legislator and executive councillor, — who in erecting, 
in 1743, the Mansion House now standing, and adjoining the East 
India Marine Museum upon Essex Street, decorated the end of every 
stair in his spacious hall with a carved and gilded codfish. 
(17) - 



130 



But it was not left to individuals to make acknowledgement of 
this indebtedness. Tlie journals of the day have recognized it. On 
the front of the Salem Gazette for 1768 appears a coat of arms con- 
sisting of a shield supported by two Indians [one is now thought 
enough, upon the State coat of arms, for the whole Commonwealth] 
and bearing the dove and olive branch, a favorite device in these parts, 
still to be found upon the seal of Salem. The crest above this 
shield is an immistakable codfish. 

Official notice of this obligation has been taken upon some of the 
Court seals, and, among others, upon the seal affixed to the processes 
issued from the too famous Court of Oyer & Terminer, which tried and 
condemned the witches in 1692. The origin of the seal seems to have 
been traced as far back as 1686, when it was used by the Court of 
Quarter Sessions of the Peace, and the Inferior Court of Common 
Pleas, as w^U as in the melancholy instances referred to above. The 
seal bears the word ''Essex," elegantly carved in cypher, with what 
passes for the dove and olive branch above it, and an unmistakable 
cod below.* 

We also find it upon the seal of the "Middle Circuit Court of 
Common Pleas," which bears in its margin the word ''Massachusetts " 
with the style of the court, and on Its face "Fiat Justitia," under 
which motto Agricultiu-e, Commerce and the Fisheries are resj^ectively 
represented by the sheep, the anchor and the codfish. This court was 
established in 1811, by an act dividing the Commonwealth into six 
Circuits, each having a Chief Justice and Associates. The "Middle 
Circuit" comprised Essex, Middlesex and Suf- 
folk. 

The c^od also appears upon the corpor- 
ate seal of the Plymouth Land Company, 
proprietors of lands on the Kennebec at as j 
early a period as 1661.t 

The Commonwealth was not behind ei- 
ther the people or the counties in rendering 
the tribute due to this source of her earli- 
est prosperity. In 1755, a two penny In- 

♦See Hist. Coll. Ess. Inst. Vol. yii. p. 145. ei>. 

t We are indebted, for the use of this cut of the Plymouth Seal, to the kindness of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society. See Proceedings Mass. Hist. Soc, May, 1864. ed. 




131 

ternal Revenue Stamp of the colony bore the impress of the cod, sur- 
rounded with this striking and significant legend : "Staple of the 
Massachusetts." This stamp may be seen on an indenture in the 
antiquarian collections of ilr. Henry M. Brooks of Salem, in which 
instrument the Selectmen of Newbury "by these presents have put and 
bound one Elizabeth March, a poor girle of this town apprentice to 
John Stone of Newbury atbi'esaid, cooper," under date "the 9th day 
of Deer, in the 29th year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George 
ye second king of Great Britain, &c." Another of these stamps may 
be seen, says . Felt, upon a contract for building the draw of the old 
North Bridge at Salem, which draw, being raised at the approach of 
Leslie's Regulars, twenty years later, became the bulwark of the lib- 
erties of America.* 

The currency of Massachusetts, at a later date, bore the same 
impress on several of its issues. In the year 1776 and 1778 many 
of the denominations, from three-pence upwards, seem to have been 
thus embellished. Mr. Matthew A. Stickney, of Salem, whose collec- 
tion of American currency is very extensive, has the foUow^ing issues 
of that period, bearing our tutelary fish upon their face. In 1776, 
$a, $5, $«, $11, also 3d, 6d, 8d, 9d, Is, ls6d, 2s, 3s, 4s, and 4s6d. 
In 17 78, 4d, ls6d, 2s, 3s, 4s, and 4s6d. He has also the deed 
of Jacob Barker to Samuel Stickney, of Rowley, diited August 29th, 
1755, which is wTitten upon a blank stamped with the two penny 
Revenue Stamp above described, f 

But in order that this acknowledgement might lack nothing of 
conspicuousness, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts has hung over its 
legislative halls, from time immemorial, the efiigy of the cod. It 
does not appear under what precise circumstances this familiar represen- 
tation of the fish assumed its position. But it is certain that the 
identical painted image now hanging in the Representatives Chamber 
of the State House, came there from the old State House in State 
street when the archives were transfeiTcd in 1798. That it had been 
suspended in the old State House since 1784 appears from the fol- 
lowing vote, as also the reason for adopting such an emblem, and the 

♦ The original cut at the head of this paper is a fac-simile on wood, by Edward S. Morse, 
Curator of Mollusca at the Essex Institute, ed. 

t Were stamps, under the famous Stamp Act of 1765, impressed on or affixed to the papers 
on which thej were used? ed. 



132 

fact that its origin was long anterior to that date. I quote from the 
Journal of the House of Representatives: 

Wednesday, March 17, 1784. 
•*Mb. Rowb moved the House that leave might be given to hang 
up the representation of a Cod Fish in the room where the House 
sit, as a memorial of the importance of the Cod Fishery^ to the wel- 
fare of this Commonwealth, as had been usual formerly. The said ■ 
motion having been seconded, the question was put, and leave given 
for the purpose aforesaid." 

This ^ Mr. Rowe," who, in his place in the old State House eighty- 
two years ago proposed to revive an old custom by replacing there 
the eflSgy of the codfish, ''as had been usual formerly," was no less 
a personage than the distinguished member for Boston, as early as 
1766 an active "Son of Liberty" and coadjutor of Hancock, Adams 
and Otis. He was part owner of one of the ships which brought 
the famous tea to Boston and the leading spirit in accomplishing its 
destruction in 1773. Moreover he is spoken of as "John Rowe Esq're, 
a merchant who many years supplied the fishermen with salt, lines and 
hooks." He was bom in 1715. The structure in State street known 
as the old State House replaced a similar building which was destroyed 
by fire in 1711. That building, was of wood and was erected for 
a town-house in 1657 — 9. The brick structure of 1711, was in turn, 
burned out in 1747, remodeled, and retained the form in which it 
looked upon the Boston Massacre until 1798. If the "representation 
of a codfish" hung in that building, it undoubtedly perished in one 
or the other of those fii'es. If in the last, John Rowe, then thirty-two 
years of age, an ardent patriot — a merchant interested in the fisheries — 
undoubtedly remembered the fact, and in 1784 felt an impulse to re- 
place the image.* 

These various representations, I call codfish. The casual observ- 
.er, discovering differences in their shape and aspect, may question the 
propriety of the classification. If so, I might find shelter, were it 
needful, under a decision of the late Justice Story, who certainl]^, 
having been born in Marblehead, should be authority upon matters 
relating to the fisheries — an authority from which, in Essex county, 
there can be no appeal. 

The government of the United States early studied to build up 

* See Salem Register, April, 1866. 



.133 

the cod fisheries, by adopting a system of Bounties. The second 
act of the first Federal Congress, approved by Washington, 
July 4th, 178i), contained such a provision. It became nec- 
essary to determine in succeeding years, what fish might be caught 
under a codfishing license and outfit, without a forfeiture of tliis 
Bounty. Judge Story, in passing upon the question, did not hesitate 
to extend tlie protection of a codfishing license to the taking of pol- 
lock, haddock, cusks and hake, and even of lialibut and macrkerel, 
when caught under circumstances which made the taking of them sub- 
sidiary to the legitimate prosecution of the cod fisheries. The Cod, 
therefore, having given his name to the *'great sea-business of fishing," 
might be taken, according to the Federal Courts, as a type of the 
swarming myriads which inhabit the deep.* 

However like these fish might seem to the eye of the Law, the 
eye of Science is nicer in such matters. Yet there is no occasion 
to appeal for protection fi'om the criticism of the naturalist to that 
late eminent jurist and son of Essex. Experts have said, after care- 
ful inspection of these seals and stamps, that they represent nothing 
in nature so truly as they do our tutelary genius, the codfish, so 
well and unmistakably portrayed in the counterfeit presentment sus- 
pended at the State House. 

It would be a pleasing task to examine the grounds upon which 
the cod was entitled to be displayed upon a colonial stamp in 1755 
as the "staple of the Massachusetts." Time will only suffice us to 
glance at a few facts tending to show that among all the hopes, whether 
substantial or fanciful, which tempted European enterprise and adventure 
to the shores of New England, none was more potent — none more 
fully justified by the result — than the hope of gain from the fisheries. 
The explorer of Cape Ann was but the mouth-piece of European emi- 
gration for the period in which he wrote : "Is it not pretty sport," 
said Capt. Smith in 1616, "to pull up twopence, sixpence and twelve- 
pence as fast as you can haul and veer a line?" 

Let us glance for a moment at the relations of the Fisheries to 
earlier American colonization. If the Northmen under Biorne, sailing 
from Iceland and Greenland, whifh their sea king, Eric the Red, had 
colonized in 986, did in truth, as some authorities have supposed, ex- 

♦ " Sch. Nympir— Ware's Reports, 268, and I. Sumner's Reports, 521. Also "Sch. Harriet" 
1. Story's Reports, 266. 

17* 



134. 

plore our coiist in 994, leaving their record on Dightou Rock, their 
monument in the Round Tower at Newport, and giving to what we 
know as Newfoundland a name which to them meant Cod-island, a 
search for better fisheries than Iceland afforded Tvas undoubtedly their 
errand. For they were famous fishers, and subsisted then as now 
upon the varied products of this hardy life. But the earliest reliable 
account of the exploration of our coast was five centuries later. In 
1497, more than a year before Columbus trml upon the main land of the 
continent, — nearly two years before Americus gave it a name, — the 
elder Cabot explored our noithern coast and reported its character to 
his sovereign, Henry vii. His accounts reached Europe at a time 
when the spirit of maritime adventure was rife, and the French at 
once vied with the countrymen of Columbus and the Cal>ots in ap- 
propriating the results of their discoveries. 

In this age of accurate knowledge, it is S!irprising to note how 
vfigue and fanciful were the hopes of the early adventure i-s. Passages 
to India by the South Sea and the North-west, were indeed sought 
in vain. But among the substantial results of their voyages were 
shiploads of sassafras, esteemed as a drug at that period, and car- 
goes of earth supposed to be laden with precious ores. 

The Europe of which we speak was wholly Catholic. In England, 
as well as everywhere upon the continent, the observance of Fasts 
wtis rigidly enforced by all the power of a Church which held in its 
hand the issues of life and death. No less than one hundred and 
fifty-three days in the year had been set apart by statute, on which 
it was unlawful for a British subject to eat flesh. And as late as 
15(i3, an act of parliament, one express purpose of which was the 
protection of fishing interests, made it penal to eat meat cm Wednes- 
days and Saturdays, except upon the purchase of a govenmient liceiise. 

The Dutch had supplied this immense European fish-market, and 
were rich. Their fisheries were regarded as the 'Vight arm of Hol- 
land." When (.^abot announced his discovery of a continent, with 
all its vast and initried possibilities, attention was at once directed 
to prosecuting the fisheries in American waters. Wealthy joint- 
stock companies were formed, and eminent noblemen took shares. 
Unlike the fishing grounds of the old world, exhausted by centuries 
of occupancy, our shores aflbrded resorts where no lead had sounded 
nor fish-hook lured. Here then was to be found the true wealth of 



135 

the Western Gojeouda. This was the one hope not doomed to dis- 
appoint. And while the Queen and her adventurers, says Bancroft, 
*Vere dazzled by the glittering prospect of mines of gold in the fro- 
zen regions of the remote North, Sir Humphrey Gilbert, a step-brother 
to Ilaleigh, with a sounder judgment and a better knowledge, watched 
the progress of the fisheries and formed healthy plans for coloniza- 
tion." And Sir Walter Kaleigh himself was able in the House of 
Commons, in 1593, to pronounce the Newfoundland fisheries to be the 
stay and support of the West counties of England. 

In 1602 Bartholomew Gosnold, conceiving, with Raleigh's concur- 
rence, the idea of a direct voyage to America, steered in a small 
bark straight across the Atlautic, and in seven weeks reached Massa- 
chusetts Bay, with a ship's company enlisted for colonizing and fish- 
ing. Psissing this C'ape, he found himself, on the morning of May 
15th, off another great headland, upon which he landed with four 
men, and to which he gave a name. For the first time the soil of 
New-England was trod by English men. The name he gave, on ac- 
count, as he says, of the number of codfish which "pestered the 
ships," has been retained, and the Southern arm of Massachusetts Bay, 
the first point visited by the English on our coast, is known to-day 
as Cape Cod. 

Next came Smith, of Jamestown notoriety, in 1614. He explored 
the coast from Penol)scot to Narragansett Bay. He made a map, 
on which he distinguished Cape Ann by the unpronouncable name of 
a Turkish Lady whose slave he was during his captivity at Constan- 
tinople. "Our waters," he reports, "afforded codfish larger than the 
Banks of Newfoundland." "Where, in Newfoundland," he says, "a com- 
mon fisherman shared six or seven iK)unds," in New England he "shared 
fourteen pounds." "Man, woman and child," he adds, "with a small 
hook and line, may by angling take divers sorts of excellent fish at 
their plesisure. And what spoil: doth yield a more pleasing content, 
and less hurt or charge, than angling with a hook and crossing 
the sweet air, from isle to isle, over the silent streams of a 
calm sea ?" 

Painted in such glowing colors the fishing grounds of New Eng- 
land came to be regarded as the best in the world. A passion for 
enteqM'ise in this quarter was kept alive by Smith, Raleigh, Fernando 
Gorges and others. The conviction had grown, since 1602, in the 



136 

minds of capitalists in Dorchester and London, that the true way to 
pursue the fisheries was to people some of the harbors on our coast. 
Twenty-five good harbors had been exi:)lored by Smith, and were shown 
on his map. It was only during a limited seaso!! that fishing could 
be piu*sued. The large number of hands required during this season 
were of no use in the navigation of the voyage, and could only be 
carried back and forth at great loss of service and provisions. In 
1B23 a plan for surmounting this difficulty took shape. The plan 
was to double man the fishing ships from England, as before, and, 
when the fare of fish was secured, to sail for home with a single 
crew, leaving the extra hands, with a winter's outfit, to plant and 
build, and be ready to assist in the fisheries again with the returning sea- 
son. Thus the fishing cratt would soon be able to sail with a few 
men for navigation, and the cost of double-manning and double-victu- 
alling, on both outward and homeward voyages, be saved. In ac- 
cordance with this sagacious plan fourteen men w^ere left at Cape 
Ann late in the fall of 1623, and then -.and there begau the settle- 
ment of Massachusetts Bay. For from this point of landing Roger 
Conant took his way to Salem in 1626. The precise landing place is 
supposed to be at a point first known as "Fisherman's Field," and since 
called "Stage Rocks," the name being derived from the stages erected 
there for the use of fishermen. 

So intimate is the connexion of the Fisheries with the foundation 
of Massachusetts. 

Simultaneously with the settlement began the despatching of car- 
goes of dried codfish to every country of Western Europe, as well 
as to the other American colonies. This trade has continued with 
little abatement of its activity through all the vicissitudes of our na- 
tional life. The first product of American industry exported from 
Massachusetts was, without doubt, a (*argo of fish. Even the neigh- 
boring colony at Plymouth seems at first to have depended upon 
Cape Ann for a supply of Hsh. Though famine threatened, they 
could not at once relieve themselves by resorting to the Bay, for 
their patrons in London had neglected as yet to provide for such 
pursuits. Once, when men staggered, says Winslow, "by reason of 
faintness for want of food," they were saved from famishing by the 
benevolence of fishermen ofl* the coast. They were not slow, how- 
ever, in supplying the want of appliances for taking fish, and there 



187 

is reason to think that the historic May Flower herself may have 
"wet her salt," of which she brought several cargoes from England, 
among the early company of fishermen which put out into the Bay. 

Time fails us to show what the fisheries have since done for 
Massachusetts. How^ profitable and important they became during the 
colonial period; how largely they have grown, with the growth of 
the country, and of railroad facilities for transportation; to what 
remote poits our fish have been a staple export; what part the fish- 
ing interest played in the wars between France and the Mother Coun- 
try; what part in the difficidties preceding the Revolutionary strug- 
gle, — these are interesting topics, already ably treated by your local 
historian, Mr. Babson, and by Mr. Sabine, in a report on the fish- 
eries, printed in 1852 by the United Stiitcs Government. Suffice it 
to say here that if the fisheries have been shown to be prominent 
among the causes leading to the settlement of the C-ommon wealth, they 
contributed no less to its subsequent growth and prosperity. The 
successful siege of Louisburg, conducted in 1745 by Sir Wni. Pepper- 
ell, the son of a fisherman, whose whole property was embarked in 
the fisheries, was but a glorious assertion of their value to New Eng- 
land. And the impost attempted lo be collected in 1764 upon sugar 
and molasses, brought ii*om the West Indies in exchange for fish, had 
probably as much eflTect in bringing on the revolt of the colonies as 
had the stamp aet subsequently passed, or the duties levied on tea. 

To trace the changes in the modes of building, from the heavy 
sea-going craft of the early settlers, or even from the first schooner, 
the pioneer of a mighty host, built at Gloucester in 1714, to the 
light-sailing fisherman of the present, framed for swift pjissage and 
frequent returns ; to trace the diflTerent modes of fishing, from the 
good old Yankee fashion of fishing "on one's own hook" to the modern 
meth6d called trawling, adopted from the French, where a thousand 
hooks are suspended fi'om a single line; to describe what various 
grounds have been preferred from time to time, and by what nations 
frequented ; would be to recount a familiar but interesting chapter in 
the history of the fisheries of Massachusetts. 

It would be profitable, too, had we time, to note at what pains 

the governments of France and England, as well as our own, have 

been from the remotest periods in fostering the fisheries as a nursery 

from which to man the gundecks of their ships of war. What har- 

18 



138 

dier occupation, indeed, can times of peace afford, than battling night 
and day with wind and wave, — a perpetual warfare with the elements. 
What firmer nerve, — what bolder daring can men display -than to lie 
down to rest, shrouded in the gloomy solitude of a Newfoundland 
mist — a darkness no sentry light can pierce, — where the Steam Packet, 
terrible as Leviathan,- and driven by a force almost as subtile as life, 
ploughs screaming and panting through the upper and the nether night, 
too often shattering at a stroke the hull in which they sleep. Bold 
indeed in battle should be the followers of such a life. The cradle 
which rocks them may be their grave; the sleep they court may 
know no waking. Year after year swells the dismal list of those 
who "go down to the sea in ships" and return not again, — a cata- 
logue of losses almost comparable, in numbers, with the casualties of 
Battle.* Scores of unpensioned widows and orphan children, all along 
our seaboard, bear tearful witness to the persistency with which New 
England enterprise, through good and ill success, has clung to this 
bravest of the pursuits of peace : — 

** For men must work and women must weep, 
Though storms be sudden and waters deep, 
And the harbor-bar be moaning." 

When the Pilgrims had resolved to quit Holland and come to 
these shores, and the consent of King James was solicited to the 
proposed enterprise, the monarch asked, "What profit might arise?" 
He was answered in a single word, "Fishing!" Whereupon James re- 
plied, "So God have my soul, 'tis an honest trade; 'twas the Apos- 
tles' own calling." 




♦Fourteen vessels and twenty six lives have been lost in prosecuting the fishing business off 
Gloucester during the past year. The loss of life is more than double that of Inst year. The 
value of vessels and property los t amounts to ^104,000. Ten of the men lost \et\ widows, and 
eighteen children are made fatherless by their loss. 

Note. The following statement from the New Bedford Mercury, shows that our tutelary 
genius is reverenced at Cape Cod. Ed. 

When the company of Seneca Indians recently gave a concert in Barnstable, Hon-non-deah, 
the Chief, made a speech in the court room where the musical entertainment was given. lo 
the room is suspended the efiigy of a codUsh, and in his speech the Chief, who is a lawyer, 
pointed to it and called it the ^'emblem of justice.'* After the concert some one remarked to 
Hon-non-deah that he had misapprehended the symbol ; that it was only a codfish. ^'Andyet/ 
said the Chief, ^it is an emblem of justice. Does it not bear the. scales/ " 



139 



MATERIALS FOR A GENEALO- 
GY OF THE BECKET FAMILY 
OF SALEM. 

As a suitable appendix to an article 
printed in the 7th volume of the His- 
torical Collections of the Essex Insti- 
tute, page 207 entitled, *' Materials for 
the History of Ship Building in Salem, 
No. 5, by William Leavitt," the fol- 
lowing gleanings (the result of a cur- 
sory examination of the Records) in 
relation to the Becket family may be 
inserted. A family, that has for sev- 
eral generations, been noted in the 
Commercial History of Salem, as em- 
bracing among its members several 
skilful and enterprising shipbuilders. 
That the perusal of these detached 
memoranda may awaken an interest in 
some person of leisure and inclination 
to renew these investigations and pre- 
pare a more extended notice, is the sin- 
cere wish of the compilers. 

John Becket of Salem, shipwright, 
9th 'of April, 1655, buys of Samuel 
Archard of Salem, carpenter, "one 
dwelling house and three acres of land 
behind it be it more op less for the sum 
of sixteen pounds and is situated and 
being betweene Edward Harnett and 
Ric. Lambert.*' 

The above is the earliest notice in 
the records. He died Nov. 26, 1683, 
aged 57, in the same house now stand- 
ing (1866) at the corner of Beoket's 
Lane, and opposite to the Essex Ma- 
rine Railway. Margaret, the widow, 
afterwards married Philip Cromwell* 



♦Philip Cromwell (eldest son of Giles) born 
1610, a butcher of Salem, had 100 acres of land 



and lived to the advanced age of 90. 
The street now called Becket street 
was formerly called Cromwell's Lane. 

Second Generation. 

(1) JOHNS by his wife Margaret had 

issue. 

(2) I. WILLIAM^ 

(3) II. Mary^ m. Daniell Webb 20 

July, 1675 ; son John b. 17. 
april 1676; Margaret b. 20. 
12. 1677, died 14. 8. 1682; 
Perez 1. 2°^^ 1680; Mary b. 
14. 6. 1682; Elizabeth bap. 
I'^'ch. June 1692 ; Margetbapt. 
P» ch. May 24. 1692. 

(4) III. ' Sarah^ 

(5) IV. JoHN^, probably the John 

Becket who married Elizabeth 
the daughter of Mrs. Lydia 
Locker, wife of Mr. George 
Locker of Salem and gran- 
daughter of Tamasin Buffum, 
of Salem. The consideration 
of this branch of the family is 
deferred for the present. 

(6) V. Hannah^, married Isaac 

Sterns. 

Third Generation. 

(2) WILLIAM BECKET*, married 
Hannah. His estate was ad- 
ministered upon Sept. 2, 1731. 
A shipwright. 

10 of meadow granted him in Salem, in 1649, 
admitted Freeman 1665, married 1st, Mary, 
who died 14 Nov., 1683, aged 72 ; married 2dly, 
Margaret Becket; he died 80 Mch., 1698, aged 
83. 



140 



Children. 

(7) I. John*, born Aug. 10, 1684. 

(8) U. Hannah®, born July 17, 

1686, married July, 1707, Jo- 
seph iVIanniug, of Nantucket, 
and had daughter Hannah who 
married Mch. 9, 1726 Ephraim 
Ingalls ; married 2dly, June, 
1711, Richard Bethel. 

(9) in. Makgaret^, born May 14, 

1688, mar. Ist Oct. 1712, John 
Swinnock, 2dly May 16, 1723, 
Philip Cowen. 

(10) IV. William®, bapt. Mch. 

1695, mar. Sept. 10, 1713, 
Mary MascoU, died before 1731, 
leaving two daughters, Hannah 
& Mary. The widow after- 
wards mar. Daniel Webb. 

(11) V. Mary«, bapt. Mch. 1695, 

died young. 

(12) VI. Bbnjamin% bapt. Mch. 14, 

1697, died young. 

(13) Vn. Elizabeth*, bapt. June 

2. 1700, mar. Feb. 28, 1724, 
William Slate* & died before 
1731, leaving two daughters, 
Hannah mar. Mch. 1745, Peter 
Murray & died Dec. 28, 1796, 
aged 72 having lived a widow 
forty-five years ; and Elizabeth 
who m. 1st Oct. 1745, Jona- 
than Lander & 2dly, July 31, 
1750, John Baton, a French 
Huguenot, born in 1729, at 
the Isle of Oleron, near Ro- 
chelle, France, came to Salem 
^Sometimes written SlaUc in the Records. 



in 1740, Fisherman, died at Sa- 
lem Dec. 16, 1801 ; she died 
Oct. 3, 1804, aged 79. 

(14) Vm. Retire', bapt. April 23, 

1704, administration on estate 
Oct. 7, 1734. Married Han- 
nah. A shipwright. 

Fourth Generation. 

(7) JOHN^ born Aug. 10, 1684, m. 
Sept. 26, 1711, Susannah Ma. 
son, daughter of Thomas Ma- 
son of Salem, fisherman, 
shipwright. 

Children. 

(15) I. Mary*, b. July 25, 1712, d. 

June 13, 1790, m. James Col- 
lins, had a 'daughter Susanna 
wife of Benj. Dean, who died 
Jan'y 13, 1818, aet. 71,&a8on 
James who m. Sara Thomas. 

(16) H. SU8ANNAH*, b. April 15, 

1714, died June 3, 1804; a 
noted schoolmistress, had kept 
a school about half a century. 
She mar. John Babbidge, Jan'y 
11, 1732-3, (b. Sept. 7, 1707, 
d. May 12, 1745) & had the 
following children, Lydja, b. 
Sept. 7, 1733, d. July 9, 1800, 
assisted her mother in the 
school; Susanna, b. Nov. 3, 
1734, m. Jonathan Mason, d. 
June 4, 1800 ; John, b. May 
17, 1736, d. Oct. 22, 1757; 
Elizabeth b. Feb. 37, 1737-8, 
m. Benj. Ward, d. Oct. 17, 
1797 ; Benjamin, b. Jan'y 30, 



141 



1739-40, d. Oct. 18, 1774; 
Christopher, b, Jan. 24, 1741-2, 
(1. at St. Sebastians, Aug. 6, 
1792; William b. April 21, 

1744, d, Sept. 14, 1753. 

(17) III. JoHN,*bapt.Mch.6,1715. 

(18) IV. WnxiAM,* m. April, 

1745, Susanna Fowler; she 
diedMch. 21, 1817, aged 94, 
having lived a widow 56 years ; 
had a dau. Susannah, who m. 
Thomas Rhuee, and died Nov. 
1, 1805, aged 58, having had 
three daughters and two sons. 

(19) V. Margaret,* died July 14, 

1789, aged 71. Married at 
the age of 60 years, Joseph 
Searle, who died May 8, 1805, 
aged 79. 

(14) RETIRE BECKET,» bapt. 
April 23, 1704; administra- 
tion on his estate, Oct. 7, 
1734 ; shipwright at Salem ; 
m. Hannah . Children, — 

(20) I. Hannah,* m. first, January 

1742-3, Joseph Hathorne, jr., 
of Salem ; m. secondly, Abra- 
ham Parker, of East Brad- 
ford (now Groveland), son of 
Lieut. Abraham and Elizabeth 
(Bradstreet) Parker, and had 
Retire Hathorne, b. Dec. 12, 
1746; William, b. Jan. 10, 
1748-9 ; Hannah, b. Dec. 18, 
1750; Sarah, b. Aug. 12, 
1753 ; Free Groves, b. April 
17, 1755. 

18* 



(21) 

(22) 
(23) 



(17) 



Aug. 



9, 



(24) 



(25) 



n. William,* m. 

1752, Mary Murray. 
in. Abigail.* 
IV. Sarah,* m. 1749, Thomas 

Murray. 

Fifth Generation. 

JOIIN,*b, Feb. 28, 1714-15; 
m. Rebecca, dau. of David 
and Rebecca Beadle; born 
Sept. 27, 1717, and died Jan. 
13, 1758. 

I. Elizabeth,*^ b. Jan. 5, 
1738-9; m. William Peele, 
cooper; d. March 4, 1817, oet. 
seventy-nine ; had Robert, m. 
Hannah Benson. Polly, m. 
Benj. Millet, a hardware deal- 
er; d. March 26, 1810, aged 
thirty-six. Elizabeth, m. Al- 
exander Donaldson, a block- 
maker, from Ireland. Eunice, 
m. first, Michael Barnes ; sec- 
ondly, Christopher Babbidge. 
Rebecca, m. Joseph Pres- 
ton. 

n. Susannah,*^ b. Dec. 11, 
1740; d. Oct. 13, 1778; m. 
Nov. 8, 1758, David Felt, son 
of Jonathan and Hannah (Sils- 
bee) Felt ; had David ; Susan ; 
John, father of Joseph B. F., 
the historian of Salem ; Han- 
nah ; Jonathan ; Nathaniel, 
father of John G. Felt, of Sa- 
lem; Rebecca; Joseph, for 
many years City Treasurer of 
Salem; and Betsey. 



142 



(26) m. Rebecca,* b. Aug. 8, 

1742; d, March 23, 1743. 

(27) IV. Maby,* b. April 4, 1744 ; 

d. April 13, 1744. 

(28) V. Rebecca,* b. Feb. 25, 

1744-5; d. June 15, 1753 
(O. S.). 

(29) VI. John,* b. Nov. 17, 1746. 

(30) Vn. Benjamin,* b. July 16, 

1748. 

(31) Vm. Sabah,* b. Feb. 15, 

1749-50 ; d. April 30, 1832 ; 
m. Nathaniel Silsbee, sou of 
William and Joanna (Fowle) 
Silsbee, master mariner, who 
d. June 25, 1791, set. forty- 
two, had Nathaniel, merchant 
at Salem, U. S. Senator, &c. ; 
d. July 14, 1850, set. 77 ; m. 
MaryCrowninshield. William, 
merchant at Salem, b. March 
21,1779; d. Jan. 15,1833; m. 
Mary, dau. of Benjamin and 
Hannah (King) Hodges. Zach- 
ariah F., merchant, now liv- 
ing at Salem; m. Sarah, 
dau. of Francis and Mary 
(Hodges) Boardman. Sarah 
m- Timothy Wellman, Feb. 12, 
1804. 

(32) IX. Hannah,* b. Nov. 17, 

1751 ; d. ; m. Joseph 

Cloutman, joiner & mariner. 
Children were Joseph, John, 
Hannah m. Vincent, 

Polly m. Abijah Hitchings, 
Rebecca m. William Rowell, 
& Benjamin. The three sons 



died away from home. The 
vessels in which each sailed 
were never heard from, and no 
particulars were received. 

(33) X. Rebecca,* b. Sept. 14, 

1753; d. Aug. 26, 1812; m. 
William Fairfield, master mar- 
iner; d. March 26, 1789, aged 
forty-one ; had William, miss- 
ing at sea, Dec. 1801, eet. 
seventeen ; Sally, d. Jan. 19, 
1791, 83t. five; John, bapt. 
June 13, 1789. 

(34) XI. Eunice,* b. Jan. 15,1756; 

d. June, 1801 ; m. first, John 
Bray; and secondly. Thorn- 
dike Deland. 

(35) Xn. David Beadle,* b. Dec. 

18, 1757 ; d. Jan. 23, 1759. 

(36) XIII. -Martha,* b. Dec. 19, 

1767 ; d. Jan. 6, 1758. 

(21) WILLIAM,* m. Aug. 9, 1752, 
Mary Murray. 

(37) I. Retire.*^ 

(38) II. James.*^ 

(39) III. Jonathan.* 

(40) IV. Hannah,* m. Thomas 

Howell, of Salem, boat-build- 
er; had Thomas, William, 
Joseph, Hannah, Elizabeth, 
James, Jonathan, Samuel, 
John. 

(41) V. Mary,* m. Joseph Brown, 

of Salem, mariner ; had John, 
Joseph, William, Sarah, Jon- 
athan, Mary. 

(42) VI. Abigail,* m. Benjamin 



143 



Hawkes, of Salem, boat-build- 
er; had Benjamiu, Ednah, 
Mary, Abigail, Moses, Louisa. 

(43) Vn. Sakah,* m. Ebenezer 

Slocum, of Salem, mariner; 
hadEbeuezer, Sarah, Anstiss, 
Samuel. 

(44) Vin. Lydia,* m. Samuel 
Leech, of Salem, boat-builder ; 
had Lydia, Samuel, William, 
Jonathan, Edward, Mary. 

Sixth Generation. 
(29) JOHN,* master mariner; b. 
Nov. 17, 1746; d. Aug. 19, 
1804, aet. fifty-eight; m. first, 
Sarah Brown ; secondly, Eliz- 
abeth Ingersoll, who died Jan. 
23, 1790, 8Bt. forty-four; 
thirdly, Sarah Dean. 

(45) I. Sarah,^ m. John Babbidge, 

of Salem, in 1789 ; parents of 
Rev. Charles Babbidge, of 
Pepperell; she d. July 17, 
1856, eet. eighty-two; he d. 
March 22, 1860, set. ninety- 
three years and nine months. 

(46) II. John,* master mariner, of 

Salem, d. at sea, 1816, aet. 
forty ; m. Sarah, dau. of Dear- 
con James Browne, of Salem ; 
left three children, two 
sons. 

(47) III. David,« d. June 20, 1836, 

aet. forty-nine ; m. Elizabeth, 
dau, of MosesTownsend ; spar- 
maker, of Salem. 

(48) IV. Elizabeth,* m. Benjamin 



Waters. She died March 14, 
1809, set. twenty-seven. 

(49) V. Rebecca,* m. S. Cook. 

(50) VI. Mary,* d. unm., March 

8, 1817, 8et. twenty-seven. 

(37) RETIRE,' shipwright, of Sa- 

lem, the subject of the ai*ticle 
in the seventh volume of these 
Collections, p. 207 ; m. Re- 
becca, dau. of Samuel and Mary 
Swasey ; secondly, widow Por- 
ter. He died May 29, 1831, 
aged seventy-seven. Chil- 
dren, — 

(51) I. William,* d. at sea, 1814; 

unmarried. 

(52) II. Rebecca,* d. unmaiTied, 

at Roxbury, June 22, 1859, 
let. fifty-five. 

(53) in. daughter,^ d. July 16, 

1800, aged twenty-six months. 

(54) IV. Mary,* d. July 24, 1806, 

jet. five years. 

(38) JAMES,*^ spar-maker, of Sa- 

lem; d. March 4, 1827, aet. 
sixty-eight ; m. Deborah, dau, 
of David and Mary (Gaines) 
Peabody, of Andover and Ha- 
verhill. She d. Jan. 4, 1802, 
aged forty-two ; m. secondly, 
Susanna Porter, who was born 
at Beverly, and died at Salem, 
Sept. 26, 1857, eet. ninety- 
two years and nine months. 

(55) I. Sarah,* m. Robert Richard- 

son, who died May 6, 1816, a 
house-carpenter. 



144 



(56) n. MARY,«m. William Galley. 

(57) in. Elizabeth,^ in. Francis 

Goss. 

(58) IV. Caroline,^ m. Ifirst, Otis 

Allen ; secondly, Ja<x>b Tarr. 

(59) V. William,^ d. unmarried. 

(60) VI. James,* d. unm., May 18, 

1819, aged twenty-three. 

(39) JONATHAN,^ b. May 25, 
1773; d. Jan. 25, 1839, ship- 
wright, of Salem; m. Nov. 
29, 1807, Jane (Hyland) 
Campbell, of Amherst, N. H. 



(61) I. Daniel C.,« b. Nov. 2, 

1809 ; m. Sarah, dau. of Wil- 
liam and Ruth Pickett, of Bev- 
erly. She d. at Salem June 8, 
1858, set. forty-eight years and 
nine months. 

(62) II. Mary Jane,« b. Feb. 18, 

1812. 

(63) III. Alfred H.,« b- Nov. 22, 

1818, d. unm. 

(64) rV. EBfMELiNE C.,^ b. July 

23, 1817; m. John Barlow, 
of Salem. 



CX)LLATION OF GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES IN THE 
ALGONKIN LANGUAGE. 



BY N. T. TRUE, M. D. 



INTRODUCTION. 

The following collation of words in 
the Algonkin language is the first at- 
tempt of the kind to my knowledge. 
Numerous catalogues and dictionaries 
of the Indian languages have been 
compiled by different individuals, but 
no attempt has been made to analyze 
and collate them, so as to enable the 
student to ascertain the literal mean- 
ing of the numerous geographical 
names, stamped everywhere on the 
American continent. 

I do not propose, in this paper, to 
enter into a discussion of the con- 
struction of the Indian languages. It 



will be sufficient for my present pur- 
pose to know that they are synthetic. 
Each geographical name is made up 
of several words, giving to the Eng- 
lish ear an original name, at once sig- 
nificant, and often beautiful. 

The student will notice how many 
words, which to the ear of an Indian 
are alike, have become masked by 
different modes of spelling. Not the 
least important part of the study is 
the labor which has been devoted to 
this feature of the language. I have 
introduced no word which has not a 
portion, at least, of its elements in 
other known words. This will i^en- 



145 



der the following catalogue the more 
interestiiig to the investigator, than if 
encumbered with isolated words. 

The general reader will observe 
that single letters were frequently in- 
terposed between words for the sake 
of euphony. This is a beautiful and 
highly interesting feature of the lan- 
guage, examples of which will fre- 
quently be seen in the following pages. 

There are two principal sources of 
error against which the investigator 
of the Indian languages must be con- 
stantly on his guard. The one is the 
danger of accepting definitions purely 
traditional, or which have been re- 
ceived from the Indians themselves. 
They are so indolent, that if pressed 
with definitions, or if they are igno- 
rant of them, they will answer at ran- 
dom. It is only by testing them with 
what you already know, that one can 
be sure they are not practising decep- 
tion. Another source of error arises 
from accepting words spelled nearly 
alike, as though derived from the same 
root. Examples of this character are 
numerous. 

The following list is submitted to 
scholars, with the hope that others 
may enlist in the work of preserving 
the names of the many words, with 
their definitions, which have been 
handed down to us in the classic 
Algonkin. 

I should not fail to acknowledge 
my indebtedness for many most valu- 
able suggestions to Kev. E. Ballard, 

U) 



I>. D., of Brunswick, Maine, who is 
pursuing con amore the study of the 
Algonkin. 
Betukl, Me., Loug-Days' Moon, 1867. 



DEFINITIONS. 
Terminal syllables of geograph- 
ical words in the Algonkin language, 
ending in ac, ec, ic, oc, uc, at, et, 
it, ot, ut, ag, eg, ig, og, ug, ake, 
eke, ike, oke, uke, ago, eag, keag, 
cook, auk, aug, ank, enk, ink, onk, 
unk, are derived from akki, ahkiy 
auke^ or ohki^ signifying land or 
place. The Massachusetts' dialects 
had generally a softening of the ter- 
minal syllable. Hence their words 
more frequently ended in at, et, it, 
ot, ut. Nebe, nippi, — water ; kenne, 
koune (Rasle), quonne, quinne, — 
long; che, k'tchi, — great. 

APPLICATION. 

Keune-nebe-eke , Kennebec^ — Long- 
water-place. So, also, 

Kenne-nebe-go, Ketvnebago. 

Kenne-nebe-unk, ITennebunk. 

Kenne-nebe-cook, Kennebacook. 

Quinne-nebe-ac, Quinnijpia^y New 
Haven, 

Quinne-nebe-aug, Quinneibaug. 

Che-nebe-s (euphonic), ic, Ghenebe- 
sic^ — Great- water -place. Moose- 
head Lake. Also, 

Che-nebe-eag, Ohebeag Island^ i. e. 
land near the ocean. 

Kenne-oke , Kineo , — Long-place , a 
mountain in Maine. Also, 

Conne-w-ago. 



146 



Conue-wanta, Gonnewanta^ — Thfiy 
staid long away (Heckewelder) . 

Conne - quenne - s - ing, OoriTiequenne- 
iiing^ — A very-long-place, or long 
way straight. 

DEFINITIONS. 

Winne, wonne, wunne, — beautiful ; 
kees, — high ; egan, — expanse of 
water ; asquam, — water ; moosi, — 
bald. ; narra, — smooth. 

APPLICATION. 

Winne-nebe-go , Winnebago , — Beau- 
tiftil-water-place . 

Winne - kenne - ing, Winnekening , — 
Beautiful-long-place ; lake in Hol- 
liston, Mass. 

Winne - kenne - nebe - cook, Winne-' 
kennebacoolc^ lake in Maine, — 
Beautiful-long-water-place . 

Winne-nebe-g, * Winnipeg^ — Beauti- 
ful-water-place. Also, Winiiipiac, 

Winne-nebe-kees-auke , Winnepeke" 
sauke^ Winnepesauke^ — The Beau- 
tiful-water- (in the) high-place; 
in plain English, "The Beautiful 
lake of the Highlands." (The pop- 
ular definition of this word in New 
Hampshire is, "The Smile of the 
Great Spirit," but it has no relation 
whatever to its etymology.) 

♦Wunnepag, — a leaf. R. WUllams. In 
LoDg'8 Expedition it is called The Leaf Lake. 
I incline to the dcflnition as given in the 
analysis. 

Eliot says asqnam siguiiles not yet. We 
give the defluitiou oi Judge Poller, though we 
know not his authority. May it not be a cor- 
ruption of agwau, dried Jfsh ? 



Winne-conne-a, Winneoonna^ town 

in Wisconsin , — Beautiful - long - 

place ; Winneshiek^ town in Iowa. 
Winne - egan - s - eag, Winneganseag^ 

WinnegancCj — Beautiful - expanse 

of water-place. 
Kees-ahke, Kees-arge, Kearsage 

Mountain. So, perhaps, feodat^Q'tMs, 
Wonne - asquam - s -^uke, Wonneas-^ 

quam^ Pleasant-water-place. 
Winne-auke, WinneciUy Winneauke^ 

— Beautiful-place. Woonsocket. 
Kees-uk, Keemk^ — High-place, i. e. 

Heaven. 
Moosi - 1 - auke, Moosilavke^ — The 

Bald-place. 
Narra - egan - s - et, Narraganset^ — 

Smooth-water-place . 
Narra - nts - wac, Norridgwalky — 

Smooth-place, i. e. place where the 

water is smooth. 

DEFINITIONS. 
Names, — fish ; skowhegan , — spear. 

APPLICATION. 

Namas-ket , Namasket^ — Fish-place . 
So, also, Amoskeag^ Namaoskeagy 
Nahunikea.g^ Naumkeag (Salem, 
Mass. ) , Nammkegon^ Naemkeeky _ 
Nainaskeeke^ Namaski^ Namobs- 
chuck. 

Names-skowhegan, Amoscoggin^ — 
Fish-spearing. The Androscog- 
gin has been spelled more than 
fifty diflfereut ways. It received 
its present name in compliment to 
Gov. Andros, about the year 1684. 
The earliest mention of this river 



147 



is by Capt. John Smith, who spelled 
it Aumouchowgen. The Algonkin 
student will recognize its deriva- 
tion. 

Names - nebe - cook, AnTwhescook^ — 
Fish-water-place, lake in. Winthrop, 
Maine. 

Names-egan-s-et, Amagansetty — ^East 
end of Long Island, N. Y. 

DEFINITIONS. 
Sebe, sipi, seboo, — river; michi, 
massa, missi, muchi, moucheke, — 
much; wadchu, — mountain. 

APPLICATION. 

Missi-sipi, Mississippi^ — Literally, 
Much-river, or the Great River. 
Also, Muchinippi. 

Michi-egan, Michigan^ Much-expanse 
of water. 

Massar-sebe-s-ic, Massabesic^ — Much- 
water-place, pond in N. H. and 
Conn. 

Sebe-c, Sebec^ — Water-place. Also, 

Sebe-go, 8ebago. 

Massa -wadchu - s - et , Massachusetts^ 
— Much-mountain-place. 

Wadchu-8-et, WachiLseUy — ^Mountain- 
place. 

Asquam^wadchu-m-auke, Asquainclm- 
maukey — Water-of the mountain- 
place ; river in ]N. H. 

Che-sebe-eake, Chesapeake^* — Great- 
river-place. 



*Heckewelder derives this word from 
Cheschioapalej signifying a superior saltish hay. 
I am reluctant to give up my analytical defi- 
nition. 



DEFINITIONS. 

Conte , — up stream ; cabasse , — 
sturgeon; penops, — rocky; hussan, 
— stone ; otanic, — village ; poke, — 
dark. 

APPLICATION. 

Cabasse-conte-cook, CGbosseoonteoook^ 
—Sturgeon-stream-place, in Gtirdi- 
ner, Maine. 

Conte - cook, Oontecooky — Stream- 
place, or up-stream-place. (Query, 
' OorUoocookj from Konkontoo, — a 
crow.) 

Names - conte - cook, — Fish - stream- 
place; also, Nahmekantiy Messe- 
conte, 

Penops-cot, I^enobscoty Bocky-place. 

HussAn'OtamCylToiisonatoniCf — Stony- 
village-place. 

Hussan-ac, HoosaCy — Stony-place. 

Hussan-names-it, Hussanamesity — 
Stony-fish-place. 

Names-hussan-uc, AmmonoosuCy — 
Fish-stony-place ; river in N, H. 

DEFINITIONS. 
Coo, — pine ; coash, — plural in 
Mass. dialect. 

APPLICATION. 

Coo-kenne-ock, Goquannocky — Pine- 
long-place, Philadelphia. 

Coos, Oohosj Oohassety Gushnocy 
Acushnety — Pine-place. 

Coos-sepe, Ossipeey Pine-river (in 
N. H.). Gohocksinky at the Pine- 
lands . (Heckewelder . ) 

Coo-keek, OutoenJceeky — Pine-plaoe. 

Coash-et, Cowessity Pine-lands. 



148 



Co wak, CowaJc^ — Pine-place, river 
iu £u8siau posseBsioDii, remarkable 
for the pine forests on its banks. 
The radical coo, appears to have 
been universal wherever the Algon- 
kin was spoken. 

Winne-coo-et, WinnecoweU^ — Beau- 
tifttl-pine-place. 

Poke - Qpoash, Pokecowas^ — Dark- 
pines. 

Pok^otanic, PokeUinokj — Dark-vil- 
lage. 

DEFINITIONS. 

Wampi, wompi, — clear, white ; 
matta, — no ; hanne, — creek (Del. 
dial.) ; pas, pos, pis, — great. 

APFUGATION. 

Matta-wampi-^keag, Mattawamkeag^" 
No-clear-place, i. e. bad for canoes 
at a low stage of water. 

Wampi-gog, Umbagog^ — Clear, or 
shallow-place. Also wabic, waum- 
bec. 

Wampi-hnssan-s^ng, Wappasuning^ 
— White-stone-place. 

Coo-wampi-s-it, Oowsumpsit^ — Piue- 
clear-place. 

Names-hanne, Namaeshanne^ — Fish- 
creek. 

Pas-wampi-s-ic, Passumpsic^ — Great- 
clear -place. Also, Preaump&coty 
i. e. Pos-omp-s-oot. 

Wampi-warapi-hussan-uc, Ompompa- 
tioostic^ — Very-clear-stony-place. 
(The comparative degree is ex- 
pressed by repeating the woixl.) 

Coo-hanne, Ouwenhanne^ — Pine - 
creek, in Pa. 



Poke-hanne, Pekhanney — ^Dark-creek, 
in Pa. 

DEFINITIONS. 

Pung, — powder, ashes ; abon, 
apan, — bi*ead; matchi, — bad; gon, 
— clay ; uli , — good ; pontook , — 
falls. 

APPLICATION. 

Coo-pung-co, QaepoTwo; creek in 
Pa. , — Pine-ashes-place. 

Matta-abon, MaUapony^ — No-bread. 

Matchi-abon, MaUachponiey — Bad - 
bread. 

Matchi-gon, Machigonne^ — Bad-clay 
(mud-hole), Back Cove, near Port- 
land, Me. 

Matchi-si8,(dim.) Machissis^MdchiaSy 

— Little-bad-place, i. e. falh to 
impede canoes, to distinguish it 
from the larger falls above. 

Uli-s-took, Aroostook^ — Good-place. 
Also, Wdlkuttooky St. John's river 
in N. B. 

Pungo-t-eague, Pungoteague^ — Pow- 
der-place. 

Match-pungo, Matckopungo^ — Bad- 
powder. 

Amiti-gon-pontook, — The Clay-Falls, 
Lewiston Falls, Me. (Amiti, defi- 
nition uncertain) . • 

DEFINITIONS. 

Sehunk, — goose, or loon; merru., 
— swift ; penaqui, — crooked ; pena, — 
ground-nut; attuck, — deer. 

APPLICATION. 

Che-sehunk-cook, Chesuncook Lake^ 

— Great-goose-place. 



149 



Merru-m-ac, Merrinuic^ — Swift-place, 
i. e, swift river. 

Merr u - wampi - 1 - cook , MerriumptU 
cooky — Swift-clear-place; river in 
Canada. 

Penaqui-cook, Pennacooky — Crooked- 
place. Others derive it from pena, 
a ground-nut. Basle has pefiak^ 
the plural for potato. 

Pis - attuck - ack, Piscataquacfcy * — 
Great-deer-place . Also , 

Pos-attuck-auke, Pawiuckaway. 

Connc-attuck-ut, Connecticut^ — ^Long- 
deer-place. 

Penaqui-wadchu-coash-auke , Pemi- 
gewassity — The crooked-mountain- 
pine-place. 

Pequaqui8-auke,Pegt^aA»^, — Crooked- 
place. 

Peraaquis-ton-ink, Pihmtonink, — 
mouth-place. (Heck. ) 

Penaqui-d-eag, Pemaquideag ^ Pema- 
quid, — The crooked-place. 

Sehunk-cook, Suncooky — Goose, or 
loon-place. 

Kees-sehunk-nipe, corrupted to Cds- 
sumpi/y — High-goose-place ; river 
in Vt. 

Sehunk - nepe, Suimpee, — Goose - 
place. 

Attuck-auke, Natticooky — ^Deer-place. 

DEFINITIONS. 
Macqua, Mosq., — bear; gom, — 
lake. 



•Heckewelder defloes this word, Getting 
dark, I have accepted the analysis of Judge 
Potter. The name exists in N. H., Fa., and 
Nert* Jersey. 

19* 



APPLICATION. 

Maqua-it , Mitcquaity — Bear-place .. 

Che- gom -ee, E^tchigomeey Gitche- 
Grurnee (vide Longfellow's Hiawa- 
tha), — Great lake ; Lake Superior. 

Mosq-gom, Mascomyy — Bear-lake. 

Macquar-unk, Maudi Chunky — Bear- 
place. 

DEFINITIONS. 
Tamaqua, -r- a beaver ; Cho, — old. 

APPLICATION. 

Tamaqua-hanne, Tamaquaniy — Beav- 
er-creek, in Pa. 

Chi-cho-akki, TschicJiohaikiy Chygoes 
Islandy — The oldest (very old) 
planting ground. 

DIMINUTIVES. 
The termination sis among the Ab- 
nakis renders a word diminutive. 
Some of these are very expressive. 

APPLICATION. 

Sebe-sis, SeboosiSy — A Brook. 

Nashua, NashudsiSy — The Little 
Nashua. 

Kennebecasis, — The Little Kennebec. 
Sisladobs Lake. — Little at one 
end. Sisladobsis, — Little at both 
ends. Sisladobsissis, — Little at 
both ends, but one end smaller than 
the other. 

Penopsquesumquesa, — sand, gravel 
(i. e. little white stones) ; seboo, — 
river ; Penobsquesumqueseboo, — 
Sandy River, Me. 



150 



BAPTISMS OF THE FIRST CHURCH IN SALEM. 



COMMUNICATED BV HENKY WHEATLAND. 



Dec. 

Jan. 
(( 

a 

Feb. 



named Zecharias. 



Continued Arom vol. viii., p. 82. 

[The following is the Record of Baptisms by Rev. Mr. John Sparhawk. Settled Dec. 
8,1786; died April 80, 1755. Thomas Barnard, installed Sept. 18, 1755; died Aug. 15, 
1776, &c., Ac] 

1736. Dec. 26. Infant of Joshua Hicks, 
23. *' Joseph Bowditch, 
29. ^^ Hannah Chapman, 
29. " Mary Kempton 

6. *' Eleazer Moses, 
13. Child of Henry WilUams, 
" 13. Infant of George Bickford, 
*' 27. " Samuel Browne, 
** 27. '« Abel Gardner, 
March 13. '* Mitchel Sewall, 
*' 20. *' William Hunt, 
'« 20. Child of Abraham Wateon, 

1737. March 27. Infant of Samuel Pickman, 

'< 27. '« Jno. White, 

«< 27. '' Jno. Crowninshield, 

April 24. Child of James Grant, 

*' 24. Infant of Gabriel Holman, 
May 8. " Jno. Higginson, 
8. ." Sam'lWest, 

'' 22. Child of Jno. Archer, 

" 22. «' James Stone, 

June 19. Mai-tha Hicks, wife of Joshua Hicks. 

*' 19. Anne Robinson, wife of Abel Robinson. 

" 19. Child of Joseph Ropes, 

'« 19. '' Joshua Ward, 

'* 19. Infant of Abel Robinson, 

Aug. 21. *' James Jeffrys, 
21, Child of Jno. Ward, 

*' 28. Infant of Joseph Jeans, 



a 


Sarah. 


(( 


Isaac. 


«( 


Mary. 


(( 


Benjamin 


a 


Mary. 


a 


Susanna. 


a 


William. 


a 


Abel. 


a 


Mary. 


(( 


Ruth. 


(( 


William. 


(C 


William. 


i( 


Elisabeth. 


ti 


Benjamin. 


«( 


Elizabeth. 


(( 


Samuel. 


a 


Susanna. 


it 


Edward. 


t4 


Bethiah. 


(« 


William. 


Hicks 


• 


tvODinfc 
named 


jon. 
Daniel. 


(( 


Martha. 


n 


Anne. 


i* 


William. 


(i 


Mary. 


it 


Joseph. 



151 



1737. Sept. 


4. 


Child of Thomas Ropes, 


named Thomas. 


(t 


25. 


Infant of Joseph liambert, 


6i 


Lydia. 


1737-8. Jan. 


29. 


Child of Benjamin Pickman, 


a 


Judith. 


(( 


28. 


'' Ephraim Ingalls, 


a 


Mary. 


(i 


29. 


John Kempton, also his child 


a 


John. 


Feb. 


5. 


Infant of Bartholomew Putnam, " 


Nathaniel 


Marcli 


I 5. 


Child of Ebenezer Bowditch, 


ti 


Habackuk. 


1738. April 


9. 


Infant of Samuel Ruck, 


i< 


John. 


(( 


16. 


*' Joseph Hathorne, 


a 


Sarah. 


(( 


16. 


*' John Kempton, 


a 


Oliver. 


(( 


23. 


'* William Murrey, 


a 


Thomas. 


May 


28. 


** Isaac Needham, 


a 


Sarah. 


June 


18. 


*' Abel Robinson 


(C 


Elizabeth. 


«( 


25. 


'* Samuel Osgood, 


a 


Martha. 


<« 


25. 


*' William Pelsue, 


a 


John. 


July 


9. 


Child of George Bickford, 


(( 


John. 


n 


9. 


«' Sarah Gloyd, 


(( 


Sarah. 


ii 


30. 


Infant of Miles Ward, 


(( 


Elizabeth. 


Aug. 


20. 


Child of John Bickford, 


<c 


Rebeckah. 


(( 


27. 


Infant of Daniel Blaney, 


a 


Bethiah. 


Sept. 


3. 


'< Jno. Sparhawk, 


a 


Priscilla. 


(( 


10. 


" Samuel Barton, 


i< 


Samuel. 


it 


17. 


. '* Samuel Browne, 


it 


Anne. 


Oct. 


8. 


'* William Browne, 


(< 


William Burnet. 


(i 


16. 


" Gabriel Holman, 


(( 


Gabriel. 


1738-9. Jan. 


14. 


Patience Murrey was herself 


baptised. 


(( 


14. 


Child of Jno. Ward, 


named John. 


ii 


14. 


<< Jno. West, 


n 


Benjamin. 


4« 


14. 


Infant of Benjamin Goodhue, 


n 


Stephen. 


^^ 


14. 


«< Abel Gardner, 


n 


Priscilla. 


Feb. 


11. 


*« Stephen Driver, 


ii 


Susannah. 


(( 


18. 


** John Ropes, jr.. 


ti 


John. 


1739. March 25. 


Inf. twins of Jonathan Gardner, *' 


>Mai7, 
1* Lydia. 










April 


8. 


Infant of Jno. Scollay, 


n 


James. 


ti 


8. 


'* Isaac Chapman, 


«( 


Benjamin. 


a 


15. 


'' Eleazer Moses, 


it 


Mary. 


a 


22. 


'< Samuel West, 


a 


"Thomas Brintnal. 



152 



1739. May 


6. 


Infant of Samuel Sibley, named Lightfield. 


(( 


13. 


(( 


Jno. Turner, ' 


' John. 


a 


20- 


(( 


Joseph Bowditch, ' 


* Eunice. 


June 


10. 


«( 


Greorge Curwin, ' 


' George. 


<< 


10. 


a 


James Stone, ' 


' Mary. 


n 


17. 


a 


William Hunt, 


' William. 


July 


1. 


tc 


John White, 


* Thomas Flynt, 


a 


22. 


t( 


James Grant, ^ 


' Susannah. 


Aug. 


12. 


a 


Richard Downing, jr., ' 


' Anstis. 


<< 


26. 


cc 


Daniel Grant, ' 


* Samuel. 


Sept. 


2. 


a 


Warwick Palfrey * 


* Elizabeth. 


i< 


22. 


(t 


James Jeflfrys. ' 


* John. 


a 


22. 


«i 


Edward Rowe, ' 


' Edward. 


it 


30, 


A negro woman of Ebenezer Ward, baptised by the 






name 


> of Bebeckah. 




Oct. 


28. 


Infant of Jno. Archer, named Mary. 


Nov. 


11. 


a 


William Browne, * 


^ Samuel. 


Dec. 


16. 


^^ 


Henry Gibbe, * 


' Margaret. 


1739-40. Jan. 


13. 


a 


Samuel Gardner, ' 


' Esther. 


Feb. 


3. 


a 


Henry Williams, * 


' Sarah. 


<< 


3. 


it 


Jno. Ward. * 


* Nathaniel. 


1740. Maret 


i 2. 


a 


Samuel Buck, < 


« Rebeckah. 


a 


23. 


t( 


William Pelsue, ' 


' Boi\jamin. 


April 


20, 


<< 


Jno. Sparhawk, ' 


' Jane. 


<< 


20, 


a 


Jno. Ropes, ' 


' Elizabeth. 


<i 


27. 


n 


James Odell, ' 


* James. 


May 


4. 


li 


Miles Ward, jr. , ' 


' Samuel. 


ii 


25, 


a 


Joseph Jeanes, * 


* Lydia. 


ii 


25. 


(( 


William Stacey, ' 


' Elizabeth. 


June 


8. 


a 


Rebecca, a negro woma 
named Isaac. 


in of Ebenezer Ward, 


July 


27. 


a 


Stephen Driver, nai 


[n*id Mary. 


Aug. 


3. 


t( 


Jonathan Gardner, ' 


' Samuel. 


c< 


17. 


it 


Isaac Needham, * 


' Mary. 


ii 


24. 


<( 


George Bickford, * 


* Susannah. 


Sept. 


U. 


«i 


Gabriel Holman, ' 


« William. 


Oct. 


12. 


a 


Daniel Blaney, * 


* Catherine. 


<< 


12. 


a 


Jno. Bickford, * 


' David. 



153 



1740. 



1740-1, 



1741. 



Nov. 


2 


(C 


9, 


Dec. 


7. 


(4 


14 


n 


21. 


Jan. 


11. 


66 


25 



named Hannahs 




Benjamin. 




Mary. 




Benjamin. 




Henry. 




Margai-et. 




MehitabeL 



Feb. 



Feb. 



Infant of William Hunt, 
'' Benjamin Pickman, 
*^ Joseph Roberts, 
*' William Browne, 
^* Eleazer Moses. 
*' James Grant, 
*' George Ciirwen, 
25. Jupiti^r, a negro servant of Col. Plaisteed, whose name 
was changed into Jepthah. 
1. Infant of Abel Gardner, named Sarah, 

22. Daniel Blana was baptised this day, & at the same time 

received into full pommunion with this church. 
22. Infant of Jno. Holliman, named Edward. 

J, < Catherine, 
I Robert. 
5. Infant of Joshua Ward, ** Richard. 

19. *« Samuel Sibley, " Hannah. 

19. " Bartholemew Putnam, ** Ruth. 
Negro man of Capt. Barnard, baptised by the name of Titus. 



March 15. Children of Robert Neal, 
April 



26. 



May 


30. 


Infant of Jno. Sparhawk, named Catherine. 


■ June 


21. 


66 


Henry Gibbs, 




Mercy. 


July 


26. 


66 


Thomas Lee, 




Thomas. 


66 


26. 


66 


Isaac Chapman, 




George. 


Aug. 


2. 


Infant twins of John Ropes, jr., 




< Nathaniel, 
C Jonathan. 


66 


9. 


Infant of Jona. Gardner, 




Hannah. 


Sept. 


13. 




Joseph Bai*tlett, 




Walter Price, 


Oct. 


4. 




James Jeffrys, 




Benjamin. 


Nov. 


15. 




Benjamin Lynde, jr., 




Lydia. 


66 


15. 




Samuel Gardner, 




Lois. 


66 


15. 




Benjamin Goodhue, 




Sarah. 


Dec. 


6. 




James Stone, 




William. 


66 


13. 




Deacon John Bickford 


> 


Eunice. 


66 


20. 




Stephen Driver, 




Stephen. 


1741-2. Jan. 


3. 




Warwick Palfrey, 




Richard. 


66 


17. 




Samuel Ruck, 




Abigail. 


March 21. 




Miles Ward, jr., 




MehitabeL 


(6 


28. 




Gabriel Holman, 




Joseph. 



20 



154 



1742. April 


4. 


Infont of Samuel Archer, 


named Samuel. 




H 


11. 


(( 


George Bickford, 


6i 


Joshua. 




May 


2. 


(( 


Joseph Bowditch, 


i( 


Daniel. 




ti 


2. 


<( 


Richard Downing, jr., *' 


Samuel. 




ft( 


9. 


n 


Eleazer Moses, 


(( 


John. 




ii 


19. 


<( 


Jno. Archer, 


«< 


Benjamin. 




July 


4. 


Three children of Rebecca Stearns, 


widow, named Eliz- 








abeth, Eunice, & Deborah. 






^ 


Aug. 


29. 


Child of Robert & Catherine Neal, i 


aamed Hannah. 




Sept. 


6. 


a 


Elizabeth Hacker, 


named Elizabeth. 




Oct. 


10. 


4C 


Jno. Ward, 


a 


Andrew. 




a 


10. 


Sarah Langsfoot the wife of Juo. Langsfoot, by the name 








of Sarah. 








<i 


24. 


Child of John Langsfoot, 


named Mary. 




i( 


24. 


Infant of Isaac Needham, 




John. 




Nov. 


7. 


a 


William Browne, 




Thomas. 


> 


a 


7. 


a 


Nathaniel Foster, 




Nathaniel. 




1742-3. Jan. 


23. 


t( 


George Curwen, 




Sarah. 




Feb.. 


20. 


(( 


Jno. Sparhawk, 




John. 




it 


27. 


(( 


Jona. Grardner, 




Hannah. 




March 


6. 


a 


James Grant, 




Ruth. 




(( 


6. 


(( 


Jno. Langsfoot, 




Sarah. 




a 


13. 


<( 


Samuel Sibley, 




Susannah. 


r 


1743. April 


10. 


(( 


John Ropes, jr., 




Nathaniel. 


f 


June 


5. 


(( 


Isaac Chapman, 




Hannah. 




it 


12. 


^^ 


Deacon John Bickford, «' 


Jonathan. 




July 


24. 


a 


Samuel Gardner, 




George. 




a 


24. 


(( 


Abel Gardner, 




Simon Stacey. 


' 


Aug. 


7. 


(( 


James Jeffrys, 




Ann. 




Oct. 


16. 


(( 


Stephen Driver, 




Susannah. 




Dec. 


4. 


(C 


Stephen Higginson, 




Stephen. 




a 


11. 


(( 


Joseph Bartett, 




Walter Price. 




it 


18. 


«( . 


WiUiam Hunt, 




William. 




ti 


25. 


a 


Joseph Gardner, 




Joseph. 




1743-4. Jan. 


1. 


n 


John Turner, 




Mary. 




(( 


15. 


a 


Bartholemew Putnam, ** 


Sarah. 




iC 


23. 


(C 


Gabriel Holman, 


a 


John. 




Feb. 


12. 


(« 


Samuel Ruck, 


£( 


Sarah. 





155 



1743-4. March 4. 


lufant of William Browne, 


named Mary. 


(( 


4. 


it 


Mitchel Sewall, 


C( 


Elizabeth. 


it 


4. 


Deliverance Majory, wife of 


Benjamin Majory, named 






Deliverance. 






1744. April 


8. 


Infant of Robeit Cook, 


named Martha. 


ii 


16. 


i( 


James Stone, 




Mary. 


May 


13. 


4i 


Thomas Lee, 




Joseph. 


(( 


13. 


(4 


Miles Ward, 




Anna. 


4( 


13. 


«( 


John Hicks, 




John. 


(( 


13. 


(( 


Samuel Blythe, 




Samuel. 


Juue 


3. 


Infants of Eleazer Moses, 




( Joseph, 
c Hannah. 












July 


8. 


Infant of Jno. Ropes, jr.. 




Abigail. 


«« 


8. 


44 


Richard Downing, ji 


• > 


John. 


(« 


22. 


44 


Henry Williams, 




Henry. 


Aug. 


26. 


a 


Benjamin Masury, 




Benjamin. 


Sept. 


2. 


a 


Jonathan Gardner, 




Margaret. 


Oct. 


7. 


44 


Jacob Ashton, 




Jacob. 


ii 


7. 


Infants of Samuel Sibley,* 




( Eunice, 
c Priscilla. 


«( 


28. 


A young woman, dau. of Richard Bryant, deceased, 






baptized Joanna. 






Nov. 


11. 


Infant of John Sparhawk^ 


named Samuel. 


a 


18. 




John Archer, 




Thomas. 


Dec. 


2. 




Stephen Driver, 




Martha. 


1744-5. Jan. 


6. 




Benjamin Goodhue, 




Jonathan. 


(( 


6. 


(« 


Isaac Needham, 




Martha. 


C( 


13. 




Nathaniel Foster, 




Sarah. 


(( 


20. 




Stephen Higginson, 




Sarah. 


«« 


20. 




Joseph Cabot, 




John. 


Feb. 


3. 




John Turner, 




John. 


1745. April 


21. 




John Hicks, 




Martha. 


(( 


21. 




Samuel Oakman, 




Rebecca. 


June 


9. 




David Henderson, 




David. 


(< 


23. 




Epes Sergent, 




Paul Dudley. 


July 


14. 


C4 


Isaac Chapman, 




Elizabeth. 


(£ 


21. 




William Browne, 




Sarah. 


t( 


28. 




David Glover, 




Jonathan. 



156 



1745. July 


28. 


Children of Charles Leach^ named 


C Elizabeth, 
C Mary. 




Sept. 


1. 


Infant of Joua. King, 


ii 


John. 




a 


1. 


ii 


Abel Gai-dner, 


ii 


Joseph. 




n 


1. 


a 


Jno. Langsfoot, 


ii 


Elizabeth. 




a 


9. 


ii 


Robert Peele, 


a 


Abigail. 




'* 


9. 


a 


Nathaniel Yell, 


a 


Elizabeth. 






15. 


ii 


James JeflTry, 


ii 


Margaret. 


^ 


<i 


22. 


ii 


Gabriel Holman, 


ii 


Jacob. 




Nov. 


3. 


ii 


Eleazer Moses, 


(« 


Joseph. 




<< 


24. 


ii 


George Bickford, 


(4 


Daniel. 




Dec. 


8. 


a 


Samuel Gardner, 


a 


Weld, 




it 


15. 


a 


Joseph Glover, 


ii 


Abigail. 




Jan. 


26. 


ii 


Joseph Cabot, 


4« 


Joseph. 




March 


2. 


ii 


Bartholemew Putnam, 


ii 


WilUam. 




(( 


2. 


ii 


Joseph Gardner, 


ki 


Joseph. 


V 


iC 


23. 


ii 


William Hunt, 


ii 


Lewis. 




1746. March 30. 


ii 


Jno. Sparhawk, 


ii 


Nathaniel. 




April 


6. 


«( 


William Gale, 


«« 


Martlia. 




May 


4. 


ii 


Stephen Higginson, 


ii 


John. 




ii 


18. 


(4 


Daniel West, 


ii 


Mary. 




May 


18. 


ii 


Samuel Blythe, 


ii 


Benjamin. 




Jime 


15. 


ii 


Jno. Carrill, 


ii 


Provided. 




a 


22. 


(« 


Francis Cabot, 


(( 


Anna. 


* 


July 


20. 


ii 


Epes Sergent, 


4( 


Anne. 




Aug. 


3, 


it 


Benjamin Pickman, 


(( 


Clai'k Gayton. 




ti 


24. 


ii 


Thomas Lee, 


4« 


Louisa. 




Dec. 


28. 


ii 


Jona. Cook, 


(( 


Jonathan. 




(( 


28. 


ii 


Isaac Chapman, 


ii 


Mary. 




1746-7. Jan. 


11. 


ii 


Charles Leach, 


ii 


Charles. 




ii 


18. 


ii 


Joseph Cabot, 


«« 


EUzabeth. 




a 


25. 


(( 


Benjamin Symonds, 


ii 


Benjamin. 




Feb, 


8. 


ii 


Nath'l Cockrau, 


ii 


Nathaniel. 




March 


1. 


a 


Joseph Gravet, 


ii 


Mary. 




ii 


1. 


4« 


Nathaniel Foster, 


4( 


Abraham. 


•< 


ii 


15. 


ii 


Mitchel Sewall, 


ii 


Stephen. 





157 



1747. April 


26. 


Infant of Joseph Bartlett, i 


oamed Sarah. 


May 


3. 


ti 


John Turner, 


44 


Sarah. 


(( 


17. 


it 


Charles King, 


44 


Samuel. 


Aug. 


2. 


«i 


Isaac Needham, 


44 


Isaac. 


^i 


2. 


ii 


John Ropes, jr., 


44 


EUzabeth. 


*4 


23. 


ifc 


Samuel Ruck, 


44 


WilUam. 


k k 


30. 


ii 


Joshua Ward, 


44 


Burrill. 


Sept. 


6. 


ii 


Samuel Sibley, 


44 


Mary. 


Oct. 


4. 


ii 


Joua. Gardner, 


44 


Benjamin. 


t( 


4. 


ii 


John King, 


44 


Elizabeth. 


Oct. 


18. 


ii 


Samuel Grardner, 


44 


Henry. 


1 1 


25. 


ii 


Francis Cabot, 


44 


Francis. 


Dec. 


13. 


ii 


Epes Sergent, 


44 


Catherine. 


«4 


13. 


it 


Henry Skerry, 


44 


Samuel. 


« ( 


27. 


ti 


Stephen Higginson, 


44 


Henry. 


Jan. 


10. 


ii 


John Hicks, 


44 


Ruth. 


(( 


10. 


ii 


Gabriel Holman, 


44 


Elizabeth. 


«« 


24. 


it 


Joseph Mackentire, 


44 


Joseph. 


(( 


31. 


ti 


Joseph Gardner, 


44 


Mehitable. 


Feb. 


28. 


ii 


Joseph Cabot, 


44 


Elizabeth. 


March 6. 


ii 


Nathaniel Cockran, 


44 


James. 


4« 


13. 


ii 


Benjamin Pickman, 


44 


William. 


44 


13. 


it 


Benjamin Glover, 


44 


Ichabod. 


1748. March 27; 


it 


Mitchel Sewall, 


44 


Jonathan Mitchel. 


44 


27. 


ti 


John Cabot, 


44 


John. 


April 


3. 


ii 


Daniel West, 


44 


Daniel. 


4i 


24. 


Anue Oruo was baptized. 






June 


5. 


lufant of William Hunt, 


44 


Sarah. 


44 


19. 




44 


John Turner, 


44 


Elizabeth. 


4* 


19. 




4 4 


Samuel Blyth, 


44 


Verring. 


44 


2(). 






John Carrill, 


44 


Benjamin. 


July 


10. 






Samuel Archer, 


44 


Elizabeth. 


44 


17. 






Abel Gardner, 


44 


Mary. 


4 4 


31. 






Timothy Ome, jr., 


44 


Rebecca. 


Oct. 


2. 






John Sparhawk, 


44 


Jane. 


it 


30. 






Joseph Henderson, 


44 


Hannah. 


Dec. 


4. 






Bartholemew Putnaui 


>," 


John. 


1748-S>. Jan. 


1. 




20* 


Samuel West, jr., 


44 


Sarah. 







158 






1748-9. Feb. 5. 


Infant of John King, named Maiy . 


March 19. 


a 


Benjamin Prescott, jr.* 


* James. 




" 19. 


a 


Francis Cabot, < 


* Mary. 




1749. March 26. 


a 


Nathaniel Foster, * 


' Abigail. 




April 2. 


it 


John RopeSy jr., * 


* Abigail. 




9. 


li 


Jona. Gardner, * 


^ Benjamin. 




23. 


a 


Nathaniel Cockran, ' 


* Jane. 




23. 


a 


Benjamin Symonds, * 


« James. 


^» 


*< 30. 


a 


Isaac Cook, jr., ' 


< Isaac. 




May 14. 


a 


Henry Gibbs, ' 


* Henry. 




21. 


Child of John Hathome, < 


' Susannah. 




•* 21. 


Infant of *' ** * 


* John. 




'* 28. 


<fi 


Epes Sergent, * 


* Mary. 




** 28. 


A negro 


servant of Mr. Samuel Gardner, whose name 




• 


was 


Cato, changed upon his 


baptism into Isaac. 




June 18. 


Infant of Jona. Orne, named Joseph. 


) 


Aug. 6. 


a 


Joseph Cabot, « 


« Andrew. 




*' 20. 


(C 


Jonathan Cook, ^ 


' Mehitable. 




Sept. 3. 


a 


John Sparhawk, ' 


* Aaron. 




Oct. 8. 


a 


John Cabot deceas'd, ' 


' Will. Clark. 




8. 


a 


Thomas Morong, * 


« Elizabeth. 




1749-50. Jan. 14. 


a 


Nathaniel Symonds, * 


• William. 




** 28. 


a 


Eleazer Moses, ' 


' Hannah. 




March 4. 


«< 


John Hicks, ' 


• John. 


f 


** 11. 


a 


John Lansfoot, ' 


' John. 




•* 18. 


fi( 


Gabriel Holman, * 


* Nathaniel. 




'« 25. 


i( 


Henry Skerry, ' 


' Margaret. 






MANACS 


[To be continaed.] 


?HORS. 




AL 


5 AND THEIR AUl 






COMMUNICATED BY MATTUKW A. STICK N 


EY. 





Continned from page 104. 

Samuel Hall was born in Medford, Mass., Nov. 2, 1740, and was 

the son of Jonathan and Anna (Fowle) Hall : was a printer, and for a 

time in partnership, at Newport, R. I., with Anna, the widow of James 

Franklin, brother of Dr. Benj. Franklin. He, in the fall of 1768, was 



159 

persuaded by Capt. Richard Derby to remove to Salem. Richard Derby 
was then the principal merchant of the place, engaged in foreign trade, 
and had suffered severely by the arbitrary seizure of his merchandise 
and vessels by the English custom-house officers for alleged violations 
of the Sugar Act. He (as appears from a copy of a letter in my pos- 
session) writes to his foreign correspondent, that "The late Act of Par- 
liament has put it out of the people's power to pay money for the 
necessaries of life, because the duties, arising by the late act, have 
almost deprived us of our silver and gold currency already ; for all the 
money that is paid for duties is sent home and will finally put a stop, 
if not entirely ruin the trade of the country and the people in it. 

His ship "Patty," Capt. Michael Driver, sailed from Salem loaded 
with molasses, and he states that if the duties which had to be paid 
before exportation were not taken off^ it would be the last cargo from 
this way; and he orders the house of Chambers, Hiccox & Denyer, of 
Madeira, not to load his ship with wine, but to obtain good bills of 
exchange payable in London or Lisbon, and that if they were obliged 
to load her with wine, it must be at a price one-fourth less than last 
year, or it would "not pay the cost. 

Mr. Hall, under tlie patronage of the Derby s, and other patriotic 
men, commenced printing at Salem a newspaper entitled the "Essex 
Gazette," the first number of which was issued Aug. 2, 1768, it being 
also the first paper published in Salem. It was ably edited, and fear- 
lessly suppoi-ted the Whig cause from its commencement to the close of 
the Revolution. 

The next year, he was the editor and proprietor of an Almanac 
issued from his press, by the name of "The Essex Almanack. For the 
Year of our Lord Christ, 1769." Printed and Sold by Sam. Hall in 
the Main St., Salem, price 2s. 8d. per doz., and 4d. single. 

The headings of the calendar months are verses entitled, "An Ad- 
dress to Liberty," "Oppression in the Reign of Charles I," "Oppression 
in Italy," "The Patriot King," "Magna Charta," "Good Government," 
"Discontent," "Luxury," "Corruption," "Colonies," "British Empire in 
America," and also devotes a page to " An account of the Court of Star 
Chamber or Seat of Oppression" established in the reign of Henry VII., 
with other miscellaneous pieces. The astronomical calculations of this 
Almanack were made by Nathaniel Ward, who was born in Salem, July 
29, 1746, wiis for a short time, in 1768, Librarian of Harvard Univer- 



160 

sitj, and died at Cambridge, Oct. 13, 1768. See Hist. Coll. Essex 
Inst., Vol. II. p. 206 for his Memoir, and Vol. V. p. 207 for his Gen- 
ealogy. It contains a full interleaved Journal kept by its former owner, 
Mary Holyoke, the second wife of Dr. Edw. Aug. Holyoke, who died 
March 31, 1829, at the great age of 100 years. She was the daughter 
of Nathaniel Vial, merchant of Boston, and was born Dec. 19, 1737, 
and died April 15, 1802. From this Journal I glean, that, — 

Jan. 1, 1769. Mr. Andrew died, and was buried Jan. 3. 

Feb. 8. Col. (Benj.) Pickman's birth day. 

April 7. Mr. Gardner died, he was buried April 10.* 

May 23. Judge Bowman buried. 

May 17. Heard of father's (Edward Holyoke, Pres. of H. U.) be- 
ing very ill. May 18. Went to Cambridge. May 22'. Father first kept 
his bed. June 1. Father died at 3 o'clock A. M., and was buried 
Jnne 6. 

June 1. Mr. Hunt buried. f 

"Philo's Essex Almanack. For the Year of our Lord Christ, 1770." 
Same imprint as the last, contains a page on 

"The Importance op Publick Liberty. 

* A Day, an Hour, of virtaoiis Liberty, 
Is wortli a wholo Eternity of Bondage.' 

[Add. Cato. 

"Though some may pretend that Liberty is but a mere Flight of 
Fancy, or the wild chimera of an infatuated, thoughtless Rabble, yet, 
when we contemplate the History of our own, as well as other Nations, 
we are at once convinced of its sacred Reality. Those who, with an 
affected Superiority of Wisdom, ludicrously smile at the Behaviour of 
the noble Advocates of Public Liberty, are generally nothing more than 
the mercenary Slaves of the next Rank of Slaves above themselves, or 
the despicable Tools of a corrupt, tyrannical Minister: And these, never 
tasting the Sweets of Liberty themselves, nor knowing what it is to 
speak or act, but at the Nod of an imperious Master, it's not surprising 
they should think those wild or frantic, who manifest a Disposition so 
infinitely surpassing that of the sordid Tools of arbitraiy Power. — To 

*" Salem, April 11, 1769. Last Friday morning died, after a long, continued, and 
tedious indisposition, Samuel Gardner, Esq, ; an eminent Mercliant of tliis Town, Fifty- 
seven Years of Age." 

t William Hunt, sou of Wm. and Eunice (Bowditch) Hunt, bom 1748, died May 29, 1769. 



161 

realize the Importance of Public Liberty, let us call to Mind the glori- 
ous Sacrifices made for its Preservation. — Why did Cato die? or brave 
Leonidas fall? — The one to save the Liberties of his Country from her 
haughty J^oe«,* — the other to save his Country's Liberties from Herself ^ 
— To these see Heroes and Patriots on one Mountain pile, heaped to 
the Skies. And did these Worthies die and sport away their Lives for 
a Shadow? — No! They died for Liberty and their Country, uttering 
with their Groans the dying Words of Cato, Oh Liberty! Ah my 
Country! 

*^1 need not remind you, my Countrymen, of the infamous Attempts 
made to reduce us, the free-born Inhabitants of this Country, to a State 
of Slavery. You that have visited the Capital have been Eye-Witnesses 
of the last Resource of base, ignorant Despotism. You have there seen 
an armed Force, introduced with a view of protecting a Set of Myrmi- 
dons, sent to pillage us of our Property, and to insult us with the most 
insufferable Haughtiness. — But Thanks to that all-gracious Being, who 
confounds the Councils of the wicked, and brings their Devices to 
nought, that he has inspired the Inhabitants of this Continent with such 
an universal Spirit of Patriotism. — The Measures now pursuing, if per- 
severed in, must effectually tend to the Restoration of our invaluable 
Rights. — May every individual, as far as he is able, aid and promote 
the united, generous Efforts of the worthy Merchants on this Continent : 
And, that we may be sufficiently sensible of the Importance of what we 
are contending for, let these Truths be indelibly impressed on our 
Minds — that we cannot be happy without being free — that wo cannot 
be ^ree without being secure in our Property — that we cannot be secure 
in our Property^ if without our Consent, others may, as by Right, take 
it away — that Taxes imposed on us by Parliament do thus take it away 
— that Duties laid for the sole Purposes of raising Money, are Taxes — 
that Attempts to lay such Duties should be firmly opposed — and that 
this Opposition can never be effectual, unless it is our united Efforts." 

It also contains an account of the murder of sacred liberty, in a let- 
ter from the mountains in Wales, dated April 22, etc., and it condemns 
with great severity the conduct of certain individuals, the initials of 
whose names are only given. 

From the interleaved Journal, continued from the one before, I 
glean that, — 

May 21, 1770. Aunt Holyoke died.* 

Jan. 7. Mr. Ashton died, and was buried the 10th. t 

♦Elizabeth Holyoke, the widow of Samuel Holyoke, who d. March 16, 1768. She was 
the dau. of Joseph Brigham, of Boston. 

t ** Salem, Jan. 9, 1770. Last Sunday departed this Life, In an apoplectic Fit, in the 
51st Year of his Age, Mr. Jacob Ashton, Merchant, and one of tJie Select-Men of this 

21 



162 

Feb. 17. Eunice Crowninshield died. 

March 27. Mrs. Derby died of apoplexy, and was buried 

March 29.* 

April 7. Mi\ Fisk buried, f 

May 19. Mrs. Vans died, and was buried May 22.} 

"The Essex Almanack, 1771, By Philo Freeman," imprint same as 
first, contains a Receipt invented by a Negro in Carolina for the bite of 
a rattlesnake, for which the General Assembly purchased his freedom, • 
and settled £100 per annum on him for life. 

"The importance of the Liberty of the Press" — "The Press is dan- 
gerous in a despotic Government," but in a free Country may be very 
useful, as long as it is under no correction," &c. "Origin of the names 
of Whig and Tory," &c. 

From the continued interleaved Journal: — 

Town. He sastAined an amiable character in the several Relations of Life, and as sach 
his Death is mach lamented." 

* ** Salem, April 8, 1770. La^t Taesday departed this Life, in the 57th Year of her Age, 
Mrs. Mary Derby, Consort of Capt. Richard Derby, of this Town, M^irchant." See page 
148 of Essex Gazette, of 1770. 

She was the daughter of GamaUel and Sarah Hodges, b. Dec. 21, 1713, and was the 
first wife of Richard Derbyf m. Feb. 3, 1734. She became the mother of an energetic 
fkmlly ; one of her sons, the Hon. Richard Derby, wtis then a member from Salem of the 
Provincial Congress sitting at Watertown, and afterwards its President. Another son, 
Ellas Hasket Derby, sent the first ship to India from this country, and Is Justly styled 
** The Father of the East-India Trade." A life spent in successful and upright commerce, 
enabled him to leave his chUdren a fortune unequalled In amount by that of any other 
person in the Colonies before. 

The original ''Manifest" of one of his cargoes ft-om Canton is still in good preserva- 
tion at the custom-house at Salem. It Is more than eight feet In length, and some single 
lines of It cover several hundred packages of tea. This cargo, which is said to have paid 
duties to the amount of 027,000, arrived in June, 1790, in the Astrea, Capt. Magee. [See 
Hist. CoU. Essex lust.. Vol. Y. p. 194.] Strange as it may seem, it was packed into a 
ship of but three hundred and thirty tons burden. 

John Derby, her third son, was a master-mariner and merchant, and part-owner of the 
ships Columbia and Washington, fitted out at Boston in the Fall of 1787. This expedition 
discovered the mouth of the Columbia River in Oregon. The compiler has a rare silver 
medal, struck by them on the eve of their sailing. They also deposited one in the De- 
partment of State at Washington. These may now be the only remaining copies. 

t" Salem, AprU 10, 1770. Last Tuesday died here, aged eighty-one Vears, the Rev. 
Samuel Fisk, formerly Pastor of the First Church in tills Town." 

X " Salem, May 22, 1770. Last ISaturday Evening died here. In the thirty-fifth Year of 
her Age, Mrs. Mary Vans, the amiable and virtuous Consort of William Vans, Esq.; — 
Her Death Is much lamented by all who knew her, and especially by those nearly con- 
nected with her." 



163 

Jan. 17, 1771. Aunt Appleton died. 

April 6. Betsey Cabot died and was buried April 10,* 

Nov. 5. Polly Cabot buried. f 

"The Essex Almanack, 1772, By Philo Freeman," imprint same as 
lii*st, contains **The Slavish and miserable state of England in former 
ages compared with the present, with respect to learning, liberty, arts," 
&c. ''Extraordinary productions of human art," "The first use of Bills 
of Exchange in 1307," ''First coinage of Gold in England 1344," "Coin- 
age of Groats and half groats in 1351," "Leather money coined in 
France 1360," "The first manufactory of jGlaas in England 1557." 

From the continued interleaved Journal: — 

July 14, 1772. The new Meeting-House began to be raised. July 
17 finished raising it. 

Feb. 1. Betsey Ward died. 

Aug. 23. First meeting in new Meeting House. 

Oct. 17. Steeple began to be raised. 

"The Essex Almanack, 1773, By Philo Freeman, Salem: Printed A 
Sold by S. & E. Hall, near the Town-House (Price 2s. 8d. per Dozen, 
and 4d. single)," contains an "Inscription on a Column at Runnemede 
by Dr. Akinside, in commemoration of that glorious Event which pro- 
duced Magna Charta, and placed English Government, and with it the 
Liberty of the Press, on the alone just and stable Foundation — Natural 
Right." 

From the continued interleaved Journal: — 

Jan. 28, 1773. Capt. Eppes died and was buried Feb. l.§ 

*** Salem, April 9, 1771. Last Saturday died in the Bloom of Youth, Miss Elizabeth 
Cabot, second Daughter of Francis Cabot, Esq. ; of this Town. Her Death is most sin- 
cerely lamented by all who knew her.*' 

t*' Salem, Nov. 5, 1771. Last Friday Evening departed this Life, much lamented, aged 
22 Years, Miss Mary Cabot, eldest Daughter of Francis Cabot, Esq. ; of this place." 

^The first glass made In N. E. was made at Salem, in 1689, and the spot is stUl 
known as the Glass-house Field. It was the property of the Trask family Arom 1661 to 
1810, and is now owned by General William Sutton. It extended down to the present 
Main Street, opposite the old burying-grouud. 

§" Salem, Feb. 9, 1773. Latt Thursday se'n night died at his House in Danvers, in 
the 68d Year of his Age, Daniel Eppes, Esq ; one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace 
for the County of Essex ; a Gentleman of an amiable, social and very Mendly Disposi- 
tion, whoHo Death is much iumentcd." 



164 

March 2. Sally Curweii buried.* 

May 26. Uncle Glover died.f 

June 17. Ten people drowned (in Salem Harbor) and the 19th they 

were buried. See page 187 of Essex Gazette for 1773. 

Aug. 20. Col. Pickman died and was buried Aug. 23. J 

This is his last Almanac, and we find his brother Ebenezer con- 
nected with him in the imprint. He had been from Jan. 1, 1771, con- 
nected with him in the publishment of the Essex Gazette, aud he died 
at Cambridge, Feb. 21, 1776, in the 27th year of his age. 

Samuel Hall, at the solicitation of members of the Provincial Con- 
gress, then sitting at Cambridge, removed his press to that place, dis- 
continuing his paper in Salem. § The last number which he printed 
there. No. 353, is dated May 2, 1775. The first printed at Cambridge, 
No. 354, dated May 12, 1775, he having added to the title, "The New 
England Chronicle." The last printed in Cambridge, dated April 4, 
1776, No. 400, and first in Boston, dated April 25, 1776, No. 401, the 
title reading "The New-England Chronicle." This number contains a 
copy of the Diploma given by Harvard University to General George 
Washington, April 3, 1776. He did not continue to publish it long in 
Boston, as appears by a notice to the public, dated at Boston, June 6, 
1776, that he had sold out to Messrs. Edward Eveleth Powars and 
Nathaniel Willis, in the first number published by them June 13, 1776. 

Mr. Hall returned to Salem, and commenced publishing the Salem 
Gazette, No. 1, dated Oct. 18, 1781; his last printed in Salem, dated 
Nov. 22, 1785, No. 215. 

He then removed to Boston, and changed the title of his paper to 
the "Massachusetts Grazette," dated Nov. 28, 1785, No. 216. 

He continued to publish till within a few years of his death, which 
occurred Oct. 30, 1807. He was respected by all who knew him. 

* " Salem, March 2, 1773. Last Friday died here, aged 80 Years, Miss. Sarah Curwen, 
whose Death Is much lamented." 

t*^ Salem, June 1, 1773. At Boston, Mr. Nathaniel Glover, Merchant, aged 70. 

X ** Salem, Aug. 24, 1773. Last Friday departed this Life, at his House In this Town, 
the Hon. Benjamin Ficlcman, Esq.," &c. See page 14 of Essex Gazette of 1773. 

All the preceding notes that arc marked as quoted, were copied Arom Mr. Hairs news- 
papers. 

§ Buckingham, in his History of Newspapers, states that the first number of his paper 
issued in Cambridge was Aug. lOtb, and that his last there contained a copy of the 
diploma to Washington, but he is not correct, as I find by a complete file of his papers 
in my possession. 



1(?5 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH AND DIARY OF REV. JOSEPH 
GREEN, OF SALEM VILLAGE. 



BY SAMUEL P. FDWLEU. 



Coiitluued froul p. 96. 

Mu. Gkeen being highly esteemed in his church and society, and by 
his ministerial brethren, much public notice was taken of his death. A 
sermon was preached upon the occasion by Rev. Thomas Blowers, of 
Beverly, and Rev. Joseph Capen, of Topstield, and an Elegy written by 
Rev. Nicholas Noyes, of Salem. To the sermon by Mr. Capen was pre- 
fixed an "Addi-ess to the Reader," by Rev. Dr. Increase Mather. A 
portion of this address, we think, will be found sufficiently interesting to 
warrant a republication, as it gives us a view of the^ public estimation 
of the character of Mr. Green, and interesting reminiscences in the life 
of Dr. Increase Matlier. 

£xti*act from the Address to the Reader, by Increase Mather: — 

"They that have had the most intimate acquaintance with Mr. Joseph 
Green, the late faithful Pastor of the Church in Salem Village, com- 
mend him to Posterity as one of very Exemplary Piety. It adds to his 
reputation, that altho' the People there, were too much divided before 
his being among them, yet in his dayes, and under his ministry there 
was Peace and Truth. They have honoured themselves in the Love and 
Honour which they have Expressed to their deceased Pastor. I am in- 
formed that they are the Publishers of the Sermon Emitted herewith. 
The Reverend Author,* from an Excess of Modesty and Humility, was 
not willing to transmit it to the Press, only at the importunity of those 
who were affected under the hearing of it, he gave them a copy of his 
Discourse. The Dispensations of Divine Providence are Mysterious. 
His Judgements, His Methods in ordering of the Affairs of the World 
are a great deep. How Unsearchable are his Judgments and his ways 
past finding out. 

"Sometimes Pious young Ministers are nipt in Flore, snached away 
when much more fruit has been hoped for from them. So it was with 
that beloved and faithful minister in the Lord whose death occasioned 
this Sermon. When others that have been a long time barren and un- 
fruitful are spared to a great Old Age ; of which he that writes these 
lines is an instance. For Infinate Patience has continued me in the 
Lords vineyard a longer time than any minister of the Gospel now 
living in New England. If God shall Lengthen my life to the Fourth 

♦ Uev. Jouepli Capeu. 
21* 



166 

month next Ensuing, three score years will be Expired since I began to 
Teach Publickly. But I am greatly ashamed to think what an unprofit- 
able Servant I have been, and this not only compared with others, but 
with some of my nearest Relatives. My Father left four sons Em- 
ployed in the work of the Ministry. My Eldest Brother Samuel* was 
joined in the pastoral oflice with the Renowned Dr. Winter in Dublin 
and was, a gi*eat blessing to that City and Kingdom. Him did God 
take in his prime, when in his Forty fifth year. And forty six years 
are past since his 'removal to a better World. 

"My Brother Nathaniel who dyed in London Pastor of a Congrega- 
tional Church there, was at his Decejise Eleven years short of my age. 
My Brother Eleaz^^r the first Pastor of the Church in Northampton was 
ripe for Heaven, when but Thirty fiye years of age.* I who am the 
youngest and Least of all my Fathers Sons, am yet remaining debilita- 
ted by Age. I do not Envy those that have out-run me, and having 
got to the End of their Race before me. 

I shall quickly overtake them. When that great Reformer in Zurick 
(Bullinger) was near his end, I was a Comfortable thought to him that 
he should shortly be with the holy Patriarck, and Prophets and Apos- 
tles and Martyres of Jesus. Why may not I be glad that I am hasten- 
ing to be with them and my dearest Relatives that are gone before me, 
and with Cotton, Norton, Mitchel, Bates, How, Meade, and many others 
of my dear acquaintance's, and which is far the best of all to be with 
Christ. Increase Mather." 

Extracts from Mr. Capen's Sermon upon the death of Mr. Green : f 

•Dr. Mather seems to have forgotten the age of his brother Eleazer. The late Rev. 
Br. T. M. Harris informs us, in a copy of sermons by Eleazer Mather published after his 
death, that he saw the following note in the handwriting of Dr. Increase Mather, who, 
when relating the time and order of the sermons written by his brother Eleazer, says' 
''The first sermon was preached June IS, 1669; the second June 27 .h following; the 
third July 4th; the fourth and last July 11th: after which day my brother Eleazer lived 
not in health able to preach, for July 18th he took to his bed, and July 24th he went to 
rest in the Lord, to keep an everlasting Sabbath in Heaven." It is a well-settled fact 
with historians that the Rev. Eleazer Mather died July 24, 1669, aged thirty-two years, 
two months, and eleven days. 

t " A Funeral Sermon, Occasioned by the Death of Mr. Joseph Green, Late Pastor of 
the Church in Salem Village. By Joseph Capen, Pastor of the Church iu Topsfleld. With 
a Prefatory Epistle by Dr. Increase Mather. Boston, Printed by B. Green, for Samuel 
Gerrish, at his Shop near the Brick Meeting House, 1717." 

Mr. Capen was a poet, and is noticed in Ketteirs " Specimens of American Poetiy,'* 
and some lines are given as a specimen of what he wrote upon the death of Mr. John 
Poster, supposed to be the first Boston printer. Foster having been a mathematician, as 
well as printer, and sometimes having been engaged in the making of a calendar, the 
two foUowlng lines in the epitaph was suggested, we suppose, to the mind of the poet 
by his occupation: — 

"Thy body which no activeness did lack, 
Now*s laid aside like an old almanack.'' 



167 

"My brethren, let me tell you that the Public looks on this breach 
that is made upon you, as a breach on that also ; when persons of such 
a Spirit, and of such usefulness, as your Minister was, are taken away 
by Death, it is to be accounted matter of general Lamentation. It is 
but a few Weeks since there was standing in this House of God, and 
this Place where I now stand a Green Olive-tree, as the Psalmist 
speaks of himself, in Psal. 52: 8. But now it is withered away; yea 
it is plucked up by the roots, one part of it is rotting in the Earth, 
where it is omy Sown, as good grain that is Sown in the Earth in 
order to its yielding much fruit, as in Joh. 12: 24. 

"Be thankful to God for the many good and comfortable Days and 
Years you have had together. Surely Eighteen Years of Peace and 
Quietness is woi-th Thanks to Heaven for it. And you that have been 
Instructed, Awakened, Quickned, Comforted and Edifyed by his Minis- 
try be thankful for it. Labour to keep in Mind and Remember the 
good Instructions and Counsels that you have heard from his mouth ; let 
them not all dye and be buried in oblivion with him, but keep them in 
Remembrance. 

"Let your Love to your Late Pastor (who is now laid in the dust) 
appear in your kind, tender, and compassionate regard to his afflicted, 
bereaved, and desolate Family, which he hath left among you. Minis- 
ters seem to be under a greater disadvantage when they die, and with 
respect to their Families after them than other men; inasmuch as when 
they die, all means of support for their Families which they leave be- 
hind them come to an end. Ministers ordinarily, unless they can spare 
and pinch something out of their Yearly Salaries (which they can badly 
enough do, being so short and scant, and unless they do it notwith- 
standing) are like to have nothing to lay up for their Families support 
when they are taken away; or else they will fall under a necessity of 
being more intangled about the affairs of this Life than they would be 
willing, or is convenient (indeed) that they should be, are oftentimes, 
it may be, forced out of their Studies, when they would be glad to 
have it otherwise. 

"Be humbled for your Unprofitableness and Reason the case and 
Question with yourselves, whether or no you have not provoked God to 
take him away from you in Judgment to you, for your Spiritual bar- 
reness, and receiving the grace of God in vain, as you have done ; and 
so after a sort you may be guilty of his Death. 

'* Endeavour to Unite and Accord, to be all of one heart and one 
Soul about the choice and settlement of another minister among you. 
Condescend to one another in every thing that may be proper for you, 
and in order to that end. Endeavour to live in Love & Peace if you 
would have the God of Love &* Peace to dwell with you. And unless 
you do so, you will forfeit your Name of Salem^ of which you are a 
part and which Name signifies Peace as Heb. 7 : 2. The experience 



which you have sometimes formerly had of troubles among you, things 
contray to Peace & Quietness ; together with your later experience of 
Peace and Love, cannot but greatly raise the price and value of this 
latter, your own experience tells you, that the one exceeds the other, as 
much as Wisdom excels Folly, and as much as light excels darkness ; 
this should sway you to study those things that make for Peace, and 
where-with one may edify another. 

*'And let me tell you. That if it could be imagined that any thing 
in this World- could interrupt and disturb the rest and repose of your 
late Minister his Ashes now in the Grave, nothing so much as your dif- 
fering and contending among yourselves would do it; as the counterfeit 
Samuel said to Saul, 1 Sam. 28 : 15." 



AN ELEGY 

UPON THE MUCH LAMENTED DEATH 

OF THE 

Reverend Mr. JOSEPH GREEN, 

Pabtok of tuk Church of Christ at Salbm Villaob, who dkpautbd thw Life 
NovBMBBR 26, 1716, Aged Forty Ybars and Two Days.* 



The Seoond ImpreBBion. 

JOHN XI. 35t 36. — "Jesus Wept. Then said the Jews, Behold how he loved him." 

In God's House we of late did see 
A Green, and growing Olive Tree, 
*Twas Planted by a Living Spring, 
That always made it flourishing; 

*Rev. Nicholas Noyes, of Salem, was a famous eieglst. He wrote an elegy on 
Thomas Hooker, In which he says, — 

"For rich an'ay cared not a flg, 
And wore Elisha's periwig.*' 

He wrote also a prefatory poem '* on that excellent book, entitled Magnalla Cbristi Amer- 
icana, written by the Rev. Mr. Cotton Mather," where he says, — 

" The att^ff" is true, the trimming neat and spruce, 
The Workman's good, the work of public use." 

KetteU, in his *' Specimens of his American Poetry,** says '* his poem on the death of the 
Rev. Joseph Green, of Salem Village, we have not seen." I am indebted to the Rev. An- 
son McLond, of Topsfield, for kindly fUrnishlng me with a copy of the sermon of Mr. 
Capen, now exceedingly I'are. 



169 

Fill'd it with Sap, and Oyly Juice, 
That Leaves, and Fruit, and Light produce, 
An holy Tree, whose very Wood, 
For Temple-use was choice and good ; 
Doors, Posts, and Cherihiiiis of old, 
Were made of it, and spread with Gold, 
Adorning the most Holy Place, 
With Symbols, both of Peace and Grace. 
But now alas, we weep to see. 
An Empty Place, where stood that Ttee: 
That Green and lovely Tree whose Sight 
Has bless'd our Eyes with mvLoh delight^ 
For his good Nature, and his Grace 
Both visible were in his Face. 
— Had you but seen, how NoaKs Dove 
Was Entertained with Joy, and Love, 
When it returned with Tidings good. 
That God was drying up the Flood; 
You might have gues*d how gi*at6fal he 
To mournful Souk was wont to be. 
For Uke that Blessed Bird, he Still 
G^^eeii Olive Leaves brought in his bill. 
He dry'd up Floods of Strife, and he 
Made Brethren dwell in Unitie. 
Under his Shadow was their Seat, 
And of his Pleasant Fruit they Eat. 
— On Joseph's head a Blessing fell. 
And all he did, did Prosper well; 
For God was with him, and did make, 
Him bless'd and others for his sake. 
Indeed he was a Public Good, 
Unto his Flock, and Neighbourhood. 
His Presence did our Lectures grace. 
Our Pulpits want his Pious Face; 
To teach us all, what Reverence 
Is due to the Divine Presence; 
For his Devotion did extend, 
From the beginning to the end, 
12 



170 

In Praying, Singing, Hearing too, 

He did the most of us Out-doe. 

His Brethren, in the Ministry 

That joined in a Society ; 

Are broke to pieces, and are got, 

To crying Joseph he is wo^. 

And are distrest for this dear Man, 

As David was for Jonathan. 

And all the Churches in the Town 

Lament, as if he was their own. 

— Our Joseph was a Fruitful Bough 

His Vertuous Wife was JVuitfiil too, 

They were a lovely, Loveing Pair, 

As most that Breath in Common Air; 

As if one Soul had dwelt in these, 

What pleased one, it both did please. 

They hand in hand did alway's go. 

Both shunniug of the Chris-Cross Row. 

They were so joined. Heart in Heart 

Them Death itself could hardly part. 

With Sons, and Daughters God them bless'd, 

With Blessings of the Womb and Breast. 

Good Knowledge which their Father brought them 

And Lessons which their Mother taught them. 

Did Season so their Early Youth 

With God's Fear, and his Loving Truth: 

And Good Manners; that indeed 

Their Vertues do their Age Exceed. 

— God blessed him, and did bestow, 

From Heaven above and Earth below, 

Such Blessings as made good Supply 

Unto his Numerous Family,* 

Whilst he on Earth made his abode : 

He dying left them all with God. 

Of such a Flock God will take care, 

Though yet they young and tender are. 

* Mr. Green had a famUy of seven chUdren. 



171 

The House of Aaron He wiU Bless, 

And cUl that Fear him, great and less.^ 

Somethings against his Dying Day, 

A Good Foundation so to lay^ 

Yet Penitently own'd Neglects, 

And Pardon begg'd for his Defects; 

And plac'd his Confidence alone, 

On Christ's Deserts and not his own. 

And in the Faith, he testified, 

That he had Preach'd he liv'd and dyed 

And thank'd the Lord he did depart 

In Peace, with Comfort in his Heart. 

And Pray'd his Deacon to Declare 

These Things to such as Absent were. 

And that he with his dying Breath, 

Did Charge them to Prepare for Death, 

By timely Penitence; and not 

Delay, till on their Death-beds got, 

Lest they at last, their folly rue; 

For Late Repentance seldom true. 

— His Dying Sermon held almost 

Unto hia giving up the Ghost : 

His Masters Work he did so Ply, 

He did but just get time to dye. 

— And being Dead, still speaketh he, 

Such as are Wise his Hearers be, 

— This is the Man that we Lament, 

Whose Life and Death for Christ was spent. 

And then Triumphing to Him went. 

But We, Poor we, ai*e left behind, 

In Tears to call our Sins to Mind, 

And charge his Death upon their Score, 

He might have Liv'd One Forty more. 

Had not God been Provoked sore, 

We can't but Mourn he dy'd so soon 

And that his Sun went down at Noon 

In an Eclipse! for he is gone 

Having just entired upon Fortf/ One 



172 

If the bright Sun Eclipsed be, 

His Face agiBin we quickly gee. 

But this Eclipse we must deplore, 

For we shall see his tace no more. 

— His Relates grief I must Conceal; 

No pen can paint what thej did feel, 

Whilst they were toss'd 'twixt Hope, and Fear, 

Contr'y Passions rend, and tear, 

When Life, and Death in Ballance lay 

And non oould tell, which would ont^weigh ; 

It must suffice me for to say. 

They Pi'ay and Weep; and Weep and Pray. 

But when they saw Deaths Scale incline 

Towards the Grave; this Tongue of Mine 

Doth Languish, and despair to tell 

The Anguish into which they fell. 

When loth to Part they did Embrace 

His Pale-Lips, and to his dying Face, 

As if they thought to make Repairs 

Unto his fainting Breath, with theirs; 

Or thiuking, with them he must stay, 

Or they with him must go away. 

Transports of Lave, and Grief they keep, 

Till he in Jesus fell cisleep. 

— But now Gods Will is done 'tis tit 

You Relates do to Him Submit, 

Spring-Tides of Grief must timely fall, 

Or they will overwhelm you all. 

Tis time for you to still your Cryes, 

And to begin to dry your Eyes; 

Not faint when God doth you Chastize : 

Thousands do witii you Sympathize. 

You may not mourn aa those that have 

No hope laid up b^oud the Grave, 

Your JoaeplCs Dead, and gone before. 

Your Jesus Lives for evermore 

Oh ! Look to Him ! for there's your Stoi^e, 



178 

We joy he Liv'd and Dy'd, so well, 
That we his praise with Truth can tell. 
— These Lines are Modest, Plain, and T^iq 
And Scantly give him what's his due, 
I dare Appeal to them him knew — 
God Hates a Lye, my muse well kuo^s, 
Whether it be in Verse or Prose. 
His praise was in the Church before, 
He needed not a Gilding o'er. 
By over-praising of the Dead, 
Nor they or we are Bettered. 
Poetic Eaptures Scandalize, 
And pass with most for learned Lies : 
Whilst others are discouraged. 
And think Saints can't be Imited: 
Such high Flights seem Designed to rfiifie 
The Poefa^ not the Person's praise. 
Whereas Plain Truth gives no offeace. 
And doth effect the Conscience; 
To Imitation doth excite, 
Unflorished Copies Teach to Write. 
— His bright Example may do goo4» 
When it is truly Understood, 
How he Convers'd the Earth upon, 
But ndw to Heaven he is gone; 
His Conversation is above 
With Christ, who was his Life and Love. 
A Crown of Life He doth him give. 
Who faithful to the Death did Live. 
When the Chief Shephard shall appear. 
He will a Crown of Glory wear. 
— The Winter will be past; the Spring 
Will put an end to Withering. 
Tho' Death a while must Intervene, 
Our Lord will raise him fresh, and Oreen. 
Such Birds will then Awake, and Sing, 
That Silenc'd were by Terrour's King. 
22* 



174 

Death I Where's thy Sting the Song will be, 
O Gravel Where is thy Victory? 
Thanks be to God, thro' Christ our Lord, 
Who doth us Victory afford. 
Then our Good mourners will revive, 
And Sing, that Joseph is Alive! 
— But yet methinks we need not stay 
For Comfort till that Blessed Day, 
Our Joseph he is now Alive; 
His Soul, his Body doth Survive. 
In Faith, and Works if we Puraue him, 
Our Lord will quickly bring us to him. 
And tho' the Oreea and lovely Tree, 
Which we Lament, now Withered, be. 
The living Spring where he did gain 
His Sap, and Oyl, doth yet remain. 
And by that Spring another . Plant, 
May rise and may supply our want. 
— Trim Lamps, your Vessels fill with Oyl, 
Stay not; our Lord may come the while. 
God of his Mercy give us Grace, 
Behold the Bridegroom comes apace ! 
[To be coDtiuaed.] 



DEPOSITIONS USED IN THE SETTLEMENT OF THE ESTATE 

OF JOHN GKANT. 



The Testimoni of Abraham Hazeltine who saith That hanna browne 
and frances Keyes and ann Emerson wher The Reputed daughter of 
Jane Grant decesed and Sister of John Grant deceased of Rowli 

The Deponent being bound to Sea, was Sworn July 15, 1698. 

I Joseph Bayley of Bradford do testifie that I was well acquainted 
w*** John Grant of Rowley deceased, & w^? his three sisters now called 
by y* names of Hanah Browne Frances Keyes, & Ann Emerson, 'who 
were owned by their Mother, & owned also one another as Brother & 



175 

Sisters & so accounted of in y® place where they lived, Viz in Rowley, 

where 1 was born & brought up. 

taken upon Oath July 20*/^ 1698 before me 

Nath : Saltoustall Justice of y® Peace 

Note. This John Grant and three sisters were children of Thomas and Jane Grant, 
and came ttom England with others who settled in Rowley. At this time Hannah was 
the wife of Capt. Geo. Browne, of Haverhill, who left no issue, but she had children by 
Hazen, her former husband. Frances was the wife of Solomon Keyes, of Chelmsford; 
and Ann was then a widow in Haverhill, but was drowned June 25, 1718. Her husband 
was Robert £merson, by whom had a Aimily of sons and daughters. — A. F. 



WILLIAM FISKE, OF WENHAM, MASS., 

WITH AN ACCOUNT OP THE LINE OF HIS DESCENDANTS THROUGH HIS GRANDSON 

THEOPHILUS; WHICH INCLUDES ALL HIS POSTERITY OF THE NAME, WHO 

ARE NOW RESIDENTS OF THIS COUNTY AND VICINITY. 



BY ALFRED POOR, 
Genealogist of Essex County. Office at the Court House, Salenii Mass. 



From probable authentic information, Mr. Fiske descended from a 
Robert Fiske who deceased in 1602, who, as some say, was son of 
Richard, who was son of AVilliam and Sarah (Lynne) Fiske, and great- 
grandson of Symond, or Simon, lord of the manor of Stradhaugh, in the 
parish of Laxfield, county of Suffolk, England, whose wife was a Sarah 
Smyth, and lived in the reign of Henry IV, V, and VI. Another 
account which we find in the Heraldic Journal for July, 1867, says he 
descended through Simon's^ son AVilliam^ (as above), who married Joan 
Lynne, by whom had for his eldest son Simon, ^ whose eldest son was 
Simon,* and that he was father of Robert,^ But several agi*ee, that 
Robert man-ied Sybil (Gould) Barber, a widow, and died in 1602 ; that 
their sons were William, Jeffrey, and Thomas ; also, that each of these 
sons had descendants who settled in America. 

William,* son of Robert and Sybil Fiske, married Anne, daughter of 
William Austye for his first wife, by whom had three sons, John, 
Nathaniel, and Eleazer; and three daughters, one of which was Han- 
nah, who married William Candler, by whom had a son who was the 
Rev. Matthias Candler, author of the manuscript numbered 6,071 of the 
Harleian Collection in the British Museum. He died, 1623, in Dutch- 
ingham, Norfolk. 

Johu,^ the eldest son of William and Anne Fiske, married Anne, 



176 

daughter of Robert Lanterce, and had three sons, who were Rev. John, 
Nathan, and William, Esq., the subject of our research; and two daugh* 
ters, — Ann, who married a Chickering, and Martha, who married a 
Thompson. He was of St. James' Church, South Elmham, and died in 
1633. About three years after his decease his widow, and some or all 
their children, set sail for America; she died on the passage, but we 
find that some of the children subsequently were living in this country ; 
namely. Rev. John Fiske, who was a physician as well as preacher of 
the gospel, and resided a short time in Salem, in Wenham about a 
dozen years, when he removed, with most of the church for whom he 
preached, to Chelmsford, Mass., where he deceased in 1677. His wife, 
who was an Anne Gipps, and to whom he was married in Old England, 
bore him several children ; one of whom was the Rev. Moses Fiske, 
who was settled over the church in Braintree, who had, for one of his 
sons, the Rev. Samuel Fiske, who came to Salem and settled over the' 
church here ; and some of his descendants still reside here now, bearing 
the names of Allen, Putnam, &c. Martha, who resided in Salem, and 
deceased previous to June 18, 1674, to whose daughters, Martha Burton 
and Anna Thompson, her brother, Rev. John, bequeathed in bis will of 
that date; and William, Esq. 

Among the cousins or near relations of Rev. John and William, 
Esq., who came to Massachusetts, besides those who settled in Water* 
town, Mass., were Phineas and his brother James Fiske, who came to 
Salem. The former soon settling in Wenham,. and the latter going to 
Haverhill, where several of his children were born ; then removed to 
Groton, and deceased in 1689. Phineas had a nephew named Samuel 
when he made his will in 1673. And a Thomas Fiske, who called him- 
self about forty years of age in 1670, when he testified in regard to a 
legacy given to a Joseph Fiske by a James Axey, of Lynn. 

From these early emigrants to America have sprung, says a writer 
who has devoted much time on the history of the family, '"a numerous, 
widely scattered, and generally very respectable posterity. Above one 
hundred of their number, bearing the family name, are on the roll of 
college graduates, while many of them have variously attained distinc- 
tion as divines, authors, scholars, and public men in the States where 
they have resided." 

The Fiskes, who have resided in Wenham, occupied farms situated 
in the western part of the town, and probably seldom or never lived in 



177 

any other portion of the plaoe ; and when they left to settle in the ad- 
joining towns, it was in the immediate vicinity of the original settle- 
ment; namely, in the north-east corner of Danvers and south<*«ast aide 
of Topsfield. On the right hand of the street, leading from the centre 
village to Topsfield, is a lane which leads down to the great swamp, 
where there is a site of an old residence (tradition says) that a family 
of Fiskes once occupied ; and on the southern side of and some distance 
from the street, and nearly opposite this lane, in a small cemetery, 
where some of the Fairfields are buried, is an ancient tomb which has 
always been called the Fiske tomb. 

The following account of William Fiske and his posterity haa been 
compiled from county, town, and church records, monuments in ceme- 
teries, and recollections of the elder members of several branches of the 
family, unless other sources are noticed. 

(1) William,® published accounts say, married a Bridget Muskett, in 
Pelham, England, and had five children, but only one of whom I find 
any identified record of birth or baptism, though probably the sons, if 
not the daughter, were all born in Wenham ; as Rev. John Fiske, in his 
will, makes a small bequest to this brother's eldest son William, and to 
his brothers. Mr. Fiske died intestate, probably, about September, 
1654, as an inventory of his estate was taken 16th 7 mo., 1654; and his 
widow afterward married a Rix, and was alive in 1674, as Rev. John 
made her a legatee, also calling her the mother of his brother William's 
children, but does not mention the Christian name of her or her Rix 
husband. 

Mr. Fiske joined the church in Salem, 2d 5 mo., 1642, and the next 
year, probably after the month of May, he, it is said, was made free- 
man of Wenham. He was the first town clerk, and several times was 
chosen by the town to represent the town in the legislature of the col- 
ony, and held other trusts, but died in prime of life. His children 
were, — 

2. WUliamj baptized in Salem, 4th 4 mo., 1648. • 

8. Samael. 

4. Joseph. 

5. BenJamlD. 

6. Martha. 

(2) Dea. William,' the eldest son of William, Esq., and Bridget 
(Muskett) Fiske, married Sarah Kilham, Jan. 15, 1662-3; settled in 
Wenham, was a weaver by trade ; where he died on the 4th or 5th day 

23 



178 

of Feb., 1727-8, and his widow deceased Jan. 26, 1737-8, in the nine- 
ty-eighth year of her age. He was also a leading man of his place and 
generation ; was deacon of the church from 1679, and representative to 
Greneral Court. His children, whose births were found among the pri- 
vate papers of his grandson, William Fiske, who settled in Amherst, 
N. H., many of whom were alive when he made his will. May 15, 
1725, were, — 

7. William, b. Jan. 81, 1668, whose wife was Marah, settled in Andover, and sar- 
yived his fother. 

8. Sarah, b. Feb. 5, 1664, who married John Cook, a legatee in her father's will. 

9. Bath, b. March 2, 1666, was deceased in 1725, but left heirs. 

10. Samuel, b. March 2, 1667; died young. 

11. Martha, b. May 16, 1668, a legatee in her father's will. 

12. Joseph, b. Feb. 10, 1669 ; died young. 

18. Samuel, b. Feb. 16, 1670; m. Elizabeth Browne, 1699; was living, it is said, in 
Behoboth, in 1718, and was a legatee in will of his father. 

14. Joseph, b. April 14, 1672; m. Susan Warner, of Ipswich, where he settled and 
posterity lived. 

15. Benjamin, b. April 6, 1674; m. Mary Quarles, 1699. A man in public business, 
Wenham. 

16. Theophilus, b. July 28, 1676; m. Phebe Lampson, 1700. 

17. Ebenezer, b. Feb. 10, 1677, who died young. 

18. Ebenezer, b. March 22, 1679; m. Elizabeth Fuller in 1710; was a deacon of the 
church in Wenham ; had a family of nine children, among whose descendants have been 
many men of note; and one of his descendants is Albert A. Flske, of Chicago, 111., at 
present a student of theology, who has issued a ftiU account of his line, and collected 
much matter relating to other branches of the Fiskes, and intends, if encouragement is 
given, to pursue it fiirther and complete a Aill genealogy of the families in America. 

19. Jonathan, b. July 22, 1681 ; d. Feb. 14, 1705. 

20. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 12, 1684, who married Eliezer Foster, 1704, and was a legatee 
in her fkther^s wlU of 1726. 

(16) Theophilus,^** son of Dea. William and Sarah (Ealham) Fiske, 
married about August, 1700, as their intention of marriage was re- 
corded in that month. She deceased May 23, 1753, and he married 
Mehitable Wilkins, of Topsfield, July 26, 1756, who survived him; and 
probably about October, 1762, she maiTied to Hobert Rust, of Ipswich. 
He settled iy Wenham, where he made his will June 8, 1757, and died 
Sept. 6, 1759, and his brother, Dea. Ebenezer Fiske, settled his estate. 
Of his real estate in the inventory, besides his homestead, was twenty- 
four acres of meadow in Wenham, two acres salt marsh in Ipswich, and 
three lots in Wenham Swamp ; and the homestead was bounded by a 
Thomas Fiske, John Friend, and Josiah Fairfield. His children were, — 

21. Phebe, b. Jan. 4, 1701-2, who m. Jesse Malnard, of Westborough, Sept. 27, 1737, 
and she received her portion of her father's estate in 1760. 



179 

22. Jenisha, b. Oct. 23, 1704, who m. Caleb Moolton, of Ipswich, Nov. 8, 1784, and 
Jerasha, her first child, was b. Aug. 1, 1785. 

23. Thomas, bap. Aug. 24, 1707; received his portion previous to his fiither's will, 
receiving by deed, April 2, 1757, half the homestead and the westerly half of the hoose. 

24. Theophilusy b. May 31, 1709, and bap. July 3, that year, who m. Jemima Gold- 
smith, Jan. 11, 1737^. 

25. Martha, b. Oct. 25, 1711, who m. George Dodge, of Ipswich; was living when 
her father made his will. 

26. Maiy, b. Sept. 29, 1713, who m. John Perkins, of Topsfleld, Feb. 20, 1750-1 ; was 
also mentioned as living in 1757. 

27. Bei\]amin, who deceased Aug. 25, 1751. 

(24) Theophilus, jr.," son of Theophilus and Phebe Fiske, married 
Jemima Goldsmith. She was admitted to full communion with the 
church in Wenham, August, after they were married. She died in 
Topsfield, Jan. 23, 1784, aged sixty-nine years. Their first two chil- 
dren were bom in Wenham, but in 1742 and 1750, at the time he 
bought lands of his father, their residence was in the northern point of 
Salem (soon after Danvers). He was there as late as 1765; and in 
1771 was in Topsfield (a short distance from the borders of Danvers 
and Wenham), where he was when his will was made, Nov. 4, 1775, 
which was proved March 5, 1781 ; the day after an inventory of his 
estate was taken. The real estate consisted of homestead 90 acres, land 
in Boxford 8J acres, and salt marsh in Ipswich, 4 acres. Whole amount 
of inventory, £1,058 4s. 4d. $1,481 of old continental money, valued 
£5 18s. 5d., and a four dollar bill, new money, valued at 128. lOd. 

28. Bef\}amin, b. Oct. 80, 1788, who m.^ when residing in Topsfleld, to Sarah Towne, 
of that town. 

29. Nathaniel, b. March, 1740-1, while a resident of Danyera, to Lydia Gould, Feb. 
27, 1764. 

80. Tabitha, who was admitted to ftill communion in the church in Topsfleld, July 3, 
1785, where' she deceased, Oct. 22, 1823, aged seventy-nine, but never married. 

31. Jemima, admitted to the church July 2, 1786; also never was married, but died 
March 2, 1796, aged forty-six years. 

32. Samuel J b. 1747, who married Sarah Perkins, of Topsfleld, June 2, 1772. 

(28) Benjamin,^ son of Theophilus, jr., and Jemima Fiske, who 

married Sarah, dan. of Joshua Towne; deceased May 1, 1772, but his 

widow ever after lived a widow until her decease, Dec. 27, 1831, aged 

eighty-four; a cloth weaver, leaving a web in her loom unfinished, and 

we are told that those who chanced to pass her residence, early or late, 

always heard her weaving and singing. They had two children, — 

83. An infant daughter that died May 15, 1770. 

34. Sarah, bap. Nov. 7, 1778, who married John, son of John and Emma (Thomdlke) 



180 

Conant, Sept. SO, 1792, and died Feb. 25, 1830; after which her husband m. Rebecca 
Baker, and died April, 1859, aged eighty-seven, bat his widow is still living. Sarah's 
children were John, b. in Topsfield, Oct. 5, 1798, who deceased Jan. 16, 1867, leaving six 
children who survived him. Sally, b. in Topsfield, Oct. 5, 1796, who m. James G. Ray- 
mond, now resides with her children in North Beverly, and her son John was a Colonel 
of a regiment in the U. S. Army, daring the late rebellion. Harriet, the next of Benja- 
min Fiske'B grandchildren, m. Bei^amin Kent, of Danvers. Benjamin F. married, but 
died withoat Lssae, and Irena, who died young. 

(29) Nathaniel," son of Theophilus, jr., and Jemima (Goldsmith) 
Fiske, m. Lydia Gould, of Topsfield, a brother to John Gould, who 
lived in that town. They owned the covenant of the church in Tops- 
field, where most of their children's baptisms are recorded ; but the 
births of Ruth, John, and first Lydia are recorded on the records of 
Danvers. They finally settled in Topsfield, about half a mile from 
Wenham line, the house being the first after crossing the causeway from 
Wenham. He died April 9, 1815, and was buried by the side of his 
wife in Topsfield, who had deceased April 25, 1809, aged sixty-five 
years. Their children were, — 

S5. Nathanielf b. Dec. 2, 1764, and bap. June 9, 1765, who m. Thanksgiving Evening, 
Nov. 20, 1794, to Mehltable Balch, of Topsfield. 

36. Ruth, b. May 10, 1767, and bap. fourteen days after; ro. Elijah Perkins; settled 
in that part of Topsfleld called the "Perkin's district," which is near Hamilton; and had 
Dudley who m. a Sally Perkins, and had children. Lydia, who m. first, John Ray; and 
second, a William Perkins, and had children by both husbands. Daniel, who m. first, 
Rosamond, a sister to Lydia's husband; and second, Charlotte Towne; and one of his 
children is Sl^ah R. Peiidns, the artist in Salem. Hnidah, who m. Thomas Fergoson, of 
Topsfield, and has children; and Abigail, who m. Ebenezer Peabody, of Topsfield, by 
whom has children. 

37. John, bap. Aug. 20, 1769, who m. Huldah Woodbury, of Beverly, where they 
lived and died, he May 4, 1803, and she May 6, the next year after, both at the age of 
thirty-three years. Their children were Lydia, b. 1792, died young; John died young; 
Azro, b. 1797, died young; and Elbridge, b. June 27, 1799, who was a trader, and died 
Dec. 9, 1846, leaving wife Hannah K., but no children, and the widow is deceased. 

38. Lydia, bap. March 1, 1772; d. May 16, 1777. 

39. Benjaminj b. Aug. 17, and bap. Aug. 21, 1774, who m. Lydia, dau. of Abraham 
Hobbs, March 17, 1796. 

40. Ebenezer, b. 177-, who married while a resident of Beverly, about the first of 
1804, to Mary Dodge, of Hamilton; was a trader in Beverly, Mass., and New York City. 
They are both deceased, he suddenly in the western part of the State of New York, 
whUe there on business; but they had no ismie. 

41. Mo$€8r b. Aug. 20, and bap. Aug. 24, 1777, in Topsfield, who m. Sukey Platts, in 
Topsfield, Dec. 12, 1802. 

42. Lydia, bap. April 23, 1780, who probably died young. 

43. David, b. Nov. 24, 1788, who m. April 8, 1813, to Nancy, dau. of Moses and 
Hephzibah (Card) Baker, bom in that part of Ipswich now called Hamilton, Aug. 19, 1786. 

(32) Samuel," son of Theophilus, jr., and Jemima Fiske, who was 



181 

born 1747, and married Sarah Perkins, of Topsfield; was executor of his 
father's will and residuary legatee ; had the homestead, where he resided 
many years, and sold out to Jacob Towne, and now his son, Waldo G. 
Towne, occupies the place. He died in that town April 15, 1826, and 
his wife died about 1810. Their children were, — 

44. Samuel, b. May 7, 1773, \rho was bap. the 29th of the August following, which 
was the day his father owned the church covenant; married Sarah, dau. of Samuel 
Patch, of Hamilton, Oct. 19, 1795. 

46. Ezra, b. Jan. 7, 1776; married Polly, dau. of James and Mary (Brown) Lakeman, 
Dec 31, 1800,. 

46. Sally, b. May 3, 1785, who deceased Jan. 14, 1865; married Samuel Foruaco, a 
native of Beverly, a seaman, who deceased April, 1815, and she remained a widow in 
that town. Her children were, — 1. Samuel, who is a seaman, unmarried. 2. Charles, 
also a seaman, b. Aug. 3, 1810, who was married a short time, but his wife deceased 
without issue. 3. Eleanor H., who deceased about 1855, was b. Oct. 23, 1812; mar- 
ried Oliver O. Brown, who now resides in Beverly, by whom she had Benjamin, a clerk 
In a store in Boston (where the other sons are employed), b. about 1831 ; Ellen, who m. 
Augustus Gheever, Charles, Joseph, and George, who was b. about 1850. 4. Sarah, b. 
Oct. 21, 1814, who still resides in Beverly; m. Thomas Welch about 1860, who died in 
the army in 1863, but she has no children. 

(35) Nsithaniel, jr.,^^ son of Nathaniel and Lydia Gould Fiske, who 

m. Mehitable, dau. of John and Sarah (Baker) Balch, was a shoemaker 

by trade, settled at first on the homestead in Topsfield ; died in that 

town Nov. 13, 1849, aged eighty-five; and his widow, who was born 

June 26, 1771, died, with her daughter Elsey, in Salem, Sept. 16, 

1864, figed ninety-thi-ee years. Their children were, — 

47. Mehitable, b. in Topsfield, Aug. 22, 1793, who m. a John Kemmond, of Beverly, 
who soon died at sea, and she died a widow about two years after without Issue. 

48. Elsey, b. In Beverly, May 3, 1798, who is unmarried, residing on MaU street, 
Salem, in 1867, f^om whom we received many important items respecting her pedigree. 

49. Amos, b. May 26, 1801; m. Mercy, dau. of Capt. Ebenezer and Mercy (Perkins) 
Peabody, near related to the Perkins's, who m. into the family; settled at first in Tops- 
field where all their children were born, and died in Boxford (near the border of Tops- 
field), Sept. 9, 1850, where his widow now resides. Children, — Joseph Batchelder, b. 
Jan.. 5, 1837 ; unmarried, with his mother on the farm. John, b. June 7, 1839, unmarried. 
Mary Herbert, who is unmarried, b. June 23, 1841. Sarah Abigail, b. March 8, 1843, who 
m. Leonard, son of Oliver Killam, of Boxford, and resides with his father. And Jonas, 
b. June 24, 1845, who is unmarried. 

50. Rev. Jonas, b. in Topsfield, Sept. 24, 1805, who has resided in Danvers since 
May, 1865 ; married Miss Abigail, dau. of Joseph and Lucy (Smith) Pettenglll, April 14, 
1841, who was bom in Salem, Mass., but they have no children. Mr. ITiske received his 
classical education at Bangor, Me., and graduated at the Bangor Theological Seminary, 
1838. Ordained in Salem, N. H., Sept. 9, 1840, where he preached about four years; 
next went to Maine, and was acting Pastor to several churches for twenty- one years, 
when his liealth failed, and since has had no particular charge. 

23* 



182 

(39) Benjamin,^^ son of Nathaniel and Lydia (Gould) Fiske, who mar- 
ried Lydia, dau. of Abraham and Elizabeth (Cummings) Hobbs ; resided 
awhile in Topsfield, in Salem, Newburyport, and removed to Peeling, 
now called Woodstock, N. H., where he deceased about March 8, 1822, 
aged forty-seven years; and his widow, who was b. Aug. 25, 1774, 
deceased in June, 1847. Their children were, — 

61. Benjamin, that died yonng. 

62. Abraliam, b. in Salem Nov. 2, 1792, who married first, Joanna Ober Edwards. 
68. Lydia, b. in 1800, married Luther Thompson, fh)m Keene, N. H., and was for 

many years Snperintendent of the town form and Alms-house of Dedham, Mass., but died 
in Concord, N. H., about 1868, and she now resides in Lynn, Mass. Children, — Laura 
Jane, who ra. Fred. Nichols, of Lynn. Alcthea, who married her cousin, Samuel A. 
Southwlck. Lydia, who married Otis Bauldwin, of Lynn. And William L., who was for- 
merly a school-teacher, was in the U. S. Army time of the rebellion, now a lawyer In 
Lawrence, Mass., and married August, 1867, a wife ftom Wobum. 

64. Benjamin, died young. 

66. John, b. March 2, 1804, who married Sally, daughter of James Haynes, of Carop- 
ton, N. H. ; resides in Woodstock, N. H. ; has three children, and they are all married. 
Elbridge Gerry, Bei^amin, who now (1867) resides in Haverhill, Mass., and Sullivan, who 
is in the State of Maine. 

66. Mary Dodge, b. in Newburyport Feb. 28, 1806, who m. June 8, 1881, Samuel 
Southwlck, who was b. in Danvers May 16, 1806. Resided in South Danvers when their 
children were bom, but she deceased about 1860, and he, who has resided in Ballardvaie, 
Andover, and now In Lawrence, is married to his second wife. Children, — Samuel 
Augustus, b. March 20, 1882; married his cousin, Alethea Thompson; have children, and 
reside in Lawrence. Maiy, b. Jan. 26, 1834, who married a Coulder, but has no children; 
and Amos, b. Aug. 26, 1886. 

67. Alethea, bap. in Limebrook Church (west parish in Ipswich) Aug. 7, 1808, who 
married first, Cyrus Fish, ftH>m Barnard, Vt., by whom had a dau. Martha Ann. He deceased 
in Strong ville, Ohio, where she married a second husband named Elisha Taylor, and they 
now reside in North Camden, Ohio. 

68. Ebenezer, b. August, 1809; m. while in Danvers to Elizabeth Mndge, June 8, 1886. 

69. Shadrach, b. in Woodstock, N. H., May 2, 1812, who m. Lucy (Boden) Standley. 

60. Martha Byron, b. in Woodstock, N. H., Sept. 28, 1816, who ra. to James John- 
son Mansfield, July 9, 1884, who was b. in Lynnfield, Mass., March 28, 1811. He is a son 
of William and Eunice (Johnson) Mansfield. They have, for most of the time since mar- 
ried, resided in South Reading, Mass. He hai9 been connected with shoe-making, teaming, 
and now is in the wood and coal business, having his two sons in company with him. 
Their children are, — 1. James Fiske, b. Oct. 20, 1886, in South Reading, who m. June 6, 
1868, Francis Olive Walton, b. Sept. 10. 1888, In South Reading, where they reside and 
have had a dau., Cora F., b. Feb. 18, 1860, who died Aug. I,' 1862. He served through 
the entire war, enlisting at first into company £, Mass. 16th regiment, and afterwards be- 
longed to the 11th regiment; was chosen sergeant, and came out a Lt. Col., and chosen 
Representative to the Moss. Legislature by South Reading, in 1866. 2. Mary Elizabeth, b. 
Aug. 27,1887; d. Feb. 20, 1841. 8. Laura Matilda, b. Aug. 23,1889; m. Dec. 81, 1868, 
to Hoyt B. Parker, who was b. In Newport, N. H., Dec. 29, 1888, and is a carpenter and 
cabinet-maker; residence in South Reading; place of business, Chariestown. 4. Joseph 



183 

Heniy, b. Nov. 8, 1841; enlisted into the same company with his brother, July 12, 1861, 
bat died in Bellevae Hospital, N. Y., Sept. 14, 1862, with typhoid fever. 5. Albert 
Alonzo, b. in Soath Beading Aug. 19, 1843. 6. Mary Elizabeth, b. July 10, 1845; m. to 
Cyras E. Marshall, of Newbary, N. H., Jan. 31, 1867. He was born about 1842, and Is 
a provision dealer in Brighton, Mass. And 7. Austin LeBoy, b. March 81, 1856. 

(41) Dea. Moses," son of Nathaniel and Lydia (Gould) Fiske, m. 
to Sukey, a daughter of James and Mary Platts, b. in Londonderry, 
N. H., June 14, 1782, where her parents lived for many years, and' 
died at an advanced age about 1833-6, her father having been a Revo- 
lutionary pensioner. They resided in Topsfield until the year 1805, in 
New Boston, N. H., until March, 1820, when they emigrated to Parish- 
ville, St. Lawrence county, N. Y., and remained about two months; 
and removed to Stockholm, same county, where Mrs. Fiske died Jan. 
9, 1822, and Deacon Fiske, the spring of that year, removed to Fort 
Covington, Franklin county, same State, and resided until his death, June 
2, 1841, after marrying Abigail Platts, a sister to his first wife, in Octo- 
ber, 1839, who probably is still living in Manchester, N. H. He was an 
industrious farmer, and a shoemaker by trade; and from an obituary 
notice of him in the Franklin Gazette, published at Fort Covington, 
June 9, 1841, we learn that **In early life he made a profession of 
religion, and was set apart to the oflfice of Ruling Elder in the Presby- 
terian church before his removal to this town, which oflBice he continued 
to hold till his death. His deportment was uniformly that of a Chris- 
tian." Communicated by Rev. Ebenezer Wells, his pastor. His chil- 
dren were, — 

61. Susan Flatt, b. at Topsfleld, Mass., March 22, 1804, who m. Feb. 17, 1881, at 
Fort Covington, where they still reside, to Humphrey Russell, Jr., who was b. at White 
Creek, Washington county, N. Y., May 12, 1802. Their children, who are all alive, and 
some married, with chUdren, are, — Edwin Humphrey, b. Jan. 2, 1832; Lovica Susan, March 
16, 1884; Rodney Fiske, Dec. 28, 1836; Huldah Eliza, Dec. 18, 1838; Moses Fiske, June 
12, 1841 ; Mary Maria, March 17, 1847. 

62. Mary Cleves, b. in New Boston, October 17, 1807, m. Robert Young, who died 
at Massena, St. Lawrence county, N. Y., Feb. 17, 1862. She is stiU living, has no issue, 
but her husband had a large fiamily by his first wife. 

63. Nathaniel, b. 1810, died aged seventeen years, a worthy member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, as my informant says, and of the same church where other members 
of this family are of like Htanding. 

64. Moses, Jr., b. April 27, 1813, in New Boston; married at Lisbon, St. Lawrence 
county, N. Y., Feb. 28, 1847, to Hannah Maria Quaw, who was bom at Hebron, Wash- 
ington county, N. Y., Aug. 2, 1824. He is a farmer at Lisbon, but has no children. 

66. Harriet Newell, b. Aug. 30, 1815, who married Hiram RusseU, a brother of her 

sister Susan P 's husband, and born at same place June 21, 1814, and reside at 

Fort Covington too; their children are all living, and several of them have children. 



184 

Briggs, b. Dec. 8, 18d6. Fanny, b. April 28, 1889. Mary, b. May 4, 1843. James, b. Feb. 
4, 1848. Daniel, b. Feb. 20, 1850. Qeorge, b. Aug. 12, 1858; and Caroline, b. July 
24, 1865. 

66. Huidah Woodbury, b. Sept. 29, 1817, who died unmarried Dec. 81, 1844, but siic 
left a diary of her Christian experience which she kept, now held by the flunily as a sa- 
cred memento of her. 

67. Putnam Bradford, b. Sept. 9, 1820, In Stockholm, St. Lawrence county, N. Y., 
who was brought up in a little log-house, in a new settlement adjoining the forests on 
the land reserved to the St. Regis Indians; but he having early formed a determination 
to acquire an education, though having scarcely any means as regards schools, or the 
Ainds, In consequence of his fiftther not being able to provide them on account of his 
feeble health, yet, like the '* Bobbin Boy," and others In our day, has succeeded to ac- 
quirements which has won the confidence and esteem of his fellow citizens generally, 
who have given him places of honor and trust. Not to name ma^y ofikces he has held 
since he commenced school-teaching, when seventeen years of age, and practice of law 
in the courts of the State, has been inspector of schools, deputy sheriff, and for two 
years been one of the associate justices of the court of General Sessions of Franklin 
coanty. He resided and had his law-office In Fort Covington until 1850, when he re- 
moved to Chateaugay, same county. He m. at LeBoy, Jefferson coanty, N. Y., Feb. 25, 
1852, to Cynthia Burhans; b. in that place June 20, 1821, by whom has two children,— 
Kate Amelia, b. Sept. 1, 1854; and George Arthur, b. Feb. 12, 1857. 

(43) David,^ son of Nathaniel and Lydia (Gould) Fiske, who m. 

Nancy Baker, resided with his father in Topsfield until two children 

were born, when they removed to New Ipswich, N. H., where three 

more children were born; in Ashburnham, Mass., and in November, 

1843, removed to Byron, Ogle county. 111., where some of his children 

had removed. He deceased Sept. 5, 1851, and his wife deceased Nov. 

30, 1856, at the same place. Their children were, — 

68. LydIa Gould, b. Feb. 21, 1814, who m. iu Ashburnham, Oct. 4, 1837, to Phlneas 
Brown Spaulding, b. In Ashburnham, Oct. 14, 1815. His parents were Isaac Spauldlng 
and Lydla Brown, who were of New Ipswich, N. H. ; resided in Worcester one year 
after they were married, five years in Kltchburg, where he carried on his business of 
cabinet-making. Ill health compelled him to give up that business, and several months 
subsequently removed to Byron, 111., ^ere he commenced, In 1844, the nursery business ; 
and, eleven years after, removed to Beloit, Rock county, Wis., where he deceased, Nov. 
1, 1864. Children, — Alft^d Foster, b. at Byron, 111., Sept. 28, 1849. Charles Washburn, 
b. at Byron. III., Aug. 12, 1861; and Ann Elizabeth, b. at Beloit, Wis., Dec. 26, 1856. 

69. Nathaniel Goldsmith, b. March 12, 1817, who m. Hannah Z. Springer, fhjm Hal- 
lowell, Maine, in 1846; has resided in Natick, in Hopkinton, etc., and is (1867) in East 
Holliston, Mass. A carpenter by occupation. No children. 

70. Hephzlbeth Card, b. at New Ipswich, April 3, 1820, who died June, 1868; m. 
Israel Stone Knowlton, son of Benjamin and Olive, and b. in Newfane, Vt., Jan. 29, 1816. 
Settled in Byron, Ogle county. III., where ihelr children were born, namely, Tryphena M., 
b. June 2 and died in October, 1848; Alvah Benjamin, b. Feb. 28. 1847; Elsie Cornelia, 
b. Feb. 4, 1849, and Willie Henry, b. Dec. 3, 1864. 

71. Elizabeth Hubbard, b. Feb. 2. 1822, in N. Ipswich; m. July 10, 1846, to Milo H. 
Smith, son of Friend and Saileny (Rowe) Smith, b. in Amherst, Hampshire Co., Mass., 



185 

May 20, 1812; settled in Byron,. Ogle Co., 111., where all their children were bom. And 
she died March 3, 1867. Her children were, —Owen, b. May 6, 1846; Maiy Esther, 
March 12, 1848; Elbridge P., Sept. 2, 1850; Maria Elizabeth, Dec. 1, 1852; Henry A., 
Dec. 7, 1854, who died January, 1855; and Abby Nancy, b. Oct. 13, 1856. 

72. Mary Anna Perkins, b. at N. Ipswich, Feb. 25, 1824; died unmarried at Byron, 
Oct. 20, 1844. 

73. Moses Baker, b. at Ashburnham, Mass., March 14, 1828; m. May 14, 1854, Abby 
J. Whltaker, of West BoyLston, Mass., but have no children. 

(44) Samuel,^ son of Samuel and Sarah (Perkins) Fiske, who mar- 
ried Sarah Patch, of Hamilton; settled in western part of Wenham, 
where he died, May 7, 1846, on the day he was seventy-three years 
old; but she deceased March 1, 1833, aged fifty-iSve. His children 
were, — 

74. Patty, b. Jan. 3, 1799, who died unmarried, aged thirty-three. 

75. William, b. Sept. 6, 1804, who deceased, aged sixteen years. 

76. Paulina, b. April 21, 1810, who m. May 16, 18 , Elbridge G., son of Warren 
Peabody, who was b. In Wenham, Sept. 9, 1810, where they resided until their first child 
was bom, and removed to Beverly, where they now reside. Children,— Sarah L., who 
died, aged seven years, and Adeline Mullet, b. in Salem, Feb. 5, 1852. 

77. Samuel Blanchard,!^ b. July 8, 1812, who deceased Nov. 5, 1845, aged thirtj^two 
years ; settled on his father's homestead, which his widow sold to James Cook, and after- 
wards owned by Geo. Kimball. HLs widow resides near the church in Wenham to the 
present time. Her name is Harriet Frances, a dau. of Bev. William and Frances (Costi- 
ken?) Dodge, and granddaughter of John Dodge, of that part of the town called Wen- 
ham Neck. She was b. Dec. 29, 1814. Their dau. and only child was Martha Madalena,i6 
who died May 1, 1855, aged 20 years and two months, after marrying Ezra, son of Amos 
and Bethiah (Goodell) Hobbs, of Wenham, who died Oct. 5, 1858, aged about 28 years, 
and they had an only child who resides with her grandmother Fiske, whose name is Eliza 
Jane,^^ and b. in Wenham, July 4, 1851. 

(45) Ezra,^ son of Samuel aiid Sarah (Perkins) Fiske, who married 
Polly Lakeman, of Hamilton, resided in Beverly at the time hid first 
and his last child was born, and Salem the rest of his life, where he 
deceased April 6, 1827, and his widow who was b. Dec. 13, 1778, de- 
ceased Dec. 20, 1857. lie was a master mariner, and commanded the 
barque "Speed," in time of the war of 1812, when in the employ of 
Joseph Peabody ; was taken by the British and put in prison at Bermu- 
da, where he was kept during most of the time until the war ended. 
Their children were, — 

78. John Brown, b. in Beverly Oct. 1, 1804, who married Jan. 10, 1832, Sarah, dau. 
of Andrew and Lucretia Derby (Mansfield) Smith, of Salem, b. May 28, 1812. 

79. Mary, b. Oct. 2, 1806, who married July 12, 1881, to James, son of James and 
Abigail (Gheever) Perkins, of Salem, have since resided in Bangor, Maine, where two or 
three of their children were born ; in Salem, Boston, and now Melrose, near the Wyoming 
station, on the Boston and Maine KaUroad. He learnt the trade of blacksmith of his 

24 



186 

father; for koir^ time followed tlie same business, and has since been in the machinery 
bOBloess. Their <^idren have been, — Wro. Francis, b. June, 1836, who died unmarried, 
Jsly, 1867. Mary Loaisa, who is a widow without children, married Edward Thayer, of 
Boston, a master mariner, who deceased at New Torlc. James Fislte, who was in the 
U. S. Navy aft the time of the Rebellion, and now a seaman. Edward B. died young. 
Charles F., who went to sea and supposed deceased; and Stephen Jarvis, b. about 1847, 
who is at home. 

80. Sophronla, b. May 24, 1808, who, in 1887, married to Richard, son of Richard 
aad XiO&s (Devereuz) lindsey, b. in Marblehead Feb. 22, 1809 ; reside on Broad street, 
and has a trading store of West India goods and groceries on Lafayette street, Salem. 
Their children were all bom in Salem, namely, — Elizabeth, b. Dec. 22, 1888, who has 
been a deaf mute firom a child (the misfottune caused by tlie scarlet fever), married 
ilaanQS Denison, A:om Boyalton, Vt., and he is so deaf that his way of conversation Is, 
for the most part, by signs. They are teachers in the Asylum at Washington, D. C, 
where they reside. Have had two children, but they deceased young. Louisa Flske, b. 
Aug. 22, 1840; unmarried. Caroline died young; and Richard Fislsc, who is a civil engi- 
neer, b. July 81, 1848. 

81. Mercy, b. July 10; 1811; died young. 

82. Lonisa, b. Sept. 5, 1812, who married Sept. 15, 1885, to Mark Webst«;r, of Bangor, 
Mafne, a lumber surveyor, and resided in that place until about 1862, when they removed 
to Chicago, Illinois, where Jthey now reside. His father, who was bom in Fryeburg, 
Maifie, died March, 1886, aged 64 years ; and Ids mother, Mary, the daughter of Rev. Dr. 
Porter, died about 1856, aged 75 years. Dr. Porter was about 96 years of age. Chil- 
dren, — an infknt, died young; Ezra Flske, b. April 25, 1848; Emery Abbott, b. Feb. 
28, 1861; and Percy L., b. Oct. 10, 1862. 

88. Sarah Ann, b. Dec. 2, 1814, who m. William Page, of Salem, a cooper, and went 
to Newton, Mass., about 1841, where she deceased, Jan. 9, 1846, and he has married a 
Lydia Smith tor his second wife. Her children were, — 1. Sarah Ann, who resides with 
her fcther, m. Charles Chamberlain of Watertown, who deceased in Cliarlcstown, by 
whom she had a son, George William, b. in Charlestown. 2. William Henry, wliose 
wife is Harriet, who belonged in Richmond, Indiana, resides in a Western State, and has 
a son Thomas. 8. Mary Jane. 4. Harriet, died young; and 5. Edwin Chapen. 

84. Abigail, b. Sept. 23, 1816, who m. June 6, 1839, to John Emery Abbott Todd, a 
son of Jeremiah and Rebecca (Fabeus) Todd, and b. In Salem, Nov. 18, 1817. He is a 
shipmaster, residence comer of Porter and Cherry streets, Salem. This city has been his 
reskieiioe most of the time, but they were awhile in South America, at Itio Grande, 
Brazil. Children, — Nathaniel Mayhew, b. in Salem, March 29, 1840, who is a shoe-dealer 
In Boston, married Helen Augusta, dau. of Brmlstreet Parker Woodman, of Haverhill, 
whose tkther was Col. John Woodman, of Haverhill (see Hist, and Genealogical Re- 
searches of Meriimack Valley), and they have a dan. Mary Abby, b. in Haverhill, Aug. 
22, 18G4. Aod Mary A., the otlier child of Mrs. Todd, died, aged eight years. 

85. Charles, b. Oct. 8, 1818, who deceased at Accra, on the Coast of Aft'ica, Aug. 30, 
1847; m. Judith Rhue, by whom had a daughter Sarah Ann, that died young, and his 
widow is married to Ephralm Allen, of Salem. 

86. Charlotte, b. in Beverly, Sept. 11, 1822; m. William Williams Whltmore, b. in 
Salem, Sept. 1, 1821, a son of Stephen and Betsey (Noyes) Whltmore. He is a book- 
keeper in Boston, but now resides on Essex St., Salem. Their children have been Char- 
lotte £., that died young; William Fiske, b. In Salem, May SO, 1861; Edith, b. in 
Charlestown, April 11, 1863; Jennie Emerson, b. in Charlestown, Feb. 11, 1866; Catie 



187 

Meservey, born in Salem, May 12, 1860; and Bamest Drayton, bom in Salem, March 
3, 1865. 

(52) Abraham/* son of Benjamin and Lydia Hobbs Fiske; m. 
Joanna Ober, dau. of Benjamin and Joanna (Ober) Edwards, of Bev- 
erly. She deceased Nov. 5, 1865, and he m. second, widow Abigail 
Wingate; now resides in Beverly, at a place on the north side of the 
town called Dodge's Row; a farmer. His children have been, — 

87. Elbridge L., who died young. 

88. Albert Richard,!* b. in the street where his father now resides, April 30, 1826, 
wlio is a shoe manufacturer in Soutli Danvers, where he has resided most of the time 
since married. His wife, who was b. in Salem, Oct. 17, 1826, is dau. of Henry and Eliz- 
abeth (Cook) Safford. Children, — Albert Franlclin,^ b. in Beverly, Aug. 27, 1847; Henry 
SafTord, b. In Danvers, March 27, 1849; George A., died young; Emma Caroline, b. Oct. 
11, 1858; Sarah Lizzie, b. Oct. 21, 1860; Clarence Russell, b. July 2, 1868; and Warren 
Burton, b. June 4, 1866. 

89. George Franlciin,^ b. Feb. 29, 1828, who died July 12, 1660, was many years a 
ship master; m. Ann Mary, dau. of John Allen, of Manchester, b. when her parents were 
in Nova Scotia. She now resides in Beverly, at a place called "the Cove." Children, — 
George Franklin, b. in Salem, January 1858; and Willie Allen, b. Nov. 1, 1866. 

90. Caroline Elsa, b. at the Cove, died young. 

91. Benjamin, b. at the Point, also died young. 

92. Abraham Alvin,^^ who is in his brother Albert R.'s manufactory, was bom at "the 
Point" in Beverly, Dec. 28, 1882; m. to Lucy Ann, dau. of William H. Philbrook, who 
was born in Rockland, Me., Dec. 6, 1835; now resides In South Danvers. Children,— 
Charles Alvin, b. in Beverly, Jan. 24, 1856; Eveleen Augusta, b*. in Beverly, March 28, 
1858; Harriet Lovett, b. in South Danvers, Aug. 22, 1860; and Lucy F., that died young. 

93. Joanna Augusta, b. at the Point in Beverly, July 15, 1835, who m. Jan. 1856| 
Luther, son of Dea. Samuel and Mary (Elliot) Foster, b. at the Cove, where he now 
resides, Jan. 3, 1830. And they have William Barr, b. April 11, 1857; and Sarah Frances, 
that died young. 

94. Elbridge,!^ b. at the Point, May 16, 1837, whose weight at this time (1867) is 
240 pounds, is a wholesale flsh-dealer; m. Louisa W., dau. of Daniel and Elizabeth 
(Woodbury) Foster, b. in Beverly, Aug. 3, 1837 (but not near related to his sister's hus- 
band), and they have a dau. Anna Ol)er, b. in Beverly, Aug. 11, 1865. 

95. William Henry, b. Oct. 16, 1839, who died unmarried at sea, not having been 
heard from since leaving Salem in the bark Lucy Maria, Oct. 19, 1858. 

(58) Ebeiiczer," son of Benjamin and Lydia (Hobbs) Fiske; m. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Simon and Fanny Mudge, of Danvers, who was born 

Aug. 22, 1813, but deceased July 6, 1860, and he married to widow 

Elizabeth (Stevens) Wilson. His children are, — 

90. Frances, b. March 30, 1836 ; m. Levi, son of Page and Mary Spalding, of Lynd- 
boro', July 1, 1868, a farmer in that town. And have Fred Willis, b. April 25, 1864; and 
Lizzie, b. July 23, 1865. 

97. Lydia Jane, b. Dec. 3, 1887, died 1840. 

98. Herbert Augustus, b. Oct. 18, 1839, now (June, 1867) unmarried. 

99. James Oscar, b. Nov. 21, 1841, unmarried. 



188 

100. Benjamin Madge, b. March 5, 1844. who m. Dec, 1866, Sarah J., dan. of Robert 
Fletcher, of Brighton, Mass., where he Is a provision dealer. 

101. Jane Catherine, b. April 9, 1846, nnmarried. 

102. Julia Augusta, b. May 8, 1848, unmarried. 

103. William Ebenezer, b. August 22, 1850. 

104. Almira EUzabeth, b. August 2S, 1852. 

(59) Shadrach," son of Benjamin and Lydia (Hobbs) Fiske, who is 
the tallest in stature of all the family, who in that respect follow their 
grandfather, is the shoe manufacturer on Central street, Beverly, close 
by his residence, and he will fill an order for any kind of boot or shoe, 
no matter what shape or style ; and if a good quality is desired, it will 
have a good and thick inner sole, and be so constructed as to ^tuin 
the water '* frum the creation and wear to the end of an old man's 
time, — ^;for we observed, the other day, that Bryant came in with a pair 
of boots that were made more than three times seven years ago, and had 
jtcst come to want a very little patching; although he had kept them for 
his "best-go-to-meeting-boots," yet had worn them to sea, and used 
them for weeks when at work in the ship-yard. Lucy, his wife, was a 
daughter of Thomas Boden, and widow of Thomas Standley, born in 
Beverly, Oct. 3, 1805. His children have been, — 

105. Charles £., who deceased young. 

106. Bei^amln, who died at Amherst, N. H., in the twenty-second year of his age, 
unmarried. The sad death was caused by breaking his back in a fall of about thirty feet 
from a sheU-bark Hickory tree, the limb that he was upon breaking; but he endured in- 
tense suiferlng fh>m the time of the accident, in October, untU the following January. 

107. Lucy Jane, who died young. 

108. John Milton, who died in 1850, aged eleyen years, and his death was in a singu- 
lar manner. He went out on the hea-shore one evening after supper with his comrades, 
and as they had flrequently done before, gathered mussels, baked and cat them, and it is 
supposed he happened to eat one that was diseased, or undergone a partial decomposi- 
tion. As soon as he felt sick he started for the house, and just as he reached home the 
entire use of his limbs was gone, and soon was unable to speak, and by nine of the 
clock that same evening, his life was gone. 

109. Elizabeth Boden, b. April 19, 1841, who married Isaac H., son of Handyside P., 
and Ruth Edgett, from Eastport, Me., b. in Hillsboro*, New Brunswick, March 18, 1838, 
a cabinet maker, reside with her father, and have a son, Horace Pearce, b. March 3, 1866. 

(78) John B.,^* son of Capt. Ezra and Polly (Lakeman) Fiske, who 
married Sarah Smith, has been a seaman from a child fifteen years old 
to 1856, when his health failed; and was a ship commander from the 
age of 23 years, consequently has seen rough times, having sailed 
around the stormy Cape Horn over a half dozen times, more often 
around Good Hope, and into cold and hot climes, requiring courage and 



189 

fortitude often equal to the exposed officers in an army. His place of 
residence has been (excepting ^while in Brooklyn, N. Y.), in Salem, 
and some time in the house on Boston street, with her grandfather, 
George Smith, and since 1852 in a house he then built on Mason, north- 
westerly corner of Buffum street, in North Fields. Their children have 
been, — 

no. George Alexander, called for his maternal great grandflither, b. in Brooklyn, 
N. Y., August 2, 1888, who Is a machinist; was married to Elizabeth Morton, in New 
'York city, a native of Liverpool, England, by whom had a daughter, Sarah Elizabeth 
Mansfield, born in New York city, August 18, 1854, and who now resides with her grand- 
father Fisko, in Salem. 

111. Charles Brown, b. May 6, 1836, in Brooklyn, who is a farmer in ^'Bealaratt," 
Australia, where he has been since 1852; probably unmarried. 

112. Augustus, b. Sept. 17, 1838, in Salem, is a seaman, and at this time, July, 1867, 
ashore in San Francisco, Cal. ; unmarried. 

118. John Brown, b. in Salem, Sept. 10, 1848, who commenced a seaman's life, bat 
was drowned in the BUick Sea, April 10, 1868. 



ESSEX COUNTY COURT RECORDS. 



COMMUNICATED BY A. C. OOODELL. 



Concluded ftrom vol. vili., p. 128. 
More of The 2V^ Quarter Court Gontinewed SO'f 4^, 1641, 

John Kettle a boy, & apprentise to Jn^ Louett of Makerell Core 
being Convented before the Court fo' broking open Jn® Wards house, & 
stealing milk, (though he had eat milk that same morning) Court Sen- 
tense is Jn regard- of his willfuU breach of y® Saboth breaking the house 
& stealing & s"^ To be seuerelie whiped and shall doe so much seruice 
to his master Longer, then his tyme, as to make good ffortye shillings 
fine to y® Court to be pd by his Master Louett 

A boy Elliott seruant to Hugh Laskin being brought before 

the Court to giue in Testimony ag* Tho: Chubb, etc. The boy being 
found falce in his owne speech etc | was Bound in Recognizance in 
ffortie shillings vnto the Court to answe' next Court heare. | 

Thomas Gardener fined twoe shillings sixe pence for absence firom 
the iury of trialls being s~oned & Called vpon, as in 53 is expresed 
24* 



190 



More of 2V'' Quarts OaurL 29^ & 30^ of 4"^ w^ ^w^ 1641 



Jur« < 



Lieft. Daaenport 
Robert Moulton 
John Woodberie 
Henry Gaines 
Godfrey Armetage 
John Alderman 
Jeffry Massey 
Georg Tayler 
W» Thorne 
James Hnbbard 
Henry Bartholomew 
James Standish 



MrThof Buck 
Tho» Dixie 
John Robinson 
& Mils Ward 



agt 



forman Lieft. Daaenport Mr Tho? Ruck ^ ^ The worpi Jn© Ham- 

phreys Sargt maior gen^U 
' Thom« Olliuer John Mars- 
ton & the rest of the de- 
linquents 
by not making a fence on Darbie forts 
ayde & damadgs thervpon deflfend^ in 
seuerall accons of trespase vpon the Case. 
vide next Court. 

Thomas Keysar pi ag! Joseph Armetage 
of Lynn def i in an a~ of the Case besids 
other a;^^ • heerein after to be entred. The Jury find for pi y* Joseph 
shall pay to his Creditors Tenn pounds if the first twoe pounds be not 
paid by bi& appointm^ already and to be accomptable to Keysar Seauen 
pounds more if so much appeare due from the Pinnace vpon Moses 
accompt & nine shillings Costs. 

Robert Adams pi agJ George Hai'ies def ? in an a~ of the Case & 
in other a~s Jury find the Complaint vniust & find for Geo: Ilanys 
def? twoe shillings vj^ fo' himself & testes & fyve shillings Costs 

George Story p! ag* Peter Pettford of Marblehead deft in an a^;^ of 
deflfamac^ Jvrye find fo' pi. Tenn pounds damages & doe iudge P. 
Petford worthy to giue publick satisfaction by Confession to the pi : as y** 
Court shall see meet, and Twenty shillings Costs, vide his oath on file 
John Luff pi ag^ willi; Bennett & Georg Roaps deft in an ac~ of 
Case, y* Jury find for defendant, y® .fence defectiue & Costs ninteene 
shillings 

Nathaneel Pitman pi ag* Osman Dutch def* in an a— of debt Jury 
find for def5 Twenty five shillings Costs & Chardgs. 

Rich' Inkersell pi ag* Josua Verrin def* in an a" 6f Case. 
Kelfored by the Conrt to Lieft. Daaenport ^ to heare & determin it by to morow at 

Mr. Henry Bartholomew S. vj of clock & ptles bound in 20« aps to 
& John Woodbury J stand to their [a^uinpsU*'\ order who 

The Court fdrth' Ordered Josua verin togeth^ w**» yo pi & def 5 haue agreed 

to pay him 4 | * towards Chardgs the basines by a contract betwixt them. 

Twoe shillings is Court Chargs. 
to be pd by. Josua verrin. | 

M(yre of the 21^ Quarter Court. Coidinewed 29 of i& 30 of 4m^. 1641 
William Harper pi ag^ Thomas Dexter senio' deft in a^ of debt Jury 



♦Words in brackets are cancelled in the records. 



191 

find for pi 4V & Costs 5?| And Thomas Dexter to gett the sack & such 
things as was in it agene to y® pi:' 

William Harper pi ag* Thomas Dexter senio' def? in an a~ of the 
Case. Jmy find for the pi for his seruant eleuen mouths Syve pounds 
tenn shillings & Leaue them to accompt the Chardges of his mens 
siknes psisik & attendance fo^ them to accompt together. And ffyve 
shillings Costs. 

William Harper pi ag? Thomas Dexter seuio' def ' in an other a~ of 
the Case. Jury find fo' the pi flyve pounds and Costs ffyve shillings 
and Leaue them to accompt fo"^ the dyett of him & his when they did not 
worke. 

The Court respitts a iudgm.' vntill next Court y' m"^ Dexte"^ may try 
th« other a^^. 

William Witter pi ag*. Christopher Liusey def* in an a;^ of Debt. 
Jury find for pi. ffyve pounds ten shillings to be paid in paymt Butable 
to what ho Receiued & Costs of Court & wittness eight shillings. 

gr. exec. 5. of 5 m*? to m^ Peste*" fo' him. | 

John Webster pi ag!: william Barber def* in ac~ of debt being de- 
Walter Knight & ) posed of the serueing of y* warrant vpon w" Barber. 
Thomas Chubb ^ by Tho : Robins. 

The Court therfore gr: that he may haue an attachm^. | 

The 22^ Quarter Court Begunn in Solemn the 25^ of the 11^ 
7noneth Ann?. 1641 There being present viz. 

Mr John Endecott dept Gournor Imprimis William Bowdish quit of his fine 

Mr Ricr SaltonstaU Esqoir of Tenn shillings expressed in pa: 49. of this 

M^SymonBrodstreet ,^^^^ By this Court. I 

Mr EmanueU Downing ^ » 

Mr wnilam Hathorne & William Edwards fined Twenty shillings for 

Mr Edward HoUiocke vntrue & falce dealing about Bees. 

Granted an Attachm* by the Court against the body & goods of 
Samuell Hay in 20!f to answer Raph Woorey the next Court after this ; 
dd. m' wooey to be sent to Constabls. & r 

George the Indean broth' of Georg Sagamore Sent to Boston gaile 



The oath of A ffreeman 
I. A. B. (being by Gods prouidence an inhabitant [and] ffreeman w***in 
the Jurisdiction of this Comon wealth) [doe] flreely acknowledge my 
self to be subiect to the Govermen[t] thereof: and therfore doe here 



192 

sweare by the great & dread [full] name of the euerliueing God, that I 
will be true and faithfuU to the same and will accordingly yeeld assist- 
ance and support thervnto, w^*^ my person & estate as in equitie I am 
bound and will also truely indeavour to mainetaine, & preserue all the 
libertyes and priuiledges thereof: submitting my selfe to the wholsome 
Lawes & orders, made & established by the same, and ffurther that I 
will not plott, or practice, any euill against it, or consent to any that 
shall so doe, but will timely discouer, & reueale the same to LawfuU 
authority, now here established for the speedy preventing thereof. 

Moreouer, I doe solemly bind myselfe in the sight of Gody that when 
I shall be'caled to giue my voyce touching any su[ch] matter of this 
state in which ffreemen are to deale, I will giue my vote and suffrage, 
as I shall iudge in my owne concien[ce] may best conduce, & tend to 
the publique weale of y* body without respect of p[er]sons or favour of 
any man. So help me God in the Loi'd Jesus Christ. 



[The fbllowing list of oonstobles, is copied ttom the first page of the first fiy-leaf of the volume.— A. C. G.j 

William Meades swome Caustable of Gloster tlie 22th of the 9 mo 1648 

PhlUip Virrin sw: x^h of 2« mo: 1637 

Mr Gardener 

Jqo Alderman sworne, 8Ui of 5^ m^ 1639 

Qervas Garford swoii 13 of 1 mo 1689 

Edward Tomlins de Lyn sw: 31 of 1 mv 1640 | . 

Edward Burcham sw: 31 of 1. m? 1640 | . 

Robt El well Sworne 80 of 4 mo 1640 

w™ Lord Swome 1 of 5 m? IWO 

Joseph Bachler swor of 5 m? 1641 

Spooner sworne 20. of 8th 1641 

Mr Henry Bartholomew. 10 of 6 mo 1642 
It. m' Tho : Venner. swor 10 of 6 mo 1642 
It. mr Robert Batten swor. 29 of 9 mo 1642 
It. Obediam Brewen. 28 of 10. 1642 

Bich"! Prcnce swome 27"» of 10 m? 1642 

John GiUo swome Constabi 28. of 4 mo 43 

Tho : Tresler sworne coustabl : i^ of 7 ro? 43 

Moses Maverik swome Const: 26 of 10. 43 for C m? 

Walter Tibott Sworn fo' Gioste^ 28 of 10 [ 

& Wm ffisk swor for wenam the 26 of 12th mo i643. 

for Salem Tho: £dwar[ds?] 25 of 1 mo 1644 

for Marblhead David [ 10 or 11 of 6 m? 1644 ; 

Georg Kesar of Lynn & James Axe of Lynn 31 of 10 m? 1644 

liichr Bishop of Salem 
Item Phiueas fl'sisk of w[cuam?] 
Item Charles Gloue*" of [ 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



OF THE 



ESSEX INSTITUTE. 



Vol. VIII. December, 1866. No. 4r. 



ALMANACS AND THEIR AtTTHORS. 



COMMUNICATED BY MATTHEW A- 8TICKNEY. 



Coatinaed l^om page 164. 

Daniel George, of Haverhill, calculated an Almanae entitled 
"George's Cambridge Almanack; or, the Essex Calendar. For the Year 
of our Redemption, 1776. Being Leap-Year, the Sixteenth of the Reign 
of George UI. From the Creation of the World, according to the best 
History, 5724; From the horrid, Popish, High Church, Jacobite Plot, 
80; And the First Year of the bloody and unnatural Civil War in 
America, commenced by the British King's, or Ministerial Troops. Con- 
taining all things necessary, useful, and fitting for the work, &c. To 
which is annexed, by particular Desire, and for the use of the Gentle- 
men, Officers, and Soldiers in the American Army, A Narrative of the 
Concord Fight. By Daniel George, a Student in Astronomy at Haver- 
hill, in the County of Essex, who is now in the Seventeenth Year of 
his Age, and has been a Cripple from his Infancy. 

"Salem, Printed and Sold by E. Russell, in Main-street (Pr. 6 cop.)" 

It contains on its first page the following introduction: "To the 

Printer of George's Cambridge Almanack, &c. Mr. Russell; Mr. David 

George, of Haverhil], is now with me; he has brought his son Daniel, 

who appears to be a singular object of pity and compassion. But with 

25 



194 

all the disorders of body under which he labors, his miud does not 
seem to have been at all affected. He has composed an Almanack, 
which, as far as I have inspected it, seems to be equal to other compo- 
sitions of that kind; and perhaps from the singular situation of the 
Author, bids fair to engage the popular attention. If it would be con- 
sistent with your business and interest to print it, it would be an act of 
kindness to the distressed, and a great encouragement to a rising 
Genius, in early years laboring under uncommon disadvantages, but yet 
bidding fair for very considerable improvements. — 1 write this from 
motives of compassion to the unhappy Cripple, and because I really 
think his talents may be of use to mankind if encouraged. How far 
this will be consistent with your interest is not for me to say. But if 
you can favor the productions of a Cripple, in the seventeenth year of 
his age, it must not only give pleasure to him, but to the benevolent 
and humane who wish success to the ingenious, and comfort to the 
wretched. I am. Sir, your very humble Servant, Samuel Williams.* 
Bradford, Aug. 26, 1775." 

Also, "The Author to the Public. Haverhill, Sept. 1775. Kind 
Reader, I Esteem myself under peculiar obligations to the Reverend Mr. 
Williams, who has been kind enough to look over my calculations, and 
it affords me infinite happiness to have this my first appearance in print 
approved of by a Gentleman of such known ability, and be assured, my 
kind and generous Patrons who may ventm-e to expend four pence to 
encourage this new production, that my most unwearied endeavors in 
future shall not be wanting to make this Almanack at least as useful 
and entertaining as any studied by Gentlemen of more riper years. 
This, however, my public-spirited Friends and Countrymen, you will be 
certain of, by becoming a Purchaser of my Almanack, you are helping 
one who is not able, or perhaps ever will have it in his power to help 
himself; which motive alone may be a sufficient incitement to a gen- 
erous mind, even should your expectations with regard to my calcula- 
tions, foe in some measure disappointed. But I presume other excite- 
ments may strike the attention of every Freeman in New-England ; that 
of perpetuating the heroic deeds of your brave and renowned Country- 
men, who so remarkably distinguished themselves in the Battle of Con- 

* Samuel Williams, LL. D. U. C. 1761. Ordained at Bradford, 1765; removed to 
Rutland, Vt., and died there 1817. He published the Natural and Civil History of Ver- 
mont, considered the best historical work of the time. 



195 

cordy and of keeping in everlasting remembrance the names of those 
noble Martyrs to Liberty, who fell in the action. 

**The inserting these occurrences » I think, cannot but be agreeable 
to every American Reader who is a Friend to the Liberties of his 
country. Having already experienced the Printer's generosity to me, in 
purchasing at a venture this my first Publication, which is not customary 
among Grentlemen Printers or Booksellers, at an author's first setting out 
in this branch, and I have reason to expect his further benevolence will 
be extended to me, should his Performance take with the Public: That 
this may be the case, is the ardent wish of your young but much 
afflicted Author," &c. Signed, Daniel Greorge. 

On the third page, said to have been written by Dr. Gordon, and 
which is frequently quoted as the most authentic account of that aflfair, 
is "A NaiTative of the excursion and ravages of the King's troops, 
under the command of Gen. Gage, on the 19th of April, 1775 ; taken, 
with 104 depositions* to support the truth of it, and published by order 
of Congress. This concise and much admired narrative is said to be 

drawn up by the reverend and patriotic Mr. G n, of the third parish 

in Boxbury. Together with an accurate list of all the provincials who 
were killed, wounded, and missing in the action; Including all that was 
lost on that day; collected by Authority. On the 19th of April, 1775, 
a day to be remembered by all Americans of the present generation, 
and which ought and doubtless will be handed down to ages yet unborn, 
in which the troops of Britain, unprovoked, shed the blood of sundry 
loyal American subjects of the British King in the field of Lexington. 
Early in the morning of said day, a detachment of the forces under the 
command of Gen. Gage, stationed at Boston, attacked a small party of 
the inhabitants of Lexington, and some other towns adjacent, the de- 
tachment consisting of about nine hundred men, commanded by L. CoL 
Smith. The inhabitants of Lexington and the other towns were about 

*The Muster Rolls in our State Hou8e> show that twenty-one persons of the name of 
Stickney, marched, and received wages for their service to intercept the British troops 
on their retreat, on the alarm of Lexington. One at least was in the action, Deacon 
WUliam Stickney, father of Mr. Josiah Stickney, of Watertown, late President of the 
Mass. Horticultural Society. His grandfather, William Stickney, Esq., *'a worthy magis- 
trate of Billerica,*' then a member of the Provincial Congress Arom that town, sitting at 
Watertown, was one of the number deputed by that patriotic body to take the deposi- 
tions which were by order of Congress despatched by John Derby In a fiast saUing flUp 
of his brother, the Hon. Richard Derby, jr., to London, which place they reached eleven 
days before the arrival of Gage*s account of the action. 



cue hundred, some with and some without fire-arms, who had collected 
upon information, that the detachment had secretly marched from Boston 
the preceding night, and landed on Phips's Farm in Cambridge, and 
were proceeding on their way with a brisk pace towards Concord (as 
the inhabitants supposed) , to take or destroy a quantity of stores deposi- 
ted there for the use . of the colony ; sundry peaceable inhabitants having 
the same night been taken, held by force, and otherwise abused on the 
road, by some officers of Gen. Gage's army, which caused a first alarm 
to the people, and a suspicion that some fatal design was immediately 
to be put in execution against them. This small party of the inhabi- 
tants, so far from being disposed to conjmit hostilities on the troops of 
their sovereign, that unless attacked, were determined to be peaceable 
spectators of this extraordinary movement. Immediately on the approach 
of Col. Smith with the detachment under his command, they dispersed ; 
But the detachment, seeming to thirst for Bloody wantonly rushed on, 
and first began the hostile scene by firing on this small party, in which 
they killed eight men on the spot, and wounded several others, before any 
guns were fired upon the troops by our men. Not contented with this 
effusion of blood, as if malice had occupied their whole soul, they contin- 
ued the fire, until all this small party who escaped the dismal carnage, 
were out of the reach of their fire. Col. Smith, with the detachment, 
then proceeded to Concord, where a part of this detachment again made 
the first fire upon some of the inhabitants of Concord and the adjacent 
towns, who were collected at a bridge upon this first alarm, and killed 
two of them, and wounded several others, before any of the Provincials 
there had done one hostile act. Then the Provincials (roused with zeal 
for the Liberties of their country, finding life and everything dear and 
valuable at stake) assumed their native valor and returned the fire, and 
the engagement on both sides began. Soon after which the British 
troops retreated towards Charlestown (having first conmiitted violence 
and waste on public and private property), and on their retreat were 
joined by another detachment of General Gage's troops, consisting of 
about a thousand men, under the command of Earl Percy, who con- 
tinued the retreat. The engagement lasted through the day, many were 
killed and wounded on each side, though the loss on the part of the 
British troops far exceeded that of the Provincials. The devastation 
conmiitted by the British troops on their retreat, the whole of the way 
from Concord to Charlestown, is almost beyond description, such as 



197 

plundering and burning of dwelling-houses and othei: buildings, driving 
into the street women in child-bed, killing old men in their houses 
unarmed. Such scenes of desolation would be a reproach to the perpe- 
trators, even if committed by the most barbarous nations, how much 
more when done by Britons, famed for humanity and tenderness. And 
all this because these Colonies will not submit to the iron yoke of arbi- 
trary power. The following is a correct list of those Provincials wlio 
were killed, wounded, and missing in the action of the 19th of April, 
1775, and the towns to which they respectively belonged. Belonging to 
Cambridge : killed, William Mercy, Moses Richardson, John Hicks, 
Jason Russell, Jabish Wyman, . «Tason Winship; wounded, C. Samuel 
Whittemore; m. Samuel Frost, Seth Russell. — Charlestown: k. James 
Miller, C. Barljor's son. — Watertown : k. Joseph Cooledge. — Sudbury: 
k. D. Josiah Haynes, Asahel Reed; w. Joshua Haynes, j. — Acton: k. 
Isaac Davis, Abner Hosmer, James Howard. — Bedford: k. Jonathan 
Wilson; w. Job Lane. — Wobum : k. Asa Parker, Daniel Thompson; 
w. George Reed, Jacob Bacon, Johnson. — Medford: k. Henry Put- 
nam, William Polly. — Newtown: w. Noah Wiswell. — Lexington: k. 
Jonas Parker, Robert Munroe, Jedidiah Munroe, John Raymond, Samuel 
Hadley, Jonathan Harrington, Jr., Isaac Muzzy, Caleb Harrington, Na- 
thaniel Wyman, John Brown ; w. Francis Brown, John Bobbins, Solo- 
mon Pierce, John Tidd, Joseph Comee, Ebenezer Munroe, j., Thomas 
Winship, Nathaniel Feameux, Prince Easterbrooks.— Billerica: w. John 
Nichols, Timothy Blanchard. — Chelmsford: w. D. Aaron Chamberlain, 
C. Oliver Barron. — Concord: w. C. Charles Miles, C. Nathan Barrett, 
Abel Prescott, j. — Framingham: w. Daniel Hemingway. — Stow: w. 
Daniel Conant. — Dedham: k. Elias Haven; w. Israel Avent. — Need- 
ham : k. L. John Bacon, S. Elisha Mills, Amos Mills, Nathaniel Cham- 
berlain, Jonathan Parker; w. C. Eleazer Kingsbury, Dr. Tolman's son. 
— Roxbury: m. Elijah Seever. — Brookline: k. Isaac Gardiner, Esq. — 
Salem: k. Benjamin Pierce. — Danvers : k. Henry Jacobs, Samuel Cook, 
Ebenezer Goldthwait, George Southwick, Benjamin Daland, j., Jotham 
Webb, Perly Putnam; w. Nathan Putnam, Dennis Wallis; m. Joseph 
Bell. — Beverly: k. Reuben Kinnym; w. Nathaniel Cleaves, Samuel 
Woodbury, William Dodge, 3d. — Lynn: k. Abednego Ramsdell, Daniel 
Townsend, William Flynt, Thomas Hadley; w. Joshua Felt, Timothy 
Munroe; m. Josiah Breed." 
2/)* 



198 

In the Calendar pages against, — 

Feb. 21. Christopher Snyder, aged 14, cruelly massacred in Boston, 
by Ebenezer Richardson, the noted informer. He was the first Martyr 
to American Liberty. 

March 5. Boston massacre. 

March 28. I predict that a certain great Potentate in Europe will 
lose his crown this year. 

April 19. Concord Fight, 1775, when began the bloody civil war in 
America, by the British Troops. 

June 17. Bloody battle of Charlestown, where were killed and 
wounded 324 provincials, 1,450 regulars; there were destroyed in 
Charlestown by the latter 1 meeting-house, 350 dwelling-houses, and 150 
other buildings. 

August 21. The English settle at Saggadahock, 1607. Aug. 24. 
The first Indian baptized in Virginia and called Manteo, 1587. Aug. 29. 
The first English child born in America, and called Virginia, 1587. 
IQuerey Dare? — ed.] 

Dec. 16. E. I. Tea destroyed in Boston, 1773. 

From the interleaved Journal of Mrs. Mary Holyoke : — 

February 7. Mrs. Car wick's child died. 

February 12. Mr. Goodhue came from Concord. 

March 4. Our People took possession of Dorchester Hill. 

March 6. Oration at Watertown by Rev. Mr. Thateher. 

March 17. The troops left Boston, our People took possession of it. 

March 24. Troops sailed. March 25. Mr. Bernard carried Peggy to 
Legs hill to see the fleet sail. 

May 17. Continental Fast. May 19. Our goods arrived from Nan- 
tucket, chased by a Man-of-War. May 29. Election. 

June 18. Mr. Pitts married. June 23. Mrs. Toppan died, and was 
buried 26th. 

July 27. Josey Sawyer buried. July 28. Mr. Ben. Davis taken 
and put into Jail at Boston (See Sabine's American Loyalists, p. 242), 
and the 31st Mrs. Davis spent the day with us at Mrs. Minott's; we 
went to see Mr. Davis in Jail. 

Aug. 5. Old Mr. Bernard died. Aug. 7. Mr. Bernard carried into 
meeting. Dr. Eliot preached. 

Sept. 6. Went to see the ships. 



199 

Nov. 12. Made the wedding visit to Mrs. Billy Pickman, Nov. 18. 
Mrs. Ome buried. 

Dec. 5. My daughter born, and the 8th baptized Henrietta, and 
died at 9 o'clock in ye morning of Dec. 30, and was buried Dec. 31. 

Dec. 26. News of Gen'l Lee's being taken. 

So great was the demand for this almanac that a second edition was 
soon after published by the same editor and printer, with an additional 
leaf containing a "Narrative of the Bunker-Hill Fight." "The bloody 
battle of Bunker-Hill was on Saturday, June 17, 1775, between an ad- 
vanced party of 700 provincials and 14 regiments, and a train of ailil- 
lery, of the British Ministerial forces, the former of whom, after bear- 
ing about 2 hours with the utmost fortitude and bravery as severe a 
cannonading as perhaps ever was known, and many having fired away 
all their ammunition, they were overpowered by numbers and were 
obliged to leave their intrenchments, with 4 pieces of cannon, and re- 
treat about sun-set to a small distance over Charlestmon-'S^ck. There 
was killed of the Provincials, 1 maj.-gen., 1 col., 1 It.-col., 2 maj., 
2 cap., 3 Its., 90 priv. Among the slain, (to the inexpressible grief of 
not only the whole army, but every well-wisher to the American cause,) 
is that honorable, renowned, and magnanimous hero, maj.-gen. Joseph 
Warren, Esq : of Boston^ late president of the Massachusetts provincial 
congress, who 'was commander in chief on this occasion, as also the 
brave and intrepid col. Gardner, of Cambridge ; col. Parker, of Chelms- 
ford; maj. Moses, of Holden; and lieut. West, of Salem, Woun. 1 
lieut., 250 priv. Tot. 325 k. and w. Of the Ministerial troops, killed, 
1 It.-col., 4 maj., 11 cap., 13 lieut., 1 ens., 102 serj., 100 corps., 753 
privates. Woun., 1 qu.-mas., 3 maj., 15 capts., 89 lieuts., 6 ens., 504 
privates. Total killed and wounded, 1,450." 



A Poem on the late Gen. Warren. 

"We much lament both one and all. 

In sack-cloth let us mourn, 
Brave General Warren's sudden fall, 

And weep upon his urn. 
•My trembling hand, my aking heart, 

O ! how it thr()l)s this day ! 



200 

His loss is felt on ev'ry part 

Of vast America. 
Ah I twice he wept the cruel fate 

Of murder'd Brethren's blood I 
Was spilt as story doth relate, 

By a fierce tyrant brood. 
Twice did our Hero have applause 

From multitudes, who shouted loud; 
When he maintained fair Freedom's cause 

What plaudits had he from the crowd. 
The list'ning world attention gave 

To ev'ry sound and word; 
What spake this CaBsar of the age, 

Much pleasure did afford. 
His pensive brow, his honest heart. 

Such truths it did unfold, 
When taking fair Columbia's part 

He sought not filthy gold. 
His only study was the good 

Of country and of court ; 
He made his practice and delight, 

To Heaven for aid resort." 



An Aokostic on Gen. Warren. 

J ust as Joseph took his flight 

O nward to the realms of light, 

S atan hiu'l'd his hellish darts, 

E vil angels play their parts : 

P iercy, Burgoyne, Howe, and Grage, 

H ove about infernal rage. 

Warren stept beyond their path 

A w'd by none, nor fear'd their wrath, 

R an his race to joy and rest, 

R ose amongst the loyal blest; 

E nter'd in the rolls of fame, 

N orth and Devil mist their aim." 

On the other side of the leaf, with this heading, "^The late Magnan- 
imous and Heroic Gen. Joseph Warren, slain, fighting in the cause of 
Liberty, at Bunker-Hill," nearly a foil length portrait of him, front 
view in his rogimentnls, standing by a cannon, with others in the dis- 



, 201 

tance directed towai'ds the English shipping in the harbor, which the 
publisher dedicates to the American Army, with this verse: — 

''Let's view brave Warren in yon azure skies; 
May ev'ry mind with this lov'd object rise. 
No more our Orator exerts his breath, 
Seiz'd by the cruel messenger of death. 
What can his dear Americans return? 
But drop a tear upon his happy urn.: 
Thou tomb shall safe retain thy sacred trust, 
'Till life divine re-animate his dust." 

"An Almanack For the Year of our Lord and Saviour, 1777. By 
Daniel George — Massachusetts-Bay: Printed and Sold by Draper and 
Phillips, at the new Printing-Office, next Door but one to the Sign of 
the Lamb-Tavern, in Newbury-Street, Boston; J. Mycall, in Newbury- 
Port, — Also by most Booksellers and Shopkeepers in the neighbouring 
Towns. (Price 6d. single, and 4s. per dozen.)" 

It contains a Preface, thanking the public for their patronage, etc., 
but nothing else worthy of note. The interleaved Journal continues: — 

Mch. 13. Mrs. Howard died at Mr. Basket Derby's. April 9. Ruth 
Lambert died. May 2. Mi-s. Derby buried. June 2. At Mrs. Lowel's 
Funeral. June 18th. John Henman died at the hospital with Purple 
Small Pox. July 1. The Hessians came thro, the town. Aug. 1. An 
Alarm at Boston. Aug. 13th. Mr. J. Andrew's child di'owned. Sept. 
9. Old Mrs. Bernard died and was buried the 11th. Sept. 11th. At 
Madam Pickman's,* Peter Frye pardoned. Sept. 27th. Brought the 
Plato from Boxford. Oct. 22. News of Gen'l Burgoin's surrender of 
the fort at Ticonderoga, and 23rd, Cannon fired for joy, windows bro- 
ken. Firewtirks in eve. Nov. 3. At Mr. Stephen Cabot's funeral. 
Dec. 2. News of Fort Miftliil surrender. Dec. 4th. Dr. Story drank 
tea here ; he brought me word of my cousin Jno. and Peggy Simp- 
son's deaths. Dec. 9th. Jno. Carwick's wedding. Dec. 18th. Conti- 
nental Thanksgiving. 

1778 — Title same as last, and contains a picture of the Solar Sys- 

* Madam Fickman was the widow of Col. Benjamin Pickman, who died 1778, her 
maiden name, Love Rawlins. Their daughter, Love Fickman, married Col. Peter Frye, 
who in 1777 was a reAigee in England, leaving his son Peter here, who entered the Pro- 
vincial Army, bnt deserted in the face of the enemy: was taken, tried, and condemned 
to be shot, bnt through the intercession of his grandmother, Madam Fickman, with 
Washington, he was reprieved on the ground of imbecility. 
2« 



202 

tern of which an account is given. Imprint, "Newbury-Port : Printed 
and Sold by John Mycall : Sold also by the Shop keepers in Town and 
Country. — Price 8 shillings per dozen and 1 do. single." At the foot 
of the calendar page for Feb. is printed in capitals, "Rebellion to 
Tyrants, is obedience to God." Interleaved Journal contains, — Jan. 12th. 
Miss Nancy Toppan died and was buried 16th. Jan. 15th. Rev. Mr. 
Locke of Sherbourn died. Feb. 14th. Wood $30. per cord. Feb. 15th. 
Mrs. Dodge's child baptized. Feb. 28th. Miss Betsey Turner's funeral. 
March 15th. Billy Goodhue baptized, he was born Mch. 8. April 14th. 
Mr. Lander buried. Apr. 21st. Mr. Jo. Goodhue's funeral. June 4th. 
Made Mrs. R. Derby a wedding visit. June 24th. Large eclipse of the 
eun in the morning, very hot weather. July 8. Mr. Clarke ordained. 
July 28. Mrs. Wetmore died and buried 30th. Aug. 12. Doctor 50 
to day. Aug. 28th. Mrs. Field buried. Oct. 8. At Mis. Orue's fu- 
neral. Oct. 11th. Mr. Camel or Carvel lost on Ipswich BaiT. Bad 
storm. Dec. 30th. Continental Thanksgiving. 

1779.— Title similar to that of 1777. By Daniel George. Philo- 
math. Imprint, "Newbury-Port. Piinted and sold by John Mycall, 
and Draper & Folsom of Boston. — Sold also by the Shopkeepers in 
town and country." It was also issued with the same title, but imprint 
"Boston: Printed and Sold by Draper & Folsom, and J. Mycall, of 
Newbury-Port," etc. Interleaved Journal: — 

April 21st. A daughter born, and 25th christened Susanna. June 6. 
Mr. Page died, and buried the 8th. Aug. 31st. Sally Crowninshield 
died and buried, Sept. 2d. Sept. 24th. Mrs. Mascarene died. Nov. 5. 
Vendue, began to sell Col. Brown's Estate. Nov. 10th. Mr. Prince or- 
dained. Dec. 9th. Mrs. Goodhue's child bom, and baptized Mary, 
Dec. 12th. 

1780.— Title like that of 1777. By Daniel George, Philom. Imprint, 
"Newbury: Printed and sold by J. Mycall. — Sold also by Draper & 
Folsom of Boston, and the shopkeepers." His address to the reader 
states that this is his fifth almanac, etc. Interleaved Journal: — 

April 19th. The Rev. Mr. Mc'Gilchrist died, and biu-ied the 24th. 
April 20th. Betsey West buried. Dr. Waldo and Miss Polly Ropes 
married. April 21st. Mrs. Hussey died this morning at 3 o'clock. 
Aug. 27. Mr. C. Pickmau's child baptized Carteret Rollins. Sept. 21st. 
The Brig Fame from Holland first missed. Sept. 23d. Young Mrs. 
Webb that was Alien died and buried 24th. Oct. 6. Sallv Fryo mar- 



203 

ried. Oct. 13th. Joseph Bowditch, Esq., died the 6th, and buried the 
8th. Oct. 19th. Old Mr. Andrews died. Oct. 25th. John Hancock, 
Esq., proclaimed Governor. Oct. 27th. Liarge Eclipse. Nov. 30th. 
Sally Putnam married to Capt. Palfrey. 

"George's Almanack, For the Year of our Lord 1781." Imprint, 
"Newbury-Port: Printed and sold by John Mycall, &c. Contains an 
account of Free-^fasons ; An account of an Elephant, wood cut of one 
is on the Title page." Interleaved Journal: — 

Jan. 7th. Dr. Bernard married to Miss Judith Herbert at Wenham. 
Jan. 10th. Madame Sargant died and was buried 14th, the Dr. a bearer 
with Mr. Nutting, Cabot, Pynchon, Derby, and D. P. Feb. 16th. Mrs. 
Ward buried. News of Mrs. Gardiner's death in England. April 17th. 
Capt. W. Williams buried. June 10th. Mrs. Waldo died, and buried 
the 12th. July l8th. The Dr. and I went to commencement the first 
since the War. Oct. 5th. Judge Lind died, and buried the 9th. Oct. 
22d. Dr. Ome married. Oct. 26th. News of General Comwallis' De- 
feat. Nov. 7th. Mr. Whitwel died. Nov. 18th. Mrs. Hunt died. Nov. 
29th. Mr. C. G. Pickman died, and was buried Dec. 14th, Dec. 18th. 
Made a wedding visit to Mrs. Dr. Stearns, formerly Miss Sprague. 
Dec. 25th. At Mrs. Thomas' funeral. 

"An Almanack For the Year of our Lord 1782. By Daniel George, 
Philomath." Imprint exactly like the last, contains nothing worthy of 
note. Interleaved Journal : — 

Feb. 3d. Betty Goodhue buried. Feb. 17th. Billy Pickman's child 
baptized Betsey (?) March 29. Mrs. Pearson died this morning at 4 
o'clock. 'April 8. Son born; 14th, child baptized Edwai-d Augustus. 
May 11. News of the death of Mr. Carwick. June 14. News of Bill 
Andrews' death. July 10. Dr. Goodhue died 10 o'clock A. M,, and 
bm*ied the 12th. Aug. 12. Mrs. C. G. Pickman's child died, and was 
buried the 14th. Sept. 1. My child died 9 A. M., which makes the 
8th child, and was buried 3d. Oct. 20. Mra. BiDy Pickman died, and 
buried the 22d. 

1783. Title and imprint like the last, contains nothing important. 
Interleaved Journal: — Feb. 20. Made wedding visit to Mrs. Waldo. 
March 31. News of Peace, and confirmed April Ist. April 4. Capt. 
Jno. Derby arrived from France.* May 20. At Mrs. H. Cloutman's 

♦lu the "Astrea," a *• Letter of Marque," oJt 20 guus and 50 meu, owned by his 



204 

funeral. May 22. Betsey Mascarene died. May 29. Made a wedding 
visit to. West. Sept. 24. Mr. Bentley ordained. Oct. 13. Miss Sally 
Crowninshield married to Mr. Saunders, and Oct. 22, made them a 
wedding visit. Oct. 24. Made a wedding visit on B (?) Pickman. 
Nov. 9. Mr. Rust's child christened Polly. Nov. 13. At old Capt. 
Derby's Funeral.* Nov. 23. Miss Betsey Barton married Mr. Cleaveland, 
and Dec. 2 made them a wedding visit. 

** An Almanack for the Year of our Lord Christ 1784. By Daniel 
George, Philo." Imprint, "Boston: Printed and sold by Adams and 
Nourse, in Marlborough-Street, near Seven-Star-Lane, and Ezekiel Rus- 
sell, near Liberty-Pole. At the same Places may be had, cheap, in 
large or small Quantities, Bickerstaff's genuine Almanack." One page 
contains a wood-cut of a hideous sea monster with an account of it. 
His address to the Reader dated at Falmouth, 1783. Interleaved 
Journal: — 

Jan. 6. Mrs. Turner died this morning: Lydia King died, both 
buried the 8th. Jan. 15. Old Capt. Gardner died, aged 77, and buried 
20th. April 1. Gayton Pickman died, and buried 4th. Sept. 2. Mrs. 
Palfrey married to Capt. Webb. Sept. 11. Mr. Chase buried. Oct. 
29. The Marquis De La-Fayette arrived, dined at Concert Hall, w(».nt to 
the Ball in the eve. Oct. 31. Mrs. Clark died, and buried Nov. 3. 
Nov. 4. Made the wedding visit to Mrs. Thomdick. Nov. 27. Mrs. 
Cleaveland died, and buried 30th. 

1785. Probably none published this year. 

''An Almanack, For the Year of our Lord, 1786. By Daniel 
George, Philo." Imprint, "Boston: Printed by Adams and Nourse, in 
Court-Street." His Preface dated at Falmouth, 1785. 

"An Almanack, For the Year of our Lord, 1787. By Daniel 
George, Philomathes." Imprint, "Boston: Printed by Edes & Son, No. 
42, Cornhill. Short Preface." I suppose this to be his last Almanac. 



brother, Ellas Basket Derby, and brought the first news of '* ratifications of the articles 
of peace being exchanged." — See Note, ante, p. 162. 

* Richard Derby, b. in Salem, Sept. 16, 1712, was the son of Richard and Martha 
(Hasket) Derby, died Nov. 9, 1783. Early in life a master mariner, and soon after a mer- 
. chant, trading In his own ships to Spain, Portugal, England, France, and their dependen- 
cies, as early as 1746, consigning merchandise to the great commercial house of Lane & 
Co., London, with whom his sons and grandsons continued to do business for nearly 
sixty years. 



206 

The Almanacs, of which I have given an account, and those I shall 
notice hereafter, are in my collection. 

Daniel George removed from Haverhill to Falmouth, now Portland, 
Me., previous to 1783, and was the publisher there for a time of the 
Gazette of Maine. He was well versed in -mathematics, and possessed 
an active and capacious mind. He is said to have been a Poet, and 
may have composed most of the verses in his Almanacs. He died sud- 
denly at Portland, Feb. 4, 1804, aged 45. 

[To be continued.] 



BAPTISMS OF 


THE FIRST CHURCH 


IN SALEM. 






COMMUNICATED BY HENRY WHEATLAND. 






CoDtiuuod iVom vol. vlli. p. 158. 




1750. April 


21. 


Infant of Joseph Gardner, named Nathaniel. 


(« 


21. 


a 


Joseph Mackentire, " Sarah. 


(( 


28. 


Mary Liscomb, the wife of Samuel Liscomb. 


May 


6. 


Infant of Timothy Ome, jr., named Timothy. 


(( 


13. 


it 


Palfry Downing, ' 


Elizabeth. 


June 


3. 


a 


Samuel Gardner, * 


' Elizabeth. 


b4 


10. 


«« 


Josiah Orne, * 


Sarah. 


ii 


24. 


a 


James Jeffi*y, * 


* Richard. 


fcfc 


29. 


*( 


William Browne, * 


* Phillip. 


fc« 


29. 


t4 


Stephen Higgiuson, * 


' Deborah. 


«i 


29. 


<( 


Robert Allen, * 


< Mehitable. 


Sept. 


24. 


H 


John Sparhawk, ' 


* Susannah. 


Not. 


18. 


c« 


Benjamin Glover, ' 


' Priscilla. 


«i 


25. 


n 


William Epes, * 


' Abigail. 


Dec. 


2. 


4( 


Epes Sergent, ' 


' John. 


H 


16. 


«» 


William Hunt, * 


* John. 


ki 


16. 


«( 


Joseph Cabot, * 


' Andrew. 


%i 


16. 


it 


Samuel West, jr., « 


' Samuel. 


H 


23. 


ti 


Francis Cabot, * 


Elizabeth. 


1750-51. Jan 


. 13. 


ii 


William Butmau, * 


' Sarah. 


a 


13. 


n 


Nathaniel Foster, » 


' George. 



2fi* 



206 



1750-51. Feb 


.24. 


In£mt of Isaac Cook, jr., 


named Sarah. 


March 17. 


<< 


Benjamin Symonds, 


(( 


Margaret. 


1751. April 


14. 


<< 


Bartholomew Putnam, *' 


William. 


May 


5. 


it 


Joseph Gavet, 


«( 


John. 


(( 


27. 


(< 


John King, 


<< 


James. 


June 


16. 


(( 


Jonathan Cook, 


(« 




(( 


16. 


<< 


Samuel Archer, 


(( 


John. 


(( 


16. 


it 


Samuel Buck, 


(( 


Elizabeth. 


(( 


23. 


it 


Samuel Symonds, 


(( 


Sarah. 


Aug. 


11. 


i< 


Daniel Mackey, 


a 


Elizabeth. 


<c 


18. 


Jean Lander was baptized. 






(« 


26. 


Infant of Nathaniel Cockran, 


i4 


Elijah. 


Sept. 


8. 


<< 


John Turner, 


(i 


Edward Kitchen. 


Nov. 


3. 


Child of Elizabeth Tink, 


it 


Mary. 


(( 


3. 


(( 


same, 


a 


Elizabeth. 


i( 


3. 


Infant of same, 


a 


Hannah. 


Dec. 


8. 


(( 


William West, 


«i 


William. 


1751-2. Jan. 


19. 


(« 


Joseph Cabot, 


(( 


George. 


(( 


19. 


(( 


Fleazer Moses, 


it 


John. 


(( 


19. 


(( 


Benjamin Osgood, 


a 


Mary. 


a 


26. 


(( 


Jona. Orne, 


a 


William. 


Feb. 


23. 


a 


Palfry Downing, 


a 


Elizabeth. 


March 


1. 


Child of Thomas Phippen, 


a 


Thomas. 


a 


1. 


Infant of same, 


a 


William. 


<< 


22. 


(( 


Gabriel Holmau, 


a 


Judah. 


1752. April 


12. 


Margaret Lander, wife of William Lander. 


May 


3. 


Infant of Francis Cabot, 


named William. 


a 


3. 


Child of El>enezer Osgood, 




Elizabeth. 


a 


17. 


Son of William Lander, 




William. 


a 


17. 


a 


same, 




Benjamin. 


n 


17. 


a 


same, 




Peter. 


^i 


17. 


a 


same. 




Robert. 


(( 


17. 


Infant dau. of same, 




Margaret. 


June 


7. 


Infant of Timothy Orne, jr.. 




Sarah. 


a 


7. 


(( 


Joseph Mackentire, 




Ruth. 


it 


29, 


«( 


Ichabod Plaisted, jr 


•5 


Ichabod. 


Aug. 


9. 


(( 


Thomas Morong, 




Hannah. 


«( 


16. 


«( 


Nesrro woman of 


Ebeuezer Ward, namecT 



Lemmon. 



207 



1752. Aug. 


23. 


Infant of John Turner, 


named Osborn. 


(C 


30. 


C( 


William Brown, 


44 


Francis. 


N. B. New style commenced this year Sept. 2d, so that Sept. 20, 


0. S., is Oct. 1, N. S. 


1752. Oct. 


1. 


Infant of Henry Gibbs, 


named Josiah Willard. 


(( 


8. 


(« 


James Thomas, 


44 


Ruth. 


(( 


8. 


a 


Isaac Cook, 


44 


Stephen. 


it 


22. 


«( 


John Sparhawk, 


44 


Margaret. 


Dec. 


10. 


(< 


Benjamin Prescott, 


44 


Elizabeth. 


(( 


17. 


The widow Elizabeth Henderson, by ye name Elizabeth. 


1753. Jan. 


21. 


Infant of Samuel West, jr., 


named Martha. 


a 


28. 


a 


Henry Skerry, 




EUzabeth. . 


Feb. 


25. 


a 


Joseph Gardner, 




Eunice. 


April 


15. 


«( 


William Osgood, 




Ruth. 


(( 


22. 


a 


Benjamin Symonds 


Jr.** 


Thomas. 


May 


6. 


(( 


Joseph Cabot, 




Nathaniel. 


(( 


20. 


4« 


Peter Frye, 




Love. 


«( 


20. 


«( 


Jona. Cook, 




Mary. 


«« 


20. 


«< 


John Lanksford, 




Hannah. 


June 


10. 


4( 


Nathaniel Symoudg 


I, *' 


Jane. 


(( 


17. 


«( 


Elizabeth Tink, wife of John Tink, named 








Margaret. 






Aug. 


19. 


Infant of Benjamin Osgood, 


named Elizabeth. 


H 


26. 


«« 


John Holten, 




Lydia. 


n 


26. 


44 


Phillip Crispfield, 




Phillip. 


Oct. 


22. 


4( 


John Turner, 




Woodbury Osborn 


Nov. 


11. 


(( 


Nathaniel Foster, 




Joseph. 


1754. Jan. 


13. 


«4 


Stephen Higginson, 




Deborah. 


a 


13. 


44 


Robert Allen, 




John. 


(( 


20. 


44 


Francis Cabot, 




Susannah. 


Feb. 


10. 


44 


William West, 




Mehitable. 


«( 


24. 


44 


John King, 




William. 


March 10. 


44 


Gabriel Holman, 




Sarah, 


April 


7. 


4( 


William Lander, 




Sarah. 


a 


14. 


44 


John Turner, jr.. 




Mary. 


a 


21. 


44 


Thomas Phippeu, 




James. 


May 


19. 


44 


Ichabod Plaist^d, 




Benj. Browne. 


June 


24. 


44 


John Sparhawk, 




Benjamin. 


July 


14. 


44 


Samuel Symonds, 




Benjamin. 



208 



1754. July 


28. 


ii 


28. 


Aug. 


3. 


a 


18. 


ii 


25. 


Sept. 


22. 


6( 


29. 


Oct. 


13. 


i( 


27. 


(( 


27. 


Nov. 


28. 


Dec. 


1. 


1765. Jan. 


19. 


Feb. 


2. 


(4 


9. 


it 


16. 


March 16. 


a 


30. 


Sept. 


28. 


Nov. 


23. 


1766. Feb. 


1. 






1. 






1. 






15. 






15. 






15. 






22. 


March 28. 


April 


11. 


May 


2. 


a 


2. 


June 


20. 


«« 


20. 


a 


20. 


July 


4. 


Ai 


»g- 


1. 



Infant of Peter Fiye, named Love. 

** Negro Woman- Rebecca, a servant of Ebenezer 

Ward, named Jepthah. 
^' Joseph Grafton, jr., named Joseph. 
" Nathaniel Symonds, " Nathaniel. 
'< William Buttman, *' WilFm Pitman. 
" Joseph Mackentire, ** Deborah. 
'' Jona. Orne, '' Elizabeth. 

*' Samuel Field, jr., " Elizabeth. 
«' James Thomas, ^* English. 

" Jemima Morong, ** Benjamin. 

" Isaac Cook, " Benjamin. 

** Joseph Cabot, *' Stephen. 

'* Benjamin Symonds, *' Elizabeth. 
*' Josiah Orne, " Mary. 

*' William West, jr., ** Benjamin. 
** William Osgood, " William. 

" Jona. Gardner, jr., *' Jonathan. 
'' Henry Skerry, *' Elizabeth, 

infant son of George Ropes. 

'* dau. of John Ropes, jr. 

" son of William West. 

" dau. of John Tink. 

'' " Robert Watts. 



15. 



George, 

Anne, 

Nathaniel, 

Anne, 

Hannah, 

Samuel, ] 

Edmund, 

Elizabeth, 

Lois, 

Rebecca, 

Lydia, 

Elizabeth, 

Elizabeth, 

Ruth Metcalf, 

Abigail Towzer, wife of Wm. Towzer, jr., 

Elizabeth, infant dau. of Mr. John Turner. 

Peter Pickman, *' son of Peter Frye. 

Benjamin, ** " Benjamin Osgood. 

Judith, Negro woman servant of Sani'l Barnaixl 



Young childi-en of Samuel Gale. 

inl'ant dau. of Timothy Orne. 
'* '* Wellman Sutton. 

*i t< AVilliam Lander. 

'• Stephen Higginson. 
" " Ebenezer Bowditch, jr. 

sistei*s adult. 



Sept. 


12. 


Oct. 


10. 


(( 


17. 


(( 


31. 


Dec. 


26. 


Jan. 


16. 


Feb. 


27. 


April 


17. 


<( 


17. 


<< 


17. 


May 


15. 



209 

1756. Sept. 12. Samuel, infant son of Samuel Gardner. 
Samuel, ** <* Jonathan Orne. 
Pompey, *< " CsBsar, Mr. Diman's Negro 

servant. 
Judith, infant dau. of Edward Augustus Holyoke. 
Thomas, *< son of Samuel Chipman. 

1757. Jan. 16. Samuel, ** «^ Joseph Mc'Intire. 
Mary, ** dau. of Samuel West, jr. 
Mehitabel, wife of Joseph Henderson, jr. 
Dayid, infant son of Jonathan Ashhy. 
Samuel, ** «< Thomas Gyles^ of Danvers. 
William, *♦ *« Henry Gibbs, by my honored 

Father. 

** 29. Thomas,^ 

James, v young Children of Thomas Porter. 
John, 
Jime 19. Francis, infant son of Joseph Cabot. 

*< 19. Mehitable, ** dau. of Joseph Henderson, jr. 

July 30. Rachel, << ** Daniel Hawthorn. 

Aug. 7. Joshua, ** son of Joshua Grafton. 

** 7. Mary, ** dau. of Samuel Field. 

« 28. Elizabeth, " ** Thomas Porter. 

Sept. 18. Jonathan, << son of Jonathan Cook. 

<* 18. Lydia, ** dau. of Samuel Gale. 

Oct. 30. Martha, ** *« George Glover. 

Nov. 6. Samuel, <* son of Nath'l Foster. 

** 20. Joseph, <* ** Capt. Jos. Bowditch,jr. 

'* 20. Anna, *' dau. of Dr. Bezaliel Toppan, 

*' 20. Hannah, " *< Oulton. 

" 27. Charles, '* son of John Turner, Esq., 

1758. Feb. 19. Sarah, " dau. of Joseph Flynt. 

** 26. Cato, Negro servant belonging to Mr. Jeflry. 

April 16. Esther, infant dau. of Timothy Orne. 

** 23. George, " son of John Felt. 

May 2. *< dau. of John Ropes, jr., Joyner. 

** 28. James, ** son of Arthur Jeftry. 

June 11. Martha, " dau^ of Isaac Cook. 

July 9. The widow Sarah Peard, ost. 70. 
27 



210 



1758. July 


9. 


William, infant 


son of Ebenezer Bowditch, jr. 


a 


23. 


Elizabeth, 


the wife of Benjamin Osborn. 


a 


30. 


Sarah, 


infant dan. of Capt. Peter Frye. 


Aug. 


6. 


Elizabeth, 


cc 


<< Capt. John Crowninshield. 


66 


6. 


Anna, 


(< 


** Capt. Josiah Ome. 


66 


20. 


Elizabeth, 


c< 


<* Capt. Joseph Grafton, jr. 


C< 


20. 


Ebenezer, 


«c 


son of William West. 


Sept. 


3. 


Benjamin, 


c< 


^* Benjamin Osborne. 


(( 


24. 


Rebecca, 


tc 


dau. of Samuel Chipman. 


(( 


24. 


John, 


c< 


son of John Fink. 


Oct. 


1. 


Sarah, 


<( 


dau. of Jonathan Ashby. 


Nov. 


19. 


Samuel, 


(( 


son of Joseph Cabot. 


Dec. 


10. 


Deborah, 


(< 


dau. of Pinsen Bickford. 


1759. Jan. 


7. 


Lydia, 


ftC 


** John King. 


Feb. 


11. 


Esther, 


C( 


*< Joshua Grafton. 


March 25. 


John, 


(« 


son of Benjamin Symonds. 


April 


20. 


Mehitabel, 




dau. of John Higginson (by Mr. Holt). 
" Capt. Jonathan Ome. 


May 


20. 


Angier, 


«( 


son of Joseph Mc'Intire. 


June 


17. 


Nathaniel, 


«< 


'' Nathaniel Ropes. 


i< 


17. 


Daniel, 


cc 


** Daniel Hawthorn. 


Sept. 


2. 


Joseph, 


<< 


** Joseph Henderson, jr. 


(< 


9. 


Joseph, 


C( 


<' Robert Allen. 


Dec. 






cc 


** Peter Henfield. 


1760. Jan. 


13. 


Edward Church 


, infant son of Edward Weld. 


66 


27. 


Elizabeth, 


infant dau. of Joseph Fljnt. 


<( 


27. 


Catherine, 


iC 


John Felt. 


66 


27. 


Mary, 


(C 


^^ James Andross 


Feb. 


17. 


Elizabeth, 


<< 


•' Benjamin Osborn. * 


(C 


24. 


Hannah, 


(C 


*' George Smith. 


March 25. 


Sarah, 


C( 


" Samuel Gale. 


April 


6. 


Eunice, 


(( 


*« Timothy Ome. 


(< 


13. 


Samuel, 


(« 


son of Samuel Webb. 


<< 


13. 


James, 


(( 


*< Thomas Phippen. 


May 


11. 


Flora, 


c< 


dau. of Isaac (serv't. of Sam'l Gardner) . 


June 


15. 


John, 


(( 


son of Nathaniel Foster. 


<< 


15. 


Eunice, 


C( 


dau. of Ebenezer Bowditch, jr. 


(< 


15. 


Mary, 


(( 


" John Bowditch. 



211 



1760. June 


15. 
15. 


infant dau. > . „ „ , ^ . 
« « t twins of Samuel Chipman. 


Aug. 


31. 


Edward, 


. „..,.. ^r } by the Rev. 
" son of Wilham West. ^ ^ ^^^^ 


Sept. 


7. 


John, 


*< ** John Higginson. 


<< 


14. 


Priscilla, \ 
Sarah, \ 


1 

• ** dau. Twins of Samuel Field, jr. 


ti 


21. 


Henry, 


** son of Henry Rust. 


a 


28. 


Mary, 


" dau. of Dr. E. A. Holyoke. 


Nov. 


9. 


Judith, 


" ** Capt. Peter F^e. 


tt 


16. 


Mehitabel, 


** " Capt. Thomas Eden. 


Dec. 


14. 


William, 


** son of Capt. Wm. Webster. 


1761. 




Abigail, 


" dau. of Mr. Nath'l Ropes. 






Mary, 


** " Capt. Jona. Cook. 


March 


I 8. 


Thomas, 


** son of John Tink. 


<< 


8. 


Lois, 








William, 


- children of Thomas Bright. 






Thomas, 




a 


22. 


John, 


infant son of John Wells. 


April 


26. 


Walter, 
Joseph, 


" - Warwick Palfrey, > 

- " Thomas Bright, J^^^Hoit. 


May 


a. 


Jonathan, 


<* " Jonathan Tarrant. 


June 


21. 


Elizabeth, 


** dau. of Jonathan Ashby. 


(C 


21. 


Ruth, 


" *< Samuel Holman. 


it 


28. 


Nathaniel, 


^* son of Benjamin Osgood. 


Aug. 


2. 




" « Joseph Mc'Intire. 


Not. 


29. 


Andrew, 


*« " Andrew Oliver, jr., Esq. 


Dec. 


18. 


Hannah, 


" dau. of Capt. John Bowditch. 


<( 


27. 


Sarah, 


** " Jonathan Terry. 


1762. Jan. 


3. 


William, 


infant son of William Ward. 


<c 


10. 


John, 


*« " Samuel Bickford. 


a 


10. 


James, 


« ** James Andrew. 


a 


24. 


William, 


*< ** Joseph Flynt. 


it 


31. 


Samuel, 


«< «< Timothy Ome. 


ti 


31. 


John Titco 


mb, ** ** John Ropes, jr. 


Feb. 


14. 


Sarah, Wife of James Odell. 


March 


21. 


James, son 


I of James Odell*. 


(( 


21. 


George, ' 


* George Smith. 



212 



1762. April 4. 

** 18. 

May 2. 

" 23. 

June 27. 

Aug. 1. 

8. 

15. 

29. 



1763. 



Aug. 
Sept. 



29. 

5. 

12. 

" 12. 

19. 

Oct. 17. 

17. 

Nov. 28. 

" 28. 

Dec. 89. 

'* 29. 

9. 

9. 

16. 

16. 

16. 

16. 

23. 

30. 

30. 

Feb. 13. 

^* 13. 

13. 

27. 

27. 

27. 

March 6. 



Jan. 

i< 
ti 

it 

a 



John, infitnt son of Henry Bust. 

** dau. of Benjamin Osborn. 
John, '* son of Nathaniel Foster. 
William, '* « William Browne. 
Esther, infant dau. of Capt. Daniel Mackey. 
Daniel, ** son of Capt. Wm. Webster. 
Andrew, ** ** John Higginson. 

Benjamin, ** " Arthur Jeflly. 

William C!ook« adopted child of John Archer, aged 

17 mos. 
Ebenezer Glover, aged near 70. 
Elizabeth, infant dau. of Ebenezer Bowditch, jr. 



Sarah, 

Martha, 

Joshuai 



John, 

Samuel, 

William, 

Francis Cawley, 

Thomas, 

Joseph, 

John, 

Elizabeth, 

Jonathan, 



** Capt. Bartho. Putnam. 
** Samuel Gale, 
infant son of Trask. 

Capt. George Dodge. 
Samuel Holman. 
Jno. Nutting. 
Capt. Sam! Webb. 
Capt. Peter Frye. 
Mr. Abraham Gray. 
Mr. William West. 
Mr. Edmund Bickford. 
Hon. Nath. Ropes, Esq. 
dau. of Benj. Punchard. 
son of Jonathan Tarrant. 



PrisciUa, wife of Daniel Bopes. 
Benjamin, infimt son of Benj. Daland. 
Nehemiah, *' " NehTi Gould. 
Lydia, ^* dau. of James Gould. 

Mary, ** ** Nath'l Symonds. 

Lucrec^ ** *' Joseph Gavett, jun. 

John Carter, '^ son of Galium. 

William, '' •* William Vans, Esq. 

Sarah, '^ dau. of Capt. John Crowninshield. 

Samuel, *< son of Samuel Field. 

Margapet, '* dau. of E, A. Holyoke, Esq. 
«* '* Daniel Kopjes. 



213 



1763. March 20. 


Samuel, 


infant son of William Lander. 


«t 


20. 


Elizabeth, 


(( 


dau. of Miles Ward, 3d. 


(( 


27. 


Orchord, 


(( 


son of Jonathan Cook. 


April 


17. 


Wood bridge, '« 


' * Joseph Grafton , jr . 1 

Thomas Phippen, ^Mr.^Tiitwcii. 


(( 


17. 






(( 


17. 


John, 




" James Punchard, J 


May- 


22. 


Sarah, 




dau. of Capt. Daniel Hawthorn. 


June 


26. 






'< Daniel Bray. 


July 


3. 






'' Francis Skerry. 


(( 


24. 


Jonathan, 




son of Robert Allen. 


(( 


24. 


John, 




'* John Ropes. 


(( 


31. 


Oliver Kempton 


, infant son of Wellman. 


Aug. 


14. 


Abigail, 


infant dau. of John Wells. 


(« 


28. 


Nathaniel, 


(( 


son of Cartwick. 


Sept. 


4. 


John, 


(( 


" John Tink. 


(( 


18. 


Andrew, 


(( 


*' Andrew Oliver, Esq. 


(C 


18. 


Mary, 


<( 


dau. of Jona. Ropes. 


(( 


18. 


Ruth, 


it 


«' William Ward. 


Oct. 


2. 


Benjamin, 


it 


son of Benja. Pickman, jr. 


(( 


1(5. 


Samuel, 


a 


*< Joseph Gardner. 


C( 


23. 


Mary, 


ti 


John Millet. 


1764. Jan. 


1. 


Mary, 


infant dau. of Benj. Osgood. 


(( 


1. 


Dudley, 


(( 


son of Dudley Woodbridge. 


«( 


1. 


Joseph, 


(( 


" Henry Rust. 


(( 


8. 


Jonathan, 


a 


son of George Smith. 


(( 


8. 


Mehitabel, 


(( 


dau. of James Andrews. 


(( 


29. 


Patience, 


(( 


*' Benja. Osborn. 


Feb. 


5. 


Rebecca, 


(( 


'* Wm. Vans. 


it 


26. 


Daniel 


(( 


son of Jonathan Tarrant. 


March 


4. 


John, 


(( 


** John Bowditch. 


(( 


11. 




(( 


dau. of Joseph Flynt. 


April 






a 


'' Nath'l Foster. 


June 




Elizabeth, 


n 


*' Capt. Daniel Mackey. 


Aug. 


12. 


William, 


a 


son of Eben Bowditch, jun. 


(( 


26. 


Elizabeth, 


a 


dau. of William Lander. 


n 


26. 


Abigail, 


(( 


" Samuel West, jun. 


Sept. 


2. 


Benjamin, 


(( 


son of Benj. Henderson. 


«( 


16. 


John, 

28 


«( 


*' William West. 



214 



1764. Oct. 


7. 


Mary, infant dau. of Warwick Palfrey. 


(( 


7, 


Mary, " ♦• Jeremiah Newhall. 


(( 


14. 


Samuel, " son of Samuel Holman. 


Nov. 


11. 


Thomas, <' " Nath'l Symonds. 


ii 


11. 


Jonathan, " '♦ Thomas Morong. 


Dec. 


2. 


Elizabeth, »' dau. of Hon. Nath'l Ropes, Esq. 


C( 


2. 


Ruth, " " David Ropes. 


<( 


9. 


Elizabeth, «« " Capt. Barth. Putnam. 


1765. Jan. 


6. 


Priscilla, *' '« Daniel Ropes. 


(( 


13. 


Mary, " " Edward A. Holyoke, Esq. 


(( 


13. 


Elizabeth, " •• Joseph Henderson, jr. 


n 


27. 


Ruth, dau. of Capt. John Crowninshield. 


Feb. 


3. 


son of Joseph Henderson. 


(( 


10. 


Sarah, dau. of Samuel Clements. 


n 


17. 


Catharine, dau. of Will. Browne, Esq. 


March 10. 


Daniel, son of Thomas Bowditch. 


a 


31. 


Jonathan, sou of Jonathan Ropes. 


April 


7. 


Samuel, set. 2 years, ) e a n < v. 
John Woodwell, \ «°°« "^ ^^"^^ ^^«^»«^- 


(( 


28. 


Benjamin, son of Capt. Peter Frye. 


(( 


28. 


Abigail, wife of Capt. Benjamin West. 


May 


5. 


Margaret, 


^i 


5. 


George, ^ children of David Mackey. 


«( 


6. 


David, inf. 


6i 


19. 


Thomas, son of John Hurlbut. 


«( 


26. 


Mary, dau. of Wm. Vans, Esq. 


(« 


26. 


Martha, dau. of Dr. John Prince. 


June 


2. 


Deborah, «' John Felt. 


a 


30. 


Anna, " Capt. George Dodge. 


July 


7. 


Eunice, '* Timothy Orne. 


ii 


7. 


Lydia, " Henry Rust. 


(4 


14. 


Abigail, << Capt. John Eopes. 


Aug. 


18. 


George Curwen, son of Richard Ward. 


<< 


18. 


Sarah, dau. of George West. 


(( 


25. 


Daniel, son of Andrew Oliver, Esq. 


<( 


26. 


Nathaniel '* Capt. Sam'l Webb. 


(( 


25. 


Thomas Marsh, ^^ Dudley AVoodbridge. 


Sept. 


1. 


Sarah, dau, of Dr. Ebenezer Putnam. 



215 



1765. Sept. 1. Hannah, dau. of John Millet. 

'' 22. William, son of John Wells. 

'* 29. Elizabeth, 2 yrs old, > , .„ ^^ x, . ,xr 

o . /. > children of Capt. Beni. West. 

Susanna, mf. \ f^ j 



DIARY OF REV. JOSEPH GREEN, OF SALEM VILLAGE. 



COMMUNICATED BY 8. P. FOWLER. 



The Diary of Mr. Green was written on a 12mo sheet, commencing 
March 4, 1700, and ending June 18, 1715. It is an every-day record 
of passing events noticed in his family, neighborhood, and parish. Much 
of it relates to his domestic affairs, the condition and cultivation of his 
farm, the birth and education of his children, the visits of his friends at 
the. parsonage, the state of the weather, and the condition of his crops. 
The return of the seasons was noted with regularity, together with the 
meteorological changes, but of course without any instrument to denote 
the degrees of heat and cold. Mr. Green, in his Diary under date of 
Dec. 18, 1700, writes: "I was at home; warm weather. About 10 
o'clock at night we saw a white circle like a rainbow in ye Nor. West." 
I think this will be found to be the earliest notice of the Aurora Bore- 
alis. The display was not so great as to attract general notice, like the 
one which occurred Dec. 11, 1719, which is said to be the first appear- 
ance of this phenomenon in New England. In reading his Diary one 
would be led to suppose that the seasons were generally earlier than at 
the present day. He informs us that his garden was planted as early as 
the 19th of March, in spring of 1714, and that on the 29th of June fol- 
lowing, he commenced haying, and harvested his crops Sept. 29. In the 
year 1701 he finished planting his garden the 10th of April. In 1702 
he planted his Indian corn April 23d, and gathered it Sept. 17. On the 
16th of April, 1703, he planted his garden, and gathered his com on 
the 20th of September. On the 26th of March, 1712, he sowed his 
turnips, and on the 15th of September gathered his winter apples. We 
find, upon the examination of his Diary, that his crops were planted 
about the 20th of April, that he began his haying not far from the 25th 
of June, and harvested his crops very uniformly from the 15th to the 
24th of September. Much of Mr. Green's religious teaching was prac- 



216 

tical and specific, and we are inclined to think sometimes personal. He 
says, "Capt. N. PiiLnam came to my house April 11, 1712, and spake 
much against my preaching latterly." 

As Mr. Green has left us the texts which formed the subject of his 
discourses, we may infer that the preacher labored to impress upon the 
Captain and others who withheld their contributions, their duties in this 
respect. Some of the subjects of his discourses we are not accustomed 
to hear announced from the pulpit, such as the importance of either 
building a new meeting-house or repairing the old one, lecturing his 
deacons upon their duties, calling upon the church to contribute more 
money for the minister's support, or to pay money due him, exhorting 
the church to attend meeting more constantly, urging parents to send 
their children to the place of public catechising, to come forward and 
own the covenant, etc., etc. 

Mr. Green, during his ministry, preached several sermons" on divina- 
tion, still practised in the village. He evidently supposed persons capa- 
ble of procuring aid from diabolical sources, and with the sad lesson 
taught him by the witchcraft delusion fresh in his memory, was careful 
to suppress divination which he well knew preceded the Salem tragedy. 
And it would seem, by an entry in his Diary, that the Devil had not 
forgotten the people of Salem Village, nor his old haunts, for we find 
that Mr. Green with others on the 22d of February, 1712, visited John 
Deal, and spent three hours in prayer for his wife, being under tempta- 
tion. We may suppose that these exorcising endeavors on the part of 
the faithful pastor and his friends to counteract and foil the tempter 
were successful, and that he was forever put to flight, never more to 
tamper with the honest people, at least, of Salem Village. It is evident 
that Mr. Green's Diary was not written for the eye of the public. He 
frequently conceals his thoughts by the omission of words ; these, when 
evident, I have sometimes supplied, and when abbreviations were used I 
have extended them when the sense was obvious. 

1700, Mch 4. Cloudy & rainy, heard a Phebe and other birds sing. 
I was at home partly reading & partly pruning my orchard. Left. Put- 
nam caird here as he went from John Wyatts, having been there to 
make Distress for his Rate for my salary, with a desire to know 
whether he dwells within our bounds. 

17. Sab, Fair weather. ' I preach't at Salem, soon after I began my 



217 

sermon in the afternoon, there was a fence near ye meeting house on 
fire which being discovered, caused a great hubub but was soon put 
out &c. 

19. General Meeting of our Inhabitants at ye Village, and several 
persons viz. Capt. N. Putnam, Benj. Putnam & Jona. Putnam did say 
the other Inhabitants had no power to distrain the strangers money. 
And they said yt in the General Meeting when they voted my £.70 
salary they had much discourse whether by said vote I should have ye 
strangers money beside ye £.70 and they concluded that it was mine, 
and they had no power to dispose of it. They voted that other Inhab- 
itants should put their money in papers. They also choose a Committee 
to enquire ye price of a Meeting House 50-40 and 22 feet. 

20. I had 4 men to dig rocks & Juo. Walcut to prune my orchard. 

24. Sab. Cold & windy. Soldiers sick & prayed for. 

30. I was in my study, there was a rumour that a considerable 
quantity of something like brimstone yt fell at Salem; but afterwards 
contradicted. 

April 10. Fair weather. Eedding Lectured. I went. I carryed 
home to Mr. Pierpont 2 books, and borrowed Ward on Mathew. 

12. We have kept house one year and have been comfortably pro- 
vided for. Gratia Deo optimo — maximo avida. 

22. Cold windy weather. I carryed my mother to Boston by Winny 
Simmit. I fancy W™' Gerrish is very ill. I paid uncle Deering money 
for Cozn. Atkinson. I gave to Mr. Coolridge 18 Shil. to buy a pair of 
breeches. I bespoke 6 silver spoons at Mr. Cummings. I spoke to Mr. 
Sam! Phillips to preserve for me a Cambridge Concordance. 

26. We gardened. Curious weather. 

May 3. I bought 8 plum trees & set in my garden, & removed 3 
apple trees in my orchard. 

7. Cold easterly weather, but no rain I catechised at ye Meeting 
House 40 Children. 

Mr. Hale of Beverly died in ye 63 year of his age. Tarrant Put- 
nam went to mill for us. I at study. I sent 6 bush of malt to mill 
and there came back but 5 bush & 1 peck. 

25. Our sheep sheer'd. 31 lbs. of wool. 

June 13. I went to ye fast at Ipswich; and first Mr. Noyes stood 
up and mentioned ye occasion of our meeting & began with Prayer and 
then Mr. Gerrish preached & concluded. Afternoon Mr. Wise began, 



218 

Mr. Cheover preached & concluded. We sup** at Mrs Hales ; and ye 
Elders (being desired by ye Deacons and others) did advise yt ye 
Church with ye Inhabitants should desire Mr. R. Hales, being on the 
spot to preach with them for ye present. I came home late on the 
Ingersole horse. 

30. Sab, I preached to ye people encouraging them to build a New — 
Meeting house. 

July 1. Our people met & agreed to build a new Meeting House 
within two years & pay for it in money. 

4. I went to Boston Lecture, Mr. Stoddard preached. After lecture, 
there was a General Assembly of Ministers at Mr. Willards, and there 
was some discourse with Mr. Stoddard about the Book entitled ye Doc- 
trine of Instituted Churches. But little to ye purpose. But no one 
would fairly dispute ye point. 

Aug. 15. I went to a Fast at Ipswich, upon ye account of ye 
drought. At night shows of rain; Mr. Blowers came home with us. 

16. At night it rained plentifully in answer to prayer. 

Sept. 16. I went to Cambridge, and Newton and brought my 
mother Green by Mistick to our house on my new black horse. 

23. Sab. I preached. I went with my wife to Wenham in ye 
evening. We journeyed with my father Gerrish & brother Joseph to 
Ipswich with old Madom Rogers & Mr. John Rogers wife to Newbury, 
and it took all ye afternoon. We log'd at Capt. Greenleaf's. My wife 
got a bad fall, but got no hurt. My father log'd at Mrs. Daltons. 

24. We journeyed to Hampton & dined at Mr Cottons ordinary. 
Mr. N. Rogers met us there, we went to Poj-tsmouth & lodg'd at Uncle 
Waldrons. 

25. Rain, We dined at Capt. R. Gerrishes, and in the afternoon 
went up ye river to uncle Gerrishes, we met with a gust of wind, and 
a great shower that surprised us. We lodg'd at Uncle Gerrishes. 

26. We visited at Waldren's & returned to uncle Gerrishes, we 
were very cheerly. 

27. Uncle & Aunt Waldren & Coz? Wade & his wife dined with us 
at Uncle Gerrishes. 

28. Cloudy morning. We rode down to Dover and so came in 
Coz. Gerrishes pinnace to Portsmouth, we log'd at Uncle Waldrens. 

29. Sab. I preached in the forenoon & my father Gerrish in the 
afternoon, we dined at Mr. Rogers. 



219 

30. We dined at Major Vaughams and had ye most Genteel dinner 
& attendance that ever I saw. 

Oct. 1. We came home to Wenham. 
2. Came home with my wife & got in all our winter apples. 

17. Training & Trooping at ye Village. I dined with Capt. Flint. 

28. I killed a Wild cat. 

Nov. 3. I exhorted the church to attend ye Church meetings more 
carefully. 

17. I and my wife & our people generall ill with a cold. 
24. Sab. I am 25 years old. 

26. Cold. I paid Jos Holten 3 shil. for a new barrel, and sider 8 
shil. and for a pig 7 shil. He cleared his subscription and rate for ye 
year. Priscella Lynn was marryed in ye evening to John Buxton & 
went home. She lived with us about one year & a half and was a vey 
good maid. We made a supper for them. 

27. I went to Salem Lecture. Mr. Noyes preached and we din'd 
with ye Judges of the Supreme Court. 

Dec. 18. I at home. Warm weather, about 10 at night we saw a 
white circle like a rainbow in ye North West. 

1701. Jan. 7. Vey cold. I went to Boxford to a fast in order to 
getting a minister. We had but one exercise. Mr. Capen began & Mr 
Parsons preached. Mr. Bernard prayed & Mr Symons concluded. Had 
supper at Mr. Peabodys. 

Jan. 23. I subscribed £10 to build ye Meeting House. Old Mr. 
Ray told me of a man killed at Beverly by ye falling of a tree. viz. 
William Raymond. 

Feb. 17. I went to the neighbours about wood. 

18. Cloudy. I had a supply. of wood. Ten of our fi'iends from 
Salem visited us & ate here. 

21. J. HeiTick here with me about a diflerence between him & his 
neighbour Bishop. 

28. Rain & snow. cold. I at study, my wife pretty well, we have 
had abundance of snow & close winter weather this month, hay is likely 
to be very scarce. 

Mch. 24. Cloudy, windy & cold, ye workmen began to frame our 
meeting house. Good news of peace between neighbours. 

April 5. Curious weather, ye carpenters raised ye roof of ye meet- 
ing house. 



220 

8. Curious weather. I went to Salem to ye Ministers meeting our 
principal discussion was about Beverly. 

17. I went to Wenham & grafted 59 cyons on 24 trees. 

22. A meeting of ye Inhabitants about seting & raising ye Meeting 
House much contraverting discourse but a good issue. 

May 12. Several persons at work to level the hill for ye Meeting 
House.* 

21. Our people began to raise ye Meeting House. 

June 13. The teerit (turret) of ye meeting house raised. 

18. A public Thanksgiving in ye Village Mr. Andrews put up a 
note. Mr. Noyes began and Mr. Pierpont preached and concluded. All 
went home at night. We had about 30 dined including our family. 

25. I carry ed my wife to Salem Lecture I dind' with ye court. 

Sept. 3. Foul weather. I went to Salem Lecture Mr. Cotton Mather 
preached. 

Oct. 22. I went to a Fast at Beverly, Mr Noyes began Mr. Wise 
preached, Mr. Cheever concluded. 

27. I went with my wife to Wenham. Rain at night. Training & 
Trooping at Salem sister May Green maryed to Mr. Hunting. 

29. I went with my wife to Mr. Blower's ordination, after some 
debate in ye morning there was a happy peace agreed upon, and we 
proceeded with comfort to universal satisfaction. Mr. Brattle began, 
M. Blower preached, Mr. Noyes gave ye charge and Mr. Cheever's gave 
ye right hand of fellowship. The weather was emblematical of ye affairs 
of ye day. 

Nov. 24. I am 26 years old. 

Dec. 8. Sim arose clear, but went to bed, a rainbow before sunrise, 
in ye west very bright a curious day. 

1702. Jan. 1. Cold. I at study. Bray Wilkins dyed who was in 
his 92 year. He lived to a good old age, and saw his childrens chil- 
dren and their children and peace .upon our little Israel. 

2. The Chh. here kept a day of prayer for ye pouring out of ye 
Spirit of God upon us and ours. Lord hear us. Old William Buckley 
dyed this evening. He was at ye meeting ye last Sabbath and died 
with ye cold (I fear) for want of comfort and good tending. Lord for- 
give. He was about 80 years old I visited him and prayed with him 

♦ Watch House Hill where the present Meeting House stands. There was fonnerly a 
Bloel? House standing there. 



221 

on monday and also ye evening before he dyed. He was vey poor, 
but I hope had not his portion in this life. 

March 30. Summer weather, I pruned my orchard. 

April 16. I went to Wenham to advise about a horse. 

17. I bought a horse of Stephen Howard for 6£. 10 Shil. of which 
I paid 3£. 10 Shil, and the other 3£. I am to pay him before July. 

May 3. Sabbath. I was vey faint & ill and preached with difficulty. 

27. Election. News of King William's death. 

June 4. Great rain. Ye ceremonies of King Williams funeral at 
Boston. 

15. The Village had a meeting and choose a Committee to seat ye 
new Meeting House. 

29. Our maid Ann Hodgden went away. She has been a vey good 
maid. 

10. Our new Meeting House was white washed. 
12. I preached against Divination. 

July 26. We first met in our new Meeting House. 
Aug. 5. I went to Salem Lecture, and carried ye record of mar- 
riages to Mr. Epps, & my childrens births. I paid 5 shil. 
19. Salem Lecture, Mr. Cheever preached, sickly time. 
25. I visited Mr. Andrews, he is very ill. My peas thrashed. 
Sept. 9. I was at work in ye new Meeting House. 

11. I began Indian harvest, 
was gathering winter Apples. Finished husking. 

. I went to Dr. Wells funeral, 
have laid in 9 barrels of sider. 
went to Boston and bought me a coat, paid 4£. 
at home, chh. meeting at our house, 
at study. 
Nov. 3. Mr. Whipple colouring our pulpit. 

7. Curious weather. I at study. I heard of Eli Porters death at 
sea. He was either starved to death and then eaten, or killed and eaten 
by the rest of the company. There was eleven in ye ship and five of 
thenl were eaten, whether they died with hunger before they were eaten, 
or were put to death is not yet known. I heard this afternoon that 
they died and were thrown overboard. 

8. Sabbath, cold. Br. Paul Gerrish here. I preached against Divi^ 
nation. 

29 



29. 


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Oct. 


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222 

11. I went to Salem Lecture, dined with ye Judges of ye Siipr. Court. 

16. A meeting of ye Inhabitants. They voted to give me 12£. for 
keeping ye ministry housing in repair 12 years. 

Dec. 3. Cold. Mr. Andrews dyed in ye night of ye small pox. 

27. Sab, Curious weather. I proposed to ye church something about 
Maltha Cory &c. A contribution for Samuel Wilkins. 

1703. Jan. 13. We kept a Fast in our Congregation on ye account 
of ye small pox. I began, my father (Gerrish) preached, and concluded 
in the forenoon. Mr. Blowers began P. M. and preached and concluded. 

Feb. 12. Summer weather, no winter yet. 

18. Public Fast in ye Province. 

March 11. Our general Meeting at ye Village. Our people dealt so 
unkindly by me, that I purposed never to be present again at a Town 
meeting if I can avoid it. 

April 12. I carry ed Coz" Hide home, and carry ed my mother and 
Nanny to Wenham, and Ben. carryed my wife. I left my wife and 
Nanny and came home to wean John. 

17. I at study. G. C. killed our calf. I lent 10 lbs. to Dea. 
Ingersol, and 6 lbs. to J. Carrill. 

21. I went to Gloster to Mr. Whites ordination and Mr. Moody 
admitted Mr. White into ye Chh. in private and in public. Mr. Bogers 
])egan, then Mr. White preached, then Mr. Wise gave ye right hand of 
fellowship. I lodged with my father Gcmsh at Mr. Newmans. 

June 1. Cloudy morning. Our ministers met at my house, viz. Mr. 
Noyes, Gerrish, Capen, Rogers, Bernard, Bh)wer and Symms. 

9. Very hot. I went to Salem Lecture, rain, there was very hard 
thunder at our house it much affrighted our family, and killed old Mr. 
Hutchinsons cow. 

July 30. Chh. meetuig at Mrs. Walcotts. I married a couple. 

Aug. 3. Hot. My horse got away from Ben. &c. 

6. I at home paveing. 

9. Indians began to do mischief at ye Eastward. 

10. I at home pease hooked (reaped). 
13. I at home pease thrashed. 

17. My pease fanned. 

21. Curious weather I at home. Capt. Turner went to Andover to 
hunt Indians with his troop. 

23. I went to Boston and bought a bed of Mr. Brattle. 
26. Two men mowing 2 crop. 



223 

Sept. 6. Some men weut to scout beyond the River at Andover, 
having news of Indians discovered there. 

9. I had my horse shod round, paid in cash 3 shil. 

22. I at study. Shut up my hogs to keep them out of Mr. Hutch- 
insons corn. 

27. This day 350 soldiers marched to ye Indians from the Eastward. 

28. I gathered 10 bush, winter apples. Snow at night 2 inches. 
Oct. 7. Cold Michaelmas storm. 

15. Our Army set out ye 2^ time under Col. March. 
21. My wife brewed 3 barrels of beer. 

25. I visited Abrah. Smith he being sick from a fall from S. G. 
house. 

27. I went with Broth. H. to Mr. Fitches ordination, I carryed 
Nanna Gerrish. Mr. Noyes began Mr. Fitch preached. Mr. Hubbard 
gave ye charge, and Mr. Belcher ye right hand of fellowship. 

Nov. 17. I went with Mr. Fitch and L.L.**- to Mr. Foxe's ordina- 
tion at Oburn (Woburne) Mr. Peiipoint began with prayer. Mr. Fox 
preached. Mr. Willard gave ye charge. Mr. Piei-pont ye right hand of 
fellowship. I came home at 7 o'clock. 

Dec. 21. Indians mischievous. 

26. A terrible storm of snow. I had but one meeting. . 
1704. Jan. 6. This day reckoned with ye inhabitants. 

7. I went to Salem, and came home and reckoned with the deacons. 

12. Cold. I at home, married James Whipple and Mary Fuller. 
I agreed with James Eoss for a side of pork in March for 2Jd. pr 
pound for his rate &c. 

24. I visited Lieut. Putnam sick of ye dry grijjeings. 

Feb. 18. Spring weather. I pruned my orchard. 

26. I heard great news of our army's return from Pigwalcut fort 
(Pigwacket) without seeing any Indians. 

29. I at home. Decrfield destroyed 128 escaped 162 persons kilkti 
& captured. 

Mch 3. It is now 13 years since my father died. I went to Wills 
Hill to ye Chh. Meeting. 

16. Cold. We have been mamed 5 years this day. 

April 18. This day ye ministers in ye neighbourhood met at my 
house and spent ye day in prayer. Here was Mr. Cheever, Mr. Noyes, 
Mr. Gerrish, Mr. Blowers and Mr. Corwin. 

26. I was at my L. Lords house raising, made peace. 



224 

31. I went to Boston, Election, Mr. Eussell preached we dined 
with ye Governer. 

June 14. My lecture. Capt. Flint took leave. Cambridge soldiers here. 
July 16. Sabbath, Great shows of a storm but no rain. 

25. Great sliows of rain daily, but none comes. 

26. Sweltering weather, less shows of rain than have been these 
several days. I went to Beverly to a Fast on ye account of ye drought. 
I began, Mr. Noyes preached and prayed; in ye afternoon my father 
Gerrish began and Mr. Blowers preached and concluded. Before Mr. 
Noyes had done prayer, ye rain came down at once on ye Meeting 
House to ye great surprize of ye assembly. God unstopped ye bottles 
of Heaven, so that ye promise was fulfilled to us 65 Isas. 24, and at 
night we were detained by the rain and when I came home the road was 
full of water. 

1705. Jan. 28. Sabbath. Bad going, no horses at meeting. 
Feb. 19. Curious weather. I went with my wife to Wenham over 
the pond. 

March 7. I bought 14 acres of laud for 12£. 

April 11. Snow all day. I at study. Cold at night. 

12. Public Thanksgiving for victory &c. very cold. Snow in ye night. 
May 2. I bought 7 J acres land, brave weather. 

14. 11 hands making wall for me. 

June 6. I went with my wife to Wenham to keep a day of prayer, 
that God would pour out his Spirit on us and our children. 

13. My lecture. My brother Hunting preached many strangers. 

15. 3 teams and 18 men at work for me. 

19. 22 hands and 4 teams at work. 

20. 15 hands and 3 teams. 

21. 4 teams and 22 hands. 

22. 3 teams and 17 hands at work, and finished the wall. 
July 9. Vey hot. thunder and rain, bugsl 

10. I went to ministers meeting at Mr. Noyes 6 ministers. 

Sept. 5. I kept my lecture as a day of fasting and prayer, that God 
would rain down righteousness upon us. My father Gerrish preached. 
Mr. Blower and Mr. Symcs prayed, and I began in our morning and 
evening prayers. We had remarkable answers to this days prayers. 

Oct. 18. Public Thanksgiving: it has rained 3 days and 3 nights. 

[To be continued.] 



225 






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226 



A JOURNEY TO THE WEST IN 1817. 

NOTES OF TRAVEL BY A SALEM MECHANIC ON HIS WAY TO THE OHIO FIFTY YEARS AGO. 



SELECTED FROM BIS JOURNAL BY JAMES KIMBALL. 



The traveller of the present day can have a very imperfect idea 
of the discomfort and trials attendant upon a long journey fifty years 
ago. The lumbering Stage-coach, at six miles the hour, has now been 
superseded by the luxuriant railroad cars at forty miles, whilst for the 
purposes of trade, steam is again put to service, causing the more rapid 
interchange of the varied products of the different sections of our great 
and still increasing territory. 

In order to show the contrast between these two periods, I shall 
avail myself of the recorded experience of one, who, with several others, 
commenced a journey for the purposes of trade to the far West in the 
year 1817, and thus to compare the West of to-day, with her popula- 
tion, which is expressed by millions, and her wealth by hundreds of 
millions, with the Territory of that period, inhabited by a poor and 
determined people, with few comforts, and those wrested by hard labor 
from the uncultivated wilds of that far distant region. 

The war of 1812 was very injurious to the industry of New England. 
Trade, which had been almost destroyed, did not speedily revive w^ith 
the return of peace. Mechanical industry was very much depressed, and 
was looking out for new fields to employ its labor and its skill. The 
glowing accounts given of the fertility of the great North-west, led large 
numbers of our farmers and mechanics to turn their faces westward, and 
to them we are indebted to-day for the planting of New England ideas 
in the best and richest portion of our country. 

It must be borne in mind, that the Noi-th-west Territory was then 
an uncultivated wilderness. A few Essex county men had, as early as 
1788, made the first white settlement at Marietta. Ohio, a portion of 
this Territory, was separated and admitted as a State in 1802. Indiana 
in 1816, and Illinois in 1818. And yet to-day these States are covered 
with a net-work of railroads, running in every direction through their 
entire area, more than rivalling the older States in their enterprise, 
whilst in population they have become the gi*eat centre of the Union. 

The Journal, to which I shall refer, was kept on a voyage from Sa- 



227 

lem to Baltimore, thence across the mountains to Pittsburg, and thence 
down the river to Athens in Ohio. The return trip was on horseback 
from Athens, through Pennsylvania to New York, and thence to Salem. 

On the 18th of September, 1817, at 4 o'clock, the writer sailed from 
Salem on board the schooner Angler, John Shillaber, master, bound to 
Baltimore. Nothing unusual transpired during the voyage. On the 27th, 
they made Cape Henry ^nd entered the Chesapeake, making little pro- 
gress on account of stormy weather. On the 29th, came to Kent's 
Island. It is described as being about twenty miles long, with many 
fine plantations and neat houses, and most of it seemed to be under fine 
cultivation. The British took possession of this island during the war, 
as a point of operations against Noi-th Point. I did not blame them for 
choosing this spot, as it is a most beautiful and romantic place. If they 
had remained here it would have been to their credit, and saved many 
lives. But being flushed with their successes up the Patuxet, led 
them on to make a desperate push; but they met with a warm recep- 
tion, losing their commander. Lord Ross. This discouraged them ; they 
abandoned their attempt as a too costly undertaking. There were a large 
number of the citizens of Baltimore who fell in defending the place. 

On the 30th came to anchor, North Point bearing N. W. about five 
miles. This is the memorable place where the battle was fought. The 
day is very pleasant, and we are laying idle for the want of wind. 
About 4 P.M., there being a number of passengers on deck, who espied 
something floating on the water, which looked to them like a spar, but 
seeing it go up and down, they cried out it was the Sea Serpent. Some 
of us being in the cabin, thinking they were making fun of us, did not 
go on deck until we were assured that they were in earnest. All of us 
that went up saw it; it was about the length of the vessel. We had a 
passenger on board who saw it in Gloucester, and he thought it looked 
as it did when he saw it, there. 

Wednesday, Oct. 1st. Arrived at the wharf in Baltimore, all safe 
and in good health. Here it is all life and animation, yet they say it 
is quite dull here ; but it seems to me that there is more business done 
in the morning before breakfast, than there is in Salem in a month. 
The steamboats coming and going, bringing thousands of passengers, and 
the carriages running in every direction, make it look like life. Some 
of these steamboats are four or five hundred tons. There are hundreds 
of craft which come from down the bay, bringing all kinds of vegeta- 



228 

bles, with calves, pigs, and poultry for their market, which abounds in 
everything that is needed. The boats also bring great quantities of 
oysters, which are sold very cheap. 

Oct. 2d. Commenced unloading our goods, but by the time we got 
them half out it began to rain, so that we were obliged to return them 
on board the vessel again, giving me another opportunity to view the 
city, which I improved, knowing it would be the last. 

I took this opportunity to view the buildings which were being erect- 
ed. The one erecting to the memory of Washington is the most ele- 
gant I have ever seen. It stands on an eminence which commands a 
beautiful view of the city. The material of which it is built looks some 
like marble. The base is about forty feet square. When completed it 
is to be 160 feet high, with circular stairs to the top; it is now a few 
feet above the base. There is another monument building in commemo- 
ration of the worthies who fell at the battle of North Point. 

I had no idea that this city was so large. The business done here 
must be immense. The steamboats and sailing craft from down the bay 
coming and going continually, bringing their thousands of passengers, 
and the immense wagons, loading daily for the westward, rather aston- 
ishes a man from quiet New England. 

Oct. 3d. Commenced loading our wagons ; got all in and packed oflf 
about 3 o'clock, over the turnpike for the untried wilds of the West. 
We travelled about three miles the first night, and then put up. We 
expected to have gone eight or ten miles. The wagoners never accom- 
plish much the first day ; they drink so freely whilst in Baltimore, that 
it takes them one night to get regulated. They are an independent class 
of men, but rather ill bred, which arises from their being so much to- 
gether, as they go in company when they can, and most of their lives 
are spent on the road. We had an excellent supper and good accom- 
modations. 

Oct. 5th. Started again and arrived at "Union," seven miles from 
"Westminster;" thence to "Tanney," sixteen miles, to "Emets-town" 
nine miles, and put up for the night at the foot of the South Mountain. 

Oct. 6th. Started at 6 o'clock, and took breakfast six miles from 
Emets-town. Proceeded on to "Waynbourough" about ten miles, and 
put up for the night with Mr. Cochrane, who had a nice house, and 
gave us fine accommodations. 

I have made no remarks respecting the country, but since I have 



229 

arrived over the mountains, I can the belter judge. The soil is light 
yellow loam, generally very level, with gradual swales; but they don't 
appear to have any rocks until you get to the foot of the mountain. It 
is well wooded with the various kinds of oaks, chestnut, hickory, walnut, 
and sycamore, with a few pines on the top of the mountain. The Apple 
trees excel anything I have ever seen in Massachusetts; they are the 
finest trees, and produce the fairest and best-flavored fruit I ever saw. 
The fruit was rotting upon the ground, because they could not find the 
time to gather it. 

There are a great many log-houses, some of which are very hand- 
some, some of brick and stone. There are some very tine meeting- 
houses, but a great many more taverns than meeting-houses. 

Oct. 7th. Started at 6 o'clock, travelled five miles, and took breakfast 
at Mr. Gorden's, a native of Ireland. He told me that he was obliged 
to travel from Baltimore on foot, but now owned his farm worth $30,000, 
with a stone house and excellent bams. Whilst we were there, he was 
trading for a horse for his wife; the trader asked him sixty-eight dol- 
lars, but he told the man he had rather pay one hundred dollars for one 
rather tha;i not have his wife suited. They appeared to have every com- 
fort that could be desired. The old lady sat down and waited on the 
table, and we made a comfortable and social meal of it. Continued on 
through the town of Greencastle, four miles from Gordon's. It is a fine 
little town, with a bank and two meeting-houses, and most of the dwell- 
ing-houses are brick or stone. Continued on to Loudon, on the east 
side of the North Mountain, fourteen miles from Greencastle. I formed 
a poor opinion of this place. AiTiving early in the afternoon, I had a 
good opportunity of looking around. I think society must be in a mis- 
erable state. They have three or four taverns, and not one meeting- 
house. The tavern in which we put up for the night was filled with 
whiskey drinkers, and I observed that none took less than a gill to a 
drink; in fact, it seemed to be their hobby to see who could drink the 
most. The accommodations out of doors were the dirtiest I ever saw. 
Their hogs were loose around their doors, and the wagons in every con- 
ceivable condition around the house make it appear still worse. Money 
appears to be their great object, and the people are apt to be dishonest 
unless you look out sharp for them. 

Oct. 8th. Started at 5 o'clock ; travelled seven miles to McCoUes- 
town, a snug little place, but dirty, being situated at the base of the 
30 



230 

mountain; crossed over the mountain, crossing over Licking Creek, and 
stopped with James Derby, having travelled seven miles ; remaining 
with him until Thursday, the 9th, waiting for the wagons to come up. 
One of these had been obliged to go out of the way for another horse, 
not having teams enough to cross the mountains, the worst part of the 
road being before us. 

Mr. Derby was the most intelligent man we have met on the road. 
He seemed more like a New Englander. He spoke of the disadvantages 
that they labored under from the want of the means of educating their 
children, regretting that they were deprived of the advantages enjoyed 
in the New England States, in giving their children an education, con- 
ceiving it to be of the greatest importance, if they were to be useful 
members of society. 

This is a small place, having three taverns, blacksmith's and wheel- 
wright's shops, and a few houses. The great number of teams passing 
through the town, the cracking of the whips, and the hallooing of the 
teamsters, make as much noise and confusion as is often found in larger 
places. We left Mr. Derby's at 11 o'clock to go over Shrubridge, trav- 
elling ten miles to Mr. Pendleton's, at the sign of the. fan; we 
found him such a churlish fellow^ and as we had some independence left, 
we concluded to push on farther, and soon found another tavern, where 
we had a good supper and beds. The appearance of this last house 
would disgrace the meanest hovel in New England; the window panes 
were broken, and in some the glass was completely gone; still they 
had large fires, and plenty of everything, even to loaf sugar for our 
coffee. 

Oct. 11th. Left Pendleton's at 7 o'clock, passing over Reise-hill, 
thence over a very handsome chain bridge called "Jund-arter." As you 
rise the eminence above the bridge, you have a most beautiful prospect 
of the adjacent country. I should have thought, before leaving Massa^ 
chusetts, such roads impassable, but the wagons got along quite easy; 
passed down through the village called Bloody-run, and put up for the 
night about fifteen miles from Pendleton's. 

Oct. 12th (Sunday). Started at 6 o'clock, and arrived at Bedford at 
9, where we took breakfast, and then travelled on one and a half miles 
to the celebrated Bedford Springs, on Shorer's-run. It is a most beauti- 
ful place, the resort of people from almost all parts of the country. I 
was told that there were frequently one hundred carriages here at a time. 



231 

These springs are said to possess some curative properties. Travelled 
eighteen miles, and put up for the night at a miserable hut, but had a 
tolerable good bed. The inhabitants were as rough as the soil itself, 
and as uncultivated as the barren mountain. 

Monday, Oct. 13th. Started as early as possible from our miserable 
lodgings in hopes of finding more hospitable people; but alas, it is im- 
possible to find them on the tops of the mountains, as they are as savage 
and as uncultivated as the Indians. Where the land is good they ap- 
pear to be a different class of people. Travelled fourteen miles to 
Christan Job, and put up for the night; had excellent accommodations, 
and as good provisions as one could wish. 

Oct. 14th. Rainy ; waited until 10 o'clock for fair weather, then pro- 
ceeded. Cleared off at 1. Met a gentleman and his wife travelling in 
their carriage ; he told us that he was from Massachusetts, but had been 
settled in Ohio for some time. He had one township settled by Yan- 
kees. Wished us to call upon him before making our purchases. Ar- 
rived at Somerset, at the foot of the Alleghany Mountains, seventeen 
miles from '* (7. J, ; " it is a nice little town, containing two meeting- 
houses, court-house, and jail, with many fine houses. 

The State elections were being held. I never saw such a scene be- 
fore amongst civilized people; there was betting, drinking, and quarrel- 
ling, and I should think that seven-eighths of the people were drunk. 
In fact,, they kept itp their carousal through the night, screeching like 
savages, beating drums, throwing of rocks against buildings, making 
such a din, that I was unable to get any sleep. We were, however, 
well entertained by Mr. Webster in real Boston style. 

Oct. 15th. Started at 10 o'clock to go over Laurel-Hill, where we 
found as hard travelling as any we had experienced. We made but ten 
miles, and put up for the night. Met a gentleman and his wife from 
Worthington, who were on a journey to Connecticut to visit their 
friends, at a distance of seven hundred miles, travelling in their own 
carriage. The lady was much pleased with the country, and said that 
the people were becoming more enlightened, and were improving in 
learning, and that school-masters especially met with encouragement. 

In Columbus, there was one with his wife, who came from Boston; 
they had hardly enough to pay their expenses with on their arrival, and 
now own a house and land, and are in a fair way to make their fortune. 

Oct. 16th. Started at sunrise in a severe snow-storm, and travelled 



232 

on in the storm to Mr. Thompson's to breakfast, as we did not like our 
lodging-place well enough to make them a longer visit. The weather is 
very variable here in the mountains, the clouds resting upon their tops 
give them great abundance of snow and rain. 

We were obliged to spend the day and night awaiting the wagons, 
which made slow progress. We found a good house, good food, and 
good attendance. I begin to think it will not do for me to live so high, 
for since my sea-sickness I can eat anything that is wholesome, and 
relish it. But different kinds of exercise makes a change in one's appe- 
tite. I have travelled all the way from Baltimore on foot, and now 
begin to believe that I could travel almost any distance. It was very 
hard for me for the first day or two, as my feet were badly blistered; 
but by travelling, they soon got well. 

Oct. 17th. Started at 10 o'clock to go over Chestnut Ridge, five 
miles distant. The wagons had not come up when we started. Crossed 
over the ridge, and have now finished the worst part of the road. We 
are now within forty miles of Pittsburg, having been fourteen days oh 
the road. The journey could have been performed in less time, but we 
did not wish to leave our goods to the care of the wagoners alone. 
We kept on five miles farther, and stopped at a private house with a 
nice old Dutchman. He had a large family around him, and they ap- 
peared to be as happy as this world could well make them. For here 
was the old man and wife, his son and wife, beside several unmarried 
daughters, and several grandchildren, all making one family; they 
seemed to have everything to make them comfortable, and I think enjoyed 
life as well as any people could. They appeared to be so careful and 
tender of each other, tliat I almost envied them their happiness. I find 
that the most prosperous farmers, and the best husbands, are the Dutch, 
and the most industrious <4f course. 

I thought I was up tolerably early in the morning, but the family 
were up before me, and had baked two batches of bread before we had 
our breakfast ; and then such bread, we have had nothing like it on our 
travels. We had butter here for the first time since we left Baltimore. 
They are not content w4th putting two or three pounds on the table, 
but put as much into their bread as some people put into their pastry. 
We had on the table fish, meats, poultry, butter and cheese, and several 
kinds of presei-ves. 

Oct. 18th. Started at 8 o'clock and travelled eighteen miles to 



233 

Greensburg, a handsome town with about sixty houses ; it is a place ot 
considerable business ; continued on to Adamsbury eight miles, and kept 
on during the night, making thirty-two miles from the Dutchman's, and 
are now but a few miles from Pittsburg. We stopped for breakfast, 
and were made very comfortable. We met here several other travellers 
bound in the same direction. 

Oct. 19th. Started with three others for Pittsburg, and on the way 
met some of our own party who had passed us whilst we were at break- 
fast, and whom we had left behind to look after the wagons. Arrived 
in the city and took lodgings with Mr. Frisby, on Penn Street; during 
the day went over a considerable portion of the city, and found it to 
exceed my expectations. 

There are eight places of public worship, four banks, and several 
large manufactories; its population about six thousand. It is finely sit- 
uated for business, as it has the two great rivers, the Alleghany and the 
Monongahela, to bring them the products of the country, and in return, 
to carry back the products of their manufacturing skill. These rivers 
are mostly crowded with crafts and rafts. I saw one raft which came 
down to-day, three hundred feet long, and about as wide, with several 
families, with their horses and wagons and their domestic animals. 
One of these families was going to Cincinnati, the others to some places 
farther west. I had some conversation with a gentleman on this raft; 
said he had come with his family from New York, three hundred miles, 
and was going down the river to settle. They have all their furniture 
spread about, and have as much room as in a house, having a roof over 
a portion of it, and a collection of earth on which they cook, in the 
place of a fire-place. Whilst on the raft, I observed that they might 
settle a small city, for here were children running about, and women 
attending to their duties. Boats are here loading and unloading from 
all parts of the Western country. People are here from all parts of the 
world. I saw three Captains from Nantucket and Boston, bound on a 
trading voyage with the Indians. Society here is very pleasant and 
agreeable, as most of the people are from the Northern States. Mr. and 
Mrs. Frisby are from New York. I met a lady here who is waiting for 
her father who lives in Cincinnati, and is going to Canada to see some 
relatives. Unless her father comes soon, she will start off alone. She 
appears to be well educated, and says she can speak four different In- 
dian languages. 



234 

If our New England women were to travel about as the women here 
do, they would not show such delicate faces, for I have not seen a hand- 
some woman since I left Salem ; they are here all smoke-dyed. Coal is 
used for domestic purposes, as well as in their factories, and the city 
being hemmed in by the surrounding mountains, the air is always smoky. 
Coal is about six cents a busheL It makes the best fire I ever saw, 
equal to the best walnut wood- Beef is $4.00 per one hundred pounds. 
Vegetables are dearer than with us. 

Oct. 20th. One of our wagons arrived to-day with the rest of our 
party. Got our goods unloaded, and found them in good order. One 
still to arrive. 

Oct. 21st. Pleasant, and warm as summer. Purchased a boat, and 
believe it to be a good one, which is a rarity here. They are a great 
set of rogues here, and will cheat you if they can. There are some 
exceptions, however, and the person of whom we bought is said to be 
one. They are, in general, the greatest set of Jews I ever saw; they 
are a match for Salem people, who have been considered sharp. The 
people here do not seem to have common civility, and do not know 
what it is, for if you go into their stores they do not give you decent 
treatment. 

The manufacturers are men of property, whilst the workmen are gen- 
erally ignorant. On many of the factories are signs of 

NO ADMITTANCE. 

The workmen are kept in complete slavery ; when the bell rings they 
are compelled to attend punctually. They keep to work, and drink 
whiskey. The taverns and grog-shops are crowded morning and night; 
you must drink your gill, or you are no company, and I am afraid this 
whiskey will bo the ruin of our country. 

There is, however, good society, as there are three steamboats build- 
ing here by Whitney & Co., of Boston, and the workmen are mostly 
from New York and Massachusetts, which is the same in one sense, as 
here they are proud of the names of Yankees, and say, by way of a jest, 
that they had rather bo hung in New England than die a natural death here. 

I do not dislike the place so much as the people. I believe that any 
one who is steady might make himself independent in a short time, for 
they make large profits on everything they vend. Nature has done 
everything for this part of the country. It should be settled by Yankees, 
for where you find them, you find the land under good cultivation* 



235 

But I cannot help making some remarks on Brown's letters, pub- 
lished in the Salem Gazette. I find things very different. I believe if 
there is such a man that he is a bad one, who has some selfish motives 
to subserve, for no one would dare to publish such falsehoods as exist 
in those letters unless he were so. 

I have reasons for thinking that there are a class of people in New 
England who are opposed to this emigration to the West, but they do 
not proceed in the right way to prevent it. They do not pay mechanics 
as they should do, and, generally, it is as difficult to collect money even 
from the rich, as it is to earn it. They are the ones who should set 
the example ; in fact, they help drive them off. They should take a differ- 
ent course if they wish to keep them where they are. I am not sur- 
prised at their alarm, for I never imagined the emigration so gi-eat as it 
really is. In fact, no one can form an opinion of it until he comes to 
the banks of the Alleghany and Monongahela rivers ; here you will see 
emigrants from all parts of the world crowding on board the boats, arks, 
and rafts with their families. You will see the rich going down on 
these arks with their carriages and horses. These are from ten to one 
hundred feet long, and built like our mud-scows, with a shed roof over 
your head, looking like a floating ropewalk. We met a minister going 
down with his family and servants ; he had a comfortable craft about 
thirty feet long, with his carriage on top of his house ; he had an iron 
stove for cooking, instead of the usual pile of earth; he was com- 
mander and pilot. 

Oct. 24th. Bainy, but warm. Pittsburg is the dirtiest place that I 
ever saw; the whole town is clay, with just sand enough for brick- 
making. Brick-yards are all over the town, yet they sell for $8.00 per 
thousand. You can dig your cellar, and then make your bricks to build 
with. This would be a great business for the Yankees. If this city had 
been settled by them, it would have been a paradise. But everything 
now is as nature left it. They call it a city (incorporated in 1816), 
and boast of their mayor and police; but the government must be 
heathenish, for I understand that there is no provision made for the 
poor; but when they become so, they send them down the river. Be- 
sides, there are no schools of any consequence, although education is 
gaining ground. As there are many Yankees settling here, they will 
soon get the ascendency and rule, and then it will become a fine place. 

Whilst we were in Pittsburg we had an interview with twelve Indian 



236 

Couimissioners, with their chief. They were stopping at the New Eng- 
land Hotel, kept by Mr. St. John, of Massachusetts. We went to the 
hotel, and I introduced myself and the company ; he appeared to be 
very much of a gentleman. He invited us to the room where the Com- 
missioners were, with their interpreter, to whom we were introduced. 
He told me they were going to Washington to settle the boundary, and 
get their annuity for the year. They were to receive $9,800. 

They are Commissioners for the Wyandotts, the chiefs of whom are 
among them, with Commissioners of five other nations who are tribu- 
tary to them. They have sold to the United States a tract eighty miles 
in length and breadth. It bounds on Ohio, Indiana, and Michigan. 
They have still land enough for farms, and civilization is progressing 
amongst them. They raise corn and cattle ; still they retain much of that 
fanciful pride so predominant in Indian character. I observed that they 
all had ornaments of some kind, and some very superfluous ; some large 
pieces of silver in their ears, some with their ears slit, and some had 
pieces in their nose. Some had their dresses ornamented with silver, 
others dressed in pantaloons and surtouts made in fashion. All retain 
some of that foolish pride which would appear simple in a child. They 
are all fond of smoking ; some had their tomahawks for pipes, the ham- 
mer part for the bowl, and the smoke coming through the handle. I 
was surprised that they used no spirit. I saw that they were drinking, 
and asked the interpreter what they were drinking; he told me it was 
cider. I asked him if they never drank spirit ; he replied that some ot 
the lowest of them did, but generally they were very temperate. I ob- 
served that some of them had calico shirts, and were rather dirty, whilst 
some were very clean. After some time the interpreter invited me to go 
on board the steamboat with him, which I did, with the chiefs and the 
rest of my friends. In a short time we were followed by a retinue of 
a hundred. When we arrived at the boat there was no other way of 
getting on board but by a spar, as she lay off from the wharf on Sun- 
days to keep the people from going on board on that day. The Indians 
jumped on board by running like cats along the spar. I expected to see 
some of them tumble into the river, but they all got on board safe. 
The interpreter then went on board, I following. I explained everything 
as well as I could, and they, after examining it very closely, said they 
understood it. The interpreter remarked that there appeared nothing too 
powerful or too wonderful for man to do, and expressed much surprise 



237 

when I told him how fast the vessel went through the water. He told 
me that he was far from home, and that he was part Indian, though I 
could not perceive it. He introduced me to the orator of the Six Na- 
tions, and said that he was his cousin, and that he was very eloquent 
and manly in delivery. 

The interpreter lived on Sandusky Eiver, and owned great tracts ot 
land there. He must have been well educated, as he talked fluently and 
with ease. As he learned that I was going down the river, he wanted me 
to stop there, as the land would be sold cheap in two years. We then 
left our yellow brefhren, and returned to our hotel. 

In the evening, called again upon them. The interpreter was en- 
gaged in writing. After he had concluded, he sent for me to come into 
their room, and inquired about the roads they were to travel. I gave 
him all the information possible, and told him if he did not receive the 
best treatment on the mountains he must not be disappointed, as the 
people had been represented as being more civilized than they really 
were. He said that he had met with some ill treatment. In some 
places, they gave them no better than they would give their dogs when 
they asked for anything; and he thought that the people around Pitts- 
burg had such a hatred towards them, that they would be glad to assas- 
sinate them. There are a great many of the inhabitants around here 
who have fought for the sod. A few miles up the Monongahela, Brad- 
dock was defeated by the French and Indians. Much blood was shed 
here, and I am not much surprised at the antipathy that they hold 
against them. I have conversed with some of the old settlers who have 
had frequent skirmishes with them. The places where the principal bat- 
tle was fought is now called Braddock's Field. Pittsburg is situated on 
the site of the French trading-post, and was known as '*Fort Du 
Quesne," in 1754. It was considered as the key to the great West. In 
1758, General Forbes marched against it with six thousand men, and 
after a hard- fought battle with the French and Indians, succeeded in 
taking it. The victorious troops named it Pittsburg, in honor of Wil- 
liam Pitt, then Prime Minister of England. 

Wednesday, Oct. 29th. Preparing to go down the river, — have been 
waiting here seven days for our last wagon. Concluded to go on with- 
out it, but it arrived just as we got the last of our goods on board. 
Started at 2 o'clock on a route of which we have little knowledge. Our 
boat was well loaded, leaving but little spare room. Eun about two 
31 



238 

hours, and hauled into a snug berth where we found another boat with 
a family. They had built a good fire on the shore, which was very con- 
venient for us to build from, as we were very cold. We did not want 
for wood, as there were thousands of cords rotting on the ground. It 
was cold enough to freeze our beef hanging outside of our house. 

30th. Proceeded as soon as we could see, and run down the river 
at a good rate. We rowed for exercise. Passed Steubenville at 4 o'clock, 
named in honor of Baron Steuben, laid out in 1798. It is finely 
situated, containing about 150 houses, the seat of justice for Jefferson 
county. There are here several large flour-mills, which send their flour 
down to New Orleans. As we passed the town there appeared to be as 
much bustle as at Pittsburg. Run down two miles farther and tied up 
for the night, making fast to a tree, having made about fifty miles. 

31st. Got our breakfast early, and proceeded onwtftd, passing Charles- 
ton, Va., containing eighty houses, court-house, jail, academy, with two 
or three warehouses. Just below the town there is a fine chain bridge 
spanning BuflTalo Creek. At this place is an extensive manufactory of 
delf ware. We arrived at Wheeling, the north town, at 12 o'clock, 
quite a decent town, containing court-house, jail, and 120 houses. The 
situation is bad, being so near the river bank, that the rise of the river 
is working away the river banks rapidly. We were obliged to stop here 
until Sunday, as the rain had risen the river ten or twelve feet, and we 
were obliged to watch our boat continually to keep her from getting 
ashore. 

I disliked the inhabitants very much; they will not help you when 
in trouble. I was unwell, and went to four or five taverns for a lodg- 
ing, which they could have given with little trouble, but they would not. 

Sunday, Nov. 1st. Started early, and as it rained all day, stopped 
at a creek on the Ohio side. We went up to a house and got some 
milk and butter. When we returned to our boat, we found that the 
river had risen six or seven feet. We built our fire eight or ten feet 
from the shore, but as the river kept on rising, it soon put out our fire. 
By diligence and hard work we kept our boat afloat, and free from the 
shore. 

Nov. 3d. Started early, passing by some fine islands, and landed at 
Marietta, which was partly under water. Here were fine people, and it 
seemed as if I were at home. Who should I meet on landing but Mr. 
Lefavour, of Salem, who was living below, but had come up here on 



239 

business. The people here are very friendly, for when we were laying 
our boat in, they came off and told us how to do it. There was a boat 
which capsized a little while before; this boat passed us going down, 
and the men on board were very merry, hailing us, and wishing to know 
"if we wanted to buy any brandy." 

The current is so swift that no goods can be saved but such as will 
float. As we passed these men dripping wet, "we inquired the price of 
brandy." They told us "that they had sold out." We arrived here at 
12 o'clock, and stopped until 10 the next day. The town is well situ- 
ated on the Muskingum Eiver, 250 yards wide at the mouth, navigable 
110 miles with a batteaux, and lake at its head making forty-five miles 
farther, and with a portage of one mile you have a connection with 
Lake Erie, through Cayuga. At its mouth it is deep enough to receive 
large sloops from the lake. There are valuable salt springs eight miles 
from here, which will become of great importance. 

Nov. 4. Started at 10. Passed a number of islands, one of which 
was Blennerhassett's, one of Aaron Burr's adherents. Owing to his foolish 
conduct he was obliged to leave the island, the best in the river. He 
was an Irishman, and is now at Natchez. Passed the Hockhocking. At 
first it appeared like a small cove, but as we proceeded, it opened before 
us a large and majestic river. It extends up seventy miles. The town 
of Lancaster is at its head. Athens, our place of destination, is forty 
miles up. 

5th. Continued up until noon, when we gave up, the current being 
too strong for us to row against. 

6th. Part of our company went up to see Athens. Rainy this 
morning, and yet the river is falling. Begin to be impatient to be at 
business. 

7th. Rainy. Still lying by for the return of our company, who ar- 
rived the next day, giving a good account of the place. A deer was 
wounded in the shoulder in front of our boat; he was chased into the 
river by a dog, but he made good his escape. 

Sunday, 9th. Rainy again, yet the river has fallen twelve or thirteen 
feet. The weather has been as warm as July. They call it their Indian 
Summer. 

Nov. 11th. Still waiting for the fall of the river, but the rain of 
yesterday has caused it to rise again. When we first came up, many of 
the fields were overflown, and the farmers were gathering their corn in 



240 

boats. We cannot get up the river so easily with it so high, as when 
there is less water. We prefer it low enough to touch bottom. Be- 
sides, with so much water over the banks, we cannot go a rod without 
meeting with trees with which the banks are lined : some of them are 
five to six feet through. 

Nov. 13th. Begins with wind and rain. Accomplished nothing yes- 
terday, and must lay by again to-day, as it is dangerous to run up 
unless the river is smooth. Our boat being very deep, dare not run too 
much risk. Cleared off at noon, but still very rough. Tried to go up, 
but were obliged to give it up after being at the expense of putting on 
rimning boards, and hiring two men to pole her up. We were finally 
obliged to get a "Perogue," a boat about fifty or sixty feet long, the 
only kind of a craft that can run up with safety. We have had enough 
to discourage us, but I am bound to persevere, and hope for the best. 
I find that others meet with the same misfoi*tunes as ourselves. 

There was a boat at the mouth of the Hocking which had sent for 
hands to assist them up the river, and had been waiting a week for 
them. The Hocking Eiver has such a current, that they cannot get 
beyond the mouth. A great many boats go up the Kanawha 120 miles 
for salt, which is equal to the best Liverpool. 

Nov. 14. Tolerably pleasant. Got our goods on board the perogue 
and left my companions with the hired men to pull up the boat, whilst 
two of us took to the land. Travelled twenty miles over the roughest 
country I have seen yet ; at times we could hardly find a passage through 
the woods. This portion has been but lately settled, and it continues 
about the same, until you arrive within two miles of Athens. Stopped 
at a private house, where, upon inquiring of a young girl where the 
folks were, we were told that they had gone to meeting eight miles 
distant, to be gone two days. Was surprised to see a little girl, with 
only a small boy for her companion, willing to entertain two strangers. 
I thought it was unsafe, for how easily she might be deceived, for there 
are all kinds of characters found here. 

Nov. 15th. Eainy morning, but cleared off soon after sunrise. 
Started for Athens, where we arrived early in the forenoon. It is a 
place of no great consequence. It stands high, and is pleasantly situ- 
ated, and is a growing place. There is a college, founded in 1804. 
There are a number of brick houses nearly finished for the use of the 
college. As it is situated on a fine river, with excellent mills all the 



241 

way up the river, it will in time become a place of trade. There is a 
paper-mill about forty miles from here at the head of the river. 

Corn is thirty cents a bushel ; wheat, seventy-five cents ; beef and 
pork, from four to five cents ; and butter from eight to sixteen cents. 
Mechanics in general get six bushels of corn for a day's labor; and a 
man who is industrious, may, besides maintaining his family, earn his 
one hundred acres of land. The people are calculating on a great i-ise 
in the price of lands, on account of the gi'eat numbers of people coming 
here. 

Sunday, Nov. 16th. Pleasant. Our goods arrived this p.m.; they 
have been three days coming thirty miles. It is much easier running 
down the rivjer than coming up. We landed our goods after sundown, 
as the people here are strict in the observance of the Sabbath, some- 
thing remarkable here. This is owing to most of the people coming 
from the North. They have but one service in the daytime beginning 
at 12 o'clock, and one in the evening. They are said to be very zeal- 
ous and friendly to each other. Mr. Lindley, the president of the col- 
lege, 1 should think was an Armenian, although they call him a Cal- 
vinist. Most of the people here are Methodists, yet the people of the 
two societies live in the greatest friendship. 

Nov. 17th. Have been searching for a place to commence business, 
but find none to suit; the rents are as high as in Salem, and the build- 
ings are very poor, many of them not even plastered. There are but a 
few good mechanics here who can do a good job of work. 

[From this time to the 21st of November they were* getting their 
store in order, making the time about sixty days from the time that 
they left Salem until their arrival at Athens. Goods can be delivered 
to-day by the Balti)nore and Ohio Bailroad in twenty-four hours; and 
the time-table of the same road to Cincinnati by Express train, a dis- 
tance of 650 miles, crossing the mountains, is run in twenty-four hours.] 

Nov. 24th. It seems like summer here. I enjoy myself very well. 
We are boarding with two of the college students, and room with them. 
When we have company, can have a room to ourselves. The students 
seem to prefer our company, and we spend our evenings, sometimes sit- 
ting up late, talking on difierent subjects of commerce and trade. They 
like to hear us talk about it, and they in turn give us much informa- 
tion about the West. We often chat an hour or more after we go to 
bed. Their names are William Carhart and William Eobinson; one of 



242 

them has travelled much in the West. They are bright and smart 
scholars, and we have the advantage of reading and using their books. 

Nov. 25. Pleasant and warm. Esq. Dana* and myself took a ride 
of twelve miles to see the land. Eode on horseback, which tired me 
considerably. The roads are very bad, and this method of travelling is 
the best. Mr. Dana told me he never rode before he came here, and 
now he has rode two hundred miles at a time. He appears to be a per- 
fect gentleman, and is very much respected here. He has paid me every 
attention. 

Nov. 28. Mr. Dana introduced me to-day to Mr. Whitmore, for- 
merly of Danvers, Massachusetts. He came here twenty-eight years ago 
when this place was a wilderness. He bought much land at "French 
Grant," where he lives, some at "Leading Creek," where he owns a 
farm, cleared and well cultivated. He also owns land in several places- 
He says he likes this section better than Danvers. He followed the sea 
during the Revolutionary war ; he afterwards bought a farm in Danvers, 
and sold it to a Mr. Cross, taking his pay in shoes, which sold well 
here. He says that a farmer can live much better here by cultivating a 
farm on shares, than he can by owning one at the eastward. 

Dec. 12th. Warm, with some rain. The farmers are ploughing and 
sowing wheat; some are just gathering their corn and potatoes. I find 
that they are very apt here to turn off to the last, not remembering 
that good maxim, "Not to leave for to-morrow what can be done to-day." 
If they were as industrious here as in New England, this part of the 
country would be a paradise, for nature has been very liberal of her 
blessings, so much so, as to make them very indolent ; in fact, there are 
some here that spend their time in hunting, that have farms that would 
produce everything necessary for their subsistence, and render them com- 
foi-table, yet they live more like savages than civilized people. With 
what I call warm weather, the people are complaining of the cold, and 
no wonder, as they sit by the fire so much, and have become so indo- 
lent, doing nothing but what necessity requires them to do. I hope I 
shall not become so tender in one season, which will be bad for me 

•Esq. (Joseph) Dana was the son of the Rev. Joseph Dana, D. D., of Ipswich. He 
removed to the West, and settled in Athens about 1815. He was a ripe scholar, and a 
gentleman of much literary ability. He was connected with the University at Athens. 
He was a member of the Essex Bar, and his signature appears as the second to the oath 
of allegiance which was signed prior to 1808. Ichabod Tucker, of Salem, being the first. 



243 

travelling to the North in winter. The Yankees do not complain so 
much, as they are accustomed to the cold. 

Dec. 19. Quite pleasant the forepart of the day, and I set out for 
Zanesville Fort with a person going on there, thinking it would be a 
good opportunity to see the place. Travelled ten miles and put up for 
the night. The road was so bad, that I was almost discouraged before 
we had travelled a mile, but we tried to console ourselves that it might 
be better; but we found it worse, for the mud and snow was over my 
boots, and although we had travelled so short a distance, I was never so 
fatigued in my life. We stopped with a gentleman who emigrated from 
Cambridge, and was one of the first settlers. He told me that he lived 
in Marblehead, when a boy, with *'King Hooper," and has since lived in 
different parts of the country, and that he had cleared up four farms 
with the one he now lived on. He had a fine brick house, forty feet 
square, on Sunday Creek, which he had just finished, with a fine farm. 
He appeared like a very active man, and good for many years. In the 
morning, finding it so cold, I left my travelling companion to con- 
tinue on, whilst I returned to Athens. I was all day on the road, it 
was so very rough, owing to the heavy teams, and not frozen stiff 
enough to keep me from sticking in the mud, going to the tops of my 
boots. Stopped at a log-house on the road, where I found the family 
all shoe-making. They came from a town near Portsmouth, N. H., 
about a year ago ; cleared up a farm and raised two hundred bushels of 
corn. His wife was a fine-looking woman, and appeared very happy. 
He told me, that when he was talking of leaving for the West, his 
neighbora tried to discourage him; that he had found that their repre- 
sentations were all false, and that hundreds that he knew at home 
might be independent if they were here, but were kept back from com- 
ing by these false stories. Taking land on shares here is better than 
owning farms in eastern Massachusetts. There are some here who cul- 
tivate farms in this way and get their thousand bushels of grain for 
their portion. A farmer in Massachusetts would be called smart who 
could raise as much. 

I have purchased a fine colt, three years old last spring. She is pro- 
nounced a fine creature by good judges. She may be young for my 
long journey home, but I shall try her. 

Dec. 25. Warm and pleasant. Took a ride of six miles, and called 
on Mr. Starr, from Middleton, Conn., who was expecting to go East, 
but found that he could not leave as soon as I wished to. 



244 

Dec. 26. Started to go to Mr. White's at Salt Creek for powder, 
which is the best manuiiictured here. First day rode twenty-four miles 
and put up with Mi*. Johnson, in a miserable log-hut on the Chillecothe 
road. It is the stage and market road, and yet they have no convenient 
lodging-house. There were in the room where I lodged three beds occu- 
pied, and the fourth bed was occupied by one family with six children, 
and not very nice ones, male and female sleeping in the same room. 
When I awoke I saw a woman sleeping as composed as if she had the 
room to herself, and although there were five or six men sleeping in the 
same room, she got up and dressed herself as unconcerned as if we were 
so many females. Mr. Johnson, who keeps the house, is a Justice of 
the Peace. 

27th. Started for Salt Creek at 9 o'clock, arriving there at 3 o'clock 
P.M., having travelled twenty-one miles. Set out for Athens at sunset, 
and was obliged to- travel through a pathless wilderness of eight miles, 
having missed the path to Mr. White's father's, where I proposed to stop. 
Not finding any house, I thought I should have to reconcile myself to 
lodge in the woods for the night, but finally resolved to push on, and 
try to find a house if possible. My horse being young, started at every 
little noise, which made it very uncomfortable for me. After a while I 
met a man on horseback, who told me I was ten miles from a tavern. 
After I got through the woods the first house I stopped at they could 
not keep my horse, and not being willing to trust her out of doors, as 
she was so young, I concluded to push on farther to a house a quarter 
of a mile off, and soon amvcd there. The man told me that he never 
turned travellers away from his door; that they were always welcome 
to whatever he had ; that his father forbid his ever turning away any one. 
It was a log-cabin with no chimney, a few rocks to build a fire on, and 
some for the back; the smoke went out of a hole in the roof. He had 
eleven children, and only two beds. They talked altogether Dutch, 
although the man could speak English. Gave me a supper of mush and 
milk. After supper they led me to another cabin where there was a bed, 
with no sheets or covering. I had to crawl between the feather and 
straw beds. I could not help laughing, in thinking of what queer shifts 
travellers are sometimes put to. As poor as my accommodations were, 
I felt as happy as if in a palace. The folks were simple and perfectly 
honest, and wished to make me as comfortable as possible. Soon after 
I went to bed, three of the young women went to washing, or rather 



245 

beating, for they use a kind of maul, and then rinse the clothes and 
beat them over again. Although in the same room, yet I went to sleep, 
as I was very tired from riding in the woods, and did not know how 
long they worked. Indeed, I was so fatigued that I could have laid 
down and slept anywhere. 

I started by moonshine, as I came to the conclusion that the first 
part of the day was most desirable for travelling. The man and his 
son got up and fed my horse with com. As poor as they and their 
house were, they raised last year one hundred and fifty bushels of corn. 
I found the roads very bad, but made my forty-four miles, arriving at 
Athens before sundown. 

Friday, January 9th, 1818. Started to-day at 10 o'clock on my long 
ride to Salem, in company with Mr. Shipman who was going over the 
mountains to Philadelphia. We put up for the night with "Mr. Ogdlin," 
twenty-nine miles from Athens. The land was tolerably good over which 
we passed, but not so much improved as I expected to find it. 

January 10. Started at 8 o'clock, and stopped to see Mr. Nathan 
Proctor, formerly of Danvers. He has a very fine farm, and is withal 
an excellent farmer, and a man who is very much respected. He was 
well satisfied with his situation, and had no desire to change it. Arrived 
at Marietta at 11 o'clock; it is a fine place, and laid out for a large 
city. It has been inundated so many times that it has injured the set- 
tlement; formerly it was a great place for ship-building, but the ''Em- 
bargo Act" put an end to that business, and it has degenerated ever 
since. I put up with Mr. Farland, thirteen miles from "Ogdlins." Mr. 
F. is from Haverhill, and his wife from Andover. Concluded to spend 
the Sabbath here. The day was the coldest I have experienced in the 
West. 

12th. Started from Marietta at 12 o'clock. It was dangerous cross- 
ing the Ohio Kiver on account of the floating ice* Passed "Bull Creek," 
and put up with Mr. Bailey, having travelled twenty-one miles. 

13th. Started at 9 o'clock. Passed "Fishing Creek," and put up 
with Charles Wells, having travelled thirtj'-one miles. 

14th. Passed "Fish Creek" and "Grave Creek," and made thirty-six 
miles, and put up at Mr. Morgan's. 

15th. Started at sunrise. It has remained very cold since Sunday. 
Passed through Washington, Penn. A very neat town thickly settled, 
some very fine buildings; there are two banks, on^ building now finish- 
32 



246 

ing five stories. It is a thoroughfare for much of the Western travel. 
It is the first town on the Pennsylvania line ; the route travelled over, 
after crossing the Ohio River until we reached this town, was in Vir- 
ginia. Stopped for breakfast, having travelled twenty-nine miles, and 
concluded to spend the night with Mr. Kerhew, 

16th, Started at sunrise. Passed through Williamsport eleven miles, 
crossing the Monongahela and York Rivers, and arrived at Mount Pleas- 
ant, and put up at Mr. Hunter's, having made thirty-one miles to-day. 

17th. Pleasant weather. Started at 6 o'clock; took breakfast with 
a Mr. Freeman, on the road. We travelled thirty-six miles to Mr. 
Cooper's and put up for the night. The country through which we have 
just passed is well timbered with oak and hickory; there is but little 
pine until you get to the mountains. Crossed "Chestnut Ridge" and 
"Laurel Hill," and passed by Somerset. 

Sunday, 18th. Warm and pleasant. Roads as good as in mid-sum- 
mer. Passed through Bedford, a fine little town with very good build- 
ings, and a considerable place of business. Crossed "Bloody-run," and 
crossed over the Alleghany Mountains and put up with Mr. Sparks, 
having travelled forty miles over a very rough road. 

Jan. 19th. Pleasant. Passed over Shrubridge and the North Moun- 
tain, through McColliston, and stopped for the night at Chambersburg 
with Mr. Lindsey. This is quite a respectable town, and there is as 
much style here as you will find in Boston. They have a watch here to 
cry 9 o'clock at night, and I was serenaded with as good music as I 
ever heard. At the house where we stopped they had a boot-black and 
barber, with a fire in our room, and a wash-stand and bowl, quite a 
luxury^ and when we started in the morning, a black man to hold our 
stirrups. This is great style for a house so far removed from the sear- 
board. 

Jan. 20. Started at sunrise. Passed through Hunterstown, Oxford, 
and Abottstown. The tavern was well furnished, with a fine table and 
everything you could wish for. The house was kept by Mr. King. We 
made forty miles to-day. 

Jan. 21st. Started at 6 o'clock. Passed through York, and crossed 
the Susquehannah over one of the finest bridges I have ever seen, one 
mile and twenty-seven rods in length, with a roof the whole length; 
then came to Columbia, a fine town on the river; then passed through 
Lancaster, the largest inland town in the county, it greatly exceeding my 



247 

expectations. The people live here in as much style as at Philadelphia. 
Travelled forty-one miles, and put up at Mr. Whitemore's. 

Jan. 22. Started alone, leaving Mr. Shi^Dman at Whitemore's to take 
the stage for Philadelphia. He left his horse here until his return to 
the West. Passed over the Brandy wine near where the great battle was 
fought in the Revolution. Here are the finest mills in any part of the 
South. I made forty-one miles to-day, and put up with Mr. Wells. 

Jan. 23. Left Wells's and travelled seventeen miles to Philadelphia, 
crossing the Schuylkill River into the city on a very fine bridge, but 
not equal to the one over the Susquehanna. I found it quite easy to 
go over the city, as it is laid out at right angles. I went to see the 
great museum. It is a great curiosity, containing a large collection, 
natural and artificial. Here I saw the skeleton of the mammoth. A 
person ought to stay a week to see all the curiosities. The price is but 
twenty-five cents, and as so many visit it, it is a source of great in- 
come. It is kept in the building where the First Congress was held, 
and where our Independence was declared. It was formerly the State 
House, but the Capitol has been removed to Harrisburg, where the Gen- 
eral Court now holds its sessions. I put up at the sign of the "White 
Bear" with Mr. Millerener, a fine house and good accommodations. 

Jan. 24th. Left at 9 o'clock with Mr. Carter, of Rehoboth, and Mr. 
Dyer, of Lancaster. They left Marietta two days before Mr. Shipman 
and myself, and got in an hour after we did. I was at Marietta when 
they started, and was determined to overtake them if possible before they 
got to Philadelphia, as I did. I heard of them every day, as I passed 
the toll-house, and found that I was gaining on them, and at last left 
them behind, arriving first. 

Passed through Frankfort and Bristol, passing over the Delaware by 
a fine bridge into Trenton, the Capitol of New Jersey. Travelled along 
the Delaware for a number of miles, passing several beautiful country- 
seats, making it, with the scenery on the river, and the passing up and 
down of steam' )oats, a desirable place to live. We travelled thirty mile& 
in the worst w^eather I have experienced on the route ; it rained and 
froze as fast as it fell. We stopped three times and thawed- ourselves. 
The roads were very good. We put up at Vandeller's. 

Sunday, Jan. 25. Started early, and arrived at Princeton, ten miles 
from Trenton. There is a college here, and it has the appearance of 
being a pleasant place. Continued on to Brunswick, and put up with 



248 

Mr. Powers, having made twenty-five miles. This is a fine town, with 
fine meeting-houses, and very neat buildings. Went to lecture in the 
evening to the Dutch Reformed Church, one of the neatest buildings I 
was ever in. It had eleven chandeliers, three in the broad aisle, and 
nine up and down the other aisles. 

I should think the women were very zealous here, for I observed 
several with nursing babes, which would be a strange sight at home. 
The people were very neatly dressed. They had a contribution taken up 
on large plates, which I suppose were silver. 

Jan. 26th. Started at 8 o'clock, passing through Bridgetown and 
Elizabethtown. The churches here are very handsome, doing credit to 
the taste of the people. They are mostly Episcopalians. Arrived at 
Fowler's-hook, opposite New York. The steamboats here convey you 
across. Stage-coaches and vehicles, to save time, go over in the steam- 
boats. It has been very cold to-daj% and bad travelling. We passed 
over a number of bridges, two pieces of salt-marsh five or six miles 
each. The road was very fine over the marsh, the best piece I have 
seen. We have made thirty-one miles from Brunswick, and, arriving 
too late to cross over, must wait until morning. 

Jan. 27th. Started at the bell-ringing on board the steamboat, and 
crossed over into New York, which did not come up to my expectations. 
Broadway is a fine place, but not equal to Market street, Philadelphia, 
nor is the City Hall up to my expectations, nothing to be compared 
to the Exchange Coffee-House. Started from New York at 3 o'clock, 
crossing Harlem Bridge, and travelled sixteen miles and put up at'* Aunt 
Hannah's." 

Jan. 28. Rainy all day. Started at 8 o'clock, and travelled on to 
New Rochelle, passing through '* Saw-pit's Horse-Neck," where General 
Putnam drove the horses over the precii^ice. A gentleman showed us 
the place where the natives onoe made steps to ascend and descend. It 
makes one shudder to look dow^n, much more to think of riding down 
the precipice. The steps are now gone. There is a turnpike-road that 
runs through the place now. Travelled twenty-five miles from Harlem 
into Connecticut, and put up at 3 o'clock, it being so rainy got wet 
through. 

Jan. 29. Started before light, passing through Stamford, Norwalk, 
Fairfield, Stratford, to New Haven, and put up at Mr. Ogden's. I found 
excellent company here, for the court was in session. The lawyers, 



249 

jury, and others in attendance, were stopping here, so that I had a 
pleasant evening. I was detained two hours in the morning to get my 
horse shod. 

Jan. 30. Started at 9 o'clock. It was so cold that I dreaded to 
start. Was obliged to stop at every tavern and toll-house I came to on 
the road. Thought I should have to give out before I reached a house. 
In passing through a piece of woods I froze my ears, but did not know 
it until I arrived at the tavern. The landlord, after looking at me, 
cried out that my ears were frozen ; and when I felt of them they were 
like two pieces of wood. Thawed them with snow, but they felt worse 
when thawed than when frozen. Arrived at Weathersfield, and put up 
with General Lusk. I made twenty-seven miles from New Haven. 

Jan. 31. Cold as yesterday. Started early and went through Hart- 
ford, Vernon, Tolland, and arrived at Stafford making thirty miles, and 
put up with Mr. Baker. 

Feb. 1. Started as early as possible, travelling seven miles. I got 
into my native State where I took breakfast, passed through Worcester 
and put up at Mr. Stokham's, on the road. Travelled thirty-eight miles. 

Feb. 2. Set out rather early, but the weather being so severe could 
not travel fast; arrived at Westboro' about dark. 

Feb. 3. Very cold, but set out as soon as I could, and arrived at 
Framingham, and put up with my friends, and found them all glad to 
see me. 

Feb. 4. Set out at noon with one of my friends for Salem. We 
took a sleigh. As the travelling was heavy, concluded to stop at 
Waltham for the night. 

Feb. 5. Started quite early. It being very cold, with a severe 
storm of hail and snow, it was rather disagreeable travelling. Arrived 
at Cambridge at 11 o'clock. Set out for Salem at 1 o'clock, where we 
arrived at 8 o'clock in the evening, having had a very uncomfortable 
ride, the storm having increased so that it was almost impossible to get 
through. 

Note. — The party to which allasion is made In the above Journal, consisted of Capt. 
Jacob Goodhue, Capt. Andrew Watklns, James Jones, about 16 years of age, and James 
Kimball, by whom the journal was written. Jacob Goodhue settled in Columbus, and 
died about the year 1850. Watkins and Jones died in the West, but the time is unknown. 
James KimbaU visited the West again in the fall of 18 J 8. In the fall of 1821 he vbltcd 
New Orleans on business, intending to ascend the Mississippi lUver, ^nd return through 



250 

the State of Oliio. Not completing his basinets in season, he concluded, as the summer 
was more healthy than usual, to slop throujsrh the season. He had a severe attack of the 
asthma, of which he died in October, 1822, aged 38 years. Son of Nathan Kimball, of 
Salem. 

The Indian tribes, to which allusion is made, are the same tribes of which Col. 
Palrker of Gen. Grant's staff is now the Principal Chief (as President of the Six Nations). 



AN ACCOUNT OF THE DWELLING-HOUSES OF FRANCIS 
HIGGINSON, SAMUEL SKELTON, ROGER WILLIAMS, AND 
HUGH PETERS. 



COMMUNICATED BY WM. P. UPUAM. 



Br an agreement made in London April 8, 1629, between the Gov- 
ernor and Company of Massachusetts Bay in New England, and "Mr. 
Francis Higginson and Mr. Samuel Skelton, intended ministers for this 
plantation," it was provided that houses should be built for them, and 
certain lands allotted thereto, which, during their continuance in the 
ministry, should be for their use, and after their death or removal 
should be for the succeeding ministers.* The **increase of their grounds 
during the first three years" was to be at the disi>osal of the Company, 
and it seems to have been intended that if they should continue in the 
ministry here at Salem (then Naumkeag) three years, the houses built 
for them, and the ground belonging to the houses should be granted to 
them as their own. Mr. Higgiuson and Mr. Skelton arrived at Naum- 
keag June 29, 1629, and on the 6th of the following August the 
church was fully established. In just one year from that date Francis 
Higginson died, leaving a wife and eight children to be provided for 
according to the agreement he had made with the Company in London. 
The only knowledge we have that such provision was made is derived 
from a letter t written by Mrs. Ann Higginson, the widow of Rev. 
Francis Higginson, to Gov. Winthrop, dated Jan. 26, 1630-1, in which 
she signifies her acceptance of "the two kine, and the house ^ and that 
money in Mr. Codington's hand." Thus, it appears, that the house 
which had been built for Mr. Higginson, and in which he had lived 
during his short ministry, though by the strict terms of the agreement 

♦Felt's Annals, 2d ed., vol. i, p. 611. 

t See Appendix to the Second Century Lecture of the First Church, Salem, p. 67. 



251 

it would be "for the succeeding minister," was, in consideration of the 
circumstances, given to the widow. It seems, however, by an original 
deed, a copy of which will be presented, that this house was soon after 
placed by Mra. Higginson in the hands of Roger Williams, the suc- 
cessor of Mr. Higginson in the ministry, and was for a time occupied 
by him, and then, by order from Mrs. Higginson, sold to John Wool- 
cott, and by him sold to William Lord, of Salem. The deed contains 
no description of the locality, and the terms of it seem to indicate some 
uncertainty as to the title to the land. A careful search of the records, 
as well as the papers in connection with which this deed is found, shows 
conclusively that this house in which lived Francis Higginson aud Roger 
Williams, was owned and occupied by William Lord from 1635 till his 
death in 1673, and stood on ground now covered by the south-eastern 
portion of the Asiatic building, fifty-six feet south of the present meet- 
ing-house of the First Church. There seems to have been a persistent 
controversy between William Lord and the town in regard to his house- 
lot, which originally consisted of about an acre of land, extending from 
the present Essex street to the South River, and from a line fifteen feet 
east of the eastern side of Market court to a continuation of the eastern 
line of Washington street; which street, as will appear, was originally 
laid out four rods wide from the North River to the South River. When 
the first meeting-house was built in 1634, the northern portion of this 
house-lot was taken for it, and in 1636, an agreement was made by the 
town with William Lord, by which that portion of his house-lot lying 
open about the meeting-house, aud not within his fence, was to belong 
to the meeting-house. In compensation for this two acres of land were 
granted to him. This was more fully carried out in 1660 ; and yet, in 
1669, the town having granted to John Home a part of this land (now 
covered by the western portion of the Asiatic building), William Lord 
brought a suit for trespass upon his house-lot, and it is among the 
papers filed in this suit that we find this original deed from John Wool- 
cott to William Lord, and are thus enabled to identify the house of 
Francis Higginson. 

The following is an exact copy of this deed, which, though written 
by Ralph Fogg two hundred and thirty-two years ago, is still in a 
remarkably good state of preservation. It is, perhaps, the oldest original 
deed in the county. 



252 

In Salem the [Blank] of the 8'** month caled octobf 1635 
Memorandum that I John Woolcott of Salem haue Bartered and sould 
vnto Wil[liam Lord of Salem] all and euery part of my house and mis- 
teed* in Salem (formerlic in the occupation of M' Roger Williams, & 
from him by order from Mrs. Higenson sould vnto mee. as by a quit- 
tance vnd' ^fr. W™" hand doth appear; as also all the out housing, w"* 
2 bedsteads Table formes & shelves in the foresaid dwelling house, w'*" 
all the ffences about it, or w* els ther vnto belong vnto it. Also all the 
Interest Mrs. Higensonf of Charles Towne, & so my self, had or now 
haue in a Tenn Acrs Lott of ground on the South syd : ffor, & in Con- 
sideration of the some of ffifteene pounds Ten shillings to mee in hand 
paid, (according to an order of Arbiterm* mad by m^ Throckmorton, & 
John Woodbury, indifferentlie chosen by vs both for that purpose) in 
full satisfaction of the premises, w^** said some &c. the said John Wool- 
cott doth ackuowledg himself fully contented and paid and therof ac- 
quiteth the si W"* Lord his heirs, & assignesfor euer. 

In Witness wherof I haue hearvnto put my hand and scale this 23*** 
of the 9**» mo : caled Novemb'. anu** 1635. 
Sealed Signed and 
deliuered in p'sence 

of Jo" [wolcut§] [a seal] 

Raph Fogg [^thrbior*''****'^"'*^"'^^] WooUcott 

The mark of 
Elizabeth T Turner 

The suit above referred to, among the papers of which this deed is 
found, was brought by William Lord against John Home, at a county 
court held at Ipswich, March 30, 1669, "for dwelling upon and possess- 
ing part of his land belonging to his house-lot where he (Wm. Lord) 
now dwelleth upon pretence of a grant from the Towne or the Selectmen 
of Salem which they had no power to do." On the back of the writ is 
a bond to appear, signed by John Home, The following is the sub- 
stance of the other papers in this case, which resulted in a verdict in 
favor of John Home, the defendant. 

1. A Power of Attorney from Wm. Lord to "my trusty and well- 
beloved friends Robert Lord, Sen. of Ipswich and John Pickard of Row- 
ley" to act for him. 

2. Copy of a grant from the town to John Horn of some land "be- 

♦ Probably a corrupt form of mease-place^ a messnage or dwelling-house, 
fl find on the Charlestown records that **Mrs. Anna Higginson widow " was admitted 
an inhabitant there in the year 1681. 

X Written in short hand. § This is blotted oat. 



253 

tween Wm. Lord Sen. and Serg. Hcliard Veren bin house eighteen foote 
broade and forty foot in length," dated Nov. 18, 1661. The house of 
Hilliard Veren was still standing when the railroad tunnel was built in 
1839, and was removed to make room for it. It stood on the east side 
of where the tunnel is now, and sixty-five feet south of the cap-stone. 
The land granted to John Home lay directly east of it, and was sold 
April 24, 1724, by Jacob Grale *' executor of the will of John Orne, 
formerly of Salem and late of Boston, cordwainer, deceased," to Zacha- 
riah Burchmore, who sold it to Abraham Cabot, Oct. 14, 1732, who 
again sold it to George Smith Jan. 18, 1762. The heirs of George 
Smith conveyed it to Nathan Frye, Nov. 25, 1788. 

3. The following copy from the town records. 

"28: of first Moneth 1636 
Its agreed that William Lord is to haue [a] two Acre Lott as nere 
as may be amonge the ten acre lotts in Hew of part of his house lott 
that he hath given to the Meeting house " 

4. A copy of the agreement dated May 15, 1660 between the Select- 
men and William Lord, sen., "upon a difference about some land about 
the Meeting house, part of the said Lords house Lott formerly which he 
the said Lord saith was never yet paid for." The Selectmen "to satisfie 
him for all that part of his house Lott wch. was formerly layd to the 
setting of the Meeting house upon, and all the land that is now un- 
fenced round about the Meeting house, and what else about his house or 
houses that lyeth unfenced" (except the land between his house and the 
river) grant him other land in exchange. 

5. Depositions of Jeffry Massy and Edmund Batter "both more than 
60 years," and of Henry Bartholmew, "aged about 62," and of John 
Glover, "aged about 30 years," all dated in March, 1669, to the effect that 
Wm. Lord accepted the above agreement as satisfactory. 

6. "The deposition of Thomas Tucke This deponent sayth William 
Lords [line*] land did run from a pine tree by Woodburys house t 
joyning to it: & ran down to the river & farther saith that sum did 
proffer me to have sum of that land where Homes house now stands : 
& I whent to see the seven men about it & they tould mee it was 
goodman Lords land & they could not giue it me & so I left it." 

7. The Deposition of Mr. Roger Conant that "the house lott of 
Wm. Lord was the out syde lott, and that it was layd vp to the [high- 
way J] strete on the west syde which [highway J] stret was layd out foure 
rod broad and bounded the sayd Wm. Lord his lott on the west syde 

♦Cancelled. 

t [Nicholas] Woodbury's house, sold to <Capt. George Corwin March 1, 1660, stood 
on the site of Theron Palmer's store, No. 216 Essex street. The western half of Capt. 
Corwin's house afterwards covered the same ground. 

J These words are cancelled and the word "strete" interUned. 
33 



254 

vpon part of wch. sayd Lords lott the house standeth that John Home 
liveth in;" also that the said Wm. Lord had land at Forest River 
granted to him, to streighten his fence, for five shillings per acre." 

These papers have been thus particularly described because, as I be- 
lieve, they throw new light upon a subject about which little or nothing 
has hitherto been known, namely, the original settlement of the town 
and the manner in which it was laid out. Deeds were not recorded in 
full until 1658, and we have no record of the original grants of house- 
lots in the body of the town. Indeed it is very difficult to trace the 
title of any land between the North and South Rivers to an earlier date 
than 1660. It appears, however, from the above papers, that the first set- 
tlement, after the arrival of Endicott, was in what is now the centre of 
the city. The broad street, now Washington street, connecting the two 
rivers at the point where they approach nearest, was laid out four rods 
wide, and, except the part of it south of Essex street, has ever since 
been of the same width. The meeting-house, the parsonage, Governor 
Endicott's house,* the house of Hugh Peters, and the house of Samuel 
Sharpe, who had command of the first fort, were all adjoining to it. 

The house in which William Lord lived, which, as above shown, had 
been the house of Francis Higginson, was conveyed Oct. 1, 1674, by 
his widow, Abigail Lord, ''to Samuel Gray and Abigail his wife my 
kinswoman." Joseph Upton, jr., of Reading, and Abigail his wife, a 
daughter of said Samuel and Abigail Gray, then deceased, convey one- 
third part of the land to Col. Samuel Browne, Sept. 24, 1726. John 
Rich, jr., of Reading, and Jane his wife, another daughter, convey 
another third part June 12, 1727; and Thomas Roe, of Suffield, Mass., 
and Elizabeth his wife, daughter and only surviving child of Thomas 
Purchase and Dorothy his wife, who was the other daughter of said 
Samuel and Abigail Gray, convey the other third to Col. Browne, March 
5, 1729. In neither of these deeds is any mention made of the house; 
and it had no doubt fallen to decay or been removed. This, with other 
land adjoining, was set off in 1784 to Paul D. Sargent from the estate 
of William Browne, the absentee, a grandson of Col. Browne, and was 
sold the same year to Nathan Goodale, who sold it to Samuel Gray in 
1790. He conveyed it to William Ward and Samuel Gray Dec. 17, 
1815, and they to John Derby May 13, 1816. In 1843, it was sold to 

♦Essex Inst. Proceedings, Vol. V, p. 131. • 



255 

Tucker Daland, and in 1854 it was conveyed, together with the Frye 
estate (originally John Home's), to the Asiatic Bank. 

In the deed by the widow of William Lord, above mentioned, the 
house is described as fronting to the south, and as having two upper 
and two lower rooms. The fact that the back of the house was towards 
what is now Essex street, indicates that it was built before that street 
was laid out ; and it also appears from the above deposition by "Thomas 
Tuck that this house-lot was laid out from a pine tree standing on the 
north side of that street, so that it originally included what is now the 
street. In fact, the earliest houses were built close to, and facing the 
Noith and South Rivers, and the first highways were along their banks. 

The House of Rev. Samuel Skelton. This house stood still closer 
to the South River, where the Police Station now is, on Front street. 
His house-lot consisted of one acre, and extended from Essex street to 
the South River, being one hundred feel in width. (The brick store of 
Adams & Richardson and the furniture warehouse of Israel Fellows now 
occupy the northern end of this lot.) Mr. Skelton having continued in 
the ministry here three yeai*s, the General Court, carrying out the in- 
tention of the agreement made with the company in London, above 
referred to, on the 3d of July, 1632, granted to him 200 acres, after- 
wards known as Skelton's Neck, now Danversport; also "one acre of 
land on which his house standeth," and a ten acre lot in the Southfield; 
also two acres bounding "on the South River on the east upon the 
maiue upon the west, on Capt. Endicott's ground on the south, and on 
John Sweetes ground on the north." This last was between High street 
and Creek street. 

Mr. Skelton died August 2, 1634. That portion of his house-lot 
north of Front street was owned and occupied by Philip Cromwell in 
1647, and from that time till his death in 1693. The easteni half be- 
came finally the property of Dr. E. A. Holyoke, and the western half 
part of the Derby estate. By the following deed it appears that the 
original house and the southern end of the lot was sold to William 
Browne, sen., in 1643. 

Essex Registry, Book 3, Leaf 44. — "Be it known unto all men by 
these presents that I Nathaniel Felton of Salem do acknowledge to have 
bargained and sold unto Mr. Wm. Browne, Sen., of Salem aforesaid, in 
the yeare 1643, the South end of Mr. Skeltons Lott, lying against the 
land that now is in the occupation of Mr. Philip Cromwell, with an old 



256 

house upon it, for a valuable consideration to me in hand paid, viz: 
all the ground from the outside of the fence belonging to the ground of 
Philip Cromwell, aforesaid, to the water side with the house upon it." 
Dated Nov. 2(5, 1668. 

Upon the record of the Quarter Court at Salem, Aug. 27, 1644, is 
the following entry : — 

"The old house which once was Mr. Skelton's being in immanent 
danger of present falling, to the endangering of the lives of children and 
cattle and others, the Court orders that within ten days the said old 
house shall be taken down upon the penalty of 5^ Given a transcript 
hereof to Mr. Browne 29 of 6 mo. '44 as witness Peter Palfrey and 
Elias Mason, and set another on the meeting house." 

It seems strange that a house should have become so dilapidated in 
so short a time. Perhaps it had been unoccupied since Mr. Skelton's 
death, and having been hastily built, probably of pine, soon fell to deoAy. 

In 1714, when every person who owned land on which a house bad 
stood before ^1661, or on which a house was standing in 1702, had a 
right therefor in the town common lands, this southern part of Mr. 
Skelton's lot was owned, the eastern half by Capt. John Browne, and 
western half by Col. Samuel Browne ; and on the Commoners' Record iB 
accordingly entered, in the column for 1661, a right to^ "Col. Sam! 
Browne for Mrs. Daniels' cottage right below Cromwells ground" and a 
right to "Capt. John Browne for Mr. Skelton's cottage right below 
Cromwells ground." This shows that Mr. Skelton's house stood, as be- 
fore stilted, about where the Police Station now is on Front street, and 
that a Mrs. Daniels also lived in a house to the west of Mr. Skelton's, 
and on his land. By the same kind of evidence it appears that the lot 
between that of Mr. Skelton and that of Mr. Higginson (where the 
Market now stands) was owned previous to 1647 by Richard Stileman; 
and before 1647 Hugh Laskin had lived in a house on the southern 
part of it near the river ; also that Edward Beauchamp had lived before 
1661 on a piece of land near the south-east comer of the meeting-house. 

The land between Mr. Skelton's lot and "the way* to the Burying 
Point" was occupied before 1661, the northern half by William Browne, 
sen., the middle portion by Elias Stileman, sen., and the southern end 
near the river by Thomas Dixey. 

• Now Central street. 



257 

The House of Roger Williams. The house in which Roger Wil- 
liams lived after the sale of Mr. Higginson's house to John Woolcot, is 
mentioned by him in a letter to Gov, Winthrop from Providence in 
1638 (see 4 Mass. Hist. Col., Vol. VI, pp. 216, 230), and it appears 
from several evidences to have been none other than that which has long 
been known as the "Curwen House" on the western, comer of North 
and Essex streets, or at least to have stood upon the same spot. This 
opinion is based upon the following facts. In the Commoners' Record, 
above referred to and explained, is entered in 1714, two shares in the 
common lands, to "Jonathan Corwin, Esq., for his house and Mr. Wil- 
liams' cottage right." The Curwen House with two acres of land adjoin- 
ing, one hundred and sixty feet in width and extending to the North 
Rivei*, was conveyed to Jonathan Corwin, Esq., by William Stoughton 
and Nathaniel Davenport, administrators of the estate of Capt. Richard 
Davenport, Feb. 11, 1674, and is described as "foimerly belonging to 
the said Capt. RicM Davenport." No earlier deed of this house can be 
found, but a deed of the next lot .to the west, in 1665, mentions this as 
then belonging to Capt. Davenport. The same deed whicE conveyed the 
house to Jonathan Corwin, also conveyed to him a ten acre lot in the 
Northfield "formerly belonging to the said Capt. Davenport." This ten 
acre lot was originally owned by Roger Williams, as appears by a deed 
of adjoining land from Philip Cromwell to Thomas Cole, Feb. 13, 1650. 
This itself would render it probable that the house-lot also originally 
belonged to Roger Williams, because in the earlier deeds the ten acre 
lot and the house-lot were generally conveyed together. 

The Commoner's records above referi'ed to, also show that another 
house belonging to Capt. Davenport had stood before 1661 on a part of 
this estate, .called in 1721 "the garden," probably on the land north of 
where the present house stands.* 

Finally, there is evidence in the town records that the house of Mr. 
Williams stood on the west side of North street. At a town meeting 
held April 4, 1640, fence-viewers were appointed for each of the fields, 
so called, into which the town was then divided. These fields are named 
in the record in the following order, proceeding from the eastern to the 
western end of the town: — 



* It has been supposed that this house was built by Capt. George Corwin in 1642, and 
given by him to his son Jonathan, but this is pow known to be incorrect. 



258 

1. "The field next to the ferry that leads to Ipswich." 

2. "The field next to it where Jeflfry Massy's house is." 

3. "The next field where Goodman Wathen hath a house and lot, 
and the field next to Mr. Garford." This was north and east of the 
common. 

4. "The field where Mr. Norris dwells." Mr. Edward Norris, then 
minister of the church, lived near where the Howard street Cemetery 
now is, on land owned in 1714 by Elizabeth Hasket. 

5. "The field next to the meeting-house." This was the central part 
of the town. 

6. "The field where Mr. Sharpe's ground is, and Mr. Peters his 
field." Tliis was between Washington street and North and Summer 
streets. 

7. "The field where Mr. WiUiams^ house is.^^ This confirms the 
opinion that this house was on the west side of North street. Mr. Ken- 
niston, who was appointed a fence-viewer for this field, lived somewhat 
west of where Dr. George B. Loring now lives. 

8. "The next field where Mr. Gardner is." Mr. Thomas Gardner, 
as also Thomas Spooner who was appointed for this field, lived west of 
Beckford street, on land owned in 1721 by John Ruck. 

9. "The next field where Mr. Bacon lives." Mr. Bacon, as also Mr. 
Alderman who was appointed for this field, lived near the western end 
of Essex street. 

I am informed by George R. Curwen, Esq., that his great aunt, Mrs. 
Sarah Gushing, who was born Aug. 1, 1769, and died in New Brighton, 
Staten Island, June 9, 1862, has frequently stated to him that she had 
been told by her grandmother Sarah (Pickman) Curwen, with whom she 
had always lived in this house, that it originally had two front rooms 
and chambers, with a projecting porch and a chamber over that, and a 
leanto in the rear. It also had three gables on the front, and one at 
each end. On the death of her husband, George Curwen (a grandson of 
Jonathan), June 7, 1746, Mrs. Sarah Curwen, desiring to enlarge the 
house, had the gables removed and a gambrel roof substituted, and two 
chambers built over the leanto part. Also that Judge Jonathan Corwin 
lived in this same house, and that there were private or preliminary 
examinations held there in the Witchcraft times.* 

Mr. Curwen also has in his possession a copy of an agreement made 
with Daniel Andrew, by Jonathan Corwin, Feb. 19, 1674-5, eight days 
after he had bought this house, for work "to be bestowed in filling, 

*A8 the records contain no evidence of any public trial at this hoase, it is probable 
that these were private examinations only, or perhaps grand jary proceedings. 



259 

plastering, and finishing a certain Dwelling House bought by the said 
owner of Capt. Nath! Davenport of Boston, and is situate in Salem 
aforesaid towards the west end of ye towne, between the houses of RicM 
Sibly on ye west and Deliverance Parkman on ye East." 

Thus it appears that the house at that time was in such a condition 
as to need a thorough repairing; and as Capt. Davenport, to whom, as 
the deed states, it had formerly belonged, removed from Salem in 1644, 
to take command of the Castle in Boston Harbor, and as it is mentioned 
in 1640 as the house of Mr. Williams, we may conclude that a part of 
this same house now standing, as above stated, on the western corner of 
North and Essex streets, is identical with that of Roger Williams, fi-om 
which he fled in January, 1636, to become the founder of Rhode Island. 

The House of Rev, Hugh Peters. There were two houses in Sa- 
lem owned by Hugh Peters ; one sold by his attorney, Charles Gott, to 
Benjamin Felton in 1659, situated on the south-western corner of Wash- 
ington and Essex streets, where the Horse Railroad office now is ; and 
the other on the western side of Washington street, where Dr. J, E. 
Fisk now lives. 

The house last mentioned was owned and occupied by Capt. John 
Corwin, until his death in 1683, he having probably come into possession 
of it through his wife, who was a daughter of John Winthrop, jr., to 
whom Hugh Peters left his property here. But the land adjoining, con- 
sisting of four acres extending from Washington street to Summer street, 
was sold in 1659, by Charles Gott, attorney of Hugh Peters, to Capt. 
George Corwin ; and when the estate of the latter was divided, one acre 
and a half of land adjoining the house was assigned to George, the 
eldest son of John Corwin. This with the house was sold in 1714, by 
Bartholomew Corwin to Col. Samuel Browne, and was afterwards owned 
by Joshua Ward. Col. Samuel Browne had two shares in the common 
lands for "Capt. John Corwin 's house and Mr. Peters' cottage right." 

Hugh Peters also owned a quarter of an acre of land on the north- 
eastern corner of Washington and Essex streets, but whether he ever 
had a house on it, is uncertain. This land was sold in 1652, to John 
Home for foi-ty shillings. 



iisTDEix: ow isrj^i>£.:Ei&. 



Aborn, 47. 

Adams, 11, 13, 15, 29, 30, 31, 

64, 7G, 78, 80, 182, 190, 204, 

255. 
Agassiz, 2. 
Akinslde, 163. 

Alderman, 124, 190. 192, 258, 
Allen, 67, 68, 144, 176, 186, 187, 

202, 205, 207, 210, 213. 
Alley, 61. 
Allen, 11, 25, 81. 
Allison, 12, 14. 
Amm, 88. 
Andrew, 10, 12, 14, 48, 66, 67, 

160, 201, 211. 
Andrews, 22, 202, 203, 213, 220, 

221, 222, 258. 
Andros, 146. 
Andross, 210. 
Appleton, 66, 163. 
Archard, 23, 139. 
Archer, 12, 13, 15, 16, 36, 38, 

63, 74, 76, 78, 79, 80, 150, 152, 

154, 155, 157, 206, 212, 214. 
Armetage, 128, 190. 
Armstrong, 31. 
Ashby, 78, 79, 81, 90, 209, 210, 

211. 
Ashbyes, 89. 
Ashton, 155, 161. 
Atkins, 62. 

Atkinson, 10, 13, 14, 217. 
Austin, 46, 47. 
Aostye, 175. 
Avent, 197. 
Axey, 176. 

B 

Babbidge, 38, 51, 82, 140, 141, 

143. 
Babson, 137. 
Bacheller, 74. 
Bachler, 192. 
Bacon, 21, 22, 197, 258. 
Bailey, 57, 245. 
Baker, 108, 126, 180, 181, 184, 

249. 
Balch, 67, 180, 181. 
Ballard, 145. 
Bancroft, 87, 88, 135. 
Banks, 54. 
Barber, 175, 191. 
Barbor, 197. 



Barker, .54, 131. 

Barlow, 144. 

Barnard, 150, 153, 208. 

Barnes, 141. 

Barney, 124. 

Baron, 40. 

Barr, 53. 

Barrett, 114, 197. 

Barron, 197. 

Bartall, 64, 125, 127. 

Bartett, 154. 

Bartholraew, 22, 23, 27, 39, 

253. 
Bartholomew, 44, 47, 124, 127, 

190 192. 
Bartlett, 153, 157. 
Barton, 67, 68, 151, 204. 
Batchelder, 116, 181. 
Bates, 79, 166. 
Baton, 140. 
Batter, 124, 253. 
Batten, 15, 16, 78. 
Bauldwln, 182. 
Bayley, 85, 174. 
Beadle, 77, 80, 141. 
Beaue, 107. 
Beauchamp, 256. 
Becke, 40. 
Becket, 86, 139, 141. 
Beckett, 87. 
Beers, 54. 
Belcher, 31, 223. 
Bell, 197. 
Bennett, 15, 190. 
Benson, 141. 
Bentley, 62, 204. 
Bernard, 198, 201 , 203, 219, 222. 
Berry, 64. 
Bertram, 49, 57. 
Bethel, 140. 
Betton 88. 
Blckerstaff, 204. 
BIckford, 10, 11, 160, 151, 152, 

153, 154, 156, 210, 211, 212. 
Blsbe, 49. 

Bishop, 88, 106, 107, 192, 219. 
Black, 68. 
Blackinstone, 42. 
Blake, 62. 
Blana, 153. 
Bianchard, 197. 
Blaney, 44, 161, 162. 
Blanfield, 38. 
Blany, 73. 



Blower, 220, 222, 224. 

Blowers, 165, 218, 222, 223, 224. 

Blyth, 15, 16, 157. 

Blythe, 155, 156. 

Boardman, 142. 

Boden, 182, 188. 

Bodge, 102. 

Bootman, 11, 13, 16, 77, 103. 

Bowdcr, 48. 

Bowditch» 12, 59, 121, 150, 161, 

152, 154, 203, 208, 209, 210, 
211, 212, 213, 214. 

Bowdlsh, 125, 126, 191. 

Bowers, 66. 

Bowker, 66. 

Bowman, 160. 

Braddock, 237. 

Bradstreet, 24, 141. 

Brattle, 91, 220, 222. 

Bray, 14, 53, 76, 82, 83, 86, 88, 
89, 142, 213. 

Brazer, 4. 

Breed, 116, 197. 

Brewen, 192. 

Brewer, 45. 

Bridges, 44. 

Brlgham, 161. 

Bright, 13, 14, 211. 

Brill, 38. 

Britton, 78. 

Broadstreet, 89. 

Brodstreet, 191. 

Brookhouse, 66, 67. 

Brooks, 67, 82, 131. 

Brown, 10, 18, 46, 46, 49, 62, 
66, 67. 79, 86, 89, 117, 142, 
143, 181, 184, 197, 202, 207, 
236. 

Browne, 38, 34, 36, 36, 37, 88, 
39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 
47, 48, 53, 63, 67, 86, 99, 100, 
124, 126, 148, 150, 151, 152, 

153, 164, 156, 174, 175, 178, 
206, 212, 214, 225, 254, 255, 
256, 269. 

Bryant, 155, 188. 
Bachler, 12. 
Buckingham, 164. 
Buckley, 220. 
Bucknam, 81. 
Buckton, 88. 
BufQngton, 109. 
Buffhm, 63, 106, 111, 139. 
Bulhau, 62. 



261 



BuUinger, 166. 
Bullock, 84, 48, 80. 
Barcham, 192. 
Barchmore, 263. 
Barchstead, 73. 
Barden, 61. 
Bargoin, 201. 
BDrgoyne, 200. . 
Burhans, 184. 
Burr, 36, 239. 
Burrell, 36. 
Burroughs, 106. 
Burton, 176. 
Burwood, 64. 
Butler, 12, 121. 
Butman, 205, 208. 
Butten, 192. 
Buttolph, 34. 
Buxton, 46, 114, 219. 
Byrne, 84. 

C 
Cabot, 120, 134, 155, 156, 157, 

158, 163, 201, 203, 205, 206, 

207, 208, 209, 210, 263. 
Calley, 144. 
Galium. 74, 81, 212. 
Camel, 202. 
Campbell, 144. ' 
Candler, 175. 

Capen, 165, 166, 168, 219, 222. 
Card, 180. 
Carhart, 241. 
Carleton, 47. 
Carlile,.65. 
Carlton', 87. 
Carr, 29. 
Carrill, 14, 16, 77, 79, 156, 167, 

222. 
Carroll, 113. 
Carryl, 12. 
Carter, 11, 85, 247. 
Cartors, 19. 
Cartwick, 213. 
Carvel, 202. 
Carwick, 198,201, 203. 
Cash, 13, 84. 
Casbe, 83. 
Chadboume, 40. 
Chamberlain, 186, 197. 
Chambers, 159. 
Champoey, 44. 
Chapman, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 60, 

76, 77, 150, 151, 153, 164, 

156, 156. 
Chase, 53, 204. 
Chatwell, 109. 
Cheever, 11, 12, 16, 76, 79, 81, 

181, 185, 218, 220, 221, 223. 
Cheevers, 76. 
Chever, 17. 
Chickering, 176. 
Chipman, 119, 209, 210, 211. 

34 



Chubb, 189, 191. 

Church, 50, 54. 

Clark, 38, 46, 81, 109, 204, 209. 

Clarke, 202. 

Cleaves, 6, 6, 7, 9, 197. 

Cleaveland, 204. 

Clements, 214. 

demons. 78. 

Clough, 76, 86. 

Cloutman, 6, 7, 9, 54, 67, 68, 

79, 142, 203. 
Cloyce, 92. 
Cobbet, 37. 
Cochrane, 228. 
Cockran, 156, 157, 168, 206. 
Cocks, 13, 16, 76. 
Codington, 260. 
Coffin, 77. 
Colby, 65. 
Cole, 257. 

Collins, 44, 47, .59, 73, 114, 140. 
Columbus, 134.' 
Comee, 197. 
Commons, 87, 88. 
Conant, 8, 25, 26, 27, 186, 180, 

197. 
Cook, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 75,76, 

77, 78, 79, 80, 107, 124, 128, 

143, 156, 156, 168, 178, 186, 

187, 197, 206, 207, 208, 209, 

211, 213. 
Cooledge, 197. 
Coolridge, 217. 
Cooper, 246. 
Coose, 110. 
Corawallis, 208. 
Corwin, 17, 228, 263, 267, 258, 

269. 
Corwlne, 21. 
Cory, 91, 222. 
Costiken, 186. 
Cotton, 166, 218. 
Coulder, 182. 
Cowen, 140. 
Cox, 74. 

Cradock, 99, 100. 
Croach, 40. 
Croad, 38. 

Cromwell, 26, 30, 265, 256, 257. 
Crosby, 48, 60. 
Cross, 102, 242. 
Crowell, 38, 67, 189. 
Crowninshield, 66, 88, 84, 142, 

150, 162, 202, 204, 210, 212, 

214. 
Crispfleld, 207. 
Crispin, 16, 75. 
Cruft, 13. 
Cushin, 96. 

Cummings, 4, 56, 182, 217. 
Cummins, 79, 80, 81. 
Curtice, 40. 



Curtis, 16, 76. 

Curwen, 153, 164, 164, 225, 266, 

257, 268. 
Curwin, 82, 93, 162. 

D 
Daland. 197, 212, 254. 
Dalton, 74, 218. 
Dana, 242. 
Daniel, 14. 
Daniels, 68, 256. 
Darling, 113. 
Daucnport, 124, 190. 
Dauis, 127. 

Davenport, 23, 257, 258. 
Davis, 13, 16, 77, 79, 81, 197, 

198. 
Day, 46, 67, 68. 
Deadman, 78, 81, 112. 
Deal, 216. 
Dealand, 10. 
Dean, 83, 84, 114, 140. 
Deblois, 88. 
Deering, 217. 
De Lafayette, 204. 
Deland, 66, 113, 142. 
Dempsey, 116. 
Denison, 18B. 
Deuyer, 159. 
Derby, 59, 159, 162, 195, 201, 

202, 203, 204, 230, 254. 
De Silva, 52. 
Devereux, 53, 186. 
Dexter, 190, 191. 
Dike, 68. 

Diman, 53, 81, 209. 
Dimond, 15, 77. 
Dinsmore, 116. 
Dixey, 256. 
Dixie, 63, 190. 
Dodge, 66, 73, 179, 180, 186, 

197, 202, 212, 214. 
Dodwell, 88. 
Dole, 117. 
Donaldson, 141. 
Dowce, 10, 14. 
Downing, 123, 125, 127, 128, 

152, 154, 155, 191, 205, 206. 
Downinge, 124. 
Draper, 201, 202. 
Driver, 83, 89, 151, 152, 158, 

154, 155, 159. 
Dryden, 80. 
Dummer, 86. 
Dunlap, 55. 
Dutch, 190. 
Dwlght, 108. 
Dyer, 107, 247. 

E 
Easterbrooks, 197. 
Eaton, 110, 111. 
Eden, 211. 



262 



Edes, 81, 204. 

Edgett, 188. 

Edwards, 182, 187, 191, 192. 

Eliot, 146, 198. 

Elklns, 14, 77. 

Elliott, 189. 

Ellison, 76. 

Elwell, 192. 

Emereys, 125. 

Emerson, 174, 175. 

Emerton, 8, 79, 81. 

Emory, 28. 

Endecott, 87, 98, 107, 188, 124, 

126, 128, 191. 
Endlcot, 225. 
Endicott, 8, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 

225, 254, 255. 
English, 16, 17, 18, 21, 78. 
Epes, 205. 
Eppes, 168. 
Epps, 221. 

Estes, 10, 13, 14, 16, 77, 79, 81. 
Esty, 92. 
Everett, 8. 

F 
Fabens, 118, 186. 
Fabins, 15, 77. 
Fairfield, 117, 142, 177, 178. 
Farland, 245. 
Farley, 37. 
Fearneux, 197. 
Fellows, 29, 255. 
Felt, 12, 18, 16, 21, 84, 89, 50, 

57, 68, 77, 81, 131, 141, 197, 

209, 210, 214, 250. 
Felton, 12, 15, 51, 116, 256, 259. 
Ferguson, 180. 
ilklrefleld, 126. 
ffelton, 63. 
fflsk, 127, 192. 
fforts, 63. 
flfouls, 127. 
ffowler, 125. 
flfHend, 126. 
ffsisk, 192. 
Field, 11, 202, 208, 209, 211, 

212. 
Flnk,'210. 
Fish, 182. 
Fisher, 88. 

Fisk, 35, 78, 80, 81, 162, 259. 
Fiske, 52, 82, 175, 176, 177, 178, 

179, 180, 181, 182, 188, 184, 

185, 186, 187, 188, 189. 
Fitch, 228. 
Fleet, 81, 76. 
Fletcher, 112, 188. 
Fllnder, 83. 
Flinders, 887 
Flint, 27, 44, 61, 95, 106, 110, 

111, 112, 115, 219, 224. 
Flynt,16, 197,209,210,211,218. 



Fogg, 261, 262. 

Folger, 105. 

Folsom, 101, 102, 103, 202. 

Foot, 12, 14, 86. 

Forbes, 237. 

Fomace, 181. 

Forts, 190. 

Foster, 46, 48, 164, 166, 166, 

168, 166, 178, 187, 206, 207, 

209, 210, 212, 218. 
Fowle, 142, 158. 
Fowler, 17, 91, 141, 166, 216. 
Fox, 106, 223. 
Foxe, 223. 
Francis, 31. 
FrankUn, 105, 168. 
Freeman, 162, 163, 246. 
Friend, 178. 
Frost, 47, 48, 197. 
Frye, 201, 202, 207, 208, 210, 

211, 212, 214, 268, 264. 
Fuller, 113, 178. 226. 



Gage, 60, 195, 196, 200. 

Gahtman, 74. 

Gaines, 143, 190. 

Gale, 10, 11. 13, 16, 16, 76, 77, 
78, 80, 156, 208, 209, 210, 212, 
253. 

Galloup, 66. 

Ganson, 47. 

Gardener, 63, 124, 128, 189, 192. 

Gardiner, 12, 197, 208. 

Gardner, 22, 23, 27, 84, 85, 38, 
39, 40, 43, 44, 46, 60, 61, 74, 
88, 89, 90. 108, 110, 122, 160, 
151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 166, 
157, 158, 160, 199, 204, 205, 
207, 208, 209, 210, 213, 258. 

Garford, 192, 267. 

Garlick, 123. 

Garlike, 123. 

Gaskell, 111. 

Gavet, 156, 206. 

Gavett, 10, 12, 212. 

Gedney, 22, 127 

Gedneyes, 27. 

Geedny, 27. 

Gelliorand, 55. 

George, 14, 193, 195, 201, 202, 
203, 204, 205. 

Gerrish, 16, 36, 76, 76, 78, 91, 
96, 166, 217, 218, 221, 222, 
223, 224. 

Getch, 25. 

Getchell, 47. 

Gibaut, 43. 

Gibbs, 152, 153, 158, 207, 209. 

Giddings, 102. 

Gifford, 44. 

Gilbert, 109, 135. 



GUes, 12, 48, 124. 
GUI, 31, 59. 
GlUam, 80. 

GUlingbam, 11, 14, 16,77,79,88. 
Gillo, 192. 

GUpln, 11, 13, 16, 77. 
Gipps, 176. 
Gloaer, 192. 

Glover, 10, 11, 12, 18, 14, 16, 
16, 76, 77, 78, 79, 81, 165, 166, 

157, 164, 206, 209. 212, 268. 
Gloyd, 151. 

Golt, 64. 

Goldsmith, 179, 180. 

Goldthwait, 197. 

Goodale, 16, 77, 104, 118, 264. 

Goodall, 13. 

Goodell. 68, 133, 185, 189. 

Goodhue, 11, 13, 47, 67, 161, 

158, 165, 198, 202, 208, 249. 
Goodridge, 68. 

Goodwin, 98. 

Goose, 75. 

Gorden, 229. 

Gordon, 196, 229. 

Gorges, 136. 

Gosnold, 136. 

Goss, 144. 

Goatling, 88. 

Gott, 269. 

Gould, 125, 175, 179, 180, 181, 

182, 183, 184, 212. 
Grafton, 13, 84, 39, 48, 208, . 

209, 210, 218. 
Grant, 12, 14, 77, 79, 114, 160. 

152, 153, 164, 174, 176, 260, 
Graves, 64. 
Gray, 15, 76, 82, 89, 119, 212, 

264. 
Green, 49, 91, 98, 94, 96, 96, 

165, 166, 168, 170, 216, 216, 

218, 220. 
Greene, 127. 
Greenleaf, 88, 218. 
Grover, 78. 
Guppl, 126. 
Gyles, 209. 

H 
Hacker, 10, 107, 115, 154. 
Hadley, 197. 
Hale, 29, 217, 218. 
Hall, 31, 65, 158, 169, 168, 164. 
Haman, 128. 
Hamilton, 16. 
Hamman, 128. 
Haromon, 128. 
Haroon, 124. 
Hancock, 182, 206. 
Hanscom, 60. 
Hanson, 67, 68. 
Hardy, 128, 124. 
Harnel, 40. 



263 



Haruett, 189. 




Holt, 48, 103, 210. 




Kettle, 189. 






Harper, 190, 191. 




Holten, 207, ^19. 




Keyes, 174, 175. 






Harrington, 127, 197. 




Holyoke, 124, 160, 161, 


198, 


Keysar, 127, 190. 






Harris, 166, 190. 




209, 211,212, 214,256. 




Kidd, 45. 






Harrys, 190. 




Hood, 78. 




Kilham, 177, 178. 






Hart, 46. 




Hooker, 168. 




Killam, 181. 






Harthome, 86. 




Hooper, 61. 243. 




Kimball, 17, 62, 186, 


249, 


250, 


Hasket, 204, 257. 




Horn, 27, 262. 




King, 4, 6, 6, 12, 14, 


m;, 7C 


^77, 


Haskett, 86. 




Home, 251, 262, 258, 264, 


259. 


78, 79, 80, 81, 142, 


156, 


157. 


Hathorn, 10. 




Hosmer, 197. 




168, 204, 206, 207, 


210, 


246. 


Hathome, 18, 25, 27,83, .39, 93, 


How, 166. 




Kingsbury, 197. 






128, 124, 125, 128, 141, 


151, 


Howard, 49, 197, 201, 221. 




Klnnym, 197. 






158, 191. 




Howe, 200. 




Klrtland, 73. 






Haven, 197. 




Hubbard, 87, 48, 190, 228. 




Kirwan, 121. 






Hawker, 40. 




Hudle, 40. 




Kitchen, 11, 15. 






Hawkes, 148. 




Hudson, 49. 




Kltchln, 13. 






Hawkins, 107. 




Hull, 84, 86, 73. 




Knap, 16. 






Hawthorn, 209, 210, 218. 




Humphreys, 68, 128, 124, 


125, 


Kneeland, 29, 80. 






Hay, 191. 




128, 190. 




Knight, 124, 127, 128, 


191. 




Hayes, 113. 




Hunt, 6, 12, 160, 152, 153, 


154, 


Knowlton, 184. 






Haynes, 182, 197. 




156, 167, 160, 208, 205. 










Hazletine, 174. 




Hunter, 246. 




L 






Heckewelder, 146, 147,' 149. 


Hunting, 220, 224. 




LaFayette, 32. 






Hemingway, 197. 




Hurlbut, 214. 




Lakeman, 8, 181, 185, 


188. 




Henderson, 11, 18, 16, 76 


, 77, 


Hussey, 202. 




Lambert, 13, 22, 74, 


75, 


189, 


78, 80, 81, 82, 88, 155, 


157, 


Hutchins, 56. 




161, 201. 






207, 209, 210, 218, 214. 




Hutchinson, 61, 102, 222, 


228. 


Lampson, 178. 






Henfleld, 210. 




Hyland, 144. 




Lander, 82, 113, 140, 


202, 


206, 


Henman, 201. 




I 




207, 208, 213. 






Herbert, 208, 225. 




Ingalls, 46, 89, 140, 151. 




Lane, 197, 204. 






Hermitage, 124. 




Ingersol, 222. 




Lang, 13, 14, 16, 77, ' 


rs, 79 


,80. 


Herrick, 17, 18, 78, 219. 




Ingersoll, 86, 86, 148. 




Langsfoot, 164, 156. 






Hiccox, 159. 




Ingolds, 11, 14. 
Inkersell, 63, 123, 124, 190 




Lanksford, 207. 






Hicks, 13, 88, 150, 155, 157, 


158, 


. 


Lansfoot, 158. 






197. 




Ireland, 40. 




Lanterce, 176. 






Hide, 222. 




Isbell, 63, 64. 




Lardner, 97. 






Higenson, 252. 




Ives, 83, 86, 88. 




Laskin, 189, 266. 






Hlgginson, 12, 14, 88, 85 


, *3, 






Lawrence, 56, 68. 






46, 74, 81, 82, 89, 90, 


100, 


J 




Laythrop, 64. 






150, 154, 165, 156, 157, 


205, 


Jackson, 121, 122. 




Leach, 76, 77, 78, 79 


, 81, 


124, 


207, 208, 210, 211, 212, 


250, 


Jacobs, 197. 




143, 156. 






251, 252, 254, 256. 




James, 40, 73. 




Leavenworth, 110. 






Hill, 18, 44, 48, 120, 121, 


122, 


Jeanes, 162. 




Leavitt, 67, 68, 189. 






128. 




Jeans, 160. 




Lee, 117, 163, 166, 166. 189. 


Hilllard, 74. 




JeflVy. 166, 205, 209, 212. 




Lefavour, 288. 






Hirst, 74. 




Jeflfrys, 150, 162, 168, 154. 




Legg, 126, 127. 






Hitchens, 54. 




Jellet, 126. 




Legro, 14. 






Hltchings, 142. 




Jellltt, 126. 




Lemmon, 206. 






Hobart, 86, 37, 48, 109. 




Jennison, 85. 




Lenox, 44. 






Hobbs, 180, 182, 185, 187, 


188. 


Johnson, 82, 114, 182, 197, 


244. 


Le Roy, 188. 






Hodgden, 221. 




Jones, 249. 




Leslie, 181. 






Hodgdon, 58. 




Joseph, 48. 




Lesly, 30. 






Hodges, 142, 162. 




Judson, 49. 




Lifford, 74. 






Holgrave, 124. 




K 




Lind, 208. 






HoUiman, 11, 16, 77, 158. 




Keane, 127. 




Llndall, 86. 






HolUnsworth, 127. 




Eeasar, 124. 




Llndley, 241. 






HoUiock, 125. 




Eehew, 48. 




Llndsey, 186, 246. 






HolUocke, 128, 128, 191. 




Kerapton, 16, 81, 160, 151. 




Linsey, 191. 






Holman, 6, 12, 118, 150, 


151, 


Kennlston, 257. - 




Llsbell, 86. 






152, 158, 154, 156, 157, 


168, 


Kerhew, 246. 




Liscomb, 205. 






206, 207, 211, 212, 214. 




Kesar, 192. 




Lloyd, 52. 






Holme, 125. 




Kettell, 104, 166, 168. 




Locke, 202. 







264 



Locker, 189. 




Merrill, 4, 51. 







Longfellow, 149. 




Merry, 74. 


Oakes, 110. 




Lord, 64, 114, 192, 223, 


251, 


Metcalf, 208. 


Oakman, 76, 77, 79, 155. 




252, 268, 254, 265. 




Mickleroy, 10. 


Ober, 103, 187. 




Loring, 257. 




Miles, 197. 


Odel, 10. 




Lothrop, 87, 127. 




Miller, 197. 


Odell, 152, 211. 




Louett, 189. 




MiUerener, 247. 


Odle, 79. 




Lovet, 108. 




MiUet, 213, 215. 


Ogden, 248. 




Low, 29, 80, 31, 82, 65, 66. 




Milieu, 12, 14, 16, 68, 76, 78, 


Ogdlin, 245. 




Lowell, 201. 




80, 141. 


Oliver, 5, 6, 7, 18, 15, 121, 


211, 


Luff, 190. 




Mills, 77, 78, 80, 197. 


218, 214. 




Lnscomb, 57, 88. 




Minott, 198. 


OUiuer, 63, 64, 124, 190. 




Lusk, 249. 




Mitchel, 166. 


Ome, 10, 47, 60, 77, 78, 80 


, 88, 


Lynde, 12, 158, 225. 




Mongoniery, 11. 


167, 158, 199, 202, 203, 


205, 


Lynn, 219. 




Moody, 222. 


206, 208, 209, 210, 211, 


214, 


Lynne, 175. 




Moon, 59. 


268. 








Moor, 80. 


Osbom, 48, 114, 210, 212, 


213. 


M 




Morison, 118. 


Osborne, 210. 




Mace, 118. 




Morong, 78, 79, 158, 206, 208, 


Osgood, 89, 151, 206, 207, 


208, 


Mackentlre, 157, 206, 206, 


208. 


214. 


211, 218. 




Mackey, 206, 212, 213, 214. 




Mors, 79. 


Otis, 80, 132. 




MackmaUon, 18, 16. 




Morton, 11, 18, 16, 189. 


Oulton, 209. 




Maddock, 88. 




Moses, 18, 14, 16, 150, 151, 153, 






Magee, 162. 




154, 156, 156, 158, 199, 206. 


P 




Magonn, 51. 




Moulton, 179, 190. 


Pacie, 124. 




Mainard, 178. 




Mudge, 116, 182, 187. 


Parkman, 258. 




M^ory, 156. 




Mngford, 10, 12, 13, 15, 77, 


Page, 15, 186, 202. 




Malcher, 49. 




79. 


Painter, 42. 




Mann, 8. 




Mulhuish, 48. 


PallVay, 8, 44. 




Manning, 58, 65, 68, 140. 




Munion, 11, 76. 
Mnnnlon, 79. 


Palfrey, 64, 124, 127, 152, 


158, 


Mansfield, 16, 66, 76, 86, 


86, 


208,204,211,214,266. 




1/J2, 185. 




Manroe, 81, 197. 


Palmer, 117, 263. 




March, 181, 228. 




Murphy, 29. 


Parker, 44, 110, 118, 127, 


141, 


Marsh, 46, 110. 




Murray, 87, 141, 142. 


182, 197, 199, 260. 




Marshall, 188. 




Murrey, 151. 


Parris, 91, 98. - 




Marston, 10, 11, 13, 14, 16, 


64, 


Muskett, 177. 


Parsons, 109, 219. 




77, 80, 190. 




Muzzey, 197. 


Parton, 122. 




Mascarene, 202, 204. 






Pastor, 81. , 




Mascoll, 140. 




N 


Patch, 181, 185. 




Mason, 140, 256. 




Neal, 51, 168, 154. 


Paul, 78. 




Massey, 13, 16, 24, 190. 




Needham, 10, 13, 14, 54, 77, 78, 


Peabody, 6, 7, 8, 66, 121, 


143, 


Massy, 77, 124, 253, 257. 




112. 151, 152, 164, 165, 157, 


180, 181, 185, 219. 




Mafiury, 11, 46, 48, 76. 79, 


80, 


197. 


Peal, 10, 13, 14, 15, 16, 77 


, 78, 


155. 




Neilson, 122. 


79, 80, 81. 




Mather, 87, 75, 98, 165, 


166, 


Newcomb, 58. 


Peard, 209. 




168, 220. 




Newhall, 62, 65, 66, 113, 116, 


Pearson, 203. 




Mathew, 217. 




214. 


Pease, 76, 78, 80. 




Manl, 43. 




Newmans, 222. 


Peele, 46, 66, 141, 166, 225. 


Maverick, 192. 




Nicholas, 97. 


Peirce, 75. 




Mycall, 201, 202, 208. 




Nichols, 46, 111, 182, 197. 


Peirpont, 223. 




Mc'Cloy, 117. 




Nimblet, 117. 


Peirson, 66. 




Mc'Gilchrist, 202. 




Norman, 22, 28, 125. 


Pelsue, 151, 152. 




Mclntlre, 209, 210, 211. 




Norrice, 14, 37, 76, 78, 82. 


Pendleton, 280. 




McLoud, 168. 




Norris, 267. 


Pepperell, 137. 




McNlnch, 122. 




Northey, 5. 


Percy, 196. 




Meachnm, 12, 15, 77, 109. 




Norton, 166. " 


Perit, 55. 




Meade, 166. 




Nourse, 91, 92, 204. 


Perkins, 63, 179, 180, 181, 


185. 


Meades, 192. 




Nowell, 22. 


Perley, 67, 68. 




Meek, 12. 




Noyes, 82, 98, 95, 165, 168, 186, 


Perry, 126. 




Melzeard, 58. 




217, 219, 220, 222, 228, 224. 


Pester, 127, 191. 




Mercy, 197. 




Nurse, 46. 


Pestor, 126. 




Merrie, 74. 




Nutting, 203, 212. 


Peters, 81, 260, 264, 267, 259. 



265 



Petford, 190. 




116, 161, 168, 164, 166, 


167, 


Ruee, 81. 




Pettengill, 181. 




176, 197, 203, 206, 212, 


214, 


Ruggles, 49. 




Petlford, 190. 




216, 217, 228, 248. 




Russell, 188, 198, 197, 204, 


224. 


Phelps. 14, 16. 




Pynchon, 203. 




Rust, 178, 204, 211, 212, 


218. 


Philbrook, 187. 




Pyne, 40. 




214. 




Phillips, 7, 201, 217. 












Phllo, 160. 




Q 




S 




Phlppen, 40, 206, 207, 210, 


218. 


Quarles, 178. 




Sabine, 137. 




Pblpps, 17. 




Quaw, 183. 




Saddel, 86. 




Phips, 196. 








Sadler, 86. 




Pickard, 252. 




R 




Safford, 187. 




Pickering, 12, 14, 16. 21 


. 22, 


Ralnsdall, 127. 




Sagamore, 191. 




23, 27, 44, 46, 46, 47, 63 


, 64, 


Raleigh, 136. 




Saltonstall, 4, 6, 175, 191. 




74, 76, 76, 77, 78, 70. 80 


, 81. 


Ramsdell, 197. 




Sams, 126, 127. 




Pickett, 144. 




Randall, 61. 




Sanders, 14, 16, 77, 79. 




Plckman, 12, 39, 66, 67, 


129, 


Rantoul, 6, 129. 




Sanger, 67, 68. 




160, 161, 153, 156, 157, 


160, 


Rawlins, 201. 




Sargant, 208. 


* 


164, 190, 201, 202, 203, 


204, 


Ray, 180, 219. 




Sargent, 264. 




213, 258. 




Raymar, 116. 




Saunders, 11, 61, 204. 




Plckrin, 25, 26. 




Rayment, 78. 




Savage, 36. 




Plckringe, 26. 




Raymond, 73, 180, 197, 219. 


Savory, 52. 




Pickstock, 88. 




Read, 68, 68. 




Sawyer, 111, 198. 




Plckworth, 127. 




Reade, 63. 




Scollay, 161. 




Pierce, 197. 




Redding, 217. 




Scolly, 11. 




Piercjr, 200. 




Reed, 64, 102, 197. 




Scott, 89. 




Pierpont, 217, 220, 228. 




Reeves, 13, 14, 27, 50. 




Searl, 47. 




Pigdon, 126, 127. 




Reld, 62. 




Searle, 141. 




Pike, 80. 




Relth, 117. 




Seas, 11, 14, 16, 77. 




Pitman, 58, 74, 79, 81, 190 




Retnmond, 181. 




Seever, 197. 




Pitt, 237. 




Rhodes, 46, 76. 




Sergent, 156, 156, 167, 168, 


206. 


Pittman, 126. 




Rhue, 186. 




Sewall, 40, 160, 156, 166, 


167. 


Pitts, 198. 




Rhuee, 141. 




Sharocke, 40. 




Plalsteed, 163. 




Rich, 80, 254. 




Sharpe, 254, 257. 




Plalsted, 206, 207. 




Richards, 116. 




Shatswell, 53. 




Platts, 180, 183. 




Richardson, 143, 197, 189, 


266. 


Shattock. 78. 




Polly, 197. 




Rlx, 177. 




Shattuck, 106. 




Pomroy, 60. 




Roach, 47. 




Shaw, 108. 




Poole, 110, 125. 




Roache, 48. 




Shehane, 113. 




Pope, 101, 102, 103, 104, 


105, 


Roaps, 190. 




Shelote, 47. 




106, 107, 108. 101), 110, 


111, 


Roassly, 42. 




Shillaber, 46, 227. 




112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117. 


Robblns, 197. 




Shlpman, 245, 247. 




Porter, 47, 108, 122, 143, 


186, 


Roberts, 8, 86, 76, 168. 




Short, 77. 




209, 220. 




Robins, 191. 




Shrlmpton, 36, 41, 42. 




Potter, 127, 146, 149. 




Robinson, 40, 107, 150, 


161, 


Sibley, 162, 153, 154, 166, 


167. 


Powers, 31, 164, 248. 




190, 241. 




Sibly, 258. 




Poynton, 83, 87, 88. 




Rogers, 7, 61, 218, 222. 




Silsbee, 67, 141, 142. 




Prence, 192. 




Rolf, 94. 




Sllsby, 16, 64. 




Prentiss, 69. 




Rood, 126. 




Sliver, 12, 14, 16, 46, 49. 




Prescott, 88, 168, 197, 207 




Ropes, 11, 48, 49, 60, 61 


, 52, 


Simpson, 201. 




Preston, 116, 141. 




63, 64, 65, 56, 57, 68, 69 


, 77, 


Skelton, 21, 28, 24, 26, 26 


, 81, 


Price, 22, 23, 26, 27, 128. 




160, 161, 162, 163. 164, 


166, 


260, 266, 256. 




Prince, 74, 102, 104, 116, 


202, 


167, 158, 202, 208, 209, 


210, 


Skerry, 68, 80, 167, 168, 


207, 


214, 225. 




211, 212, 218, 214. 




208, 213. 




Proctor, 66, 98, 110, 246. 




Rose, 10, 18. 




Skldraore, 40. 




Pulling, 88. 




Ross, 223, 227. 




Skinner, 66. 




Punchard, 10, 13, 15, 76, 78, 80, 


Roundeys, 19. 




Skudder, 64. 




212, 218. 




Rowe, 182, 162, 184, 264. 




Slade, 140. 




Purchase, 264. 




Rowell, 142. 




Slate, 176. 




Purdy, 63. 




Ruck, 11, 18, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 


Slocum, 148. 




Putnam, 6, 6, 8, 9, 62, 59 


,60, 


28, 63, 74, 76, 80, 161, 


162, 


Sluman, 12, 14. 




66, 68, 84, 92, 98, 102, 


108, 


168, 164, 167, 190, 206, 268. 


Smith, 11, IS, 16, 69, 64, 66, 67, 


104, 106, 107, 108, 110, 


112, 


Rncke, 24. 




76, 78, 80, 81, 107, 108, 


109, 



266 



125, 133, 136, 186, 


147, 


181, 


T 




Verin, 190. 




184, 185, 186, 188, 


189, 


196, 


Taft, 66. 




Verrln, 68, 124, 190. 




210, 211, 218, 223, 


225,1 


268. 


Tapley, 116. 




Verry, 12, 14, 40. 




Smyth, 175. 






Tarbell, 91. 




Very, 48, 47. 




Snyder, 198. 






Tarr, 144. ^ 




Vial, 160. 




South, 125. 






Tarrant, 211, 212, 213. 




Vincent, 48, 142. 




Southwick, 182, 197. 






Tasker, 42. 




Vlnnlng, 79, 80. 




Spalding, 187. 






Tayfer, 190. 




Verrin, 192. 




Sparhawk, 150, 151, 


152, 


158, 


Taylor, 74, 182. 








154, 156, 166, 157, 


158, 


205, 


Terry, 211. 




W 




207. 






Tewksbury, 18, 16, 76, 78 


, 80. 


Wade, 218. 




Sparks, 246. 






Thatcher, 198. 




Wadsworth, 102, )04. 




Spaulding, 184. 






Thayer, 186. 




Wake, 64, 126, 127. 




Spencer, 63, 118. 






Thomas, 31, 140, 208, 207, 


208. 


Wakefield, 16. 




Spooner, 192, 258. 






Thompson, 47, 54, 102, 


176, 


Walcott, 74, 222. 




Sprague, 8, 203. 






182, 197, 232. 




Walcut, 217. 




Springer, 184. 






Thonidick, 204. 




Walden, 46. 




Stacey, 152. 






Thorndlkc, 73, 179. 




Waldo, 202, 208. 




Staman, 74. 






Thome, 190. 




Waldren, 218. 




Standish, 190. 






Tibbetts, 68. 




Waldron, 96, 218. 




Standley, 182, 188. 






Tlbbott, 192. 




Waler, 127. 




Starr, 246. 






Tldd, 197. 




Walker, 122, 124. 




Steams, 154, 203. 






Tink, 206, 207, 208, 211, 218. 


Wallls, 197. 




Stedmau, 59. 






Todd, 186. 




Walton, 182. 




Stephens, 63, 64, 80. 






Tolraan, 197. 




Ward, 10, 11, 13, 16, 61, 


140, 


Sterns, 139. 






Tomlins, 63, 64, 192. 




160, 161, 162, 168, 164, 


165, 


Stetson, 50. 






Toppnn, 15, 76, 78, 198, 


202, 


157, 150, 168, 189, 190, 


208, 


Steuben, 238. 






209. 




206,208, 211, 218, 214, 


217, 


Stevens, 44, 56, 78, 86, 187. 


Tounley, 88. 




254, 269. 




Steward, 14. 






Tousel 86. 




Ware, 188. 




Stewart, 16. 






Towne, 179, 180, 181, 262. 




Warner, 68, 74, 117, 178. 




Stickney, 28, 101,104 


,181. 


158, 


Townenshend, 127. 




Warren, 93, 199,200,201. 




193, 195. 






To^nsend, 143, 197. 




Washington, 164, 228. 




Stileman, 256. 






Towzer, 208. 




Waters, 88. 




Stllman, 127, 128. 






Trask, 15, 22, 26, 27, 44 


47, 


Wathen, 257. 




St. John, 236. 






65, 107, 212. 




Watklns, 128, 249. 




Stoddard, 218. 






Traske, 22, 24. 




Watson, 80, 44, 87, 150. 




Stokes, 12. 






Tresler, 192. 




Watts, 208. 




Stokham, 249. 






True, 144. 




Waugh, 12. 




Stone, 43, 126, 181, 


150, 


152, 


Tuck, 255. 




Webb, 63, 60, 79, 81, 82 


, 88, 


153, 165. 






Tucke, 263. 




86, 87, 88, 189, 140, 197, 


202, 


Story, 132, 133, 190, 


201. 




Tucker, 59, 67, 242. 




204, 210, 212, 214. 




Stoughton, 17, 257. 






Tully, 42. 




Webber, 16. 




Sumner, 138. 






Tunnl8on« 113. 




Webster, 186, 191, 211, 


212, 


Sutton, 168, 208. 






Turner, 48, 87, 94, 124, 


162, 


281. 




Swan, 110. 






154, 165, 157, 202, 204, 


206, 


Welch, 181. 




Swasey, 143. 






207, 208, 209, 222, 262. 




Weld, 48, 210. 




Swazoy, 14. 






Twist, 46. 




Wellington, 46. 




Sweet, 21,24, 26. 






Tyson, 40. 




Wellman, 48, 142, 218. 




Sweetes, 255. 










Wells, 188, 210, 213, 216, 


221, 


Swets, 25. 






U 




245, 247. 




Swinerton, 101. 






Upham, 21, 226, 250. 




Welman, 86. 




Swinnerton, 35, 89, 40, 43, 


109. 


Upton. 46, 62, 66, 66, 66, 


68, 


West, 10, 74, 75, 82, 150, 


161, 


Swinnock, 140. 






264. 




166, 167, 199, 202, 204, 


206, 


Symes, 94, 224. 










206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 


211, 


Symmes, 10, 12, 14 


, 77, 


79, 


V 




212.218, 214,215. 




211. 






Van Deuseii, 51. 




Wetherell, 67. 




Symms, 222. 






Vans, 162, 212, 213, 214. 




Wetmore, 202. 




Symonds, 10, 11,18, 


15,86 


,47, 


Varney, 114. 




Wharton, 40. 




76,79,80, 117, 156, 


158, 


206, 


Vanghams, 219. 




Wheatland, 10, 47, 62, 69 


, 75, 


207, 208, 210, 212, 214. 




Venner, 192. 




104, 160, 206. 




Symons, 219. 






Veren, 23, 24, 25, 26, 253. 




Wheeler, 68. 





267 



Whipple, 64, 66, 66, 67, 221, 


203, 221, 260, 261, 262, 266, 


Woodbury, 64, 127, 180, 187, 


223. 


267, 258. 


190, 197, 252, 263. 


Whit4iker, 186. 


Willis, 81, 164, 187. 


Woodley, 127. 


White, 18, 16, 81, 47, 66, 67, 


Wilson, 187, 197. 


Woodman, 68, 186. 


79, 94, 160, 162, 222, 244. 


Wingate, 187. 


Woodwall, 26. 


Whitemore, 247. 


Winshlp, 197. 


Woodwell, 21, 26, 27, 74. 


Whltmore, 186, 242. 


Winslow, 107, 136. 


Wovey, 191. 


Whitney, 284. 


Winter, 166. 


Woolcot, 266. 


Whittemore, 197. 


Winthrop, 96, 100, 260, 263, 269. 


Woolcott, 261, 262. 


Whltwel, 208. 


Wise, 217, 220, 222. 


Woorey, 19h 


Wiggins, 74. 


Wiswell, 197. 


Wyatts, 216. 


Wildermuth, 60. 


Witherell, 78. 


Wyman, 197. 


Wllklns, 60, 91, 108, 178, 220, 


Withers, 88. 




222. 


Witter, 191. 


Y 


Wlllard, 121, 218, 228. 


Wolcott, 11. 


Yell, 80, 81, 156. 


Wllles, 126, 128. 


Wolcnt, 252. 


Yewe, 64. 


Williams, 46, 68, 81, 108, 126, 


Woodberie, 190. 


Yews, 64. 


127, 146, 160, 162, 166, 194, 


Woodbridge, 12, 213, 214. 


Young, 188. 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



OF TBM 



ESSEX INSTITUTE. 



Vol. VIII. March, 1866. NO. 1. 



SALEM: 
f BINTBD FOB THE ESSEX HTSTTFITFE. 

April, 1867. 



CONTENTS 



Pir\ui].l>eir One. 



Introductory 1 

The Municipal Seal of Salem 8 

Baptisms of the First Church in Salem (continued) 10 

Papers relating to the Witchcraft Trials in Essex County, communicated by James 

Kimball 17 

Papers relating to a suit A. D., 1664, between John Pickering and the owners of the 

"New Mill" (now the City Mills) in Salem, communicated by W. P. Upham 21 

Almanacs and their Authors, communicated by Matthew A. Stlckney ... 28 

Notices of Elder John Browne and some of his descendants, communicated by B. F. B. 88 

Materials for a History of the Ropes Family, collated by E. S. W. (concluded) . . 40 

Essex County Court Records, communicated by A. C. Goodell, Jr. (continued) . . 68 



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SALEM: 
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]N^\ixiil>er T^vo# 



A History of the Salem and Danvers Association for the Detection of Thieves and 

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